Difference between revisions of "Trent:The Fourth Week in Lent"

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==Mid-Lent Sunday, called also Mothering Sunday, and Rose Sunday 1<ref></ref>==
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==Mid-Lent Sunday, called also Mothering Sunday, and Rose Sunday <ref>So called because on this day the gladness of the Church at the thought of the consequences to her of the atonement causes her to use, if possible, rose-coloured (viz. reddish brown) vest ments, &c., instead of purple, as well as the altar to be decorated with flowers, the dalmatic and tunicie to be worn, and the organ played. The observance is a sort of rest in the middle of Lent, and in some places the Fast undergoes a slight modification for a few days. On this day, at Rome, the Pope blesses the Golden Rose, which afterwards remains on the altar during Mass.</ref>==
  
'''''The Fourth Lord's Day in the Forty Days before Easter.'''''
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===The Fourth Lord's Day in the Forty Days before Easter.===
  
 
====MATTINS.====
 
====MATTINS.====
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The Lesson is taken from the Book of Exodus (iii. i.)  
 
The Lesson is taken from the Book of Exodus (iii. i.)  
  
&quot;VT OW Moses kept the flock of Jethro * : his father-in-law, the priest of Midian : and he led the flock to the back-side of the desert, and came to the mountain of God, even to Horeb.  And the LORD 2<ref></ref> appeared to him in a flame of fire, out of the midst of a bush : and he looked, and, behold, the bush burned with fire, and was not consumed. And Moses said : I will now turn aside, and see this great sight, why the bush is not burned.  And when the LORD saw that he turned aside to see, He called unto him out of the midst of the bush, and said : Moses ! Moses ! And he said : Here am I. And He said : Draw not nigh hither ; put off thy shoes from off thy feet ; for the place whereon thou standest is holy ground. Moreover He said : I am the God of thy father : the God of Abraham, the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob. And Moses hid his face ; for he was afraid to look upon God.
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<span class="dropcap">N</span>OW Moses kept the flock of Jethro * : his father-in-law, the priest of Midian : and he led the flock to the back-side of the desert, and came to the mountain of God, even to Horeb.  And the LORD <ref>Hebrew, &quot; the angel of the LORD.&quot; So also the LXX. and Onkelos.</ref> appeared to him in a flame of fire, out of the midst of a bush : and he looked, and, behold, the bush burned with fire, and was not consumed. And Moses said : I will now turn aside, and see this great sight, why the bush is not burned.  And when the LORD saw that he turned aside to see, He called unto him out of the midst of the bush, and said : Moses ! Moses ! And he said : Here am I. And He said : Draw not nigh hither ; put off thy shoes from off thy feet ; for the place whereon thou standest is holy ground. Moreover He said : I am the God of thy father : the God of Abraham, the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob. And Moses hid his face ; for he was afraid to look upon God.
  
 
'''First Responsory.'''
 
'''First Responsory.'''
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The Lord spake unto Moses, saying: Go down now into Egypt, and say unto Pharaoh : Let My people go. And the heart of Pharaoh shall be hardened, that he will not let My people go but by a mighty hand.
 
The Lord spake unto Moses, saying: Go down now into Egypt, and say unto Pharaoh : Let My people go. And the heart of Pharaoh shall be hardened, that he will not let My people go but by a mighty hand.
  
''Verse.'' The cry of the children of Israel is come unto Me, and I have seen their affliction : come now, there fore, and I will send thee unto Pharaoh, and thou shalt say unto him  
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''Verse.'' The cry of the children of Israel is come unto Me, and I have seen their affliction : come now, therefore, and I will send thee unto Pharaoh, and thou shalt say unto him &#8212;
  
''Answer.'' Let My people go. And the heart of Pharaoh shall be hard ened, that he will not let My people go but by a mighty hand.
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''Answer.'' Let My people go. And the heart of Pharaoh shall be hardened, that he will not let My people go but by a mighty hand.
 
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1 So called because on this day the gladness of the Church at the thought of the consequences to her of the atonement causes her to use, if possible, rose-coloured (viz. reddish brown) vest ments, &c., instead of purple, as well as the altar to be decorated with flowers, the dalmatic and tunicie to be worn, and the organ played. The observance is a sort of rest in the middle of Lent, and in some places the Fast undergoes a slight modification for a few days. On this day, at Rome, the Pope blesses the Golden Rose, which afterwards remains on the altar during Mass.
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2 Hebrew, &quot; the angel of the LORD.&quot; So also the LXX. and Onkelos.
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'''Second Lesson.'''
 
'''Second Lesson.'''
  
A ND the LORD said : I have surely seen the affliction of My people which are in Egypt, and have heard their cry by reason of their task masters ; for I know their sorrows ; and I am come down to deliver them out of the hand of the Egyptians, and to bring them up out of that land, unto a good land and a large, unto a land flowing with milk and honey, unto the place of the Canaanites, and the Hittites, and the Amorites, and the Perizzites, and the Hivites, and the Jebusites. Now, therefore, the. cry of the children of Israel is come unto Me, and I have also seen the oppres sion wherewith the Egyptians oppress them. Come now therefore, and I will send thee unto Pharaoh, that thou mayest bring forth My people, the children of Israel, out of Egypt.
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<span class="dropcap">A</span>ND the LORD said : I have surely seen the affliction of My people which are in Egypt, and have heard their cry by reason of their task masters ; for I know their sorrows ; and I am come down to deliver them out of the hand of the Egyptians, and to bring them up out of that land, unto a good land and a large, unto a land flowing with milk and honey, unto the place of the Canaanites, and the Hittites, and the Amorites, and the Perizzites, and the Hivites, and the Jebusites. Now, therefore, the. cry of the children of Israel is come unto Me, and I have also seen the oppres sion wherewith the Egyptians oppress them. Come now therefore, and I will send thee unto Pharaoh, that thou mayest bring forth My people, the children of Israel, out of Egypt.
  
 
'''Second Responsory.'''
 
'''Second Responsory.'''
  
1<ref></ref> Moses stood before Pharaoh, and said : Thus saith the LORD : Let My people go, that they may hold a feast unto Me in the wilderness.
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<ref>Exod. v. i.</ref> Moses stood before Pharaoh, and said : Thus saith the LORD : Let My people go, that they may hold a feast unto Me in the wilderness.
  
 
''Verse.'' The Lord God of the Hebrews hath sent me unto thee, saying :  
 
''Verse.'' The Lord God of the Hebrews hath sent me unto thee, saying :  
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'''Third Lesson.'''
 
'''Third Lesson.'''
  
A1 And He said unto him : Certainly I will be with thee ; and this shall be a token unto thee that I have sent thee : when thou hast brought forth My people out of Egypt, thou shalt serve God upon this mountain. And Moses said unto God : Behold, when I come unto the children of Israel, and shall say unto them : The God of your fathers hath sent me unto you : and they shall say unto me : What is His Name ? what shall I say unto them ? And God said unto Moses : I AM THAT I AM.2<ref></ref> And He said : Thus shalt thou say unto the children of Is rael : I AM 3<ref></ref> hath sent me unto you.  And God said moreover unto Moses : Thus shalt thou say unto the children of Israel : The LORD God of your fathers, the God of Abraham, the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob, hath sent me unto you. This is My Name for ever, and this is My memorial unto all generations.
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<span class="dropcap">A</span>ND Moses said unto God : Who am I that I should go unto Pharaoh, and that I should bring forth the children of Israel out of Egypt ? And He said unto him : Certainly I will be with thee ; and this shall be a token unto thee that I have sent thee : when thou hast brought forth My people out of Egypt, thou shalt serve God upon this mountain. And Moses said unto God : Behold, when I come unto the children of Israel, and shall say unto them : The God of your fathers hath sent me unto you : and they shall say unto me : What is His Name ? what shall I say unto them ? And God said unto Moses : I AM THAT I AM.<ref>EGO SUM QUI SUM. Hebrew, EH YEH ASHER EH YEH. LXX., I AM HE THAT IS. Onkelos does not dare to attempt a translation, and it is indeed unfathomable ; though it is generally understood to express the nature of Him Who alone is Self-existent, Eternal, and Unchangeable.</ref> And He said : Thus shalt thou say unto the children of Israel : I AM <ref>QUI EST. Hebrew, EH YEH, LXX., HE THAT IS. Onkelos, untranslated, as before.</ref> hath sent me unto you.  And God said moreover unto Moses : Thus shalt thou say unto the children of Israel : The LORD God of your fathers, the God of Abraham, the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob, hath sent me unto you. This is My Name for ever, and this is My memorial unto all generations.
  
 
'''Third Responsory.'''
 
'''Third Responsory.'''
  
4<ref></ref> Let us sing unto the LORD, for He hath triumphed gloriously ; the horse and his rider hath He thrown into the sea. The LORD is my strength and song, and He is become salvation.
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<ref>xv. 1-3.</ref> Let us sing unto the LORD, for He hath triumphed gloriously ; the horse and his rider hath He thrown into the sea. The LORD is my strength and song, and He is become my  salvation.
  
''Verse.'' The LORD is a man of war ; ALMIGHTY 5<ref></ref> is His Name.
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''Verse.'' The LORD is a man of war ; ALMIGHTY <ref>The Name.</ref> is His Name.
  
 
''Answer.'' The LORD is my strength and song, and He is become my sal vation.
 
''Answer.'' The LORD is my strength and song, and He is become my sal vation.
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''Answer.'' The LORD is my strength, and my song, and He is become my salvation.
 
''Answer.'' The LORD is my strength, and my song, and He is become my salvation.
  
my ND Moses said unto God : Who am I that I should go unto Pharaoh, and that I should bring forth the children of Israel out of Egypt ?
 
 
1 Exod. v. i.
 
 
2 EGO SUM QUI SUM. Hebrew, EH YEH ASHER EH YEH. LXX., I AM HE THAT IS. Onkelos does not dare to attempt a translation, and it is indeed unfathomable ; though it is generally understood to express the nature of Him Who alone is Self-existent, Eternal, and Unchangeable.
 
 
3 QUI EST. Hebrew, EH YEH, LXX., HE THAT IS. Onkelos, untranslated, as before. 4 xv. t _3. 6 The Nair, e&amp;gt; 300 THE PROPER OFFICE OF THE SEASON.
 
  
 
=====SECOND NOCTURN.=====
 
=====SECOND NOCTURN.=====
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'''Fourth Lesson.'''
 
'''Fourth Lesson.'''
  
The Lesson is taken from the Sermons of 1<ref></ref> St Basil the Great, Archbishop [of Caesarea-in-Pontus.] (''1st on Fasting.'')  
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The Lesson is taken from the Sermons of <ref>June 14.</ref> St Basil the Great, Archbishop [of Caesarea-in-Pontus.] (''1st on Fasting.'')  
  
W] rE know that it was with and by fasting that Moses went up into the Mount, 2<ref></ref> for he had not dared to go up to that smoking summit, nor to have entered that darkness, except he had been made strong by a Fast. It was with fasting that he received the commandments, written by the finger of God upon tables of stone. Upon the mountain, that Fast made interest with Him Whose law was given unto it ; but, below, gluttony was leading the people to the worship of idols and polluting them. It is written : &quot;The people sat down to eat and to drink, and rose up to play.&quot; (Ex. xxxii. 6.) That one fit of drunken phrenzy, on the part of the people, made void and of none effect all the toil and patience of the forty days, during the which the servant of God had fasted and prayed unceasingly. To the Fast had been given those tables of stone written on with the finger of God ; the Feast s work was to break them, by the hand of the most holy prophet, who deemed a nation of drunkards a nation unmeet to receive law from God.
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<span class="dropcap">W</span>E know that it was with and by fasting that Moses went up into the Mount, <ref>See the facts referred to throughout, in Ex. xxiv. 12-18 ; xxxi. 18 ; xxxii. 1-19.</ref> for he had not dared to go up to that smoking summit, nor to have entered that darkness, except he had been made strong by a Fast. It was with fasting that he received the commandments, written by the finger of God upon tables of stone. Upon the mountain, that Fast made interest with Him Whose law was given unto it ; but, below, gluttony was leading the people to the worship of idols and polluting them. It is written : &quot;The people sat down to eat and to drink, and rose up to play.&quot; (Ex. xxxii. 6.) That one fit of drunken phrenzy, on the part of the people, made void and of none effect all the toil and patience of the forty days, during the which the servant of God had fasted and prayed unceasingly. To the Fast had been given those tables of stone written on with the finger of God ; the Feast s work was to break them, by the hand of the most holy prophet, who deemed a nation of drunkards a nation unmeet to receive law from God.
  
 
'''Fourth Responsory.'''
 
'''Fourth Responsory.'''
  
3<ref></ref> Thy way is in the sea, and Thy paths in the great waters. Thou leddest Thy people like a flock, by the hand of Moses and Aaron.
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<ref>Ps. lxxvi. 20.</ref> Thy way is in the sea, and Thy paths in the great waters. Thou leddest Thy people like a flock, by the hand of Moses and Aaron.
  
''Verse.'' 4<ref></ref> Thou broughtest them through the Red Sea, and leddest them through much water.
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''Verse.'' <ref>Wisd. x. 18.</ref> Thou broughtest them through the Red Sea, and leddest them through much water.
  
 
''Answer.'' Thou leddest Thy people like a flock by the hand of Moses and Aaron.
 
''Answer.'' Thou leddest Thy people like a flock by the hand of Moses and Aaron.
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'''Fifth Lesson.'''
 
'''Fifth Lesson.'''
  
T N a moment of time, that people, * who had by great wonders been taught to worship God, were, by gluttony, dropped back into the cess pool of Egyptian idolatry. The which things if thou wilt consider, thou shalt see that the tendency of fasting is to God-ward, and that that of feasting is to hell-ward. What was it that de graded Esau, and made him a slave to his brother ? Was it not that one dish of pottage for which he sold his birth right ? (Gen. xxv. 29-34.) Was it not prayer when joined to fasting that gave Samuel to his mother ? ( i Kings [Sam.] i. 7, 19.) What made the mighty Samson invincible ? Was it not the fast during the which he was conceived in his mother s womb ? The fast it was which made him to be conceived ; the fast, which fed him ; the fast, which made a man of him, even as the Angel of the Lord com manded his mother, saying : &quot; She may not eat of anything that cometh of the vine, neither let her drink wine or strong drink.&quot; (Judges xiii. 14.) Fasting is the mother of prophets, the strength and stay of mighty men.
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<span class="dropcap">I</span>N a moment of time, that people, * who had by great wonders been taught to worship God, were, by gluttony, dropped back into the cess-pool of Egyptian idolatry. The which things if thou wilt consider, thou shalt see that the tendency of fasting is to God-ward, and that that of feasting is to hell-ward. What was it that degraded Esau, and made him a slave to his brother ? Was it not that one dish of pottage for which he sold his birth right ? (Gen. xxv. 29-34.) Was it not prayer when joined to fasting that gave Samuel to his mother ? (i Kings [Sam.] i. 7, 19.) What made the mighty Samson invincible ? Was it not the fast during the which he was conceived in his mother s womb ? The fast it was which made him to be conceived ; the fast, which fed him ; the fast, which made a man of him, even as the Angel of the Lord com manded his mother, saying : &quot; She may not eat of anything that cometh of the vine, neither let her drink wine or strong drink.&quot; (Judges xiii. 14.) Fasting is the mother of prophets, the strength and stay of mighty men.
  
 
'''Fifth Responsory.'''
 
'''Fifth Responsory.'''
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''Answer.'' Even Thy people, which Thou leddest in the pillar of the cloud.
 
''Answer.'' Even Thy people, which Thou leddest in the pillar of the cloud.
 
1 June 14.
 
 
2 See the facts referred to throughout, in Ex. xxiv. 12-18 ; xxxi. 18 ; xxxii. 1-19.
 
 
3 Ps. Ixxvi. 20. 4 Wisd. x. 18.
 
 
  
 
'''Sixth Lesson.'''
 
'''Sixth Lesson.'''
  
T T is fasting&quot; which giveth wisdom to lawgivers ; fasting \vhich is the trustiest keeper of the soul, and the safest companion for the body. It is fasting which is strength and armour to mighty men ; fasting which maketh supple them which run and which wrestle. It is fasting which maketh a man strong to strive against tempta tion, and which is to godliness as a fenced city ; even fasting, whose fellow is soberness, and her work temperance.  It is fasting which maketh men to wax valiant in fight ; fasting which teacheth to rest in time of peace.  Fasting maketh a Nazarite to be holy, and a priest perfect. Without a fast it is unlawful to touch the Sacrifice, not only in that mystic and true wor ship of God which now is, but also according to the law, in those sacrifices which were offered of old time as figures of the true. It was fasting which opened the eyes of Elias to look upon the visions of GOD, even as it is written, that when he had fasted forty days and forty nights he was in the mount of God, even Horeb, and he was made able, so far as man may be made able, to see God. (3 [i] Kings xix. 8 et seq.) Even so also was Moses in that Mount forty days and forty nights, fasting, at what time he again received the Law. (Ex. xxxiv. 28.) Unless the Ninevites had fasted, both man and beast, herd and flock, they had not escaped from the ruin that hung over them. (Jonah iii. 7- 10.) In the wilderness fell some and who were they ? Yea, they were such as lusted after flesh meat.
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<span class="dropcap">I</span>T is fasting&quot; which giveth wisdom to lawgivers ; fasting which is the trustiest keeper of the soul, and the safest companion for the body. It is fasting which is strength and armour to mighty men ; fasting which maketh supple them which run and which wrestle. It is fasting which maketh a man strong to strive against tempta tion, and which is to godliness as a fenced city ; even fasting, whose fellow is soberness, and her work temperance.  It is fasting which maketh men to wax valiant in fight ; fasting which teacheth to rest in time of peace.  Fasting maketh a Nazarite to be holy, and a priest perfect. Without a fast it is unlawful to touch the Sacrifice, not only in that mystic and true worship of God which now is, but also according to the law, in those sacrifices which were offered of old time as figures of the true. It was fasting which opened the eyes of Elias to look upon the visions of GOD, even as it is written, that when he had fasted forty days and forty nights he was in the mount of God, even Horeb, and he was made able, so far as man may be made able, to see God. (3 [i] Kings xix. 8 et seq.) Even so also was Moses in that Mount forty days and forty nights, fasting, at what time he again received the Law. (Ex. xxxiv. 28.) Unless the Ninevites had fasted, both man and beast, herd and flock, they had not escaped from the ruin that hung over them. (Jonah iii. 7- 10.) In the wilderness fell some and who were they ? Yea, they were such as lusted after flesh meat. (Num. xi. 33.)  
 
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(Num. xi. 33.)  
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'''Sixth Responsory.'''
 
'''Sixth Responsory.'''
  
1<ref></ref> Moses, the servant of God, fasted forty days and forty nights, to make him meet to receive the Law of God.
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<ref>Exod. xxxiv. 28.</ref> Moses, the servant of God, fasted forty days and forty nights, to make him meet to receive the Law of God.
  
''Verse.'' 2<ref></ref> Moses gat him up unto the Lord into Mount Sinai, and he was in the Mount forty days and forty nights.
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''Verse.'' <ref>Exod. xxiv. 18.</ref> Moses gat him up unto the Lord into Mount Sinai, and he was in the Mount forty days and forty nights.
  
 
''Answer.'' To make him meet to receive the Law of God.
 
''Answer.'' To make him meet to receive the Law of God.
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The Lesson is taken from the Holy Gospel according to John (vi. i.)  
 
The Lesson is taken from the Holy Gospel according to John (vi. i.)  
  
A T that time : JESUS went over the Sea of Galilee, which is the sea of Tiberias. And a great multitude followed Him, because they saw His miracles which He did on them that were diseased. And so on.
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<span class="dropcap">A</span>T that time : JESUS went over the Sea of Galilee, which is the sea of Tiberias. And a great multitude followed Him, because they saw His miracles which He did on them that were diseased. And so on.
  
 
Homily by St Austin, Bishop [of Hippo.] (''24th Tract on John.'')
 
Homily by St Austin, Bishop [of Hippo.] (''24th Tract on John.'')
  
The miracles which our Lord JESUS Christ did were the very works of God, and they enlighten the mind of man by mean of things which are seen, that he may know more of God. God is Him self of such a Substance as eye cannot see, and the miracles, by the which He ruleth the whole world continually, and satisfieth the need of everything that He hath made, are by use become so common, that scarce any will vouch safe to see that there are wonderful and amazing works of God in every grain of seed of grass. According to His mercy He kept some works to be done in their due season, but out of the common course and order of nature, that men might see them and be astonished, not because they are greater, but because they are rarer  
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The miracles which our Lord JESUS Christ did were the very works of God, and they enlighten the mind of man by mean of things which are seen, that he may know more of God. God is Him self of such a Substance as eye cannot see, and the miracles, by the which He ruleth the whole world continually, and satisfieth the need of everything that He hath made, are by use become so common, that scarce any will vouch safe to see that there are wonderful and amazing works of God in every grain of seed of grass. According to His mercy He kept some works to be done in their due season, but out of the common course and order of nature, that men might see them and be astonished, not because they are greater, but because they are rarer than those which they lightly esteem, since they see them day by day.
 
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Exod. xxxiv. 28. 2 Exod. xxiv. 18.
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+
 
+
 
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than those which they lightly esteem, since they see them day by day.
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'''Seventh Responsory.'''
 
'''Seventh Responsory.'''
  
1<ref></ref> After that the Lord had looked upon him, the face of Moses shone.  And when the elders saw that his face shone, they marvelled and were sore afraid.
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<ref>Exod. xxxiv. 29, 30.</ref> After that the Lord had looked upon him, the face of Moses shone.  And when the elders saw that his face shone, they marvelled and were sore afraid.
  
 
''Verse.'' And when he came down from Mount Sinai with the two tables of testimony in his hand, he wist not that his face shone, because that God had spoken with him.
 
''Verse.'' And when he came down from Mount Sinai with the two tables of testimony in his hand, he wist not that his face shone, because that God had spoken with him.
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'''Eighth Lesson.'''
 
'''Eighth Lesson.'''
  
T7OR it is a greater miracle to govern the whole universe, than to satisfy five thousand men with five loaves of bread ; and yet no man marvelleth at it. At the feeding of the five thou sand, men marvel, not because it is a greater miracle than the other, but because it is rarer. For Who is He Who now feedeth the whole world, but He Who, from a little grain that is sown, maketh the fulness of the harvest ? God worketh in both cases in one and the same manner. He Who of the sowing maketh to come the harvest, is He Who of the five barley loaves in His Hands made bread to feed five thousand men ; for Christ s are the Hands which are able to do both the one and the other.  He Who multiplieth the grains of corn multiplied the loaves, only not by committing them to the earth whereof He is the Maker.
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<span class="dropcap">F</span>OR it is a greater miracle to govern the whole universe, than to satisfy five thousand men with five loaves of bread ; and yet no man marvelleth at it. At the feeding of the five thou sand, men marvel, not because it is a greater miracle than the other, but because it is rarer. For Who is He Who now feedeth the whole world, but He Who, from a little grain that is sown, maketh the fulness of the harvest ? God worketh in both cases in one and the same manner. He Who of the sowing maketh to come the harvest, is He Who of the five barley loaves in His Hands made bread to feed five thousand men ; for Christ's are the Hands which are able to do both the one and the other.  He Who multiplieth the grains of corn multiplied the loaves, only not by committing them to the earth whereof He is the Maker.
  
 
'''Eighth Responsory.'''
 
'''Eighth Responsory.'''
  
2 Behold, I send My Angel before thee, to keep thee. Beware, and obey 1 Exod. xxxiv. 29, 30.
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<ref>Exod. xxiii. 20.</ref> Behold, I send My Angel before thee, to keep thee. Beware, and obey  
 
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2 Exod. xxiii. 20.
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+
 
My voice ; then I will be an enemy unto thine enemies, and an adversary unto thine adversaries ; for Mine Angel shall go before thee.
 
My voice ; then I will be an enemy unto thine enemies, and an adversary unto thine adversaries ; for Mine Angel shall go before thee.
  
''Verse.'' 3<ref></ref> O Israel, if thou wilt hearken unto Me, there shall no strange god be in thee, neither shalt thou worship any strange god : for I am the LORD.
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''Verse.'' <ref>Ps. lxxx. 10.</ref> O Israel, if thou wilt hearken unto Me, there shall no strange god be in thee, neither shalt thou worship any strange god : for I am the LORD.
  
 
''Answer.'' Beware, and obey My voice ; then I will be an enemy unto thine enemies, and an adversary unto thine adversaries ; for Mine Angel shall go before thee.
 
''Answer.'' Beware, and obey My voice ; then I will be an enemy unto thine enemies, and an adversary unto thine adversaries ; for Mine Angel shall go before thee.
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'''Ninth Lesson.'''
 
'''Ninth Lesson.'''
  
^HIS miracle, then, is brought to bear upon our bodies, that our souls may thereby be quickened ; shown to our eyes, to give food to our understanding ; that, through His works which we see, we may marvel at that God Whom we cannot see, and, being roused up to believe, and purified by believing, we may long to see Him, yea, may know by things which are seen Him Who is Unseen.  Nor yet sufficeth it for us to see only this meaning in Christ s miracles.
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<span class="dropcap">T</span>HIS miracle, then, is brought to bear upon our bodies, that our souls may thereby be quickened ; shown to our eyes, to give food to our understanding ; that, through His works which we see, we may marvel at that God Whom we cannot see, and, being roused up to believe, and purified by believing, we may long to see Him, yea, may know by things which are seen Him Who is Unseen.  Nor yet sufficeth it for us to see only this meaning in Christ s miracles. Let us ask of the miracles themselves what they have to tell us concerning Christ for, soothly, they have a tongue of their own, if only we will understand it. For, because Christ is the Word of God, therefore the work of the Word is a Word for us.
 
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Let us ask of the miracles themselves what they have to tell us concerning Christ for, soothly, they have a tongue of their own, if only we will understand it. For, because Christ is the Word of God, therefore the work of the Word is a Word for us.
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'''Ninth Responsory.'''
 
'''Ninth Responsory.'''
  
4<ref></ref> Give ear, O My people, to My law : incline your ears to the words of My mouth.
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<ref>Ps. lxxvii. i.</ref> Give ear, O My people, to My law : incline your ears to the words of My mouth.
  
 
''Verse.'' I will open My mouth in parables : I will utter dark sayings of old.
 
''Verse.'' I will open My mouth in parables : I will utter dark sayings of old.
  
 
''Answer.'' Incline your ears to the words of My mouth.
 
''Answer.'' Incline your ears to the words of My mouth.
 
 
3 Ps. Ixxx. 10. 4 Ps. lxxvii. i.
 
 
 
  
 
''Verse.'' Glory be to the Father, and to the Son, and to the Holy Ghost.
 
''Verse.'' Glory be to the Father, and to the Son, and to the Holy Ghost.
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O God, Thou art my God, &c., (p. 23.)  
 
O God, Thou art my God, &c., (p. 23.)  
  
''Fourth Antiphon.'' * O Lord, Thou art mighty to save * us with a strong hand : deliver us, O our God.
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''Fourth Antiphon.'' <ref>Dan. iii, 17.</ref> O Lord, Thou art mighty to save * us with a strong hand : deliver us, O our God.
  
 
'''The Song of the Three Holy Children.'''
 
'''The Song of the Three Holy Children.'''
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''Chapter.'' (Gal. iv. 22.)  
 
''Chapter.'' (Gal. iv. 22.)  
  
&quot;BRETHREN, It is written that Abraham had two sons ; the one by a bond-maid, the other by a free woman. But he who was of the bond woman was born after the flesh : but he of the free woman was by promise ; which things are an allegory.
+
<span class="dropcap">B</span>RETHREN, It is written that Abraham had two sons ; the one by a bond-maid, the other by a free woman. But he who was of the bond woman was born after the flesh : but he of the free woman was by promise ; which things are an allegory.
  
 
''Hymn and Verse and Answer as on the First Sunday [(p. 233.)]''  
 
''Hymn and Verse and Answer as on the First Sunday [(p. 233.)]''  
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''Prayer.''
 
''Prayer.''
  
/^RANT, we beseech Thee, Almighty God, that we who for our evil deeds are worthily punished, may, by the comfort of Thy grace, mercifully be relieved. Through our Lord JESUS Christ Thy Son, Who liveth and reigneth with Thee, in the unity of the Holy Ghost, one God, world without end. Amen.
+
<span class="dropcap">G</span>RANT, we beseech Thee, Almighty God, that we who for our evil deeds are worthily punished, may, by the comfort of Thy grace, mercifully be relieved. Through our Lord JESUS Christ Thy Son, Who liveth and reigneth with Thee, in the unity of the Holy Ghost, one God, world without end. Amen.
  
 
''The same Prayer throughout the day.''
 
''The same Prayer throughout the day.''
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''Same Antiphon as at Terce.''
 
''Same Antiphon as at Terce.''
 
1 Dan. iii, 17.
 
 
 
 
  
 
''Chapter.'' (Gal. iv. 27.)  
 
''Chapter.'' (Gal. iv. 27.)  
  
&quot;D EJO ICE, thou barren, that bearest not, break forth and cry, thou that travailest not ; for the desolate hath many more children than she which hath an husband.
+
<span class="dropcap">R</span>EJOICE, thou barren, that bearest not, break forth and cry, thou that travailest not ; for the desolate hath many more children than she which hath an husband.
  
 
====NONE.====
 
====NONE.====
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''Chapter.'' (Gal. iv. 31.)  
 
''Chapter.'' (Gal. iv. 31.)  
  
CO then, brethren, we are not children of the bond-woman, but of the free : in the liberty wherewith Christ hath made us free.
+
<span class="dropcap">S</span>O then, brethren, we are not children of the bond-woman, but of the free : in the liberty wherewith Christ hath made us free.
  
 
====VESPERS.====
 
====VESPERS.====
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==Monday.==
 
==Monday.==
  
''Second Day.''
+
===Second Day.===
  
 
====MATTINS.====
 
====MATTINS.====
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The Lesson is taken from the Holy Gospel according to John (ii. 13.)  
 
The Lesson is taken from the Holy Gospel according to John (ii. 13.)  
  
A T that time : The Jews Passover *&quot;* was at hand : and JESUS went up to Jerusalem, and found in the temple those that sold oxen, and sheep, and doves. And so on.
+
<span class="dropcap">A</span>T that time : The Jews Passover *&quot;* was at hand : and JESUS went up to Jerusalem, and found in the temple those that sold oxen, and sheep, and doves. And so on.
  
 
Homily by St Austin, Bishop [of Hippo. ] (''10th Tract on John.'')  
 
Homily by St Austin, Bishop [of Hippo. ] (''10th Tract on John.'')  
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'''First Responsory.'''
 
'''First Responsory.'''
  
1<ref></ref> When ye be gone over Jordan, there shall ye build an altar unto the LORD, of whole stones ; ye shall not lift up any iron tool upon them ; and ye shall offer burnt-offerings thereon, and peace-offerings, unto your God.
+
<ref>Deut. xxvii. 4-6.</ref> When ye be gone over Jordan, there shall ye build an altar unto the LORD, of whole stones ; ye shall not lift up any iron tool upon them ; and ye shall offer burnt-offerings thereon, and peace-offerings, unto your God.
  
 
''Verse.'' When ye shall pass over [Jordan] unto the land which the LORD giveth you, there shall ye build an altar unto the LORD.
 
''Verse.'' When ye shall pass over [Jordan] unto the land which the LORD giveth you, there shall ye build an altar unto the LORD.
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'''Second Lesson.'''
 
'''Second Lesson.'''
  
T T was no great sin, therefore, if they sold in the temple that which was bought to be offered in the temple and yet He drove them out. If, then, the Lord drove out of His temple them which sold such things as are lawful  
+
<span class="dropcap">I</span>T was no great sin, therefore, if they sold in the temple that which was bought to be offered in the temple and yet He drove them out. If, then, the Lord drove out of His temple them which sold such things as are lawful and right (for to buy and sell is lawful, if only it be done honestly,) and suf fered not the house of prayer to be made an house of merchandise, what would He have done if He had found there men drunken ?  
 
+
1 Deut. xxvii. 4-6.
+
 
+
 
+
and right (for to buy and sell is lawful, if only it be done honestly,) and suf fered not the house of prayer to be made an house of merchandise, what would He have done if He had found there men drunken ?  
+
  
 
'''Second Responsory.'''
 
'''Second Responsory.'''
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'''Third Lesson.'''
 
'''Third Lesson.'''
  
T F the house of God must not be an house of merchandise, must it be an house to drink in ? And yet, when we say this, men gnash upon us with their teeth. But we find consolation in remembering that so far we are even as the Psalmist, who saith : &quot;They gnashed upon me with their teeth.&quot; 1 (Ps. xxxiv. 16.) Yea, we have also learnt to listen to words that heal us, though, of a verity, the lashes that are made at His word are really made at Christ. &quot; Lashes,&quot; saith He, &quot; were heaped upon Me ; and they knew not what they did.&quot; (i 5.) 1 He was lashed by the scourges of the Jews, and He is lashecl still by the blasphemies of false Christians ; they heap lashes upon the Lord their God ; and know not what they do.  As for us, we will do that which He hath holpen us to do ; &quot; But as for me, when they troubled me, my cloth ing was sackcloth, and I humbled my soul with fasting&quot; (I3).
+
<span class="dropcap">I</span>F the house of God must not be an house of merchandise, must it be an house to drink in ? And yet, when we say this, men gnash upon us with their teeth. But we find consolation in remembering that so far we are even as the Psalmist, who saith : &quot;They gnashed upon me with their teeth.&quot; <ref>The quotation is not from the present Latin Version.</ref> (Ps. xxxiv. 16.) Yea, we have also learnt to listen to words that heal us, though, of a verity, the lashes that are made at His word are really made at Christ. &quot; Lashes,&quot; saith He, &quot; were heaped upon Me ; and they knew not what they did.&quot; (i 5.) <ref>The quotation is not from the present Latin Version.</ref> He was lashed by the scourges of the Jews, and He is lashed still by the blasphemies of false Christians ; they heap lashes upon the Lord their God ; and know not what they do.  As for us, we will do that which He hath holpen us to do ; &quot; But as for me, when they troubled me, my cloth ing was sackcloth, and I humbled my soul with fasting&quot; (13). <ref>The quotation is not from the present Latin Version.</ref>
  
1<ref></ref> '''Third Responsory.'''
+
'''Third Responsory.'''
  
2<ref></ref> As I was with Moses, so I will be with thee, saith the Lord. Be strong and of a good courage, and thou shalt bring My people into a land flowing with milk and honey.
+
<ref>Addressed to Joshua. (Josh. i. 5, 6.)</ref> As I was with Moses, so I will be with thee, saith the Lord. Be strong and of a good courage, and thou shalt bring My people into a land flowing with milk and honey.
  
 
''Verse.'' Fear not, for I am with thee : whithersoever thou goest I will not fail thee, nor forsake thee.
 
''Verse.'' Fear not, for I am with thee : whithersoever thou goest I will not fail thee, nor forsake thee.
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''Prayer.''
 
''Prayer.''
  
/^RANT, we beseech Thee, O Almighty God, that we who year by year do prayerfully renew the holy observance of this Thy great Fast, may be acceptable in Thy sight, as touching both our bodies and our souls. Through our Lord JESUS Christ, Thy Son, Who liveth and reigneth with Thee, in the unity of the Holy Ghost, one God, world without end. Amen.
+
<span class="dropcap">G</span>RANT, we beseech Thee, O Almighty God, that we who year by year do prayerfully renew the holy observance of this Thy great Fast, may be acceptable in Thy sight, as touching both our bodies and our souls. Through our Lord JESUS Christ, Thy Son, Who liveth and reigneth with Thee, in the unity of the Holy Ghost, one God, world without end. Amen.
  
 
''The same Prayer at Terce, Sext, and None.''
 
''The same Prayer at Terce, Sext, and None.''
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Chapter from Joel ii. 17, as on the First Monday, [(p. 235.)]  
 
Chapter from Joel ii. 17, as on the First Monday, [(p. 235.)]  
 
1 The quotation is not from the present Latin Version.
 
 
2 Addressed to Joshua. (Josh; i. 5, 6.) &quot; - :
 
 
 
 
  
 
''Hymn and Verse and Answer as on the First Saturday, [(pp. 227, 228.)]''  
 
''Hymn and Verse and Answer as on the First Saturday, [(pp. 227, 228.)]''  
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''Prayer.''
 
''Prayer.''
  
r\ LORD, we beseech Thee graciously to hear our supplications, and evermore help and defend all them to whom Thou hast given the mind to pray. Through our Lord JESUS Christ Thy Son, Who liveth and reigneth with Thee, in the unity of the Holy Ghost, one God, world without end. Amen.
+
<span class="dropcap">O</span> LORD, we beseech Thee graciously to hear our supplications, and evermore help and defend all them to whom Thou hast given the mind to pray. Through our Lord JESUS Christ Thy Son, Who liveth and reigneth with Thee, in the unity of the Holy Ghost, one God, world without end. Amen.
  
 
==Tuesday.==
 
==Tuesday.==
  
Third Day.
+
===Third Day.===
  
 
====MATTINS.====
 
====MATTINS.====
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The Lesson is taken from the Holy Gospel according to John (vii. 14.)  
 
The Lesson is taken from the Holy Gospel according to John (vii. 14.)  
  
A T that time : About the midst of the Feast, JESUS went up into the temple, and taught. And the Jews marvelled. And so on.
+
<span class="dropcap">A</span>T that time : About the midst of the Feast, JESUS went up into the temple, and taught. And the Jews marvelled. And so on.
  
 
Homily by St Austin, Bishop [of Hippo.] (''29th Tract on John.'')
 
Homily by St Austin, Bishop [of Hippo.] (''29th Tract on John.'')
  
He Who had gone up unto the Feast, &quot;not openly, but as it were in secret,&quot; the Same taught, and spake openly, and no man laid hands upon Him. That He had hid Himself, was for example s sake ; that He manifested Himself, was to show His power. And when He taught, the  
+
He Who had gone up unto the Feast, &quot;not openly, but as it were in secret,&quot; the Same taught, and spake openly, and no man laid hands upon Him. That He had hid Himself, was for example s sake ; that He manifested Himself, was to show His power. And when He taught, the Jews marvelled. As seemeth to my mind, they all marvelled, but were not all converted. And wherefore mar velled they ? Because many of them knew where He was born, and how He had been brought up. They had never seen Him learn letters ; but they heard Him dispute concerning the law, and alledge the testimony of the same, as no man could do who had not read it ; and no man can read unless he learn ; and therefore they marvelled. But their marvelling was unto the Teacher an occasion for the revealing of higher truth.
 
+
1 John vii. 20 ; viii. 40 ; xviii. 23.
+
 
+
Jews marvelled. As seemeth to my mind, they all marvelled, but were not all converted. And wherefore mar velled they ? Because many of them knew where He was born, and how He had been brought up. They had never seen Him learn letters ; but they heard Him dispute concerning the law, and alledge the testimony of the same, as no man could do who had not read it ; and no man can read unless he learn ; and therefore they marvelled. But their marvelling was unto the Teacher an occasion for the revealing of higher truth.
+
  
 
'''First Responsory.'''
 
'''First Responsory.'''
  
Why go ye about to kill Me, a Man That hath l told you the truth ? If I have spoken evil, bear witness of the evil ; but if well, why smitest thou Me?  
+
Why go ye about to kill Me, a Man That hath <ref>John vii. 20 ; viii. 40 ; xviii. 23.</ref> told you the truth ? If I have spoken evil, bear witness of the evil ; but if well, why smitest thou Me?  
  
''Verse.'' 2<ref></ref> Many good works have I wrought among you ; for which of those works go ye about to kill Me ?  
+
''Verse.'' <ref>Cf. John x. 32.</ref> Many good works have I wrought among you ; for which of those works go ye about to kill Me ?  
  
 
''Answer.'' If I have spoken evil, bear witness of the evil ; but if well, why smitest thou Me ?  
 
''Answer.'' If I have spoken evil, bear witness of the evil ; but if well, why smitest thou Me ?  
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'''Second Lesson.'''
 
'''Second Lesson.'''
  
T7OR when they marvelled and whis pered, the Lord said a certain deep thing, yea, a thing worthy of very careful thought and discussion.  And what was this thing which the Lord gave for an answer to such as &quot; marvelled that He knew letters, hav ing never learned ? &quot; &quot; JESUS answered them and said : My doctrine is not Mine, but His That sent Me.&quot; Here is the first depth, for He seemeth in these few words to enunciate a contra diction. He saith not : This doctrine is not Mine but : &quot; My doctrine is not Mine.&quot; If it be not Thine, O Lord, wherefore dost Thou call it  
+
<span class="dropcap">F</span>OR when they marvelled and whis pered, the Lord said a certain deep thing, yea, a thing worthy of very careful thought and discussion.  And what was this thing which the Lord gave for an answer to such as &quot; marvelled that He knew letters, hav ing never learned ? &quot; &quot; JESUS answered them and said : My doctrine is not Mine, but His That sent Me.&quot; Here is the first depth, for He seemeth in these few words to enunciate a contra diction. He saith not : This doctrine is not Mine &#8212; but : &quot; My doctrine is not Mine.&quot; If it be not Thine, O Lord, wherefore dost Thou call it Thine ? If it be Thine, wherefore sayest Thou that it is not Thine ? For Thou sayest : &quot; My doctrine is not Mine.&quot;  
 
+
2 Cf. John x. 32.
+
 
+
 
+
Thine ? If it be Thine, wherefore sayest Thou that it is not Thine ? For Thou sayest : &quot; My doctrine is not Mine.&quot;  
+
  
 
'''Second Responsory.'''
 
'''Second Responsory.'''
  
1<ref></ref> I, even I, the Lord, have led you forty years in the wilderness, and your clothes are not waxen old upon you.  I rained down manna upon you from heaven, and ye have forgotten Me, saith the Lord.
+
<ref>Deut. xxix. 5.</ref> I, even I, the Lord, have led you forty years in the wilderness, and your clothes are not waxen old upon you.  I rained down manna upon you from heaven, and ye have forgotten Me, saith the Lord.
  
 
''Verse.'' I led you forth out of the land of Egypt, and delivered you from the house of bondage.
 
''Verse.'' I led you forth out of the land of Egypt, and delivered you from the house of bondage.
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'''Third Lesson.'''
 
'''Third Lesson.'''
  
T ET us then carefully regard what *&quot;* this same holy Evangelist saith in the beginning of his Gospel, and we shall find there wherewith to loose the knot of this difficulty. There it is written : &quot; In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God.&quot; (i. i.) What is the doctrine of the Father but the Word of the Father ? If Christ therefore be the W7ord of the Father, He is the doctrine of the Father.
+
<span class="dropcap">L</span>ET us then carefully regard what *&quot;* this same holy Evangelist saith in the beginning of his Gospel, and we shall find there wherewith to loose the knot of this difficulty. There it is written : &quot; In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God.&quot; (i. i.) What is the doctrine of the Father but the Word of the Father ? If Christ therefore be the W7ord of the Father, He is the doctrine of the Father.
  
 
But a Word cannot be of no one, but must needs, if it be a W7 ord, have some one whose word it is. Christ therefore saith that His doctrine is Himself, and therefore not His, foras much as He is the Word of the Father. And what hast thou that is so much thine own as thy self? Or what is there that is so little thine own as thyself, if that which thou art is another's ?  
 
But a Word cannot be of no one, but must needs, if it be a W7 ord, have some one whose word it is. Christ therefore saith that His doctrine is Himself, and therefore not His, foras much as He is the Word of the Father. And what hast thou that is so much thine own as thy self? Or what is there that is so little thine own as thyself, if that which thou art is another's ?  
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''Prayer.''
 
''Prayer.''
  
C\ LORD, we beseech Thee that the observance of this holy fast may avail us both to the increase of godliness in our conversation, and the stablishing upon us of the help of Thy mercy. Through our Lord JESUS Christ, Thy Son, Who liveth and reigneth with Thee, in the unity of the Holy Ghost, one God, world without end. Amen.
+
<span class="dropcap">O</span> LORD, we beseech Thee that the observance of this holy fast may avail us both to the increase of godliness in our conversation, and the stablishing upon us of the help of Thy mercy. Through our Lord JESUS Christ, Thy Son, Who liveth and reigneth with Thee, in the unity of the Holy Ghost, one God, world without end. Amen.
  
 
''The same Prayer at Tercc, Sext, and None.''
 
''The same Prayer at Tercc, Sext, and None.''
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''Prayer.''
 
''Prayer.''
  
f~\ LORD, have mercy upon Thy ^-^ people, and be graciously pleased to grant relief unto the same, who are ever toiling amid the storms of divers tribulations. Through our Lord JESUS Christ Thy Son, Who liveth and reigneth with Thee, in the unity of the Holy Ghost, world without end.  Amen.
+
<span class="dropcap">O</span> LORD, have mercy upon Thy ^-^ people, and be graciously pleased to grant relief unto the same, who are ever toiling amid the storms of divers tribulations. Through our Lord JESUS Christ Thy Son, Who liveth and reigneth with Thee, in the unity of the Holy Ghost, world without end.  Amen.
 
+
1 Deut. xxix. 5.
+
  
 
==Wednesday.==
 
==Wednesday.==
  
''Fourth Day.''
+
===Fourth Day.===
  
 
''Before Mattins are said the Gradual Psalms.''
 
''Before Mattins are said the Gradual Psalms.''
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The Lesson is taken from the Holy Gospel according to John (ix. i.)  
 
The Lesson is taken from the Holy Gospel according to John (ix. i.)  
  
A T that time : As JESUS passed by, He saw a man which was blind from his birth. And His disciples asked Him, saying : Rabbi, who did sin, this man, or his parents, that he was born blind ? And so on.
+
<span class="dropcap">A</span>T that time : As JESUS passed by, He saw a man which was blind from his birth. And His disciples asked Him, saying : Rabbi, who did sin, this man, or his parents, that he was born blind ? And so on.
  
 
Homily by St Austin, Bishop [of Hippo.] (''44th Tract on John.'')  
 
Homily by St Austin, Bishop [of Hippo.] (''44th Tract on John.'')  
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'''Second Lesson.'''
 
'''Second Lesson.'''
  
HTHE Lord came; and what did He ? He set before us a great mystery. &quot; JESUS spat on the ground, and made clay of the Spittle &quot; for &quot;the Word was made flesh.&quot; &quot; And He anointed the eyes of the blind man with the clay&quot; but yet that man saw not. He was anointed, indeed, but yet still he saw not.  &quot;And He said unto him : Go, wash in the Pool of Siloam.&quot; Now, it was the duty of the Evangelist to impress upon us the name of this Pool, and therefore he saith : &quot; Siloam, which is, by interpretation, Sent.&quot; Ye, my brethren, know Who is signified where it is written: &quot;[The sceptre shall not depart from Judah, nor a law-giver from his loins, until] He that shall be Sent [cometh.]&quot; (Gen. xlix. 10.) Yea, He it is, Who, if He had not been sent, we had never been sent loose out of the prison-house of sin.  The blind man went his way there fore, and washed his eyes in that Pool, which is, by interpretation, &quot; Sent &quot; in other words, he was bap tized in Christ. When, therefore, he had figuratively been baptized in Him Whom the Father hath Sent into the world &quot;he came seeing.&quot; When he was anointed, he was perchance made a figure of a Catechumen. 1 1 Oil (specially blest for that purpose by Bishops on Maundy Thursday, and called from its object the oil of Catechumens) is, of course, still used in so making them, both infants and adults.
+
<span class="dropcap">T</span>HE Lord came; and what did He ? He set before us a great mystery. &quot; JESUS spat on the ground, and made clay of the Spittle &quot; &#8212; for &quot;the Word was made flesh.&quot; &quot; And He anointed the eyes of the blind man with the clay&quot; &#8212; but yet that man saw not. He was anointed, indeed, but yet still he saw not.  &quot;And He said unto him : Go, wash in the Pool of Siloam.&quot; Now, it was the duty of the Evangelist to impress upon us the name of this Pool, and therefore he saith : &quot; Siloam, which is, by interpretation, Sent.&quot; Ye, my brethren, know Who is signified where it is written: &quot;[The sceptre shall not depart from Judah, nor a law-giver from his loins, until] He that shall be Sent [cometh.]&quot; (Gen. xlix. 10.) Yea, He it is, Who, if He had not been sent, we had never been sent loose out of the prison-house of sin.  The blind man went his way there fore, and washed his eyes in that Pool, which is, by interpretation, &quot; Sent &quot; &#8212; in other words, he was baptized in Christ. When, therefore, he had figuratively been baptized in Him Whom the Father hath Sent into the world &quot;he came seeing.&quot; When he was anointed, he was perchance made a figure of a Catechumen. <ref>Oil (specially blest for that purpose by Bishops on Maundy Thursday, and called from its object the oil of Catechumens) is, of course, still used in so making them, both infants and adults.</ref>
  
 
'''Second Responsory.'''
 
'''Second Responsory.'''
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'''Third Lesson.'''
 
'''Third Lesson.'''
  
VE have heard this great mystery.  Ask of a man i 1<ref></ref> &quot;Art thou a Christian ? &quot; He answereth thee : &quot; I am not.&quot; Then, if thou ask him : &quot; Art thou a pagan then, or a Jew ? &quot; And he still saith unto thee : &quot; Nay &quot; and thou say: &quot;Art thou then a Catechumen, though not yet one of the faithful ? &quot; and he saith : &quot; Yea, a Catechumen &quot; then there thou seest a man anointed, but not yet washed.  With what hath he been anointed ? Ask of him, and he will tell thee.  Ask of him in Whom he believeth, and, being a Catechumen, he will say: &quot;In Christ.&quot; But, behold, I speak before both Faithful and Cate chumens. What said I touching the Spittle and the clay ? I said : &quot; for the Word was made flesh. &quot; This the Catechumens hear, but it is not enough for them to be anointed ; they must make haste to the washing, if they would have their eyes opened. 2<ref></ref>
+
<span class="dropcap">Y</span>E have heard this great mystery.  Ask of a man : 1<ref>The ancient Church, at least in Africa, did not so commonly use infant Baptism as we op. bt Augustine himself was made a Catechumen when an infant, and not baptized till his conversion to Catholicism from the heresy which he had embraced as a young man and retained for nine years.
 +
</ref> &quot;Art thou a Christian ? &quot; He answereth thee : &quot; I am not.&quot; Then, if thou ask him : &quot; Art thou a pagan then, or a Jew ? &quot; And he still saith unto thee : &quot; Nay &quot; &#8212; and thou say: &quot;Art thou then a Catechumen, though not yet one of the faithful ? &quot; and he saith : &quot; Yea, a Catechumen &quot; &#8212; then there thou seest a man anointed, but not yet washed.  With what hath he been anointed ? Ask of him, and he will tell thee.  Ask of him in Whom he believeth, and, being a Catechumen, he will say: &quot;In Christ.&quot; But, behold, I speak before both Faithful and Cate chumens. What said I touching the Spittle and the clay ? I said : &quot; for the Word was made flesh. &quot; This the Catechumens hear, but it is not enough for them to be anointed ; they must make haste to the washing, if they would have their eyes opened. 2<ref>A great deal of doctrine and several formularies as well as privileges were concealed from the Catechumens.</ref>
  
 
'''Third Responsory.'''
 
'''Third Responsory.'''
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''Prayer.''
 
''Prayer.''
  
f~\ GOD, Who by mean of fasting dost give unto the righteous the reward of their good works, and unto sinners pardon ; have mercy upon us, we beseech Thee, and grant that we, humbly confessing our guiltiness, may so be enabled to obtain Thy forgive ness. Through our Lord JESUS Christ Thy Son, Who liveth and reigneth with Thee, in the unity of the Holy Ghost, one God, world without end.  Amen.
+
<span class="dropcap">O</span> GOD, Who by mean of fasting dost give unto the righteous the reward of their good works, and unto sinners pardon ; have mercy upon us, we beseech Thee, and grant that we, humbly confessing our guiltiness, may so be enabled to obtain Thy forgive ness. Through our Lord JESUS Christ Thy Son, Who liveth and reigneth with Thee, in the unity of the Holy Ghost, one God, world without end.  Amen.
  
 
''The same Prayer at Terce, Sext, and None.''
 
''The same Prayer at Terce, Sext, and None.''
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''Prayer.''
 
''Prayer.''
  
T ET Thy merciful ears, O Lord, be open unto the prayers of all them that entreat Thee, and that Thou mayest grant us ever such things as we ask, teach us ever to ask such things as are pleasing in Thy sight.  Through our Lord JESUS Christ Thy Son, Who liveth and reigneth with Thee, in the unity of the Holy Ghost, one God, world without end. Amen.
+
<span class="dropcap">L</span>ET Thy merciful ears, O Lord, be open unto the prayers of all them that entreat Thee, and that Thou mayest grant us ever such things as we ask, teach us ever to ask such things as are pleasing in Thy sight.  Through our Lord JESUS Christ Thy Son, Who liveth and reigneth with Thee, in the unity of the Holy Ghost, one God, world without end. Amen.
 
+
The ancient Church, at least in Africa, did not so commonly use infant Baptism as we op. bt Augustine himself was made a Catechumen when an infant, and not baptized till his conversion to Catholicism from the heresy which he had embraced as a young man and retained for nine years.
+
 
+
&quot; A great deal of doctrine and several formularies as well as privileges were concealed from the Catechumens.
+
  
 
==Thursday.==
 
==Thursday.==
  
''Fifth Day.''
+
===Fifth Day.===
  
 
====MATTINS.====
 
====MATTINS.====
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The Lesson is taken from the Holy Gospel according to Luke (vii. 1 1.)  
 
The Lesson is taken from the Holy Gospel according to Luke (vii. 1 1.)  
  
A T that time : JESUS went into a city called Nairn ; and His disciples went with Him, and much people. And so on.
+
<span class="dropcap">A</span>T that time : JESUS went into a city called Nairn ; and His disciples went with Him, and much people. And so on.
  
 
Homily by St Ambrose, Bishop [of Milan.] (''Bk. v. Comm. on Luke vii.'')  
 
Homily by St Ambrose, Bishop [of Milan.] (''Bk. v. Comm. on Luke vii.'')  
  
The history which we here read in the Holy Gospel hath for us specially two gracious lessons, the one from the literal, the other from the mystic in terpretation thereof. According to the letter then, we see how quickly the compassion of God was aroused by the sorrow of this mother, who was a widow, a widow broken down by nurs ing her only son, or by the bitterness of her grief for his death. She was a widow also whose worshipful conver sation is borne witness to by this, that, &quot; much people of the city was with her.&quot; Mystically however, this widow encompassed by the multitude was something more than a poor woman whose tears won from the Lord the resurrection of her young and only son ; for she is a type of our holy Mother the Church, who calleth back her young children to life from the pursuit of deathly vanities, and soul-slaying honours, by bidding them look on those tears which she sheddeth for such as they, and which it is un lawful for her to shed for them of whom she knoweth that they will rise again.
+
The history which we here read in the Holy Gospel hath for us specially two gracious lessons, the one from the literal, the other from the mystic in terpretation thereof. According to the letter then, we see how quickly the compassion of God was aroused by the sorrow of this mother, who was a widow, a widow broken down by nurs ing her only son, or by the bitterness of her grief for his death. She was a widow also whose worshipful conver sation is borne witness to by this, that, &quot; much people of the city was with her.&quot; Mystically however, this widow encompassed by the multitude was something more than a poor woman whose tears won from the Lord the resurrection of her young and only son ; for she is a type of our holy Mother the Church, who calleth back her young children to life from the pursuit of deathly vanities, and soul-slaying honours, by bidding them look on those tears which she sheddeth for such as they, and which it is un lawful for her to shed for them of whom she knoweth that they will rise again. <ref>Viz. those &quot;who are fallen asleep in JESUS.&quot;</ref>
 
+
1<ref></ref>
+
  
 
'''First Responsory.'''
 
'''First Responsory.'''
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'''Second Lesson.'''
 
'''Second Lesson.'''
<ref></ref>
 
man, then, being dead, was carried out on a bier to the grave by four bearers, 2 even as the sinner is borne to destruction by the four elements of which he is composed.
 
  
But there was hope in his latter end, from this, that that whereon he was carried was of wood, and wood, albeit it had profited us little before, is become everything to us now since &quot; JESUS touched it,&quot; being a figure of that gibbet, the Cross, which was made thereof, and wherefrom salva tion floweth unto all people. When, therefore, the horrid bearers of the corpse heard the commandment of God, they stood still, and carried no farther him who was dead through the fatal course of a material nature. And is not our case even as that of the widow s son, when we lie, as it were, lifeless, in our spiritual coffin, that is, in the last bed of our soul s death, consumed by the fever of unbridled lust, or frozen by cold-heartedness, or with our whole manliness sapped by some degrading habit of this earthly body, or starved by a spiritual lock jaw that shutteth our mouth to the bright food of our soul ? These, and such as these, are they which carry us out to burial.
+
man, then, being dead, was carried out on a bier to the grave by four bearers, <ref>The Greek uses the Plural, not the Dual.</ref> even as the sinner is borne to destruction by the four elements of which he is composed.  But there was hope in his latter end, from this, that that whereon he was carried was of wood, and wood, albeit it had profited us little before, is become everything to us now since &quot; JESUS touched it,&quot; being a figure of that gibbet, the Cross, which was made thereof, and wherefrom salvation floweth unto all people. When, therefore, the horrid bearers of the corpse heard the commandment of God, they stood still, and carried no farther him who was dead through the fatal course of a material nature. And is not our case even as that of the widow s son, when we lie, as it were, lifeless, in our spiritual coffin, that is, in the last bed of our soul s death, consumed by the fever of unbridled lust, or frozen by cold-heartedness, or with our whole manliness sapped by some degrading habit of this earthly body, or starved by a spiritual lock jaw that shutteth our mouth to the bright food of our soul ? These, and such as these, are they which carry us out to burial.
  
 
'''Second Responsory.'''
 
'''Second Responsory.'''
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Moses stood, &c., [(p. 299.)] '''Third Lesson.'''
 
Moses stood, &c., [(p. 299.)] '''Third Lesson.'''
  
&quot;D UT even at the last hour, when the hope of life hath been utterly ex tinguished, and the bodies of the dead are lying by the side of the grave, by  
+
<span class="dropcap">B</span>UT even at the last hour, when the hope of life hath been utterly ex tinguished, and the bodies of the dead are lying by the side of the grave, by the word of God those carcases live again, yea, arise and speak. Then doth JESUS deliver the son to his mother, for JESUS calleth him out of the grave, and delivereth him from death. O, what is the grave of the soul but a bad life ? Sinner ! thy grave is unbelief, and thy throat is a sepulchre ! Even so is it written : &quot;Their throat is an open sepulchre,&quot; (Ps. v. ii,) whereout breathe their pestilential words. Lo ! Christ maketh thee free from that grave ! If only thou wilt hear the word of God, thou shalt yet arise from that sepulchre ! Yea, though thy sin be ex ceeding weighty, so that the tears of thine own sorrow cannot wash it away, let thy Mother the Church weep for thee, that longing Mother who weepeth for every one of her children as though he were &quot;the only son of his mother, and she was a widow.&quot; Believe me, her spiritual anguish is keen like the anguish of nature, when she seeth her children dead in sin, and carried out to be buried for ever.
 
+
1 Viz. those &quot;who are fallen asleep in JESUS.&quot; 2 The Greek uses the Plural, not the Dual.
+
 
+
 
+
the word of God those carcases live again, yea, arise and speak. Then doth JESUS deliver the son to his mother, for JESUS calleth him out of the grave, and delivereth him from death. O, what is the grave of the soul but a bad life ? Sinner ! thy grave is unbelief, and thy throat is a sepulchre ! Even so is it written : &quot;Their throat is an open sepulchre,&quot; (Ps. v. ii,) whereout breathe their pestilential words. Lo ! Christ maketh thee free from that grave ! If only thou wilt hear the word of God, thou shalt yet arise from that sepulchre ! Yea, though thy sin be ex ceeding weighty, so that the tears of thine own sorrow cannot wash it away, let thy Mother the Church weep for thee, that longing Mother who weepeth for every one of her children as though he were &quot;the only son of his mother, and she was a widow.&quot; Believe me, her spiritual anguish is keen like the anguish of nature, when she seeth her children dead in sin, and carried out to be buried for ever.
+
  
 
'''Third Responsory.'''
 
'''Third Responsory.'''
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''Prayer.''
 
''Prayer.''
  
Q ALMIGHTY God, grant, we be seech Thee, that we who are chastened by this hallowed fast, may be gladdened by holy earnestness, and that as earthly attractions grow dim mer, things heavenly may grow clearer.  Through our Lord JESUS Christ, Thy Son, Who liveth and reigneth with Thee, in the unity of the Holy Ghost, one God, world without end. Amen.
+
<span class="dropcap">O</span> ALMIGHTY God, grant, we be seech Thee, that we who are chastened by this hallowed fast, may be gladdened by holy earnestness, and that as earthly attractions grow dim mer, things heavenly may grow clearer.  Through our Lord JESUS Christ, Thy Son, Who liveth and reigneth with Thee, in the unity of the Holy Ghost, one God, world without end. Amen.
  
 
''At the beginning of the Martyrology is said,''  
 
''At the beginning of the Martyrology is said,''  
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==Friday.==
 
==Friday.==
  
''Sixth Day.''
+
===Sixth Day.===
  
 
''Office in honour of the Most Precious Blood of otir Lord JESUS Christ.''
 
''Office in honour of the Most Precious Blood of otir Lord JESUS Christ.''
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''All as on Sundays, except the following.''
 
''All as on Sundays, except the following.''
  
====FIRST VESPERS.====  
+
====FIRST VESPERS. <ref>Antiphons from Isa. lxiii. 1-3 except the 3rd, which is Apoc. xix. 13.</ref> ====  
  
1<ref></ref> ''First Antiphon.'' Who is this that cometh from Edom, with dyed garments from Bozrah ? this, that is glorious in His apparel ?  
+
''First Antiphon.'' Who is this that cometh from Edom, with dyed garments from Bozrah ? this, that is glorious in His apparel ?  
  
 
''Second Antiphon.'' I that speak in righteousness, mighty to save.
 
''Second Antiphon.'' I that speak in righteousness, mighty to save.
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''Chapter and Prayer from Lauds.''
 
''Chapter and Prayer from Lauds.''
  
1 Antiphons from Isa. Ixiii. 1-3 except the 3rd, which is Apoc. xix. 13.
 
  
 +
'''Hymn.''' <ref>Sixteenth to eighteenth century, author unknown, translation by the late Rev. Father Caswall.</ref>
  
 +
<span class="dropcap">F</span>ORTH let the long procession stream <br/>
 +
And through the streets in order wend ; <br/>
 +
Let the bright waving line of torches gleam, <br/>
 +
The solemn chant ascend.<br/>
  
'''Hymn.'''
+
While we, with tears and sighs profound, <br/>
 +
That memorable Blood record, <br/>
 +
Which, stretched on His hard Cross, from many a<br/>
 +
Wound, The dying JESUS poured.<br/>
  
FORTH let the long procession stream
+
By the first Adam's fatal sin <br/>
And through the streets in order wend ;  
+
Came death upon the human race ; <br/>
Let the bright waving line of torches gleam,  
+
In this new Adam doth new life begin, <br/>
The solemn chant ascend.
+
And everlasting grace.<br/>
  
While we, with tears and sighs profound,
+
For scarce the Father heard from heaven<br/>
That memorable Blood record,  
+
The cry of His expiring Son, <br/>
Which, stretched on His hard Cross, from many a
+
When in that cry our sins were all forgiven,<br/>
Wound, The dying JESUS poured.
+
And boundless pardon won.<br/>
  
By the first Adam's fatal sin
+
Henceforth, whoso in that dear<br/>
Came death upon the human race ;
+
Blood Washeth, shall lose his every stain,<br/>
In this new Adam doth new life begin,  
+
And, in immortal roseate beauty robed, <br/>
And everlasting grace.
+
An Angel's likeness gain.<br/>
  
For scarce the Father heard from heaven
+
Only, run thou with courage on<br/>
The cry of His expiring Son,  
+
Straight to the goal set in the skies;<br/>
When in that cry our sins were all forgiven,
+
He Who assists thy course will give thee soon<br/>
And boundless pardon won.
+
The everlasting prize.<br/>
  
Henceforth, whoso in that dear
+
Father Supreme ! vouchsafe that we,<br/>
Blood Washeth, shall lose his every stain,  
+
For whom Thine only Son was slain, <br/>
And, in immortal roseate beauty robed,
+
And whom Thine Holy Ghost doth sanctify,<br/>
An Angel's likeness gain.
+
May heavenly joys attain. Amen.<br/>
  
Only, run thou with courage on
 
Straight to the goal set in the skies;
 
He Who assists thy course will give thee soon
 
The everlasting prize.
 
  
Father Supreme ! vouchsafe that we,
+
''Verse.'' <ref>Apoc. v. 9, 10.</ref> Lord, Thou hast redeemed us by Thy Blood.
For whom Thine only Son was slain,
+
And whom Thine Holy Ghost doth sanctify,
+
May heavenly joys attain. Amen.
+
 
+
 
+
''Verse.'' 2<ref></ref> Lord, Thou hast redeemed us by Thy Blood.
+
  
 
''Answer.'' And hast made us unto our God a kingdom.
 
''Answer.'' And hast made us unto our God a kingdom.
  
''Antiphon at the Song of the Blessed Virgin.''  3<ref></ref> Ye are come unto Mount Sion and unto the city of the living God, the heavenly Jerusalem, and to JESUS the Mediator of the New Cove nant, and to the Blood of sprinkling That speaketh better things than that of Abel.
+
''Antiphon at the Song of the Blessed Virgin.''  <ref>Heb. xii. 22, 24.</ref> Ye are come unto Mount Sion and unto the city of the living God, the heavenly Jerusalem, and to JESUS the Mediator of the New Covenant, and to the Blood of sprinkling That speaketh better things than that of Abel.
  
 
Commemoration of the Week-day.
 
Commemoration of the Week-day.
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''Prayer.''
 
''Prayer.''
  
GOD, the Teacher and Shepherd of all Thy people, free the same from all sins which do assail them, that so they may ever be pleasing in Thy sight and safe under Thy shelter.  Through our Lord JESUS Christ Thy Son, Who liveth and reigneth with Thee, in the unity of the Holy Ghost, one God, world without end. Amen.
+
<span class="dropcap">O</span> GOD, the Teacher and Shepherd of all Thy people, free the same from all sins which do assail them, that so they may ever be pleasing in Thy sight and safe under Thy shelter.  Through our Lord JESUS Christ Thy Son, Who liveth and reigneth with Thee, in the unity of the Holy Ghost, one God, world without end. Amen.
  
 
====MATTINS.====
 
====MATTINS.====
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''Invitatory.'' Christ the Son of God hath redeemed us by His Own Blood. * O come, let us worship Him.
 
''Invitatory.'' Christ the Son of God hath redeemed us by His Own Blood. * O come, let us worship Him.
  
'''Hymn.''' 1<ref></ref>
+
'''Hymn.''' <ref>Anonymous hymn of eighteenth century translation by the late Rev. E. Caswall.</ref>
  
TIE Who once, in righteous vengeance,  
+
<span class="dropcap">H</span>E Who once, in righteous vengeance, <br/>
Whelmed the world beneath the flood,  
+
Whelmed the world beneath the flood, <br/>
Once again in mercy cleansed it  
+
Once again in mercy cleansed it <br/>
With the stream of His Own Blood,  
+
With the stream of His Own Blood, <br/>
Coming from His Throne on high  
+
Coming from His Throne on high <br/>
On the painful Cross to die.
+
On the painful Cross to die.<br/>
  
5<ref></ref> Blest with this all-saving shower  
+
<ref>These two verses are apparently founded on such passages as Isa. xxxv. ;
Earth her beauty straight resumed ;  
+
xi. 8 ; Mark xvi. 18, &c.</ref> Blest with this all-saving shower<br/>
In the place of thorns and briars,  
+
Earth her beauty straight resumed ; <br/>
Myrtles sprang and roses bloomed :  
+
In the place of thorns and briars, <br/>
Flowers surprised the desert waste,  
+
Myrtles sprang and roses bloomed : <br/>
Wormwood lost her bitter taste.
+
Flowers surprised the desert waste, <br/>
 +
Wormwood lost her bitter taste.<br/>
  
i Sixteenth to eighteenth century, author unknown, translation by the late Rev. Father Caswall. &quot; Apoc. v. 9, 10. 3 Heb. xii. 22, 24.
+
Scorpions ceased ; the slimy serpent<br/>
 +
Laid his deadly poison by ; <br/>
 +
Savage beasts of cruel instinct <br/>
 +
Lost their wild ferocity ; <br/>
 +
Welcoming the gentle reign <br/>
 +
Of the Lamb for sinners slain.<br/>
  
4 Anonymous hymn of eighteenth century translation by the late Rev. E. Caswall.
+
O the wisdom of the Eternal ! <br/>
 +
O its depth and height Divine ! <br/>
 +
O the sweetness of that mercy <br/>
 +
Which in JESUS Christ doth shine ! <br/>
 +
Slaves we were condemned to die, <br/>
 +
Our King pays the penalty.<br/>
  
s These two verses are apparently founded on such passages as Isa. xxxv. ; xi. 8 ; Mark xvi. 18, &c. . , ;-..
+
When before the Judge we tremble,<br/>
 +
Conscious of His broken laws, <br/>
 +
May this Blood in that dread hour, <br/>
 +
Cry aloud and plead our cause <br/> &#8212;
 +
Bid our guilty terrors cease <br/> &#8212;
 +
Be our pardon and our peace.<br/>
  
 
+
Prince and Author of Salvation ! <br/>
 
+
Lord of Majesty Supreme ! <br/>
Scorpions ceased ; the slimy serpent
+
JESU, praise to Thee be given <br/>
Laid his deadly poison by ;
+
By the world Thou didst redeem ! <br/>
Savage beasts of cruel instinct
+
Who with the Father and the Spirit <br/>
Lost their wild ferocity ;
+
Reignest in eternal merit. Amen.<br/>
Welcoming the gentle reign
+
Of the Lamb for sinners slain.
+
 
+
O the wisdom of the Eternal !
+
O its depth and height Divine !
+
O the sweetness of that mercy
+
Which in JESUS Christ doth shine !
+
Slaves we were condemned to die,
+
Our King pays the penalty.
+
 
+
When before the Judge we tremble,
+
Conscious of His broken laws,
+
May this Blood in that dread hour,
+
Cry aloud and plead our cause
+
Bid our guilty terrors cease
+
Be our pardon and our peace.
+
 
+
Prince and Author of Salvation !  
+
Lord of Majesty Supreme !  
+
JESU, praise to Thee be given  
+
By the world Thou didst redeem !  
+
Who with the Father and the Spirit  
+
Reignest in eternal merit. Amen.
+
  
  
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''Only three Psalms are said.''
 
''Only three Psalms are said.''
  
''First Antiphon.'' 1<ref></ref> And when eight days were accomplished, for the cir cumcising of the child, His Name was called JESUS.
+
''First Antiphon.'' <ref>Luke ii. 21.</ref> And when eight days were accomplished, for the circumcising of the child, His Name was called JESUS.
  
 
'''Ps. ii.''' Why do the heathen, &c., [(p. 4.)]  
 
'''Ps. ii.''' Why do the heathen, &c., [(p. 4.)]  
  
''Second Antiphon.'' 2<ref></ref> And being in an agony, He prayed more earnestly, and His Sweat was as it were great drops of Blood falling down to the ground.
+
''Second Antiphon.'' <ref>Luke xxii. 44.</ref> And being in an agony, He prayed more earnestly, and His Sweat was as it were great drops of Blood falling down to the ground.
  
 
'''Ps. iii.''' LORD, how are they in creased, &c., [(p. 5.)]  
 
'''Ps. iii.''' LORD, how are they in creased, &c., [(p. 5.)]  
  
''Third Antiphon.'' 3<ref></ref> Judas, which had betrayed Him, repented himself, and brought again the thirty pieces of silver, saying : I have sinned, in that I have betrayed the innocent Blood.
+
''Third Antiphon.'' <ref>Matth. xxvii. 3, 4.</ref> Judas, which had betrayed Him, repented himself, and brought again the thirty pieces of silver, saying : I have sinned, in that I have betrayed the innocent Blood.
  
 
'''Ps. xv.''' Preserve me, O Lord, c., [(p. 12.)]  
 
'''Ps. xv.''' Preserve me, O Lord, c., [(p. 12.)]  
  
''Verse.'' Lord, Thou hast redeemed us  
+
''Verse.'' Lord, Thou hast redeemed us &#8212;
  
 
''Answer.'' By Thy Blood.
 
''Answer.'' By Thy Blood.
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The Lesson is taken from the Epistle of the Blessed Apostle Paul to the Hebrews (ix. 1 1.)  
 
The Lesson is taken from the Epistle of the Blessed Apostle Paul to the Hebrews (ix. 1 1.)  
  
C^HRIST being come an High Priest of good things to come, by a greater and more perfect taber nacle, not made with hands, that is to say, not of this building, neither by the blood of g oats and calves, but by His own Blood, He entered in once into the Holy Place, having obtained eternal redemption for us. For if the blood of goats or of bulls, and the ashes of an heifer sprinkling the un clean, sanctifieth to the purifying of the flesh, how much more shall the Blood of Christ, Who, through the Holy Spirit, offered Himself without spot to God, purge our conscience from dead works to serve the living God ? And for this cause, He is the Mediator of the New Testament, that, by means of death, for the redemption of the transgressions that were under the first Testament, they, which are called, might receive the promise of eternal inheritance.
+
<span class="dropcap">C</span>HRIST being come an High Priest of good things to come, by a greater and more perfect taber nacle, not made with hands, that is to say, not of this building, neither by the blood of g oats and calves, but by His own Blood, He entered in once into the Holy Place, having obtained eternal redemption for us. For if the blood of goats or of bulls, and the ashes of an heifer sprinkling the un clean, sanctifieth to the purifying of the flesh, how much more shall the Blood of Christ, Who, through the Holy Spirit, offered Himself without spot to God, purge our conscience from dead works to serve the living God ? And for this cause, He is the Mediator of the New Testament, that, by means of death, for the redemption of the transgressions that were under the first Testament, they, which are called, might receive the promise of eternal inheritance.
  
 
'''First Responsory.'''
 
'''First Responsory.'''
  
4<ref></ref> JESUS also, that He might sanctify the people with His own Blood, suffered without the gate. Let us go forth therefore unto Him without the camp, bearing His reproach.
+
<ref>Heb. xiii. 12, 13; xii. 4.</ref> JESUS also, that He might sanctify the people with His own Blood, suffered without the gate. Let us go forth therefore unto Him without the camp, bearing His reproach.
  
 
''Verse.'' Ye have not yet resisted unto blood, striving against sin.
 
''Verse.'' Ye have not yet resisted unto blood, striving against sin.
  
 
''Answer.'' Let us go forth therefore unto Him without the gate, bearing His reproach.
 
''Answer.'' Let us go forth therefore unto Him without the gate, bearing His reproach.
 
 
1 Luke ii. 21. 2 Luke xxii. 44.
 
 
3 Matth. xxvii. 3, 4.
 
 
4 Heb. xiii. 12, 13; xii. 4.
 
 
 
 
 
  
 
'''Second Lesson.'''
 
'''Second Lesson.'''
  
T^OR where a testament is, there must also of necessity be the death of the testator. For a testa ment is of force after men are dead : otherwise it is of no strength at all while the testator liveth. Wherefore neither the first Testament was dedi cated without blood. For when Moses had read every precept of the law to all the people, he took the blood of calves and of goats, with water, and scarlet wool, and hyssop, and sprinkled both the book and all the people, saying : This is the blood of the Testament which God hath enjoined unto you. Moreover, he sprinkled likewise with blood both the Tabernacle and all the vessels of the minis try. And almost all things are by the law purged with blood ; and without shedding of blood is no remission.
+
<span class="dropcap">F</span>OR where a testament is, there must also of necessity be the death of the testator. For a testa ment is of force after men are dead : otherwise it is of no strength at all while the testator liveth. Wherefore neither the first Testament was dedi cated without blood. For when Moses had read every precept of the law to all the people, he took the blood of calves and of goats, with water, and scarlet wool, and hyssop, and sprinkled both the book and all the people, saying : This is the blood of the Testament which God hath enjoined unto you. Moreover, he sprinkled likewise with blood both the Tabernacle and all the vessels of the minis try. And almost all things are by the law purged with blood ; and without shedding of blood is no remission.
  
 
'''Second Responsory.'''
 
'''Second Responsory.'''
  
1<ref></ref> Moses took the blood, and sprinkled all the people, saying : This is the blood of the Testament which God hath enjoined unto you.
+
<ref>Heb. ix. 19, 20 ; xi. 28.</ref> Moses took the blood, and sprinkled all the people, saying : This is the blood of the Testament which God hath enjoined unto you.
  
 
''Verse.'' Through faith he kept the Passover, and the sprinkling of blood, lest he that destroyed the first-born should touch them.
 
''Verse.'' Through faith he kept the Passover, and the sprinkling of blood, lest he that destroyed the first-born should touch them.
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Third Lesson, (''x. 19.'')  
 
Third Lesson, (''x. 19.'')  
  
TTAVING therefore, brethren, boldness to enter into the holiest by the Blood of Christ, by a new and liv ing way which He hath consecrated for us, through the veil (that is to say, His Flesh,) and having an High Priest over the house of God, let us draw near with a true heart and full assurance of faith, having our hearts sprinkled from an evil conscience, and our bodies washed with pure water ; let us hold fast the profession of our faith without wavering ; (for He is faithful That promised,) and let us consider one another to provoke unto love and to good works.
+
<span class="dropcap">H</span>AVING therefore, brethren, boldness to enter into the holiest by the Blood of Christ, by a new and liv ing way which He hath consecrated for us, through the veil (that is to say, His Flesh,) and having an High Priest over the house of God, let us draw near with a true heart and full assurance of faith, having our hearts sprinkled from an evil conscience, and our bodies washed with pure water ; let us hold fast the profession of our faith without wavering ; (for He is faithful That promised,) and let us consider one another to provoke unto love and to good works.
  
 
'''Third Responsory.'''
 
'''Third Responsory.'''
  
2<ref></ref> Ye, who sometimes were far off, are made nigh by the Blood of Christ.  For He is our Peace, Who hath made both one.
+
<ref>Eph. ii. 13, 14.</ref> Ye, who sometimes were far off, are made nigh by the Blood of Christ.  For He is our Peace, Who hath made both one.
  
''Verse.'' 3<ref></ref> It pleased [the Father that in Him should all fulness dwell, and,] having made peace through the Blood of His Cross, by Him to reconcile all things unto Himself, [by Him, I say,] whether they be things in earth or things in heaven.
+
''Verse.'' <ref>Col. i. 19, 20.</ref> It pleased [the Father that in Him should all fulness dwell, and,] having made peace through the Blood of His Cross, by Him to reconcile all things unto Himself, [by Him, I say,] whether they be things in earth or things in heaven.
  
 
''Answer.'' For He is our Peace, Who hath made both one.
 
''Answer.'' For He is our Peace, Who hath made both one.
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''First Antiphon.''
 
''First Antiphon.''
  
4<ref></ref> Pilate, willing to content the people, delivered JESUS, when He had scourged Him, to be crucified.
+
<ref>Mark xv. 15.</ref> Pilate, willing to content the people, delivered JESUS, when He had scourged Him, to be crucified.
  
 
'''Ps. xxii.''' The LORD is my Shepherd, &c., [(p. 47.)]  
 
'''Ps. xxii.''' The LORD is my Shepherd, &c., [(p. 47.)]  
  
''Second Antiphon.'' 5<ref></ref> When Pilate saw that he could prevail nothing, he took water, and washed his hands before the multitude, saying : I am innocent of the Blood of this just | Person.
+
''Second Antiphon.'' <ref>Matth. xxvii. 24, 25.</ref> When Pilate saw that he could prevail nothing, he took water, and washed his hands before the multitude, saying : I am innocent of the Blood of this just Person.
 
+
'''Ps. xxix.''' I will extol Thee, &c., [(p. 75.)]
+
 
+
1 Heb. ix. 19, 20 ; xi. 28.
+
 
+
4 Mark xv. 15.
+
 
+
2 Eph. ii. 13, 14.
+
 
+
5 Matth. xxvii. 24, 25.
+
 
+
3 Col. i. 19, 20.
+
 
+
  
 
''Third Antiphon.'' Then answered all the people and said : His Blood be on us, and on our children.
 
''Third Antiphon.'' Then answered all the people and said : His Blood be on us, and on our children.
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'''Ps. lxiii.''' Hear my voice, &c., [(p. 114.)]  
 
'''Ps. lxiii.''' Hear my voice, &c., [(p. 114.)]  
  
''Verse.'' l<ref></ref> The Blood of JESUS Christ, the Son of God,  
+
''Verse.'' <ref>i John i. 7.</ref> The Blood of JESUS Christ, the Son of God, &#8212;
  
 
''Answer.'' Cleanseth us from all sin.
 
''Answer.'' Cleanseth us from all sin.
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The Lesson is taken from the Sermons of St John Chrysostom, Archbishop [of Constantinople.]  
 
The Lesson is taken from the Sermons of St John Chrysostom, Archbishop [of Constantinople.]  
  
YXTOULDEST thou hear the power of the Blood of Christ ? Then let us look at the figure thereof, let us call to mind the old type, and tell the story written in the antient Scriptures.  The Egyptians would not let God take away Israel His firstborn, 2<ref></ref> &quot;And Moses said : Thus saith the LORD About midnight will I go out into the midst of Egypt, and all the first-born in the land of Egypt shall die, from the first-born of Pharaoh that sitteth upon his throne unto the first-born of the maid-servant that is behind the mill, and all the first-born of beasts.  And there shall be a great cry throughout all the land of Egypt, such as there was none like it, nor shall be like it any more. But against any of the children of Israel shall not a dog move his tongue, against man or beast ; that ye may know how that the LORD hath put a difference be tween the Egyptians and Israel.&quot; (Ex. xi. 4-7.) &quot;Then Moses called for all the elders of Israel, and said unto them : Draw out and take you a lamb according to your families and kill the Passover. And ye shall take a bunch of hyssop and dip it in the blood that is in the basin, and strike the lintel and the two side-posts with the blood .... and when He seeth the blood upon the lintel and on the two side-posts, the LORD will pass over the door, and will not suffer the destroyer to come in unto your houses to smite you.&quot; (xii. 21-23.) And could the blood of a sheep save a man ? Yea, in good sooth ; not be cause it was blood, but because it represented in a figure the Blood of the Lord.
+
<span class="dropcap">W</span>OULDEST thou hear the power of the Blood of Christ ? Then let us look at the figure thereof, let us call to mind the old type, and tell the story written in the antient Scriptures.  The Egyptians would not let God take away Israel His firstborn, <ref>The description in the Latin is a sort of oratorical paraphrase of the account in the Pentateuch, which I have thought it best to represent by two simple quotations.</ref> &quot;And Moses said : Thus saith the LORD &#8212; About midnight will I go out into the midst of Egypt, and all the first-born in the land of Egypt shall die, from the first-born of Pharaoh that sitteth upon his throne unto the first-born of the maid-servant that is behind the mill, and all the first-born of beasts.  And there shall be a great cry throughout all the land of Egypt, such as there was none like it, nor shall be like it any more. But against any of the children of Israel shall not a dog move his tongue, against man or beast ; that ye may know how that the LORD hath put a difference be tween the Egyptians and Israel.&quot; (Ex. xi. 4-7.) &quot;Then Moses called for all the elders of Israel, and said unto them : Draw out and take you a lamb according to your families and kill the Passover. And ye shall take a bunch of hyssop and dip it in the blood that is in the basin, and strike the lintel and the two side-posts with the blood .... and when He seeth the blood upon the lintel and on the two side-posts, the LORD will pass over the door, and will not suffer the destroyer to come in unto your houses to smite you.&quot; (xii. 21-23.) And could the blood of a sheep save a man ? Yea, in good sooth ; not be cause it was blood, but because it represented in a figure the Blood of the Lord.
  
 
'''Fourth Responsory.'''
 
'''Fourth Responsory.'''
  
3<ref></ref> Pass the time of your sojourning&quot; here in fear ; forasmuch as ye know that ye were not redeemed with corruptible things, as silver and gold  
+
<ref>i Peter i. 17-19.</ref> Pass the time of your sojourning&quot; here in fear ; forasmuch as ye know that ye were not redeemed with corruptible things, as silver and gold &#8212;
  
 
''Verse.'' But with the Precious Blood of Christ, as of a lamb without spot.
 
''Verse.'' But with the Precious Blood of Christ, as of a lamb without spot.
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'''Fifth Lesson.'''
 
'''Fifth Lesson.'''
  
&quot;PHE statues of monarchs, mindless and speechless images though they be, have sometimes been an helpful refuge to men endowed with soul and reason, not because they are works of the brazier s skill, but because the likeness they bear is a King's.  And just so did this unconscious blood deliver the lives of men, not because it was blood, but because it fore shadowed the shedding&quot; of the Blood of JESUS. On that night in Egypt, when the destroying Angel saw the blood upon the lintel and on the two side-posts, he passed over the door, and came not in unto the house.  Even so now much more will the destroyer of souls flee away when he  
+
<span class="dropcap">T</span>HE statues of monarchs, mindless and speechless images though they be, have sometimes been an helpful refuge to men endowed with soul and reason, not because they are works of the brazier s skill, but because the likeness they bear is a King's.  And just so did this unconscious blood deliver the lives of men, not because it was blood, but because it fore shadowed the shedding&quot; of the Blood of JESUS. On that night in Egypt, when the destroying Angel saw the blood upon the lintel and on the two side-posts, he passed over the door, and came not in unto the house.  Even so now much more will the destroyer of souls flee away when he seeth, not the lintel and the two sideposts sprinkled with the blood of a lamb, but the <ref>''I.e.'', probably, as wet from the Eucharistic chalice.</ref> mouth of the faithful Christian, the living dwelling of the Holy Ghost, shining with the blood of the True Messiah. If the Angel let the type be, how shall not the enemy quail before the Reality ? Wouldest thou hear more of the power of that Blood ? I am willing. Consider from what source it welleth, from what foun tain it springeth. Its fountain is the Heart of the Lord, pierced for us upon the Cross. &quot; Then came the soldiers, and brake the legs of the first, and of the other which was cruci fied with Him ; but when they came to JESUS, and saw that He was dead already, they brake not His Legs, but one of the soldiers with a spear pierced His Side, and forthwith came thereout Blood and Water,&quot; (John xix. 32-34.) whereof the One is a figure of Baptism, and the Other of the Sacra ment [of the Altar.]  <ref>After this comes a passage which I omit, as it relates to a reading in the Gospel of St John, used by St Chrysostorn, but rejected by the present Greek and Latin texts.</ref>
 
+
1 i John i. 7.
+
 
+
2 The description in the Latin is a sort of oratorical paraphrase of the account in the Pentateuch, which I have thought it best to represent by two simple quotations.
+
 
+
3 i Peter i. 17-19.
+
 
+
 
+
 
+
 
+
seeth, not the lintel and the two sideposts sprinkled with the blood of a lamb, but the l mouth of the faithful Christian, the living dwelling of the Holy Ghost, shining with the blood of the True Messiah. If the Angel let the type be, how shall not the enemy quail before the Reality ? Wouldest thou hear more of the power of that Blood ? I am willing. Consider from what source it welleth, from what foun tain it springeth. Its fountain is the Heart of the Lord, pierced for us upon the Cross. &quot; Then came the soldiers, and brake the legs of the first, and of the other which was cruci fied with Him ; but when they came to JESUS, and saw that He was dead already, they brake not His Legs, but one of the soldiers with a spear pierced His Side, and forthwith came thereout Blood and Water,&quot; (John xix. 32-34.) whereof the One is a figure of Baptism, and the Other of the Sacra ment [of the Altar.]  2<ref></ref>
+
  
 
'''Fifth Responsory.'''
 
'''Fifth Responsory.'''
  
3<ref></ref> Ye are bought with a great price, therefore glorify God and bear Him in your body.
+
<ref>i Cor. vi. 20 ; vii. 23.</ref> Ye are bought with a great price, therefore glorify God and bear Him in your body.
  
''Verse.'' Ye are bought with a price be not ye the servants of men.
+
''Verse.'' Ye are bought with a price &#8212; be not ye the servants of men.
  
 
''Answer.'' Glorify God and bear Him in your body.
 
''Answer.'' Glorify God and bear Him in your body.
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'''Sixth Lesson.'''
 
'''Sixth Lesson.'''
  
^\NE of the soldiers with a spear ^&quot;^ pierced His Side the veil of the Temple of His Body was rent in twain. (John ii. 19-21, Matth. xxvii. 51.) O how glorious is the treasure that is laid open to me therein ! How noble the riches that it is my joy there to have found ! Thus was it with the Paschal lamb. The Jews slew the typical sheep, but to me also is it given to know the worth of the thing typified.  &quot; One of the soldiers with a spear pierced His Side, and forthwith came thereout Blood and Water.&quot; I would not, O my hearer, that thou shouldest pass by the depths of such a mystery as this without pausing. I have some mystic and hidden words to say. I frave said that that Blood and Water were a figure of Baptism and of the Mysteries [of the Altar.] These are the foundations of the Church, &quot; the washing of regeneration, and re newing of the Holy Ghost.&quot; (Tit. iii. 5.) I say [that the Church is founded in these things, whereof the substance came out of the Redeemer s Side, namely,] in Baptism and the Mysteries [of the Altar.] It was therefore out of the Side of Christ that the Church was created, just as it was out of the side of Adam that Eve was raised up to be his bride. (Gen. ii. 21, 22.) This is the reason why Paul saith, no doubt in allusion to the [bride of the Second Adam, even the Holy Church to which we belong, coming, like the bride of the first Adam, out of the] Side [of her Husband] : &quot; We are members of His Body, [of His Flesh,] and of His bones.&quot; (Eph. v. 30.) For even as God made the woman Eve out of the rib which He had taken out of the side of Adam, so hath Christ made the Church out of the Blood and Water Which He made to flow for us out of His Own Side.
+
<span class="dropcap">O</span>NE of the soldiers with a spear pierced His Side &#8212; the veil of the Temple of His Body was rent in twain. (John ii. 19-21, Matth. xxvii. 51.) O how glorious is the treasure that is laid open to me therein ! How noble the riches that it is my joy there to have found ! Thus was it with the Paschal lamb. The Jews slew the typical sheep, but to me also is it given to know the worth of the thing typified.  &quot; One of the soldiers with a spear pierced His Side, and forthwith came thereout Blood and Water.&quot; I would not, O my hearer, that thou shouldest pass by the depths of such a mystery as this without pausing. I have some mystic and hidden words to say. I have said that that Blood and Water were a figure of Baptism and of the Mysteries [of the Altar.] These are the foundations of the Church, &quot; the washing of regeneration, and renewing of the Holy Ghost.&quot; (Tit. iii. 5.) I say [that the Church is founded in these things, whereof the substance came out of the Redeemer's Side, namely,] in Baptism and the Mysteries [of the Altar.] It was therefore out of the Side of Christ that the Church was created, just as it was out of the side of Adam that Eve was raised up to be his bride. (Gen. ii. 21, 22.) This is the reason why Paul saith, no doubt in allusion to the [bride of the Second Adam, even the Holy Church to which we belong, coming, like the bride of the first Adam, out of the] Side [of her Husband] : &quot; We are members of His Body, [of His Flesh,] and of His bones.&quot; (Eph. v. 30.) For even as God made the woman Eve out of the rib which He had taken out of the side of Adam, so hath Christ made the Church out of the Blood and Water Which He made to flow for us out of His Own Side.
  
 
'''Sixth Responsory.'''
 
'''Sixth Responsory.'''
  
4<ref></ref> God commendeth His love toward us, in that, while we were yet sinners, in due time Christ died for us.
+
<ref>Rom. v. 8, 9, 6.</ref> God commendeth His love toward us, in that, while we were yet sinners, in due time Christ died for us.
  
''Verse.'' Much more then being now  
+
''Verse.'' Much more then being now justified by His Blood, we shall be saved from wrath through Him.
 
+
1 I.e., probably, as wet from the Eucharistic chalice.
+
 
+
2 After this comes a passage which I omit, as it relates to a reading in the Gospel of St John, used by St Chrysostorn, but rejected by the present Greek and Latin texts.
+
 
+
3 i Cor. vi. 20 ; vii. 23. 4 Rom&amp;gt; v&amp;gt; 8&amp;gt; 9&amp;gt; 6.
+
 
+
 
+
 
+
 
+
justified by His Blood, we shall be saved from wrath through Him.
+
  
 
''Answer.'' In that, while we were yet sinners, in due time Christ died for us.
 
''Answer.'' In that, while we were yet sinners, in due time Christ died for us.
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=====THIRD NOCTURN.=====
 
=====THIRD NOCTURN.=====
  
''First Antiphon.'' l<ref></ref> Then came JESUS forth, wearing the crown of thorns, and the purple robe. And Pilate saith unto them : Behold the Man !
+
''First Antiphon.'' <ref>John xix. 5, 17, 33, 4.</ref> Then came JESUS forth, wearing the crown of thorns, and the purple robe. And Pilate saith unto them : Behold the Man !
  
 
'''Ps. lxxiii.''' O God, why hast Thou, &c, [(p. 128.)]  
 
'''Ps. lxxiii.''' O God, why hast Thou, &c, [(p. 128.)]  
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'''Ps. xciii.''' The LORD God to Whom vengeance, &c., [(p. 147.)]  
 
'''Ps. xciii.''' The LORD God to Whom vengeance, &c., [(p. 147.)]  
  
''Verse.'' 2<ref></ref> Christ loved us  
+
''Verse.'' <ref>Apoc. i. 5.</ref> Christ loved us &#8212;
  
 
''Answer.'' And washed us from our sins in His Own Blood.
 
''Answer.'' And washed us from our sins in His Own Blood.
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The Lesson is taken from the Holy Gospel according to John (xix. 29.)  
 
The Lesson is taken from the Holy Gospel according to John (xix. 29.)  
  
AT that time : When JESUS had received the vinegar, He said : It is finished. And He bowed His Head, and gave up the ghost. And so on.
+
<span class="dropcap">A</span>T that time : When JESUS had received the vinegar, He said : It is finished. And He bowed His Head, and gave up the ghost. And so on.
  
 
Homily by St Austin, Bishop [of Hippo.] (''120th Tract on John.'')  
 
Homily by St Austin, Bishop [of Hippo.] (''120th Tract on John.'')  
  
&quot; One of the soldiers with a spear pierced His Side, and forthwith came thereout Blood and Water.&quot; The Evangelist speaketh carefully. He saith not that he smote the Side, nor yet that he wounded It, nor yet any thing else, but &quot;pierced&quot; &quot;pierced&quot; It, to fling wide the entrance unto life, whence flow the Sacraments of the Church, those Sacraments without which there is no entrance unto the life which is life indeed. That Blood which was shed there was shed for the remission of sins, that Water is the water that mantleth in the cup of salvation. Therein are we washed, and thereof do we drink. Of this was it a type when it was said unto Noah : &quot; The door of the ark shalt thou set in the side thereof . . . and of every living thing of all flesh shalt thou bring into the ark ... to keep them alive.&quot; (Gen. vi. 16, 19.) A figure this of the Church. Thus was it that the first woman was made from the side of her husband while he slept, and she was called [Eve, which is, being interpreted,] &quot;Life,&quot; &quot;because she was the mother of all living.&quot; (Gen. iii. 20.) This name set forth a great good, before it became associ ated with the bitter fruit of a great evil. And here we have the Second Adam bowing His Head, and the deep sleep of death falling upon Him upon the Cross, and He sleepeth, that the Lord God may take a thing out of His side, and may make thereof a wife for Him. O what a death was His, which quickeneth the dead ! What is cleaner than His Blood ? What more health-giving than His wounding ?  
+
&quot; One of the soldiers with a spear pierced His Side, and forthwith came thereout Blood and Water.&quot; The Evangelist speaketh carefully. He saith not that he smote the Side, nor yet that he wounded It, nor yet any thing else, but &quot;pierced&quot; &#8212; &quot;pierced&quot; It, to fling wide the entrance unto life, whence flow the Sacraments of the Church, those Sacraments without which there is no entrance unto the life which is life indeed. That Blood which was shed there was shed for the remission of sins, that Water is the water that mantleth in the cup of salvation. Therein are we washed, and thereof do we drink. Of this was it a type when it was said unto Noah : &quot; The door of the ark shalt thou set in the side thereof . . . and of every living thing of all flesh shalt thou bring into the ark ... to keep them alive.&quot; (Gen. vi. 16, 19.) A figure this of the Church. Thus was it that the first woman was made from the side of her husband while he slept, and she was called [Eve, which is, being interpreted,] &quot;Life,&quot; &quot;because she was the mother of all living.&quot; (Gen. iii. 20.) This name set forth a great good, before it became associ ated with the bitter fruit of a great evil. And here we have the Second Adam bowing His Head, and the deep sleep of death falling upon Him upon the Cross, and He sleepeth, that the Lord God may take a thing out of His side, and may make thereof a wife for Him. O what a death was His, which quickeneth the dead ! What is cleaner than His Blood ? What more health-giving than His wounding ?  
 
+
John xix. 5, 17, 33, 4.
+
 
+
 
+
 
+
Apoc. i. 5.
+
 
+
 
+
.
+
  
 
'''Seventh Responsory.'''
 
'''Seventh Responsory.'''
  
1<ref></ref> This is He That came by Water and Blood, even JESUS Christ ; not by Water only, but by Water and Blood.
+
<ref>i John v. 6.</ref> This is He That came by Water and Blood, even JESUS Christ ; not by Water only, but by Water and Blood.
  
''Verse.'' 2<ref></ref> In that day there shall be a fountain opened to the house of David and to the inhabitants of Jerusalem, for sin and for uncleanness.
+
''Verse.'' <ref>Zech. xiii. i.</ref> In that day there shall be a fountain opened to the house of David and to the inhabitants of Jerusalem, for sin and for uncleanness.
  
 
''Answer.'' Not by Water only, but by Water and Blood.
 
''Answer.'' Not by Water only, but by Water and Blood.
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'''Eighth Lesson.'''
 
'''Eighth Lesson.'''
  
TV/I&quot; EN were being held bondsmen to the devil, slaves to evil spirits.  But they have been redeemed from that bondage. They had been able to sell themselves, but they were not able to redeem themselves. A Redeemer came and paid the price for them.  He shed His Blood, and at that cost bought the world. Ye ask what He bought ? Look what He paid, and ye shall see what He bought. Christ s Blood was the price. What is His Blood worth ? What, but the whole world ? What but all men ? They are very unthankful for His redemption, or very proud, who say that It is only precious enough to buy the Africans, or that they themselves are so precious that It was shed only for them. Let there be an end to such conceit, an end to such vain-glory.  What He paid, He paid for all.
+
<span class="dropcap">M</span>EN were being held bondsmen to the devil, slaves to evil spirits.  But they have been redeemed from that bondage. They had been able to sell themselves, but they were not able to redeem themselves. A Redeemer came and paid the price for them.  He shed His Blood, and at that cost bought the world. Ye ask what He bought ? Look what He paid, and ye shall see what He bought. Christ s Blood was the price. What is His Blood worth ? What, but the whole world ? What but all men ? They are very unthankful for His redemption, or very proud, who say that It is only precious enough to buy the Africans, or that they themselves are so precious that It was shed only for them. Let there be an end to such conceit, an end to such vain-glory.  What He paid, He paid for all.
  
 
'''Eighth Responsory.'''
 
'''Eighth Responsory.'''
  
3<ref></ref> God hath predestinated us unto the adoption of children by JESUS Christ, in Whom we have redemption through His Blood.
+
<ref>Eph. i. 5-7-</ref> God hath predestinated us unto the adoption of children by JESUS Christ, in Whom we have redemption through His Blood.
  
 
''Verse.'' The forgiveness of sins, ac cording to the riches of His grace, wherein He hath abounded toward us.
 
''Verse.'' The forgiveness of sins, ac cording to the riches of His grace, wherein He hath abounded toward us.
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The Lesson is taken from the Holy Gospel according to John (xi. i.)  
 
The Lesson is taken from the Holy Gospel according to John (xi. i.)  
  
A T that time : A certain man was sick, named Lazarus, of Bethany, the town of Mary, and her sister Martha. And so on.
+
<span class="dropcap">A</span>T that time : A certain man was sick, named Lazarus, of Bethany, the town of Mary, and her sister Martha. And so on.
  
 
Homily by St Austin, Bishop [of Hippo.] (''49th Tract on John.'')  
 
Homily by St Austin, Bishop [of Hippo.] (''49th Tract on John.'')  
  
Ye remember that in our last read ing we learnt how that the Lord &quot; escaped out of the hands &quot; of them which &quot; took up stones to stone Him,&quot; &quot; and went away again beyond Jordan, into the place where John at first baptized.&quot; (John x. 31, 39, 40-) While, then, the Lord still tarried there, Lazarus was sick at Bethany, which was a town near to Jerusalem.  &quot;It was that Mary which anointed the Lord with ointment, and wiped His Feet with her hair, whose brother Lazarus was sick. Therefore his sisters sent unto Him.&quot; We know already whither it was that they sent, for we know where JESUS was : &quot; He was gone away again beyond Jordan.&quot; &quot; His sisters sent unto Him, saying : Lord, behold, he whom Thou lovest is sick &quot; in order that, if He so pleased, He might come and free him from his sickness. But JESUS healed not, that He might afterward quicken. What therefore sent his sisters to say ?  
+
Ye remember that in our last read ing we learnt how that the Lord &quot; escaped out of the hands &quot; of them which &quot; took up stones to stone Him,&quot; &quot; and went away again beyond Jordan, into the place where John at first baptized.&quot; (John x. 31, 39, 40-) While, then, the Lord still tarried there, Lazarus was sick at Bethany, which was a town near to Jerusalem.  &quot;It was that Mary which anointed the Lord with ointment, and wiped His Feet with her hair, whose brother Lazarus was sick. Therefore his sisters sent unto Him.&quot; We know already whither it was that they sent, for we know where JESUS was : &quot; He was gone away again beyond Jordan.&quot; &quot; His sisters sent unto Him, saying : Lord, behold, he whom Thou lovest is sick &quot; &#8212; in order that, if He so pleased, He might come and free him from his sickness. But JESUS healed not, that He might afterward quicken. What therefore sent his sisters to say ?  &quot; Lord, behold, he whom Thou lovest is sick&quot; &#8212; and no more. They said not : &quot; Come : &quot; for JESUS loved him ; and to tell Him that he was sick was enough. They dared not to say : &quot; Come, and heal him : &quot; &#8212; they dared not to say : &quot; Speak the word where Thou art, and it shall be done here.&quot; And wherefore should they not have said this if they had the faith which won the Centurion so much praise ? He had said : &quot; Lord, I am not worthy that Thou shouldest come under my roof; but speak the word only, and my servant shall be healed.&quot; (Matth. viii. 8.) But they said none of these things, only : &quot; Lord, behold, he whom Thou lovest is sick &quot; &#8212; &quot; It is enough that Thou shouldest know it : Thou art not one that lovest and leavest.&quot; But some man will say : &quot; How shall Lazarus be a type of the sinner, and yet the Lord so love him ? &quot; Let such an one hear the words of the same Lord, which He said : &quot; I am not come to call the righteous, but sinners.&quot; (Matth. ix. 13.) For if God had not loved sinners, He had not come down from heaven to earth.  &quot;When JESUS heard that, He said : This sickness is not unto death, but for the glory of God, that the Son of God might be glorified thereby.&quot; Such a glorification is no increase of majesty for Him, but of profit for us. He therefore meaneth to say : &quot; This sickness is not unto death, but for the working of a miracle, the which being wrought, if men will thereby believe in Christ, they shall escape the real death.&quot; Note especially how the Lord doth in this place declare Himself to be God, as it were by implication, for the sake of some which say that He is not the Son of God.
 
+
1 i John v. 6. &quot; Zech. xiii. i. Eph. i. 5-7-
+
 
+
 
+
 
+
  &quot; Lord, behold, he whom Thou lovest is sick&quot; and no more. They said not : &quot; Come : &quot; for JESUS loved him ; and to tell Him that he was sick was enough. They dared not to say : &quot; Come, and heal him : &quot;they dared not to say : &quot; Speak the word where Thou art, and it shall be done here.&quot; And wherefore should they not have said this if they had the faith which won the Centurion so much praise ? He had said : &quot; Lord, I am not worthy that Thou shouldest come under my roof; but speak the word only, and my servant shall be healed.&quot; (Matth. viii. 8.) But they said none of these things, only : &quot; Lord, behold, he whom Thou lovest is sick &quot; &quot; It is enough that Thou shouldest know it : Thou art not one that lovest and leavest.&quot; But some man will say : &quot; How shall Lazarus be a type of the sinner, and yet the Lord so love him ? &quot; Let such an one hear the words of the same Lord, which He said : &quot; I am not come to call the righteous, but sinners.&quot; (Matth. ix. 13.) For if God had not loved sinners, He had not come down from heaven to earth.  &quot;When JESUS heard that, He said : This sickness is not unto death, but for the glory of God, that the Son of God might be glorified thereby.&quot; Such a glorification is no increase of majesty for Him, but of profit for us. He therefore meaneth to say : &quot; This sickness is not unto death, but for the working of a miracle, the which being wrought, if men will thereby believe in Christ, they shall escape the real death.&quot; Note especially how the Lord doth in this place declare Himself to be God, as it were by implication, for the sake of some which say that He is not the Son of God.
+
  
 
''The hymn'' &quot;We praise Thee, O God, &c.,&quot; ''is said.''
 
''The hymn'' &quot;We praise Thee, O God, &c.,&quot; ''is said.''
  
====LAUDS.====1
+
====LAUDS. <ref>Antiphons from Apoc. vii. 13-15; xii. n ; xxii. 14.</ref>====  
  
 
''First Antiphon.'' Who are these * that are arrayed in white robes ? And whence came they ?  
 
''First Antiphon.'' Who are these * that are arrayed in white robes ? And whence came they ?  
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''Chapter.'' (Heb. ix. n.)  
 
''Chapter.'' (Heb. ix. n.)  
  
&quot;DRETHREN, Christ being come an High Priest of good things to come, by a greater and more perfect tabernacle, not made with hands, that is to say, not of this building ; neither by the blood of goats and calves, but by His Own Blood, He entered in once into the Holy Place, having obtained eternal redemption.
+
<span class="dropcap">B</span>RETHREN, Christ being come an High Priest of good things to come, by a greater and more perfect tabernacle, not made with hands, that is to say, not of this building ; neither by the blood of goats and calves, but by His Own Blood, He entered in once into the Holy Place, having obtained eternal redemption.
  
'''Hymn.''' 2<ref></ref>   
+
'''Hymn.''' <ref>Translation extracted from the Hymnal Noted.</ref>   
  
pJJAIL, Holy Wounds of JESUS, hail !  
+
<span class="dropcap">H</span>AIL, Holy Wounds of JESUS, hail ! <br/>
Sweet pledges of the saving Rood !  
+
Sweet pledges of the saving Rood ! <br/>
Whence flow the streams that never fail  
+
Whence flow the streams that never fail &#8212;<br/>
The purple streams of His dear Blood.
+
The purple streams of His dear Blood.<br/>
  
Brighter than brightest stars ye show,  
+
Brighter than brightest stars ye show, <br/>
Than sweetest rose your scent more rare,  
+
Than sweetest rose your scent more rare, <br/>
No Indian gem may match your glow,  
+
No Indian gem may match your glow, <br/>
No honey's taste with yours compare.
+
No honey's taste with yours compare.<br/>
  
Portals are ye to that dear Home,  
+
Portals are ye to that dear Home, <br/>
Wherein our wearied souls may hide.
+
Wherein our wearied souls may hide.<br/>
Whereto no angry foe can come,  
+
Whereto no angry foe can come, <br/>
The Heart of JESUS Crucified.
+
The Heart of JESUS Crucified.<br/>
  
1 Antiphons from Apoc. vii. 13-15; xii. n ; xxii. 14.
+
What countless stripes our JESUS bore,<br/>
 +
All naked left in Pilate's hall, <br/>
 +
What copious floods of purple gore <br/>
 +
Through rents in His torn garments fall.<br/>
  
2 Translation extracted from the Hymnal Noted.
+
His comely brow, O shame and grief, <br/>
 +
By the sharp thorny crown is riven, <br/>
 +
Through Hands and Feet, without relief <br/>
 +
The cruel nails are deeply driven.<br/>
  
 +
But when for our poor sakes He died, <br/>
 +
A willing Priest, by love subdued, <br/>
 +
The soldier's spear transfixed His Side &#8212; <br/>
 +
Forth flowed the Water and the Blood.<br/>
  
 +
Beneath the winepress of God's wrath, <br/>
 +
To save our souls from endless pains, <br/>
 +
Still hour by hour His Blood flows forth <br/>
 +
Till not a single drop remains.<br/>
  
What countless stripes our JESUS bore,  
+
Come, bathe you in that healing flood,<br/>
All naked left in Pilate's hall,  
+
All ye who mourn with sin opprest, <br/>
What copious floods of purple gore
+
Your only hope in JESUS Blood, <br/>
Through rents in His torn garments fall.
+
His Sacred Heart your only rest.<br/>
  
His comely brow, O shame and grief,  
+
All praise to Him, the Eternal Son, <br/>
By the sharp thorny crown is riven,  
+
At God's right hand enthroned above, <br/>
Through Hands and Feet, without relief
+
Whose Blood the world's redemption won, <br/>
The cruel nails are deeply driven.
+
Whose Spirit seals the gifts of love.  Amen.<br/>
  
But when for our poor sakes He died,
+
''Verse.'' Being justified by the Blood of Christ &#8212;
A willing Priest, by love subdued,
+
The soldier's spear transfixed His Side
+
Forth flowed the Water and the Blood.
+
 
+
Beneath the winepress of God's wrath,
+
To save our souls from endless pains,
+
Still hour by hour His Blood flows forth
+
Till not a single drop remains.
+
 
+
Come, bathe you in that healing flood,
+
All ye who mourn with sin opprest,
+
Your only hope in JESUS Blood,
+
His Sacred Heart your only rest.
+
 
+
All praise to Him, the Eternal Son,
+
At God's right hand enthroned above,
+
Whose Blood the world's redemption won,
+
Whose Spirit seals the gifts of love.  Amen.
+
 
+
''Verse.'' Being justified by the Blood of Christ  
+
  
 
''Answer.'' We shall be saved from wrath through Him.
 
''Answer.'' We shall be saved from wrath through Him.
  
''Antiphon at the Song of Zacharias.''  The blood shall be to you for a token, saith the Lord, and when I see the Blood I will pass over you, and the plague shall not be upon you to destroy you. 1<ref></ref>  
+
''Antiphon at the Song of Zacharias.''  The blood shall be to you for a token, saith the Lord, and when I see the Blood I will pass over you, and the plague shall not be upon you to destroy you. <ref>Ex. xii. 13.</ref>  
  
 
''Prayer throughout the Office.''
 
''Prayer throughout the Office.''
  
r\ ALMIGHTY and Everlasting God, Who hast appointed Thine Only-begotten Son to be the Redeemer of the world, and hast been pleased to be reconciled unto us by His Blood, grant us, we beseech Thee, so to use this solemn worship of the price of our salvation, that the Power thereof may here on earth keep us from all things that may hurt us, and the purchase of the same may gladden us for ever hereafter in Heaven. Who liveth and reigneth with Thee, in the unity of the Holy Ghost, one God, world without end. Amen.
+
<span class="dropcap">O</span> ALMIGHTY and Everlasting God, Who hast appointed Thine Only-begotten Son to be the Redeemer of the world, and hast been pleased to be reconciled unto us by His Blood, grant us, we beseech Thee, so to use this solemn worship of the price of our salvation, that the Power thereof may here on earth keep us from all things that may hurt us, and the purchase of the same may gladden us for ever hereafter in Heaven. Who liveth and reigneth with Thee, in the unity of the Holy Ghost, one God, world without end. Amen.
  
 
''Commemoration of the Week-day.''
 
''Commemoration of the Week-day.''
  
''Antiphon.'' Our friend Lazarus sleepeth : let us go and awake him out of sleep. 2<ref></ref>  
+
''Antiphon.'' Our friend Lazarus sleepeth : let us go and awake him out of sleep. <ref>A curious divergence from the words of the inspired text, which are : &quot;I go, that 1 may awake him, &c.&quot; </ref>  
  
 
''Verse.'' God hath given His Angels charge over Thee.
 
''Verse.'' God hath given His Angels charge over Thee.
Line 1,057: Line 904:
 
''Prayer.''
 
''Prayer.''
  
OGOD, who dost quicken the whole world anew by Thine unspeakable Sacraments, grant, we beseech Thee, that Thy Church may both profit by whatsoever Thou hast ordained touching the things which are eternal, nor be comfortless of such help as is needful unto her touching the things which are temporal.  Through our Lord JESUS Christ Thy Son, Who liveth and reigneth with Thee, in the unity of the Holy Ghost, one God, world without end. Amen.
+
<span class="dropcap">O</span> GOD, who dost quicken the whole world anew by Thine unspeakable Sacraments, grant, we beseech Thee, that Thy Church may both profit by whatsoever Thou hast ordained touching the things which are eternal, nor be comfortless of such help as is needful unto her touching the things which are temporal.  Through our Lord JESUS Christ Thy Son, Who liveth and reigneth with Thee, in the unity of the Holy Ghost, one God, world without end. Amen.
  
 
====PRIME.====
 
====PRIME.====
Line 1,068: Line 915:
  
 
''Verse.'' Thou That hast redeemed us by Thy Blood.
 
''Verse.'' Thou That hast redeemed us by Thy Blood.
 
2 A curious divergence from the words of the inspired text, which are : &quot;I go, that 1 may awake him, &c.&quot;
 
  
 
''Chapter,'' (Heb. ix. 19.)  
 
''Chapter,'' (Heb. ix. 19.)  
  
JV/TOSES took the blood of calves and of goats, with water, and scarlet wool, and hyssop, and sprinkled both the book, and all the people, saying : This is the blood of the Testament which God hath enjoined unto you.
+
<span class="dropcap">M</span>OSES took the blood of calves and of goats, with water, and scarlet wool, and hyssop, and sprinkled both the book, and all the people, saying : This is the blood of the Testament which God hath enjoined unto you.
  
 
====TERCE.====
 
====TERCE.====
Line 1,095: Line 940:
 
''Answer.'' Lord, Thou hast redeemed us by Thy Blood.
 
''Answer.'' Lord, Thou hast redeemed us by Thy Blood.
  
''Verse.'' The Blood of JESUS Christ, the Son of God  
+
''Verse.'' The Blood of JESUS Christ, the Son of God &#8212;
  
 
''Answer.'' Cleanseth us from all sin.
 
''Answer.'' Cleanseth us from all sin.
Line 1,105: Line 950:
 
''Chapter.'' (Heb. ix. 13.)  
 
''Chapter.'' (Heb. ix. 13.)  
  
I F the blood of bulls and of goats, and the ashes of an heifer, sprinkling the unclean sanctifieth to the purifying of the flesh, how much more shall the Blood of Christ, Who through the Holy Spirit offered Himself without spot to God, purge our conscience from dead works, to serve the living God?  
+
<span class="dropcap">I</span>F the blood of bulls and of goats, and the ashes of an heifer, sprinkling the unclean sanctifieth to the purifying of the flesh, how much more shall the Blood of Christ, Who through the Holy Spirit offered Himself without spot to God, purge our conscience from dead works, to serve the living God?  
  
 
'''Short Responsory.'''
 
'''Short Responsory.'''
Line 1,121: Line 966:
 
''Answer.'' The Blood of JESUS Christ, the Son of God, cleanseth us.
 
''Answer.'' The Blood of JESUS Christ, the Son of God, cleanseth us.
  
''Verse.'' Christ loved us  
+
''Verse.'' Christ loved us &#8212;
  
 
''Answer.'' And washed us from our sins in His Own Blood.
 
''Answer.'' And washed us from our sins in His Own Blood.
Line 1,145: Line 990:
 
''Answer.'' Christ loved us, and washed us from our sins in His Own Blood.
 
''Answer.'' Christ loved us, and washed us from our sins in His Own Blood.
  
''Verse.'' Being justified by the Blood of Christ,  
+
''Verse.'' Being justified by the Blood of Christ, &#8212;
  
 
''Answer.'' We shall be saved from wrath through Him.
 
''Answer.'' We shall be saved from wrath through Him.
Line 1,173: Line 1,018:
 
''Prayer.''
 
''Prayer.''
  
/^RANT, we beseech Thee, O Almighty God, unto all us who know that we are weak, and who trust in Thee, because we know that Thou art strong, the gladsome help of Thy loving-kindness, both here in time and hereafter in eternity. Through our Lord JESUS Christ Thy Son, Who liveth and reigneth with Thee, in the unity of the Holy Ghost, one God, world without end. Amen.
+
<span class="dropcap">G</span>RANT, we beseech Thee, O Almighty God, unto all us who know that we are weak, and who trust in Thee, because we know that Thou art strong, the gladsome help of Thy loving-kindness, both here in time and hereafter in eternity. Through our Lord JESUS Christ Thy Son, Who liveth and reigneth with Thee, in the unity of the Holy Ghost, one God, world without end. Amen.
  
 
==Saturday.==
 
==Saturday.==
  
The Sabbath.
+
===The Sabbath.===
  
 
====MATTINS.====
 
====MATTINS.====
Line 1,187: Line 1,032:
 
The Lesson is taken from the Holy Gospel according to John (viii. 12.)  
 
The Lesson is taken from the Holy Gospel according to John (viii. 12.)  
  
A T that time : JESUS spake unto the rr~ multitudes of the Jews, saying ; I am the Light of the world : He that followeth Me, walketh not in dark ness ; but shall have the Light of life.  And so on.
+
<span class="dropcap">A</span>T that time : JESUS spake unto the rr~ multitudes of the Jews, saying ; I am the Light of the world : He that followeth Me, walketh not in dark ness ; but shall have the Light of life.  And so on.
  
 
Homily on this passage by St Austin, Bishop [of Hippo.] (''34th Tract on John.'')  
 
Homily on this passage by St Austin, Bishop [of Hippo.] (''34th Tract on John.'')  
  
I take it that these words of the Lord &quot; I am the Light of the world &quot; are sufficiently clear to all men who have eyes which see that Light. At the same time, such men as have no eyes except those which are in their bodies, are surprised to find our Lord JESUS Christ saying, &quot; I am the Light of the world.&quot; And that we might not want somebody to say, &quot;Is our Lord JESUS Christ, then, the same sun that riseth and setteth every day ? &quot; there have actually been heretics who did say it. The Manichaeans believed that that sun which we see with our bodily eyes, and to see which is plain and common to beasts as well as men, was the Lord Christ.
+
I take it that these words of the Lord &#8212; &quot; I am the Light of the world &quot; &#8212; are sufficiently clear to all men who have eyes which see that Light. At the same time, such men as have no eyes except those which are in their bodies, are surprised to find our Lord JESUS Christ saying, &quot; I am the Light of the world.&quot; And that we might not want somebody to say, &quot;Is our Lord JESUS Christ, then, the same sun that riseth and setteth every day ? &quot; there have actually been heretics who did say it. The Manichaeans believed that that sun which we see with our bodily eyes, and to see which is plain and common to beasts as well as men, was the Lord Christ.
  
 
'''First Responsory.'''
 
'''First Responsory.'''
Line 1,199: Line 1,044:
 
'''Second Lesson.'''
 
'''Second Lesson.'''
  
T)UT the right faith of the Catholic Church damneth such comment, and recogniseth in it a doctrine of devils. And as it is her practice not only to brand errors by the difference of her own Creed, but also to remove them, if possible, by dint of argument, let us take up arms against this false hood, which hath from the very beginning been the object of the curse of the Holy Church. God forbid that we should believe that our Lord JESUS Christ is this sun whose apparent movement is to rise every day in the East, and set every day in the West ; which when we see no more, night cometh over us ; and whose rays are sometimes intercepted by clouds : and which hath some law of motion of its own whereby it describeth an orbit. 1<ref></ref> The planet is not the same thing as our Lord JESUS Christ. Our Lord JESUS Christ is not that created sun, but He by Whom that sun was created ; for &quot; all things were made by Him, and without Him was not anything made that was made.&quot; (John i. 3.)  
+
<span class="dropcap">B</span>UT the right faith of the Catholic Church damneth such comment, and recogniseth in it a doctrine of devils. And as it is her practice not only to brand errors by the difference of her own Creed, but also to remove them, if possible, by dint of argument, let us take up arms against this false hood, which hath from the very beginning been the object of the curse of the Holy Church. God forbid that we should believe that our Lord JESUS Christ is this sun whose apparent movement is to rise every day in the East, and set every day in the West ; which when we see no more, night cometh over us ; and whose rays are sometimes intercepted by clouds : and which hath some law of motion of its own whereby it describeth an orbit. <ref>Modern astronomers believe the centre of its orbit to be a star (Alcyone) in the constellation Pleiades.</ref> The planet is not the same thing as our Lord JESUS Christ. Our Lord JESUS Christ is not that created sun, but He by Whom that sun was created ; for &quot; all things were made by Him, and without Him was not anything made that was made.&quot; (John i. 3.)  
  
 
'''Second Responsory.'''
 
'''Second Responsory.'''
Line 1,207: Line 1,052:
 
'''Third Lesson.'''
 
'''Third Lesson.'''
  
T T E is therefore the Light by Whom the material light was made.  Him may we love, Him may we long to know, Him may we thirst after ; to Him may His own beams one day lead us, and in Him may we so live that we shall never die ! For He, even He, and none other, He is that Light, of Whom the Prophet that was given of old time sang in the Psalms, when he said : &quot; For with Thee is the fountain of life, and in Thy Light shall we see light.&quot; (Ps. xxxv. 10.) Re member ye likewise what the word of God's ancient saints saith of such Light : &quot; O LORD, Thou preservest man and beast -How excellent is Thy loving-kindness, O God!&quot; (7, 8.)  
+
<span class="dropcap">H</span>E is therefore the Light by Whom the material light was made.  Him may we love, Him may we long to know, Him may we thirst after ; to Him may His own beams one day lead us, and in Him may we so live that we shall never die ! For He, even He, and none other, He is that Light, of Whom the Prophet that was given of old time sang in the Psalms, when he said : &quot; For with Thee is the fountain of life, and in Thy Light shall we see light.&quot; (Ps. xxxv. 10.) Re member ye likewise what the word of God's ancient saints saith of such Light : &quot; O LORD, Thou preservest man and beast &#8212; How excellent is Thy loving-kindness, O God!&quot; (7, 8.)  
  
 
'''Third Responsory.'''
 
'''Third Responsory.'''
Line 1,223: Line 1,068:
 
''Prayer.''
 
''Prayer.''
  
r\ LORD, we pray Thee, that Thy ^-^^ grace may make fruitful the toil of this our godly exercise, since it shall nothing avail us to have fasted, if our Fast be not pleasing in Thy most gra cious sight. Through our Lord JESUS Christ Thy Son, Who liveth and reigneth with Thee, in the unity of the Holy Ghost, one God, world without end.  Amen.
+
<span class="dropcap">O</span> LORD, we pray Thee, that Thy ^-^^ grace may make fruitful the toil of this our godly exercise, since it shall nothing avail us to have fasted, if our Fast be not pleasing in Thy most gra cious sight. Through our Lord JESUS Christ Thy Son, Who liveth and reigneth with Thee, in the unity of the Holy Ghost, one God, world without end.  Amen.
  
 
''The same Prayer at Terce, Sext, and None.''
 
''The same Prayer at Terce, Sext, and None.''
  
''Before Vespers all Crosses, images, and pictures are covered with purple veils.'' 2<ref></ref>  
+
''Before Vespers all Crosses, images, and pictures are covered with purple veils.'' <ref>The extremely sorrowful tone of the Church throughout the early part of the month Nisan, (and that Passiontide is to be so translated is evident from the First Responsory on Passion Sunday,) is not explained by any custom of the Synagogue, and is perhaps intended in honour of our Lord s last sojourn in Judaea, during which the plots for His death were in development.  He seems, from the Gospel and tradition, to have arrived at Bethany, from the neighbourhood of Jordan, on the Friday, and the Church, in deference to the &quot; Day of Delight,&quot; postpones her commemoration of these woeful days till the close of the Sabbath which began on Friday evening, and during which He rested with those He loved, the last Sabbath but one before His death.</ref>  
  
 
====VESPERS.====
 
====VESPERS.====
  
''From these Vespers till the Vespers of Low Sunday, both inclusive, the Week-day Commemoration of the Cross is not made, and at and after the Lauds of the Monday in Low Week it is made in the manner peculiar to Easter-tide till the Lauds of the Eve of the Ascen-
+
''From these Vespers till the Vespers of Low Sunday, both inclusive, the Week-day Commemoration of the Cross is not made, and at and after the Lauds of the Monday in Low Week it is made in the manner peculiar to Easter-tide till the Lauds of the Eve of the Ascension, inclusive, save on Doubles and days within an Octave. Likewise, from these Vespers inclusive, till Lauds of the Monday after Trinity Sunday exclusive, the Common Commemorations of the Blessed Virgin Mary, of St Joseph, of the Holy Apostles Peter and Paul, of the local Patron, and for Peace are omitted.''
 
+
1 Modern astronomers believe the centre of its orbit to be a star (Alcyone) in the constellation Pleiades.
+
 
+
2 The extremely sorrowful tone of the Church throughout the early part of the month Nisan, (and that Passiontide is to be so translated is evident from the First Responsory on Passion Sunday,) is not explained by any custom of the Synagogue, and is perhaps intended in honour of our Lord s last sojourn in Judaea, during which the plots for His death were in development.
+
 
+
He seems, from the Gospel and tradition, to have arrived at Bethany, from the neighbourhood of Jordan, on the Friday, and the Church, in deference to the &quot; Day of Delight,&quot; postpones her commemoration of these woeful days till the close of the Sabbath which began on Friday evening, and during which He rested with those He loved, the last Sabbath but one before His death.
+
 
+
 
+
 
+
sion, inclusive, save on Doubles and days within an Octave. Likewise, from these Vespers inclusive, till Lauds of the Monday after Trinity Sunday exclusive, the Common Commemora tions of the Blessed Virgin Mary, of St Joseph, of the Holy Apostles Peter and Paul, of the local Patron, and for Peace are omitted.''
+
  
 
''Chapter and Prayerfrom the following Lauds.''
 
''Chapter and Prayerfrom the following Lauds.''
  
'''Hymn.''' 1<ref></ref>  
+
'''Hymn.''' 1<ref>Translation by the late Rev. Dr Neale. It was composed by Venantius Fortunatus, Bishop of Poictiers, (whose life extended from A.D. 530 to 609,) on occasion of the reception of certain Reliques by St Gregory of Tours and St Radegund, previously to the consecration of a Church at Poictiers. It is therefore strictly and primarily a processional hymn. (Neale s Mediaeval Hymns, i, 6.)</ref>  
  
T^HE Royal Banners forward go ;  
+
<span class="dropcap">T</span>HE Royal Banners forward go ; <br/>
The Cross shines forth in mystic glow,  
+
The Cross shines forth in mystic glow, <br/>
Where Life for sinners death endured,  
+
Where Life for sinners death endured, <br/>
And life by death for man procured.
+
And life by death for man procured.<br/>
  
Where deep for us the spear was dy'd,  
+
Where deep for us the spear was dy'd, <br/>
Life's torrent rushing from His Side,  
+
Life's torrent rushing from His Side, <br/>
To wash us in that precious flood  
+
To wash us in that precious flood <br/>
Where, mingled, Water flowed, and Blood.
+
Where, mingled, Water flowed, and Blood.<br/>
  
Fulfilled is all that David told  
+
Fulfilled is all that David told <br/>
In true Prophetic song of old ;  
+
In true Prophetic song of old ; <br/>
&quot;Amidst the nations, God, saith he, &quot;
+
&quot;Amidst the nations, God, saith he, &quot;<br/>
&quot;Hath reigned and triumphed from the Tree.&quot; 2<ref></ref>  
+
&quot;Hath reigned and triumphed from the Tree.&quot; <ref>So-called Italic for Ps. xcv. 10.</ref><br/>  
  
O Tree of Beauty ! Tree of Light !  
+
O Tree of Beauty ! Tree of Light ! <br/>
O Tree with Royal Purple dight !  
+
O Tree with Royal Purple dight ! <br/>
Elect on whose triumphal breast  
+
Elect on whose triumphal breast <br/>
Those holy Limbs should find their rest !  
+
Those holy Limbs should find their rest !<br/>
  
On whose dear arms, so widely flung,  
+
On whose dear arms, so widely flung, <br/>
The weight of this world's ransom hung :  
+
The weight of this world's ransom hung : <br/>
The price of human kind to pay,  
+
The price of human kind to pay, <br/>
And spoil the spoiler of his prey.
+
And spoil the spoiler of his prey.<br/>
  
3<ref></ref> O Cross, our one reliance, hail !  
+
<ref>&quot; These two verses were added when the Hymn was appropriated to Passiontide.&quot;</ref> O Cross, our one reliance, hail ! <br/>
This holy Passiontide, avail  
+
This holy Passiontide, avail <br/>
To give fresh merit to the Saint,  
+
To give fresh merit to the Saint, <br/>
And pardon to the penitent.
+
And pardon to the penitent.<br/>
  
To Thee, Eternal Three in One,  
+
To Thee, Eternal Three in One, <br/>
Let homage meet by all be done ;  
+
Let homage meet by all be done ; <br/>
Whom by the Cross Thou dost restore,  
+
Whom by the Cross Thou dost restore, <br/>
Preserve and govern evermore. Amen.
+
Preserve and govern evermore. Amen.<br/>
  
 
''Verse.'' Deliver me, O LORD, from the evil man.
 
''Verse.'' Deliver me, O LORD, from the evil man.
Line 1,286: Line 1,121:
 
''Answer.'' Preserve me from the wicked man.
 
''Answer.'' Preserve me from the wicked man.
  
''Antiphon at the Song of the Blessed Virgin.'' I am One * That bear wit ness of Myself, and the Father That sent Me beareth witness of Me.
+
''Antiphon at the Song of the Blessed Virgin.'' I am One * That bear witness of Myself, and the Father That sent Me beareth witness of Me.
  
 
====COMPLINE.====
 
====COMPLINE.====
Line 1,305: Line 1,140:
  
 
''And it is thus said daily until Maundy-Thursday, exclusive, except on Festivals, when it is said as usual.''
 
''And it is thus said daily until Maundy-Thursday, exclusive, except on Festivals, when it is said as usual.''
 
1 Translation by the late Rev. Dr Neale. It was composed by Venantius Fortunatus, Bishop of Poictiers, (whose life extended from A.D. 530 to 609,) on occasion of the reception of certain Reliques by St Gregory of Tours and St Radegund, previously to the consecration of a Church at Poictiers. It is therefore strictly and primarily a processional hymn. (Neale s Mediaeval Hymns, i, 6.) *2 . So-called Italic for Ps. xcv. 10.
 
 
3 &quot; These two verses were added when the Hymn was appropriated to Passiontide.&quot;
 
  
  
 
'''Citations'''
 
'''Citations'''
 
<references/>
 
<references/>

Latest revision as of 20:22, 30 May 2018