Difference between revisions of "Trent:The Fourth Week in Lent"

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The Lesson is taken from the Book of Exodus (iii. i.)  
 
The Lesson is taken from the Book of Exodus (iii. i.)  
  
&quot;VT OW Moses kept the flock of Jethro * : his father-in-law, the priest of Midian : and he led the flock to the back-side of the desert, and came to the mountain of God, even to Horeb.  And the LORD 2<ref></ref> appeared to him in a flame of fire, out of the midst of a bush : and he looked, and, behold, the bush burned with fire, and was not consumed. And Moses said : I will now turn aside, and see this great sight, why the bush is not burned.  And when the LORD saw that he turned aside to see, He called unto him out of the midst of the bush, and said : Moses ! Moses ! And he said : Here am I. And He said : Draw not nigh hither ; put off thy shoes from off thy feet ; for the place whereon thou standest is holy ground. Moreover He said : I am the God of thy father : the God of Abraham, the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob. And Moses hid his face ; for he was afraid to look upon God.
+
<span class="dropcap">N</span>OW Moses kept the flock of Jethro * : his father-in-law, the priest of Midian : and he led the flock to the back-side of the desert, and came to the mountain of God, even to Horeb.  And the LORD 2<ref></ref> appeared to him in a flame of fire, out of the midst of a bush : and he looked, and, behold, the bush burned with fire, and was not consumed. And Moses said : I will now turn aside, and see this great sight, why the bush is not burned.  And when the LORD saw that he turned aside to see, He called unto him out of the midst of the bush, and said : Moses ! Moses ! And he said : Here am I. And He said : Draw not nigh hither ; put off thy shoes from off thy feet ; for the place whereon thou standest is holy ground. Moreover He said : I am the God of thy father : the God of Abraham, the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob. And Moses hid his face ; for he was afraid to look upon God.
  
 
'''First Responsory.'''
 
'''First Responsory.'''
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''Verse.'' The cry of the children of Israel is come unto Me, and I have seen their affliction : come now, there fore, and I will send thee unto Pharaoh, and thou shalt say unto him  
 
''Verse.'' The cry of the children of Israel is come unto Me, and I have seen their affliction : come now, there fore, and I will send thee unto Pharaoh, and thou shalt say unto him  
  
''Answer.'' Let My people go. And the heart of Pharaoh shall be hard ened, that he will not let My people go but by a mighty hand.
+
''Answer.'' Let My people go. And the heart of Pharaoh shall be hardened, that he will not let My people go but by a mighty hand.
  
 
1 So called because on this day the gladness of the Church at the thought of the consequences to her of the atonement causes her to use, if possible, rose-coloured (viz. reddish brown) vest ments, &c., instead of purple, as well as the altar to be decorated with flowers, the dalmatic and tunicie to be worn, and the organ played. The observance is a sort of rest in the middle of Lent, and in some places the Fast undergoes a slight modification for a few days. On this day, at Rome, the Pope blesses the Golden Rose, which afterwards remains on the altar during Mass.
 
1 So called because on this day the gladness of the Church at the thought of the consequences to her of the atonement causes her to use, if possible, rose-coloured (viz. reddish brown) vest ments, &c., instead of purple, as well as the altar to be decorated with flowers, the dalmatic and tunicie to be worn, and the organ played. The observance is a sort of rest in the middle of Lent, and in some places the Fast undergoes a slight modification for a few days. On this day, at Rome, the Pope blesses the Golden Rose, which afterwards remains on the altar during Mass.
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'''Second Lesson.'''
 
'''Second Lesson.'''
  
A ND the LORD said : I have surely seen the affliction of My people which are in Egypt, and have heard their cry by reason of their task masters ; for I know their sorrows ; and I am come down to deliver them out of the hand of the Egyptians, and to bring them up out of that land, unto a good land and a large, unto a land flowing with milk and honey, unto the place of the Canaanites, and the Hittites, and the Amorites, and the Perizzites, and the Hivites, and the Jebusites. Now, therefore, the. cry of the children of Israel is come unto Me, and I have also seen the oppres sion wherewith the Egyptians oppress them. Come now therefore, and I will send thee unto Pharaoh, that thou mayest bring forth My people, the children of Israel, out of Egypt.
+
<span class="dropcap">A</span>ND the LORD said : I have surely seen the affliction of My people which are in Egypt, and have heard their cry by reason of their task masters ; for I know their sorrows ; and I am come down to deliver them out of the hand of the Egyptians, and to bring them up out of that land, unto a good land and a large, unto a land flowing with milk and honey, unto the place of the Canaanites, and the Hittites, and the Amorites, and the Perizzites, and the Hivites, and the Jebusites. Now, therefore, the. cry of the children of Israel is come unto Me, and I have also seen the oppres sion wherewith the Egyptians oppress them. Come now therefore, and I will send thee unto Pharaoh, that thou mayest bring forth My people, the children of Israel, out of Egypt.
  
 
'''Second Responsory.'''
 
'''Second Responsory.'''
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'''Third Lesson.'''
 
'''Third Lesson.'''
  
A1 And He said unto him : Certainly I will be with thee ; and this shall be a token unto thee that I have sent thee : when thou hast brought forth My people out of Egypt, thou shalt serve God upon this mountain. And Moses said unto God : Behold, when I come unto the children of Israel, and shall say unto them : The God of your fathers hath sent me unto you : and they shall say unto me : What is His Name ? what shall I say unto them ? And God said unto Moses : I AM THAT I AM.2<ref></ref> And He said : Thus shalt thou say unto the children of Is rael : I AM 3<ref></ref> hath sent me unto you.  And God said moreover unto Moses : Thus shalt thou say unto the children of Israel : The LORD God of your fathers, the God of Abraham, the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob, hath sent me unto you. This is My Name for ever, and this is My memorial unto all generations.
+
<span class="dropcap">A</span>ND Moses said unto God : Who am I that I should go unto Pharaoh, and that I should bring forth the children of Israel out of Egypt ? And He said unto him : Certainly I will be with thee ; and this shall be a token unto thee that I have sent thee : when thou hast brought forth My people out of Egypt, thou shalt serve God upon this mountain. And Moses said unto God : Behold, when I come unto the children of Israel, and shall say unto them : The God of your fathers hath sent me unto you : and they shall say unto me : What is His Name ? what shall I say unto them ? And God said unto Moses : I AM THAT I AM.2<ref></ref> And He said : Thus shalt thou say unto the children of Is rael : I AM 3<ref></ref> hath sent me unto you.  And God said moreover unto Moses : Thus shalt thou say unto the children of Israel : The LORD God of your fathers, the God of Abraham, the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob, hath sent me unto you. This is My Name for ever, and this is My memorial unto all generations.
  
 
'''Third Responsory.'''
 
'''Third Responsory.'''
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''Answer.'' The LORD is my strength, and my song, and He is become my salvation.
 
''Answer.'' The LORD is my strength, and my song, and He is become my salvation.
  
my ND Moses said unto God : Who am I that I should go unto Pharaoh, and that I should bring forth the children of Israel out of Egypt ?
+
my
  
 
1 Exod. v. i.
 
1 Exod. v. i.
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The Lesson is taken from the Sermons of 1<ref></ref> St Basil the Great, Archbishop [of Caesarea-in-Pontus.] (''1st on Fasting.'')  
 
The Lesson is taken from the Sermons of 1<ref></ref> St Basil the Great, Archbishop [of Caesarea-in-Pontus.] (''1st on Fasting.'')  
  
W] rE know that it was with and by fasting that Moses went up into the Mount, 2<ref></ref> for he had not dared to go up to that smoking summit, nor to have entered that darkness, except he had been made strong by a Fast. It was with fasting that he received the commandments, written by the finger of God upon tables of stone. Upon the mountain, that Fast made interest with Him Whose law was given unto it ; but, below, gluttony was leading the people to the worship of idols and polluting them. It is written : &quot;The people sat down to eat and to drink, and rose up to play.&quot; (Ex. xxxii. 6.) That one fit of drunken phrenzy, on the part of the people, made void and of none effect all the toil and patience of the forty days, during the which the servant of God had fasted and prayed unceasingly. To the Fast had been given those tables of stone written on with the finger of God ; the Feast s work was to break them, by the hand of the most holy prophet, who deemed a nation of drunkards a nation unmeet to receive law from God.
+
<span class="dropcap">W</span>E know that it was with and by fasting that Moses went up into the Mount, 2<ref></ref> for he had not dared to go up to that smoking summit, nor to have entered that darkness, except he had been made strong by a Fast. It was with fasting that he received the commandments, written by the finger of God upon tables of stone. Upon the mountain, that Fast made interest with Him Whose law was given unto it ; but, below, gluttony was leading the people to the worship of idols and polluting them. It is written : &quot;The people sat down to eat and to drink, and rose up to play.&quot; (Ex. xxxii. 6.) That one fit of drunken phrenzy, on the part of the people, made void and of none effect all the toil and patience of the forty days, during the which the servant of God had fasted and prayed unceasingly. To the Fast had been given those tables of stone written on with the finger of God ; the Feast s work was to break them, by the hand of the most holy prophet, who deemed a nation of drunkards a nation unmeet to receive law from God.
  
 
'''Fourth Responsory.'''
 
'''Fourth Responsory.'''
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'''Fifth Lesson.'''
 
'''Fifth Lesson.'''
  
T N a moment of time, that people, * who had by great wonders been taught to worship God, were, by gluttony, dropped back into the cess pool of Egyptian idolatry. The which things if thou wilt consider, thou shalt see that the tendency of fasting is to God-ward, and that that of feasting is to hell-ward. What was it that de graded Esau, and made him a slave to his brother ? Was it not that one dish of pottage for which he sold his birth right ? (Gen. xxv. 29-34.) Was it not prayer when joined to fasting that gave Samuel to his mother ? ( i Kings [Sam.] i. 7, 19.) What made the mighty Samson invincible ? Was it not the fast during the which he was conceived in his mother s womb ? The fast it was which made him to be conceived ; the fast, which fed him ; the fast, which made a man of him, even as the Angel of the Lord com manded his mother, saying : &quot; She may not eat of anything that cometh of the vine, neither let her drink wine or strong drink.&quot; (Judges xiii. 14.) Fasting is the mother of prophets, the strength and stay of mighty men.
+
<span class="dropcap">I</span>N a moment of time, that people, * who had by great wonders been taught to worship God, were, by gluttony, dropped back into the cess-pool of Egyptian idolatry. The which things if thou wilt consider, thou shalt see that the tendency of fasting is to God-ward, and that that of feasting is to hell-ward. What was it that degraded Esau, and made him a slave to his brother ? Was it not that one dish of pottage for which he sold his birth right ? (Gen. xxv. 29-34.) Was it not prayer when joined to fasting that gave Samuel to his mother ? (i Kings [Sam.] i. 7, 19.) What made the mighty Samson invincible ? Was it not the fast during the which he was conceived in his mother s womb ? The fast it was which made him to be conceived ; the fast, which fed him ; the fast, which made a man of him, even as the Angel of the Lord com manded his mother, saying : &quot; She may not eat of anything that cometh of the vine, neither let her drink wine or strong drink.&quot; (Judges xiii. 14.) Fasting is the mother of prophets, the strength and stay of mighty men.
  
 
'''Fifth Responsory.'''
 
'''Fifth Responsory.'''
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'''Sixth Lesson.'''
 
'''Sixth Lesson.'''
  
T T is fasting&quot; which giveth wisdom to lawgivers ; fasting \vhich is the trustiest keeper of the soul, and the safest companion for the body. It is fasting which is strength and armour to mighty men ; fasting which maketh supple them which run and which wrestle. It is fasting which maketh a man strong to strive against tempta tion, and which is to godliness as a fenced city ; even fasting, whose fellow is soberness, and her work temperance.  It is fasting which maketh men to wax valiant in fight ; fasting which teacheth to rest in time of peace.  Fasting maketh a Nazarite to be holy, and a priest perfect. Without a fast it is unlawful to touch the Sacrifice, not only in that mystic and true wor ship of God which now is, but also according to the law, in those sacrifices which were offered of old time as figures of the true. It was fasting which opened the eyes of Elias to look upon the visions of GOD, even as it is written, that when he had fasted forty days and forty nights he was in the mount of God, even Horeb, and he was made able, so far as man may be made able, to see God. (3 [i] Kings xix. 8 et seq.) Even so also was Moses in that Mount forty days and forty nights, fasting, at what time he again received the Law. (Ex. xxxiv. 28.) Unless the Ninevites had fasted, both man and beast, herd and flock, they had not escaped from the ruin that hung over them. (Jonah iii. 7- 10.) In the wilderness fell some and who were they ? Yea, they were such as lusted after flesh meat.
+
<span class="dropcap">I</span>T is fasting&quot; which giveth wisdom to lawgivers ; fasting which is the trustiest keeper of the soul, and the safest companion for the body. It is fasting which is strength and armour to mighty men ; fasting which maketh supple them which run and which wrestle. It is fasting which maketh a man strong to strive against tempta tion, and which is to godliness as a fenced city ; even fasting, whose fellow is soberness, and her work temperance.  It is fasting which maketh men to wax valiant in fight ; fasting which teacheth to rest in time of peace.  Fasting maketh a Nazarite to be holy, and a priest perfect. Without a fast it is unlawful to touch the Sacrifice, not only in that mystic and true worship of God which now is, but also according to the law, in those sacrifices which were offered of old time as figures of the true. It was fasting which opened the eyes of Elias to look upon the visions of GOD, even as it is written, that when he had fasted forty days and forty nights he was in the mount of God, even Horeb, and he was made able, so far as man may be made able, to see God. (3 [i] Kings xix. 8 et seq.) Even so also was Moses in that Mount forty days and forty nights, fasting, at what time he again received the Law. (Ex. xxxiv. 28.) Unless the Ninevites had fasted, both man and beast, herd and flock, they had not escaped from the ruin that hung over them. (Jonah iii. 7- 10.) In the wilderness fell some and who were they ? Yea, they were such as lusted after flesh meat.
  
 
(Num. xi. 33.)  
 
(Num. xi. 33.)  
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The Lesson is taken from the Holy Gospel according to John (vi. i.)  
 
The Lesson is taken from the Holy Gospel according to John (vi. i.)  
  
A T that time : JESUS went over the Sea of Galilee, which is the sea of Tiberias. And a great multitude followed Him, because they saw His miracles which He did on them that were diseased. And so on.
+
<span class="dropcap">A</span>T that time : JESUS went over the Sea of Galilee, which is the sea of Tiberias. And a great multitude followed Him, because they saw His miracles which He did on them that were diseased. And so on.
  
 
Homily by St Austin, Bishop [of Hippo.] (''24th Tract on John.'')
 
Homily by St Austin, Bishop [of Hippo.] (''24th Tract on John.'')
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'''Eighth Lesson.'''
 
'''Eighth Lesson.'''
  
T7OR it is a greater miracle to govern the whole universe, than to satisfy five thousand men with five loaves of bread ; and yet no man marvelleth at it. At the feeding of the five thou sand, men marvel, not because it is a greater miracle than the other, but because it is rarer. For Who is He Who now feedeth the whole world, but He Who, from a little grain that is sown, maketh the fulness of the harvest ? God worketh in both cases in one and the same manner. He Who of the sowing maketh to come the harvest, is He Who of the five barley loaves in His Hands made bread to feed five thousand men ; for Christ s are the Hands which are able to do both the one and the other.  He Who multiplieth the grains of corn multiplied the loaves, only not by committing them to the earth whereof He is the Maker.
+
<span class="dropcap">F</span>OR it is a greater miracle to govern the whole universe, than to satisfy five thousand men with five loaves of bread ; and yet no man marvelleth at it. At the feeding of the five thou sand, men marvel, not because it is a greater miracle than the other, but because it is rarer. For Who is He Who now feedeth the whole world, but He Who, from a little grain that is sown, maketh the fulness of the harvest ? God worketh in both cases in one and the same manner. He Who of the sowing maketh to come the harvest, is He Who of the five barley loaves in His Hands made bread to feed five thousand men ; for Christ s are the Hands which are able to do both the one and the other.  He Who multiplieth the grains of corn multiplied the loaves, only not by committing them to the earth whereof He is the Maker.
  
 
'''Eighth Responsory.'''
 
'''Eighth Responsory.'''
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'''Ninth Lesson.'''
 
'''Ninth Lesson.'''
  
^HIS miracle, then, is brought to bear upon our bodies, that our souls may thereby be quickened ; shown to our eyes, to give food to our understanding ; that, through His works which we see, we may marvel at that God Whom we cannot see, and, being roused up to believe, and purified by believing, we may long to see Him, yea, may know by things which are seen Him Who is Unseen.  Nor yet sufficeth it for us to see only this meaning in Christ s miracles.
+
<span class="dropcap">T</span>HIS miracle, then, is brought to bear upon our bodies, that our souls may thereby be quickened ; shown to our eyes, to give food to our understanding ; that, through His works which we see, we may marvel at that God Whom we cannot see, and, being roused up to believe, and purified by believing, we may long to see Him, yea, may know by things which are seen Him Who is Unseen.  Nor yet sufficeth it for us to see only this meaning in Christ s miracles. Let us ask of the miracles themselves what they have to tell us concerning Christ for, soothly, they have a tongue of their own, if only we will understand it. For, because Christ is the Word of God, therefore the work of the Word is a Word for us.
 
+
Let us ask of the miracles themselves what they have to tell us concerning Christ for, soothly, they have a tongue of their own, if only we will understand it. For, because Christ is the Word of God, therefore the work of the Word is a Word for us.
+
  
 
'''Ninth Responsory.'''
 
'''Ninth Responsory.'''
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''Chapter.'' (Gal. iv. 22.)  
 
''Chapter.'' (Gal. iv. 22.)  
  
&quot;BRETHREN, It is written that Abraham had two sons ; the one by a bond-maid, the other by a free woman. But he who was of the bond woman was born after the flesh : but he of the free woman was by promise ; which things are an allegory.
+
<span class="dropcap">B</span>RETHREN, It is written that Abraham had two sons ; the one by a bond-maid, the other by a free woman. But he who was of the bond woman was born after the flesh : but he of the free woman was by promise ; which things are an allegory.
  
 
''Hymn and Verse and Answer as on the First Sunday [(p. 233.)]''  
 
''Hymn and Verse and Answer as on the First Sunday [(p. 233.)]''  
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''Prayer.''
 
''Prayer.''
  
/^RANT, we beseech Thee, Almighty God, that we who for our evil deeds are worthily punished, may, by the comfort of Thy grace, mercifully be relieved. Through our Lord JESUS Christ Thy Son, Who liveth and reigneth with Thee, in the unity of the Holy Ghost, one God, world without end. Amen.
+
<span class="dropcap">G</span>RANT, we beseech Thee, Almighty God, that we who for our evil deeds are worthily punished, may, by the comfort of Thy grace, mercifully be relieved. Through our Lord JESUS Christ Thy Son, Who liveth and reigneth with Thee, in the unity of the Holy Ghost, one God, world without end. Amen.
  
 
''The same Prayer throughout the day.''
 
''The same Prayer throughout the day.''
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''Chapter.'' (Gal. iv. 27.)  
 
''Chapter.'' (Gal. iv. 27.)  
  
&quot;D EJO ICE, thou barren, that bearest not, break forth and cry, thou that travailest not ; for the desolate hath many more children than she which hath an husband.
+
<span class="dropcap">R</span>EJOICE, thou barren, that bearest not, break forth and cry, thou that travailest not ; for the desolate hath many more children than she which hath an husband.
  
 
====NONE.====
 
====NONE.====
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''Chapter.'' (Gal. iv. 31.)  
 
''Chapter.'' (Gal. iv. 31.)  
  
CO then, brethren, we are not children of the bond-woman, but of the free : in the liberty wherewith Christ hath made us free.
+
<span class="dropcap">S</span>O then, brethren, we are not children of the bond-woman, but of the free : in the liberty wherewith Christ hath made us free.
  
 
====VESPERS.====
 
====VESPERS.====
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The Lesson is taken from the Holy Gospel according to John (ii. 13.)  
 
The Lesson is taken from the Holy Gospel according to John (ii. 13.)  
  
A T that time : The Jews Passover *&quot;* was at hand : and JESUS went up to Jerusalem, and found in the temple those that sold oxen, and sheep, and doves. And so on.
+
<span class="dropcap">A</span>T that time : The Jews Passover *&quot;* was at hand : and JESUS went up to Jerusalem, and found in the temple those that sold oxen, and sheep, and doves. And so on.
  
 
Homily by St Austin, Bishop [of Hippo. ] (''10th Tract on John.'')  
 
Homily by St Austin, Bishop [of Hippo. ] (''10th Tract on John.'')  
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'''Second Lesson.'''
 
'''Second Lesson.'''
  
T T was no great sin, therefore, if they sold in the temple that which was bought to be offered in the temple and yet He drove them out. If, then, the Lord drove out of His temple them which sold such things as are lawful  
+
<span class="dropcap">I</span>T was no great sin, therefore, if they sold in the temple that which was bought to be offered in the temple and yet He drove them out. If, then, the Lord drove out of His temple them which sold such things as are lawful  
  
 
1 Deut. xxvii. 4-6.
 
1 Deut. xxvii. 4-6.
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'''Third Lesson.'''
 
'''Third Lesson.'''
  
T F the house of God must not be an house of merchandise, must it be an house to drink in ? And yet, when we say this, men gnash upon us with their teeth. But we find consolation in remembering that so far we are even as the Psalmist, who saith : &quot;They gnashed upon me with their teeth.&quot; 1 (Ps. xxxiv. 16.) Yea, we have also learnt to listen to words that heal us, though, of a verity, the lashes that are made at His word are really made at Christ. &quot; Lashes,&quot; saith He, &quot; were heaped upon Me ; and they knew not what they did.&quot; (i 5.) 1 He was lashed by the scourges of the Jews, and He is lashecl still by the blasphemies of false Christians ; they heap lashes upon the Lord their God ; and know not what they do.  As for us, we will do that which He hath holpen us to do ; &quot; But as for me, when they troubled me, my cloth ing was sackcloth, and I humbled my soul with fasting&quot; (I3).
+
<span class="dropcap">I</span>F the house of God must not be an house of merchandise, must it be an house to drink in ? And yet, when we say this, men gnash upon us with their teeth. But we find consolation in remembering that so far we are even as the Psalmist, who saith : &quot;They gnashed upon me with their teeth.&quot; 1 (Ps. xxxiv. 16.) Yea, we have also learnt to listen to words that heal us, though, of a verity, the lashes that are made at His word are really made at Christ. &quot; Lashes,&quot; saith He, &quot; were heaped upon Me ; and they knew not what they did.&quot; (i 5.) 1 He was lashed by the scourges of the Jews, and He is lashecl still by the blasphemies of false Christians ; they heap lashes upon the Lord their God ; and know not what they do.  As for us, we will do that which He hath holpen us to do ; &quot; But as for me, when they troubled me, my cloth ing was sackcloth, and I humbled my soul with fasting&quot; (I3).
  
 
1<ref></ref> '''Third Responsory.'''
 
1<ref></ref> '''Third Responsory.'''
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''Prayer.''
 
''Prayer.''
  
/^RANT, we beseech Thee, O Almighty God, that we who year by year do prayerfully renew the holy observance of this Thy great Fast, may be acceptable in Thy sight, as touching both our bodies and our souls. Through our Lord JESUS Christ, Thy Son, Who liveth and reigneth with Thee, in the unity of the Holy Ghost, one God, world without end. Amen.
+
<span class="dropcap">G</span>RANT, we beseech Thee, O Almighty God, that we who year by year do prayerfully renew the holy observance of this Thy great Fast, may be acceptable in Thy sight, as touching both our bodies and our souls. Through our Lord JESUS Christ, Thy Son, Who liveth and reigneth with Thee, in the unity of the Holy Ghost, one God, world without end. Amen.
  
 
''The same Prayer at Terce, Sext, and None.''
 
''The same Prayer at Terce, Sext, and None.''
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''Prayer.''
 
''Prayer.''
  
r\ LORD, we beseech Thee graciously to hear our supplications, and evermore help and defend all them to whom Thou hast given the mind to pray. Through our Lord JESUS Christ Thy Son, Who liveth and reigneth with Thee, in the unity of the Holy Ghost, one God, world without end. Amen.
+
<span class="dropcap">O</span> LORD, we beseech Thee graciously to hear our supplications, and evermore help and defend all them to whom Thou hast given the mind to pray. Through our Lord JESUS Christ Thy Son, Who liveth and reigneth with Thee, in the unity of the Holy Ghost, one God, world without end. Amen.
  
 
==Tuesday.==
 
==Tuesday.==
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The Lesson is taken from the Holy Gospel according to John (vii. 14.)  
 
The Lesson is taken from the Holy Gospel according to John (vii. 14.)  
  
A T that time : About the midst of the Feast, JESUS went up into the temple, and taught. And the Jews marvelled. And so on.
+
<span class="dropcap">A</span>T that time : About the midst of the Feast, JESUS went up into the temple, and taught. And the Jews marvelled. And so on.
  
 
Homily by St Austin, Bishop [of Hippo.] (''29th Tract on John.'')
 
Homily by St Austin, Bishop [of Hippo.] (''29th Tract on John.'')
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'''Second Lesson.'''
 
'''Second Lesson.'''
  
T7OR when they marvelled and whis pered, the Lord said a certain deep thing, yea, a thing worthy of very careful thought and discussion.  And what was this thing which the Lord gave for an answer to such as &quot; marvelled that He knew letters, hav ing never learned ? &quot; &quot; JESUS answered them and said : My doctrine is not Mine, but His That sent Me.&quot; Here is the first depth, for He seemeth in these few words to enunciate a contra diction. He saith not : This doctrine is not Mine but : &quot; My doctrine is not Mine.&quot; If it be not Thine, O Lord, wherefore dost Thou call it  
+
<span class="dropcap">F</span>OR when they marvelled and whis pered, the Lord said a certain deep thing, yea, a thing worthy of very careful thought and discussion.  And what was this thing which the Lord gave for an answer to such as &quot; marvelled that He knew letters, hav ing never learned ? &quot; &quot; JESUS answered them and said : My doctrine is not Mine, but His That sent Me.&quot; Here is the first depth, for He seemeth in these few words to enunciate a contra diction. He saith not : This doctrine is not Mine but : &quot; My doctrine is not Mine.&quot; If it be not Thine, O Lord, wherefore dost Thou call it  
  
 
2 Cf. John x. 32.
 
2 Cf. John x. 32.
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'''Third Lesson.'''
 
'''Third Lesson.'''
  
T ET us then carefully regard what *&quot;* this same holy Evangelist saith in the beginning of his Gospel, and we shall find there wherewith to loose the knot of this difficulty. There it is written : &quot; In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God.&quot; (i. i.) What is the doctrine of the Father but the Word of the Father ? If Christ therefore be the W7ord of the Father, He is the doctrine of the Father.
+
<span class="dropcap">L</span>ET us then carefully regard what *&quot;* this same holy Evangelist saith in the beginning of his Gospel, and we shall find there wherewith to loose the knot of this difficulty. There it is written : &quot; In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God.&quot; (i. i.) What is the doctrine of the Father but the Word of the Father ? If Christ therefore be the W7ord of the Father, He is the doctrine of the Father.
  
 
But a Word cannot be of no one, but must needs, if it be a W7 ord, have some one whose word it is. Christ therefore saith that His doctrine is Himself, and therefore not His, foras much as He is the Word of the Father. And what hast thou that is so much thine own as thy self? Or what is there that is so little thine own as thyself, if that which thou art is another's ?  
 
But a Word cannot be of no one, but must needs, if it be a W7 ord, have some one whose word it is. Christ therefore saith that His doctrine is Himself, and therefore not His, foras much as He is the Word of the Father. And what hast thou that is so much thine own as thy self? Or what is there that is so little thine own as thyself, if that which thou art is another's ?  
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''Prayer.''
 
''Prayer.''
  
C\ LORD, we beseech Thee that the observance of this holy fast may avail us both to the increase of godliness in our conversation, and the stablishing upon us of the help of Thy mercy. Through our Lord JESUS Christ, Thy Son, Who liveth and reigneth with Thee, in the unity of the Holy Ghost, one God, world without end. Amen.
+
<span class="dropcap">O</span> LORD, we beseech Thee that the observance of this holy fast may avail us both to the increase of godliness in our conversation, and the stablishing upon us of the help of Thy mercy. Through our Lord JESUS Christ, Thy Son, Who liveth and reigneth with Thee, in the unity of the Holy Ghost, one God, world without end. Amen.
  
 
''The same Prayer at Tercc, Sext, and None.''
 
''The same Prayer at Tercc, Sext, and None.''
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''Prayer.''
 
''Prayer.''
  
f~\ LORD, have mercy upon Thy ^-^ people, and be graciously pleased to grant relief unto the same, who are ever toiling amid the storms of divers tribulations. Through our Lord JESUS Christ Thy Son, Who liveth and reigneth with Thee, in the unity of the Holy Ghost, world without end.  Amen.
+
<span class="dropcap">O</span> LORD, have mercy upon Thy ^-^ people, and be graciously pleased to grant relief unto the same, who are ever toiling amid the storms of divers tribulations. Through our Lord JESUS Christ Thy Son, Who liveth and reigneth with Thee, in the unity of the Holy Ghost, world without end.  Amen.
  
 
1 Deut. xxix. 5.
 
1 Deut. xxix. 5.
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The Lesson is taken from the Holy Gospel according to John (ix. i.)  
 
The Lesson is taken from the Holy Gospel according to John (ix. i.)  
  
A T that time : As JESUS passed by, He saw a man which was blind from his birth. And His disciples asked Him, saying : Rabbi, who did sin, this man, or his parents, that he was born blind ? And so on.
+
<span class="dropcap">A</span>T that time : As JESUS passed by, He saw a man which was blind from his birth. And His disciples asked Him, saying : Rabbi, who did sin, this man, or his parents, that he was born blind ? And so on.
  
 
Homily by St Austin, Bishop [of Hippo.] (''44th Tract on John.'')  
 
Homily by St Austin, Bishop [of Hippo.] (''44th Tract on John.'')  
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'''Second Lesson.'''
 
'''Second Lesson.'''
  
HTHE Lord came; and what did He ? He set before us a great mystery. &quot; JESUS spat on the ground, and made clay of the Spittle &quot; for &quot;the Word was made flesh.&quot; &quot; And He anointed the eyes of the blind man with the clay&quot; but yet that man saw not. He was anointed, indeed, but yet still he saw not.  &quot;And He said unto him : Go, wash in the Pool of Siloam.&quot; Now, it was the duty of the Evangelist to impress upon us the name of this Pool, and therefore he saith : &quot; Siloam, which is, by interpretation, Sent.&quot; Ye, my brethren, know Who is signified where it is written: &quot;[The sceptre shall not depart from Judah, nor a law-giver from his loins, until] He that shall be Sent [cometh.]&quot; (Gen. xlix. 10.) Yea, He it is, Who, if He had not been sent, we had never been sent loose out of the prison-house of sin.  The blind man went his way there fore, and washed his eyes in that Pool, which is, by interpretation, &quot; Sent &quot; in other words, he was bap tized in Christ. When, therefore, he had figuratively been baptized in Him Whom the Father hath Sent into the world &quot;he came seeing.&quot; When he was anointed, he was perchance made a figure of a Catechumen. 1 1 Oil (specially blest for that purpose by Bishops on Maundy Thursday, and called from its object the oil of Catechumens) is, of course, still used in so making them, both infants and adults.
+
<span class="dropcap">T</span>HE Lord came; and what did He ? He set before us a great mystery. &quot; JESUS spat on the ground, and made clay of the Spittle &quot; for &quot;the Word was made flesh.&quot; &quot; And He anointed the eyes of the blind man with the clay&quot; but yet that man saw not. He was anointed, indeed, but yet still he saw not.  &quot;And He said unto him : Go, wash in the Pool of Siloam.&quot; Now, it was the duty of the Evangelist to impress upon us the name of this Pool, and therefore he saith : &quot; Siloam, which is, by interpretation, Sent.&quot; Ye, my brethren, know Who is signified where it is written: &quot;[The sceptre shall not depart from Judah, nor a law-giver from his loins, until] He that shall be Sent [cometh.]&quot; (Gen. xlix. 10.) Yea, He it is, Who, if He had not been sent, we had never been sent loose out of the prison-house of sin.  The blind man went his way there fore, and washed his eyes in that Pool, which is, by interpretation, &quot; Sent &quot; in other words, he was bap tized in Christ. When, therefore, he had figuratively been baptized in Him Whom the Father hath Sent into the world &quot;he came seeing.&quot; When he was anointed, he was perchance made a figure of a Catechumen. 1 1 Oil (specially blest for that purpose by Bishops on Maundy Thursday, and called from its object the oil of Catechumens) is, of course, still used in so making them, both infants and adults.
  
 
'''Second Responsory.'''
 
'''Second Responsory.'''
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'''Third Lesson.'''
 
'''Third Lesson.'''
  
VE have heard this great mystery.  Ask of a man i 1<ref></ref> &quot;Art thou a Christian ? &quot; He answereth thee : &quot; I am not.&quot; Then, if thou ask him : &quot; Art thou a pagan then, or a Jew ? &quot; And he still saith unto thee : &quot; Nay &quot; and thou say: &quot;Art thou then a Catechumen, though not yet one of the faithful ? &quot; and he saith : &quot; Yea, a Catechumen &quot; then there thou seest a man anointed, but not yet washed.  With what hath he been anointed ? Ask of him, and he will tell thee.  Ask of him in Whom he believeth, and, being a Catechumen, he will say: &quot;In Christ.&quot; But, behold, I speak before both Faithful and Cate chumens. What said I touching the Spittle and the clay ? I said : &quot; for the Word was made flesh. &quot; This the Catechumens hear, but it is not enough for them to be anointed ; they must make haste to the washing, if they would have their eyes opened. 2<ref></ref>
+
<span class="dropcap">Y</span>E have heard this great mystery.  Ask of a man i 1<ref></ref> &quot;Art thou a Christian ? &quot; He answereth thee : &quot; I am not.&quot; Then, if thou ask him : &quot; Art thou a pagan then, or a Jew ? &quot; And he still saith unto thee : &quot; Nay &quot; and thou say: &quot;Art thou then a Catechumen, though not yet one of the faithful ? &quot; and he saith : &quot; Yea, a Catechumen &quot; then there thou seest a man anointed, but not yet washed.  With what hath he been anointed ? Ask of him, and he will tell thee.  Ask of him in Whom he believeth, and, being a Catechumen, he will say: &quot;In Christ.&quot; But, behold, I speak before both Faithful and Cate chumens. What said I touching the Spittle and the clay ? I said : &quot; for the Word was made flesh. &quot; This the Catechumens hear, but it is not enough for them to be anointed ; they must make haste to the washing, if they would have their eyes opened. 2<ref></ref>
  
 
'''Third Responsory.'''
 
'''Third Responsory.'''
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''Prayer.''
 
''Prayer.''
  
f~\ GOD, Who by mean of fasting dost give unto the righteous the reward of their good works, and unto sinners pardon ; have mercy upon us, we beseech Thee, and grant that we, humbly confessing our guiltiness, may so be enabled to obtain Thy forgive ness. Through our Lord JESUS Christ Thy Son, Who liveth and reigneth with Thee, in the unity of the Holy Ghost, one God, world without end.  Amen.
+
<span class="dropcap">O</span> GOD, Who by mean of fasting dost give unto the righteous the reward of their good works, and unto sinners pardon ; have mercy upon us, we beseech Thee, and grant that we, humbly confessing our guiltiness, may so be enabled to obtain Thy forgive ness. Through our Lord JESUS Christ Thy Son, Who liveth and reigneth with Thee, in the unity of the Holy Ghost, one God, world without end.  Amen.
  
 
''The same Prayer at Terce, Sext, and None.''
 
''The same Prayer at Terce, Sext, and None.''
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''Prayer.''
 
''Prayer.''
  
T ET Thy merciful ears, O Lord, be open unto the prayers of all them that entreat Thee, and that Thou mayest grant us ever such things as we ask, teach us ever to ask such things as are pleasing in Thy sight.  Through our Lord JESUS Christ Thy Son, Who liveth and reigneth with Thee, in the unity of the Holy Ghost, one God, world without end. Amen.
+
<span class="dropcap">L</span>ET Thy merciful ears, O Lord, be open unto the prayers of all them that entreat Thee, and that Thou mayest grant us ever such things as we ask, teach us ever to ask such things as are pleasing in Thy sight.  Through our Lord JESUS Christ Thy Son, Who liveth and reigneth with Thee, in the unity of the Holy Ghost, one God, world without end. Amen.
  
 
The ancient Church, at least in Africa, did not so commonly use infant Baptism as we op. bt Augustine himself was made a Catechumen when an infant, and not baptized till his conversion to Catholicism from the heresy which he had embraced as a young man and retained for nine years.
 
The ancient Church, at least in Africa, did not so commonly use infant Baptism as we op. bt Augustine himself was made a Catechumen when an infant, and not baptized till his conversion to Catholicism from the heresy which he had embraced as a young man and retained for nine years.
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The Lesson is taken from the Holy Gospel according to Luke (vii. 1 1.)  
 
The Lesson is taken from the Holy Gospel according to Luke (vii. 1 1.)  
  
A T that time : JESUS went into a city called Nairn ; and His disciples went with Him, and much people. And so on.
+
<span class="dropcap">A</span>T that time : JESUS went into a city called Nairn ; and His disciples went with Him, and much people. And so on.
  
 
Homily by St Ambrose, Bishop [of Milan.] (''Bk. v. Comm. on Luke vii.'')  
 
Homily by St Ambrose, Bishop [of Milan.] (''Bk. v. Comm. on Luke vii.'')  
Line 545: Line 543:
 
Moses stood, &c., [(p. 299.)] '''Third Lesson.'''
 
Moses stood, &c., [(p. 299.)] '''Third Lesson.'''
  
&quot;D UT even at the last hour, when the hope of life hath been utterly ex tinguished, and the bodies of the dead are lying by the side of the grave, by  
+
<span class="dropcap">B</span>UT even at the last hour, when the hope of life hath been utterly ex tinguished, and the bodies of the dead are lying by the side of the grave, by  
  
 
1 Viz. those &quot;who are fallen asleep in JESUS.&quot; 2 The Greek uses the Plural, not the Dual.
 
1 Viz. those &quot;who are fallen asleep in JESUS.&quot; 2 The Greek uses the Plural, not the Dual.
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''Prayer.''
 
''Prayer.''
  
Q ALMIGHTY God, grant, we be seech Thee, that we who are chastened by this hallowed fast, may be gladdened by holy earnestness, and that as earthly attractions grow dim mer, things heavenly may grow clearer.  Through our Lord JESUS Christ, Thy Son, Who liveth and reigneth with Thee, in the unity of the Holy Ghost, one God, world without end. Amen.
+
<span class="dropcap">O</span> ALMIGHTY God, grant, we be seech Thee, that we who are chastened by this hallowed fast, may be gladdened by holy earnestness, and that as earthly attractions grow dim mer, things heavenly may grow clearer.  Through our Lord JESUS Christ, Thy Son, Who liveth and reigneth with Thee, in the unity of the Holy Ghost, one God, world without end. Amen.
  
 
''At the beginning of the Martyrology is said,''  
 
''At the beginning of the Martyrology is said,''  
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'''Hymn.'''
 
'''Hymn.'''
  
FORTH let the long procession stream  
+
<span class="dropcap">F</span>ORTH let the long procession stream  
 
And through the streets in order wend ;  
 
And through the streets in order wend ;  
 
Let the bright waving line of torches gleam,  
 
Let the bright waving line of torches gleam,  
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''Prayer.''
 
''Prayer.''
  
GOD, the Teacher and Shepherd of all Thy people, free the same from all sins which do assail them, that so they may ever be pleasing in Thy sight and safe under Thy shelter.  Through our Lord JESUS Christ Thy Son, Who liveth and reigneth with Thee, in the unity of the Holy Ghost, one God, world without end. Amen.
+
<span class="dropcap">O</span> GOD, the Teacher and Shepherd of all Thy people, free the same from all sins which do assail them, that so they may ever be pleasing in Thy sight and safe under Thy shelter.  Through our Lord JESUS Christ Thy Son, Who liveth and reigneth with Thee, in the unity of the Holy Ghost, one God, world without end. Amen.
  
 
====MATTINS.====
 
====MATTINS.====
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'''Hymn.''' 1<ref></ref>
 
'''Hymn.''' 1<ref></ref>
  
TIE Who once, in righteous vengeance,  
+
<span class="dropcap">H</span>E Who once, in righteous vengeance,  
 
Whelmed the world beneath the flood,  
 
Whelmed the world beneath the flood,  
 
Once again in mercy cleansed it  
 
Once again in mercy cleansed it  
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The Lesson is taken from the Epistle of the Blessed Apostle Paul to the Hebrews (ix. 1 1.)  
 
The Lesson is taken from the Epistle of the Blessed Apostle Paul to the Hebrews (ix. 1 1.)  
  
C^HRIST being come an High Priest of good things to come, by a greater and more perfect taber nacle, not made with hands, that is to say, not of this building, neither by the blood of g oats and calves, but by His own Blood, He entered in once into the Holy Place, having obtained eternal redemption for us. For if the blood of goats or of bulls, and the ashes of an heifer sprinkling the un clean, sanctifieth to the purifying of the flesh, how much more shall the Blood of Christ, Who, through the Holy Spirit, offered Himself without spot to God, purge our conscience from dead works to serve the living God ? And for this cause, He is the Mediator of the New Testament, that, by means of death, for the redemption of the transgressions that were under the first Testament, they, which are called, might receive the promise of eternal inheritance.
+
<span class="dropcap">C</span>HRIST being come an High Priest of good things to come, by a greater and more perfect taber nacle, not made with hands, that is to say, not of this building, neither by the blood of g oats and calves, but by His own Blood, He entered in once into the Holy Place, having obtained eternal redemption for us. For if the blood of goats or of bulls, and the ashes of an heifer sprinkling the un clean, sanctifieth to the purifying of the flesh, how much more shall the Blood of Christ, Who, through the Holy Spirit, offered Himself without spot to God, purge our conscience from dead works to serve the living God ? And for this cause, He is the Mediator of the New Testament, that, by means of death, for the redemption of the transgressions that were under the first Testament, they, which are called, might receive the promise of eternal inheritance.
  
 
'''First Responsory.'''
 
'''First Responsory.'''
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'''Second Lesson.'''
 
'''Second Lesson.'''
  
T^OR where a testament is, there must also of necessity be the death of the testator. For a testa ment is of force after men are dead : otherwise it is of no strength at all while the testator liveth. Wherefore neither the first Testament was dedi cated without blood. For when Moses had read every precept of the law to all the people, he took the blood of calves and of goats, with water, and scarlet wool, and hyssop, and sprinkled both the book and all the people, saying : This is the blood of the Testament which God hath enjoined unto you. Moreover, he sprinkled likewise with blood both the Tabernacle and all the vessels of the minis try. And almost all things are by the law purged with blood ; and without shedding of blood is no remission.
+
<span class="dropcap">F</span>OR where a testament is, there must also of necessity be the death of the testator. For a testa ment is of force after men are dead : otherwise it is of no strength at all while the testator liveth. Wherefore neither the first Testament was dedi cated without blood. For when Moses had read every precept of the law to all the people, he took the blood of calves and of goats, with water, and scarlet wool, and hyssop, and sprinkled both the book and all the people, saying : This is the blood of the Testament which God hath enjoined unto you. Moreover, he sprinkled likewise with blood both the Tabernacle and all the vessels of the minis try. And almost all things are by the law purged with blood ; and without shedding of blood is no remission.
  
 
'''Second Responsory.'''
 
'''Second Responsory.'''
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Third Lesson, (''x. 19.'')  
 
Third Lesson, (''x. 19.'')  
  
TTAVING therefore, brethren, boldness to enter into the holiest by the Blood of Christ, by a new and liv ing way which He hath consecrated for us, through the veil (that is to say, His Flesh,) and having an High Priest over the house of God, let us draw near with a true heart and full assurance of faith, having our hearts sprinkled from an evil conscience, and our bodies washed with pure water ; let us hold fast the profession of our faith without wavering ; (for He is faithful That promised,) and let us consider one another to provoke unto love and to good works.
+
<span class="dropcap">H</span>AVING therefore, brethren, boldness to enter into the holiest by the Blood of Christ, by a new and liv ing way which He hath consecrated for us, through the veil (that is to say, His Flesh,) and having an High Priest over the house of God, let us draw near with a true heart and full assurance of faith, having our hearts sprinkled from an evil conscience, and our bodies washed with pure water ; let us hold fast the profession of our faith without wavering ; (for He is faithful That promised,) and let us consider one another to provoke unto love and to good works.
  
 
'''Third Responsory.'''
 
'''Third Responsory.'''
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The Lesson is taken from the Sermons of St John Chrysostom, Archbishop [of Constantinople.]  
 
The Lesson is taken from the Sermons of St John Chrysostom, Archbishop [of Constantinople.]  
  
YXTOULDEST thou hear the power of the Blood of Christ ? Then let us look at the figure thereof, let us call to mind the old type, and tell the story written in the antient Scriptures.  The Egyptians would not let God take away Israel His firstborn, 2<ref></ref> &quot;And Moses said : Thus saith the LORD About midnight will I go out into the midst of Egypt, and all the first-born in the land of Egypt shall die, from the first-born of Pharaoh that sitteth upon his throne unto the first-born of the maid-servant that is behind the mill, and all the first-born of beasts.  And there shall be a great cry throughout all the land of Egypt, such as there was none like it, nor shall be like it any more. But against any of the children of Israel shall not a dog move his tongue, against man or beast ; that ye may know how that the LORD hath put a difference be tween the Egyptians and Israel.&quot; (Ex. xi. 4-7.) &quot;Then Moses called for all the elders of Israel, and said unto them : Draw out and take you a lamb according to your families and kill the Passover. And ye shall take a bunch of hyssop and dip it in the blood that is in the basin, and strike the lintel and the two side-posts with the blood .... and when He seeth the blood upon the lintel and on the two side-posts, the LORD will pass over the door, and will not suffer the destroyer to come in unto your houses to smite you.&quot; (xii. 21-23.) And could the blood of a sheep save a man ? Yea, in good sooth ; not be cause it was blood, but because it represented in a figure the Blood of the Lord.
+
<span class="dropcap">W</span>OULDEST thou hear the power of the Blood of Christ ? Then let us look at the figure thereof, let us call to mind the old type, and tell the story written in the antient Scriptures.  The Egyptians would not let God take away Israel His firstborn, 2<ref></ref> &quot;And Moses said : Thus saith the LORD About midnight will I go out into the midst of Egypt, and all the first-born in the land of Egypt shall die, from the first-born of Pharaoh that sitteth upon his throne unto the first-born of the maid-servant that is behind the mill, and all the first-born of beasts.  And there shall be a great cry throughout all the land of Egypt, such as there was none like it, nor shall be like it any more. But against any of the children of Israel shall not a dog move his tongue, against man or beast ; that ye may know how that the LORD hath put a difference be tween the Egyptians and Israel.&quot; (Ex. xi. 4-7.) &quot;Then Moses called for all the elders of Israel, and said unto them : Draw out and take you a lamb according to your families and kill the Passover. And ye shall take a bunch of hyssop and dip it in the blood that is in the basin, and strike the lintel and the two side-posts with the blood .... and when He seeth the blood upon the lintel and on the two side-posts, the LORD will pass over the door, and will not suffer the destroyer to come in unto your houses to smite you.&quot; (xii. 21-23.) And could the blood of a sheep save a man ? Yea, in good sooth ; not be cause it was blood, but because it represented in a figure the Blood of the Lord.
  
 
'''Fourth Responsory.'''
 
'''Fourth Responsory.'''
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'''Fifth Lesson.'''
 
'''Fifth Lesson.'''
  
&quot;PHE statues of monarchs, mindless and speechless images though they be, have sometimes been an helpful refuge to men endowed with soul and reason, not because they are works of the brazier s skill, but because the likeness they bear is a King's.  And just so did this unconscious blood deliver the lives of men, not because it was blood, but because it fore shadowed the shedding&quot; of the Blood of JESUS. On that night in Egypt, when the destroying Angel saw the blood upon the lintel and on the two side-posts, he passed over the door, and came not in unto the house.  Even so now much more will the destroyer of souls flee away when he  
+
<span class="dropcap">T</span>HE statues of monarchs, mindless and speechless images though they be, have sometimes been an helpful refuge to men endowed with soul and reason, not because they are works of the brazier s skill, but because the likeness they bear is a King's.  And just so did this unconscious blood deliver the lives of men, not because it was blood, but because it fore shadowed the shedding&quot; of the Blood of JESUS. On that night in Egypt, when the destroying Angel saw the blood upon the lintel and on the two side-posts, he passed over the door, and came not in unto the house.  Even so now much more will the destroyer of souls flee away when he  
  
 
1 i John i. 7.
 
1 i John i. 7.
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'''Sixth Lesson.'''
 
'''Sixth Lesson.'''
  
^\NE of the soldiers with a spear ^&quot;^ pierced His Side the veil of the Temple of His Body was rent in twain. (John ii. 19-21, Matth. xxvii. 51.) O how glorious is the treasure that is laid open to me therein ! How noble the riches that it is my joy there to have found ! Thus was it with the Paschal lamb. The Jews slew the typical sheep, but to me also is it given to know the worth of the thing typified.  &quot; One of the soldiers with a spear pierced His Side, and forthwith came thereout Blood and Water.&quot; I would not, O my hearer, that thou shouldest pass by the depths of such a mystery as this without pausing. I have some mystic and hidden words to say. I frave said that that Blood and Water were a figure of Baptism and of the Mysteries [of the Altar.] These are the foundations of the Church, &quot; the washing of regeneration, and re newing of the Holy Ghost.&quot; (Tit. iii. 5.) I say [that the Church is founded in these things, whereof the substance came out of the Redeemer s Side, namely,] in Baptism and the Mysteries [of the Altar.] It was therefore out of the Side of Christ that the Church was created, just as it was out of the side of Adam that Eve was raised up to be his bride. (Gen. ii. 21, 22.) This is the reason why Paul saith, no doubt in allusion to the [bride of the Second Adam, even the Holy Church to which we belong, coming, like the bride of the first Adam, out of the] Side [of her Husband] : &quot; We are members of His Body, [of His Flesh,] and of His bones.&quot; (Eph. v. 30.) For even as God made the woman Eve out of the rib which He had taken out of the side of Adam, so hath Christ made the Church out of the Blood and Water Which He made to flow for us out of His Own Side.
+
<span class="dropcap">O</span>NE of the soldiers with a spear pierced His Side the veil of the Temple of His Body was rent in twain. (John ii. 19-21, Matth. xxvii. 51.) O how glorious is the treasure that is laid open to me therein ! How noble the riches that it is my joy there to have found ! Thus was it with the Paschal lamb. The Jews slew the typical sheep, but to me also is it given to know the worth of the thing typified.  &quot; One of the soldiers with a spear pierced His Side, and forthwith came thereout Blood and Water.&quot; I would not, O my hearer, that thou shouldest pass by the depths of such a mystery as this without pausing. I have some mystic and hidden words to say. I frave said that that Blood and Water were a figure of Baptism and of the Mysteries [of the Altar.] These are the foundations of the Church, &quot; the washing of regeneration, and re newing of the Holy Ghost.&quot; (Tit. iii. 5.) I say [that the Church is founded in these things, whereof the substance came out of the Redeemer s Side, namely,] in Baptism and the Mysteries [of the Altar.] It was therefore out of the Side of Christ that the Church was created, just as it was out of the side of Adam that Eve was raised up to be his bride. (Gen. ii. 21, 22.) This is the reason why Paul saith, no doubt in allusion to the [bride of the Second Adam, even the Holy Church to which we belong, coming, like the bride of the first Adam, out of the] Side [of her Husband] : &quot; We are members of His Body, [of His Flesh,] and of His bones.&quot; (Eph. v. 30.) For even as God made the woman Eve out of the rib which He had taken out of the side of Adam, so hath Christ made the Church out of the Blood and Water Which He made to flow for us out of His Own Side.
  
 
'''Sixth Responsory.'''
 
'''Sixth Responsory.'''
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The Lesson is taken from the Holy Gospel according to John (xix. 29.)  
 
The Lesson is taken from the Holy Gospel according to John (xix. 29.)  
  
AT that time : When JESUS had received the vinegar, He said : It is finished. And He bowed His Head, and gave up the ghost. And so on.
+
<span class="dropcap">A</span>T that time : When JESUS had received the vinegar, He said : It is finished. And He bowed His Head, and gave up the ghost. And so on.
  
 
Homily by St Austin, Bishop [of Hippo.] (''120th Tract on John.'')  
 
Homily by St Austin, Bishop [of Hippo.] (''120th Tract on John.'')  
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'''Eighth Lesson.'''
 
'''Eighth Lesson.'''
  
TV/I&quot; EN were being held bondsmen to the devil, slaves to evil spirits.  But they have been redeemed from that bondage. They had been able to sell themselves, but they were not able to redeem themselves. A Redeemer came and paid the price for them.  He shed His Blood, and at that cost bought the world. Ye ask what He bought ? Look what He paid, and ye shall see what He bought. Christ s Blood was the price. What is His Blood worth ? What, but the whole world ? What but all men ? They are very unthankful for His redemption, or very proud, who say that It is only precious enough to buy the Africans, or that they themselves are so precious that It was shed only for them. Let there be an end to such conceit, an end to such vain-glory.  What He paid, He paid for all.
+
<span class="dropcap">M</span>EN were being held bondsmen to the devil, slaves to evil spirits.  But they have been redeemed from that bondage. They had been able to sell themselves, but they were not able to redeem themselves. A Redeemer came and paid the price for them.  He shed His Blood, and at that cost bought the world. Ye ask what He bought ? Look what He paid, and ye shall see what He bought. Christ s Blood was the price. What is His Blood worth ? What, but the whole world ? What but all men ? They are very unthankful for His redemption, or very proud, who say that It is only precious enough to buy the Africans, or that they themselves are so precious that It was shed only for them. Let there be an end to such conceit, an end to such vain-glory.  What He paid, He paid for all.
  
 
'''Eighth Responsory.'''
 
'''Eighth Responsory.'''
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The Lesson is taken from the Holy Gospel according to John (xi. i.)  
 
The Lesson is taken from the Holy Gospel according to John (xi. i.)  
  
A T that time : A certain man was sick, named Lazarus, of Bethany, the town of Mary, and her sister Martha. And so on.
+
<span class="dropcap">A</span>T that time : A certain man was sick, named Lazarus, of Bethany, the town of Mary, and her sister Martha. And so on.
  
 
Homily by St Austin, Bishop [of Hippo.] (''49th Tract on John.'')  
 
Homily by St Austin, Bishop [of Hippo.] (''49th Tract on John.'')  
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''Chapter.'' (Heb. ix. n.)  
 
''Chapter.'' (Heb. ix. n.)  
  
&quot;DRETHREN, Christ being come an High Priest of good things to come, by a greater and more perfect tabernacle, not made with hands, that is to say, not of this building ; neither by the blood of goats and calves, but by His Own Blood, He entered in once into the Holy Place, having obtained eternal redemption.
+
<span class="dropcap">B</span>RETHREN, Christ being come an High Priest of good things to come, by a greater and more perfect tabernacle, not made with hands, that is to say, not of this building ; neither by the blood of goats and calves, but by His Own Blood, He entered in once into the Holy Place, having obtained eternal redemption.
  
 
'''Hymn.''' 2<ref></ref>   
 
'''Hymn.''' 2<ref></ref>   
  
pJJAIL, Holy Wounds of JESUS, hail !  
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<span class="dropcap">H</span>AIL, Holy Wounds of JESUS, hail !  
 
Sweet pledges of the saving Rood !  
 
Sweet pledges of the saving Rood !  
 
Whence flow the streams that never fail  
 
Whence flow the streams that never fail  
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''Prayer throughout the Office.''
 
''Prayer throughout the Office.''
  
r\ ALMIGHTY and Everlasting God, Who hast appointed Thine Only-begotten Son to be the Redeemer of the world, and hast been pleased to be reconciled unto us by His Blood, grant us, we beseech Thee, so to use this solemn worship of the price of our salvation, that the Power thereof may here on earth keep us from all things that may hurt us, and the purchase of the same may gladden us for ever hereafter in Heaven. Who liveth and reigneth with Thee, in the unity of the Holy Ghost, one God, world without end. Amen.
+
<span class="dropcap">O</span> ALMIGHTY and Everlasting God, Who hast appointed Thine Only-begotten Son to be the Redeemer of the world, and hast been pleased to be reconciled unto us by His Blood, grant us, we beseech Thee, so to use this solemn worship of the price of our salvation, that the Power thereof may here on earth keep us from all things that may hurt us, and the purchase of the same may gladden us for ever hereafter in Heaven. Who liveth and reigneth with Thee, in the unity of the Holy Ghost, one God, world without end. Amen.
  
 
''Commemoration of the Week-day.''
 
''Commemoration of the Week-day.''
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''Prayer.''
 
''Prayer.''
  
OGOD, who dost quicken the whole world anew by Thine unspeakable Sacraments, grant, we beseech Thee, that Thy Church may both profit by whatsoever Thou hast ordained touching the things which are eternal, nor be comfortless of such help as is needful unto her touching the things which are temporal.  Through our Lord JESUS Christ Thy Son, Who liveth and reigneth with Thee, in the unity of the Holy Ghost, one God, world without end. Amen.
+
<span class="dropcap">O</span> GOD, who dost quicken the whole world anew by Thine unspeakable Sacraments, grant, we beseech Thee, that Thy Church may both profit by whatsoever Thou hast ordained touching the things which are eternal, nor be comfortless of such help as is needful unto her touching the things which are temporal.  Through our Lord JESUS Christ Thy Son, Who liveth and reigneth with Thee, in the unity of the Holy Ghost, one God, world without end. Amen.
  
 
====PRIME.====
 
====PRIME.====
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''Chapter,'' (Heb. ix. 19.)  
 
''Chapter,'' (Heb. ix. 19.)  
  
JV/TOSES took the blood of calves and of goats, with water, and scarlet wool, and hyssop, and sprinkled both the book, and all the people, saying : This is the blood of the Testament which God hath enjoined unto you.
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<span class="dropcap">M</span>OSES took the blood of calves and of goats, with water, and scarlet wool, and hyssop, and sprinkled both the book, and all the people, saying : This is the blood of the Testament which God hath enjoined unto you.
  
 
====TERCE.====
 
====TERCE.====
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''Chapter.'' (Heb. ix. 13.)  
 
''Chapter.'' (Heb. ix. 13.)  
  
I F the blood of bulls and of goats, and the ashes of an heifer, sprinkling the unclean sanctifieth to the purifying of the flesh, how much more shall the Blood of Christ, Who through the Holy Spirit offered Himself without spot to God, purge our conscience from dead works, to serve the living God?  
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<span class="dropcap">I</span>F the blood of bulls and of goats, and the ashes of an heifer, sprinkling the unclean sanctifieth to the purifying of the flesh, how much more shall the Blood of Christ, Who through the Holy Spirit offered Himself without spot to God, purge our conscience from dead works, to serve the living God?  
  
 
'''Short Responsory.'''
 
'''Short Responsory.'''
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''Prayer.''
 
''Prayer.''
  
/^RANT, we beseech Thee, O Almighty God, unto all us who know that we are weak, and who trust in Thee, because we know that Thou art strong, the gladsome help of Thy loving-kindness, both here in time and hereafter in eternity. Through our Lord JESUS Christ Thy Son, Who liveth and reigneth with Thee, in the unity of the Holy Ghost, one God, world without end. Amen.
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<span class="dropcap">G</span>RANT, we beseech Thee, O Almighty God, unto all us who know that we are weak, and who trust in Thee, because we know that Thou art strong, the gladsome help of Thy loving-kindness, both here in time and hereafter in eternity. Through our Lord JESUS Christ Thy Son, Who liveth and reigneth with Thee, in the unity of the Holy Ghost, one God, world without end. Amen.
  
 
==Saturday.==
 
==Saturday.==
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The Lesson is taken from the Holy Gospel according to John (viii. 12.)  
 
The Lesson is taken from the Holy Gospel according to John (viii. 12.)  
  
A T that time : JESUS spake unto the rr~ multitudes of the Jews, saying ; I am the Light of the world : He that followeth Me, walketh not in dark ness ; but shall have the Light of life.  And so on.
+
<span class="dropcap">A</span>T that time : JESUS spake unto the rr~ multitudes of the Jews, saying ; I am the Light of the world : He that followeth Me, walketh not in dark ness ; but shall have the Light of life.  And so on.
  
 
Homily on this passage by St Austin, Bishop [of Hippo.] (''34th Tract on John.'')  
 
Homily on this passage by St Austin, Bishop [of Hippo.] (''34th Tract on John.'')  
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'''Second Lesson.'''
 
'''Second Lesson.'''
  
T)UT the right faith of the Catholic Church damneth such comment, and recogniseth in it a doctrine of devils. And as it is her practice not only to brand errors by the difference of her own Creed, but also to remove them, if possible, by dint of argument, let us take up arms against this false hood, which hath from the very beginning been the object of the curse of the Holy Church. God forbid that we should believe that our Lord JESUS Christ is this sun whose apparent movement is to rise every day in the East, and set every day in the West ; which when we see no more, night cometh over us ; and whose rays are sometimes intercepted by clouds : and which hath some law of motion of its own whereby it describeth an orbit. 1<ref></ref> The planet is not the same thing as our Lord JESUS Christ. Our Lord JESUS Christ is not that created sun, but He by Whom that sun was created ; for &quot; all things were made by Him, and without Him was not anything made that was made.&quot; (John i. 3.)  
+
<span class="dropcap">B</span>UT the right faith of the Catholic Church damneth such comment, and recogniseth in it a doctrine of devils. And as it is her practice not only to brand errors by the difference of her own Creed, but also to remove them, if possible, by dint of argument, let us take up arms against this false hood, which hath from the very beginning been the object of the curse of the Holy Church. God forbid that we should believe that our Lord JESUS Christ is this sun whose apparent movement is to rise every day in the East, and set every day in the West ; which when we see no more, night cometh over us ; and whose rays are sometimes intercepted by clouds : and which hath some law of motion of its own whereby it describeth an orbit. 1<ref></ref> The planet is not the same thing as our Lord JESUS Christ. Our Lord JESUS Christ is not that created sun, but He by Whom that sun was created ; for &quot; all things were made by Him, and without Him was not anything made that was made.&quot; (John i. 3.)  
  
 
'''Second Responsory.'''
 
'''Second Responsory.'''
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'''Third Lesson.'''
 
'''Third Lesson.'''
  
T T E is therefore the Light by Whom the material light was made.  Him may we love, Him may we long to know, Him may we thirst after ; to Him may His own beams one day lead us, and in Him may we so live that we shall never die ! For He, even He, and none other, He is that Light, of Whom the Prophet that was given of old time sang in the Psalms, when he said : &quot; For with Thee is the fountain of life, and in Thy Light shall we see light.&quot; (Ps. xxxv. 10.) Re member ye likewise what the word of God's ancient saints saith of such Light : &quot; O LORD, Thou preservest man and beast -How excellent is Thy loving-kindness, O God!&quot; (7, 8.)  
+
<span class="dropcap">H</span>E is therefore the Light by Whom the material light was made.  Him may we love, Him may we long to know, Him may we thirst after ; to Him may His own beams one day lead us, and in Him may we so live that we shall never die ! For He, even He, and none other, He is that Light, of Whom the Prophet that was given of old time sang in the Psalms, when he said : &quot; For with Thee is the fountain of life, and in Thy Light shall we see light.&quot; (Ps. xxxv. 10.) Re member ye likewise what the word of God's ancient saints saith of such Light : &quot; O LORD, Thou preservest man and beast -How excellent is Thy loving-kindness, O God!&quot; (7, 8.)  
  
 
'''Third Responsory.'''
 
'''Third Responsory.'''
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''Prayer.''
 
''Prayer.''
  
r\ LORD, we pray Thee, that Thy ^-^^ grace may make fruitful the toil of this our godly exercise, since it shall nothing avail us to have fasted, if our Fast be not pleasing in Thy most gra cious sight. Through our Lord JESUS Christ Thy Son, Who liveth and reigneth with Thee, in the unity of the Holy Ghost, one God, world without end.  Amen.
+
<span class="dropcap">O</span> LORD, we pray Thee, that Thy ^-^^ grace may make fruitful the toil of this our godly exercise, since it shall nothing avail us to have fasted, if our Fast be not pleasing in Thy most gra cious sight. Through our Lord JESUS Christ Thy Son, Who liveth and reigneth with Thee, in the unity of the Holy Ghost, one God, world without end.  Amen.
  
 
''The same Prayer at Terce, Sext, and None.''
 
''The same Prayer at Terce, Sext, and None.''
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'''Hymn.''' 1<ref></ref>  
 
'''Hymn.''' 1<ref></ref>  
  
T^HE Royal Banners forward go ;  
+
<span class="dropcap">T</span>HE Royal Banners forward go ;  
 
The Cross shines forth in mystic glow,  
 
The Cross shines forth in mystic glow,  
 
Where Life for sinners death endured,  
 
Where Life for sinners death endured,  

Revision as of 15:23, 14 November 2014