Difference between revisions of "Trent:The Fourth Week in Lent"

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(Created page with " j5Uti;3Lent SuntJag, called also JHotjjering Suntiag, anti The Fourth Lord s Day in the Forty Days before Easter. ====MATTINS.==== Invitatory and Hymn as on the First Su...")
 
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==Mid-Lent Sunday, called also Mothering Sunday, and Rose Sunday 1<ref></ref>==
  
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'''''The Fourth Lord's Day in the Forty Days before Easter.'''''
  
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====MATTINS.====
  
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''Invitatory and Hymn as on the First Sunday, [(p. 228.)]''
  
j5Uti;3Lent SuntJag, called also JHotjjering Suntiag, anti The Fourth Lord s Day in the Forty Days before Easter.
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=====FIRST NOCTURN.=====
 
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====MATTINS.====
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Invitatory and Hymn as on the First Sunday, [(p. 228.)] =====FIRST NOCTURN.=====
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'''First Lesson.'''
 
'''First Lesson.'''
  
The Lesson is taken from the Book of Exodus (iii. i.) &quot;VT OW Moses kept the flock of Jethro * : his father-in-law, the priest of Midian : and he led the flock to the back-side of the desert, and came to the mountain of God, even to Horeb.
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The Lesson is taken from the Book of Exodus (iii. i.)  
  
And the LORD 2 appeared to him in a flame of fire, out of the midst of a bush : and he looked, and, behold, the bush burned with fire, and was not consumed. And Moses said : I will now turn aside, and see this great sight, why the bush is not burned.
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&quot;VT OW Moses kept the flock of Jethro * : his father-in-law, the priest of Midian : and he led the flock to the back-side of the desert, and came to the mountain of God, even to Horeb.  And the LORD 2<ref></ref> appeared to him in a flame of fire, out of the midst of a bush : and he looked, and, behold, the bush burned with fire, and was not consumed. And Moses said : I will now turn aside, and see this great sight, why the bush is not burned. And when the LORD saw that he turned aside to see, He called unto him out of the midst of the bush, and said : Moses ! Moses ! And he said : Here am I. And He said : Draw not nigh hither ; put off thy shoes from off thy feet ; for the place whereon thou standest is holy ground. Moreover He said : I am the God of thy father : the God of Abraham, the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob. And Moses hid his face ; for he was afraid to look upon God.
 
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And when the LORD saw that he turned aside to see, He called unto him out of the midst of the bush, and said : Moses ! Moses ! And he said : Here am I. And He said : Draw not nigh hither ; put off thy shoes from off thy feet ; for the place whereon thou standest is holy ground. Moreover He said : I am the God of thy father : the God of Abraham, the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob. And Moses hid his face ; for he was afraid to look upon God.
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'''First Responsory.'''
 
'''First Responsory.'''
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The Lord spake unto Moses, saying: Go down now into Egypt, and say unto Pharaoh : Let My people go. And the heart of Pharaoh shall be hardened, that he will not let My people go but by a mighty hand.
 
The Lord spake unto Moses, saying: Go down now into Egypt, and say unto Pharaoh : Let My people go. And the heart of Pharaoh shall be hardened, that he will not let My people go but by a mighty hand.
  
''Verse.'' The cry of the children of Israel is come unto Me, and I have seen their affliction : come now, there fore, and I will send thee unto Pharaoh, and thou shalt say unto him ''Answer.'' Let My people go. And the heart of Pharaoh shall be hard ened, that he will not let My people go but by a mighty hand.
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''Verse.'' The cry of the children of Israel is come unto Me, and I have seen their affliction : come now, there fore, and I will send thee unto Pharaoh, and thou shalt say unto him  
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''Answer.'' Let My people go. And the heart of Pharaoh shall be hard ened, that he will not let My people go but by a mighty hand.
  
 
1 So called because on this day the gladness of the Church at the thought of the consequences to her of the atonement causes her to use, if possible, rose-coloured (viz. reddish brown) vest ments, &c., instead of purple, as well as the altar to be decorated with flowers, the dalmatic and tunicie to be worn, and the organ played. The observance is a sort of rest in the middle of Lent, and in some places the Fast undergoes a slight modification for a few days. On this day, at Rome, the Pope blesses the Golden Rose, which afterwards remains on the altar during Mass.
 
1 So called because on this day the gladness of the Church at the thought of the consequences to her of the atonement causes her to use, if possible, rose-coloured (viz. reddish brown) vest ments, &c., instead of purple, as well as the altar to be decorated with flowers, the dalmatic and tunicie to be worn, and the organ played. The observance is a sort of rest in the middle of Lent, and in some places the Fast undergoes a slight modification for a few days. On this day, at Rome, the Pope blesses the Golden Rose, which afterwards remains on the altar during Mass.
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2 Hebrew, &quot; the angel of the LORD.&quot; So also the LXX. and Onkelos.
 
2 Hebrew, &quot; the angel of the LORD.&quot; So also the LXX. and Onkelos.
  
FOURTH WEEK IN LENT. 299 '''Second Lesson.'''
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'''Second Lesson.'''
  
A ND the LORD ^^ said : I have surely seen the affliction of My people which are in Egypt, and have heard their cry by reason of their task masters ; for I know their sorrows ; and I am come down to deliver them out of the hand of the Egyptians, and to bring them up out of that land, unto a good land and a large, unto a land flowing with milk and honey, unto the place of the Canaanites, and the Hittites, and the Amorites, and the Perizzites, and the Hivites, and the Jebusites. Now, therefore, the. cry of the children of Israel is come unto Me, and I have also seen the oppres sion wherewith the Egyptians oppress them. Come now therefore, and I will send thee unto Pharaoh, that thou mayest bring forth My people, the children of Israel, out of Egypt.
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A ND the LORD said : I have surely seen the affliction of My people which are in Egypt, and have heard their cry by reason of their task masters ; for I know their sorrows ; and I am come down to deliver them out of the hand of the Egyptians, and to bring them up out of that land, unto a good land and a large, unto a land flowing with milk and honey, unto the place of the Canaanites, and the Hittites, and the Amorites, and the Perizzites, and the Hivites, and the Jebusites. Now, therefore, the. cry of the children of Israel is come unto Me, and I have also seen the oppres sion wherewith the Egyptians oppress them. Come now therefore, and I will send thee unto Pharaoh, that thou mayest bring forth My people, the children of Israel, out of Egypt.
  
 
'''Second Responsory.'''
 
'''Second Responsory.'''
  
1 Moses stood before Pharaoh, and said : Thus saith the LORD : Let My people go, that they may hold a feast unto Me in the wilderness.
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1<ref></ref> Moses stood before Pharaoh, and said : Thus saith the LORD : Let My people go, that they may hold a feast unto Me in the wilderness.
  
''Verse.'' The Lord God of the Hebrews hath sent me unto thee, saying : ''Answer.'' Let My people go, that they may hold a feast unto Me in the wilderness.
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''Verse.'' The Lord God of the Hebrews hath sent me unto thee, saying :  
  
'''Third Lesson.'''
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''Answer.'' Let My people go, that they may hold a feast unto Me in the wilderness.
  
A1 And He said unto him : Certainly I will be with thee ; and this shall be a token unto thee that I have sent thee : when thou hast brought forth My people out of Egypt, thou shalt serve God upon this mountain. And Moses said unto God : Behold, when I come unto the children of Israel, and shall say unto them : The God of your fathers hath sent me unto you : and they shall say unto me : What is His Name ? what shall I say unto them ? And God said unto Moses : I AM THAT I AM.2 And He said : Thus shalt thou say unto the children of Is rael : I AM 3 hath sent me unto you.
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'''Third Lesson.'''
  
And God said moreover unto Moses : Thus shalt thou say unto the children of Israel : The LORD God of your fathers, the God of Abraham, the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob, hath sent me unto you. This is My Name for ever, and this is My memorial unto all generations.
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A1 And He said unto him : Certainly I will be with thee ; and this shall be a token unto thee that I have sent thee : when thou hast brought forth My people out of Egypt, thou shalt serve God upon this mountain. And Moses said unto God : Behold, when I come unto the children of Israel, and shall say unto them : The God of your fathers hath sent me unto you : and they shall say unto me : What is His Name ? what shall I say unto them ? And God said unto Moses : I AM THAT I AM.2<ref></ref> And He said : Thus shalt thou say unto the children of Is rael : I AM 3<ref></ref> hath sent me unto you.  And God said moreover unto Moses : Thus shalt thou say unto the children of Israel : The LORD God of your fathers, the God of Abraham, the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob, hath sent me unto you. This is My Name for ever, and this is My memorial unto all generations.
  
 
'''Third Responsory.'''
 
'''Third Responsory.'''
  
4 Let us sing unto the LORD, for He hath triumphed gloriously ; the horse and his rider hath He thrown into the sea. The LORD is my strength and song, and He is become salvation.
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4<ref></ref> Let us sing unto the LORD, for He hath triumphed gloriously ; the horse and his rider hath He thrown into the sea. The LORD is my strength and song, and He is become salvation.
  
''Verse.'' The LORD is a man of war ; ALMIGHTY 5 is His Name.
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''Verse.'' The LORD is a man of war ; ALMIGHTY 5<ref></ref> is His Name.
  
 
''Answer.'' The LORD is my strength and song, and He is become my sal vation.
 
''Answer.'' The LORD is my strength and song, and He is become my sal vation.
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''Answer.'' The LORD is my strength, and my song, and He is become my salvation.
 
''Answer.'' The LORD is my strength, and my song, and He is become my salvation.
  
my ND Moses said unto God : Who am I that I should go unto Pharaoh, and that I should bring forth the children of Israel out of Egypt ? 1 Exod. v. i.
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my ND Moses said unto God : Who am I that I should go unto Pharaoh, and that I should bring forth the children of Israel out of Egypt ?  
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1 Exod. v. i.
  
 
2 EGO SUM QUI SUM. Hebrew, EH YEH ASHER EH YEH. LXX., I AM HE THAT IS. Onkelos does not dare to attempt a translation, and it is indeed unfathomable ; though it is generally understood to express the nature of Him Who alone is Self-existent, Eternal, and Unchangeable.
 
2 EGO SUM QUI SUM. Hebrew, EH YEH ASHER EH YEH. LXX., I AM HE THAT IS. Onkelos does not dare to attempt a translation, and it is indeed unfathomable ; though it is generally understood to express the nature of Him Who alone is Self-existent, Eternal, and Unchangeable.
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'''Fourth Lesson.'''
 
'''Fourth Lesson.'''
  
The Lesson is taken from the Sermons of 1 St Basil the Great, Archbishop [of Caesarea-in-Pontus.] (ist on Fasting. ) W] rE know that it was with and by fasting that Moses went up into the Mount, 2 for he had not dared to go up to that smoking summit, nor to have entered that darkness, except he had been made strong by a Fast. It was with fasting that he received the commandments, written by the finger of God upon tables of stone. Upon the mountain, that Fast made interest with Him Whose law was given unto it ; but, below, gluttony was leading the people to the worship of idols and polluting them. It is written : &quot;The people sat down to eat and to drink, and rose up to play.&quot; (Ex. xxxii. 6.) That one fit of drunken phrenzy, on the part of the people, made void and of none effect all the toil and patience of the forty days, during the which the servant of God had fasted and prayed unceasingly. To the Fast had been given those tables of stone written on with the finger of God ; the Feast s work was to break them, by the hand of the most holy prophet, who deemed a nation of drunkards a nation unmeet to receive law from God.
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The Lesson is taken from the Sermons of 1<ref></ref> St Basil the Great, Archbishop [of Caesarea-in-Pontus.] (''1st on Fasting.'')  
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W] rE know that it was with and by fasting that Moses went up into the Mount, 2<ref></ref> for he had not dared to go up to that smoking summit, nor to have entered that darkness, except he had been made strong by a Fast. It was with fasting that he received the commandments, written by the finger of God upon tables of stone. Upon the mountain, that Fast made interest with Him Whose law was given unto it ; but, below, gluttony was leading the people to the worship of idols and polluting them. It is written : &quot;The people sat down to eat and to drink, and rose up to play.&quot; (Ex. xxxii. 6.) That one fit of drunken phrenzy, on the part of the people, made void and of none effect all the toil and patience of the forty days, during the which the servant of God had fasted and prayed unceasingly. To the Fast had been given those tables of stone written on with the finger of God ; the Feast s work was to break them, by the hand of the most holy prophet, who deemed a nation of drunkards a nation unmeet to receive law from God.
  
 
'''Fourth Responsory.'''
 
'''Fourth Responsory.'''
  
3 Thy way is in the sea, and Thy paths in the great waters. Thou leddest Thy people like a flock, by the hand of Moses and Aaron.
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3<ref></ref> Thy way is in the sea, and Thy paths in the great waters. Thou leddest Thy people like a flock, by the hand of Moses and Aaron.
  
''Verse.'' 4 Thou broughtest them through the Red Sea, and leddest them through much water.
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''Verse.'' 4<ref></ref> Thou broughtest them through the Red Sea, and leddest them through much water.
  
 
''Answer.'' Thou leddest Thy people like a flock by the hand of Moses and Aaron.
 
''Answer.'' Thou leddest Thy people like a flock by the hand of Moses and Aaron.
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3 Ps. Ixxvi. 20. 4 Wisd. x. 18.
 
3 Ps. Ixxvi. 20. 4 Wisd. x. 18.
  
FOURTH WEEK IN LENT. 301 '''Sixth Lesson.'''
 
  
T T is fasting&quot; which giveth wisdom to lawgivers ; fasting \vhich is the trustiest keeper of the soul, and the safest companion for the body. It is fasting which is strength and armour to mighty men ; fasting which maketh supple them which run and which wrestle. It is fasting which maketh a man strong to strive against tempta tion, and which is to godliness as a fenced city ; even fasting, whose fellow is soberness, and her work temperance.
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'''Sixth Lesson.'''
  
It is fasting which maketh men to wax valiant in fight ; fasting which teacheth to rest in time of peace.
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T T is fasting&quot; which giveth wisdom to lawgivers ; fasting \vhich is the trustiest keeper of the soul, and the safest companion for the body. It is fasting which is strength and armour to mighty men ; fasting which maketh supple them which run and which wrestle. It is fasting which maketh a man strong to strive against tempta tion, and which is to godliness as a fenced city ; even fasting, whose fellow is soberness, and her work temperance.  It is fasting which maketh men to wax valiant in fight ; fasting which teacheth to rest in time of peace.  Fasting maketh a Nazarite to be holy, and a priest perfect. Without a fast it is unlawful to touch the Sacrifice, not only in that mystic and true wor ship of God which now is, but also according to the law, in those sacrifices which were offered of old time as figures of the true. It was fasting which opened the eyes of Elias to look upon the visions of GOD, even as it is written, that when he had fasted forty days and forty nights he was in the mount of God, even Horeb, and he was made able, so far as man may be made able, to see God. (3 [i] Kings xix. 8 et seq.) Even so also was Moses in that Mount forty days and forty nights, fasting, at what time he again received the Law. (Ex. xxxiv. 28.) Unless the Ninevites had fasted, both man and beast, herd and flock, they had not escaped from the ruin that hung over them. (Jonah iii. 7- 10.) In the wilderness fell some and who were they ? Yea, they were such as lusted after flesh meat.
  
Fasting maketh a Nazarite to be holy, and a priest perfect. Without a fast it is unlawful to touch the Sacrifice, not only in that mystic and true wor ship of God which now is, but also according to the law, in those sacrifices which were offered of old time as figures of the true. It was fasting which opened the eyes of Elias to look upon the visions of GOD, even as it is written, that when he had fasted forty days and forty nights he was in the mount of God, even Horeb, and he was made able, so far as man may be made able, to see God. (3 [i] Kings xix. 8 et seq.) Even so also was Moses in that Mount forty days and forty nights, fasting, at what time he again received the Law. (Ex. xxxiv.
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(Num. xi. 33.)  
  
28.) Unless the Ninevites had fasted, both man and beast, herd and flock, they had not escaped from the ruin that hung over them. (Jonah iii. 7- 10.) In the wilderness fell some and who were they ? Yea, they were such as lusted after flesh meat.
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'''Sixth Responsory.'''
 
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(Num. xi. 33.) '''Sixth Responsory.'''
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1 Moses, the servant of God, fasted forty days and forty nights, to make him meet to receive the Law of God.
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1<ref></ref> Moses, the servant of God, fasted forty days and forty nights, to make him meet to receive the Law of God.
  
''Verse.'' 2 Moses gat him up unto the Lord into Mount Sinai, and he was in the Mount forty days and forty nights.
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''Verse.'' 2<ref></ref> Moses gat him up unto the Lord into Mount Sinai, and he was in the Mount forty days and forty nights.
  
 
''Answer.'' To make him meet to receive the Law of God.
 
''Answer.'' To make him meet to receive the Law of God.
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'''Seventh Lesson.'''
 
'''Seventh Lesson.'''
  
The Lesson is taken from the Holy Gospel according to John (vi. i.) A T that time : JESUS went over the ^^ Sea of Galilee, which is the sea of Tiberias. And a great multitude followed Him, because they saw His miracles which He did on them that were diseased. And so on.
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The Lesson is taken from the Holy Gospel according to John (vi. i.)  
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A T that time : JESUS went over the Sea of Galilee, which is the sea of Tiberias. And a great multitude followed Him, because they saw His miracles which He did on them that were diseased. And so on.
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Homily by St Austin, Bishop [of Hippo.] (''24th Tract on John.'')
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The miracles which our Lord JESUS Christ did were the very works of God, and they enlighten the mind of man by mean of things which are seen, that he may know more of God. God is Him self of such a Substance as eye cannot see, and the miracles, by the which He ruleth the whole world continually, and satisfieth the need of everything that He hath made, are by use become so common, that scarce any will vouch safe to see that there are wonderful and amazing works of God in every grain of seed of grass. According to His mercy He kept some works to be done in their due season, but out of the common course and order of nature, that men might see them and be astonished, not because they are greater, but because they are rarer
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Exod. xxxiv. 28. 2 Exod. xxiv. 18.
  
Homily by St Austin, Bishop [of Hippo.] (24/7^ Tract on John.*} The miracles which our Lord JESUS Christ did were the very works of God, and they enlighten the mind of man by mean of things which are seen, that he may know more of God. God is Him self of such a Substance as eye cannot see, and the miracles, by the which He ruleth the whole world continually, and satisfieth the need of everything that He hath made, are by use become so common, that scarce any will vouch safe to see that there are wonderful and amazing works of God in every grain of seed of grass. According to His mercy He kept some works to be done in their due season, but out of the common course and order of nature, that men might see them and be astonished, not because they are greater, but because they are rarer Exod. xxxiv. 28. 2 Exod. xxiv. 18.
 
  
302 THE PROPER OFFICE OF THE SEASON.
 
  
 
than those which they lightly esteem, since they see them day by day.
 
than those which they lightly esteem, since they see them day by day.
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'''Seventh Responsory.'''
 
'''Seventh Responsory.'''
  
1 After that the Lord had looked upon him, the face of Moses shone.
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1<ref></ref> After that the Lord had looked upon him, the face of Moses shone. And when the elders saw that his face shone, they marvelled and were sore afraid.
 
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And when the elders saw that his face shone, they marvelled and were sore afraid.
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''Verse.'' And when he came down from Mount Sinai with the two tables of testimony in his hand, he wist not that his face shone, because that God had spoken with him.
 
''Verse.'' And when he came down from Mount Sinai with the two tables of testimony in his hand, he wist not that his face shone, because that God had spoken with him.
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'''Eighth Lesson.'''
 
'''Eighth Lesson.'''
  
T7OR it is a greater miracle to govern the whole universe, than to satisfy five thousand men with five loaves of bread ; and yet no man marvelleth at it. At the feeding of the five thou sand, men marvel, not because it is a greater miracle than the other, but because it is rarer. For Who is He Who now feedeth the whole world, but He Who, from a little grain that is sown, maketh the fulness of the harvest ? God worketh in both cases in one and the same manner. He Who of the sowing maketh to come the harvest, is He Who of the five barley loaves in His Hands made bread to feed five thousand men ; for Christ s are the Hands which are able to do both the one and the other.
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T7OR it is a greater miracle to govern the whole universe, than to satisfy five thousand men with five loaves of bread ; and yet no man marvelleth at it. At the feeding of the five thou sand, men marvel, not because it is a greater miracle than the other, but because it is rarer. For Who is He Who now feedeth the whole world, but He Who, from a little grain that is sown, maketh the fulness of the harvest ? God worketh in both cases in one and the same manner. He Who of the sowing maketh to come the harvest, is He Who of the five barley loaves in His Hands made bread to feed five thousand men ; for Christ s are the Hands which are able to do both the one and the other. He Who multiplieth the grains of corn multiplied the loaves, only not by committing them to the earth whereof He is the Maker.
 
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He Who multiplieth the grains of corn multiplied the loaves, only not by committing them to the earth whereof He is the Maker.
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'''Eighth Responsory.'''
 
'''Eighth Responsory.'''
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My voice ; then I will be an enemy unto thine enemies, and an adversary unto thine adversaries ; for Mine Angel shall go before thee.
 
My voice ; then I will be an enemy unto thine enemies, and an adversary unto thine adversaries ; for Mine Angel shall go before thee.
  
''Verse.'' 3 O Israel, if thou wilt hearken unto Me, there shall no strange god be in thee, neither shalt thou worship any strange god : for I am the LORD.
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''Verse.'' 3<ref></ref> O Israel, if thou wilt hearken unto Me, there shall no strange god be in thee, neither shalt thou worship any strange god : for I am the LORD.
  
 
''Answer.'' Beware, and obey My voice ; then I will be an enemy unto thine enemies, and an adversary unto thine adversaries ; for Mine Angel shall go before thee.
 
''Answer.'' Beware, and obey My voice ; then I will be an enemy unto thine enemies, and an adversary unto thine adversaries ; for Mine Angel shall go before thee.
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'''Ninth Lesson.'''
 
'''Ninth Lesson.'''
  
^HIS miracle, then, is brought to bear upon our bodies, that our souls may thereby be quickened ; shown to our eyes, to give food to our understanding ; that, through His works which we see, we may marvel at that God Whom we cannot see, and, being roused up to believe, and purified by believing, we may long to see Him, yea, may know by things which are seen Him Who is Unseen.
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^HIS miracle, then, is brought to bear upon our bodies, that our souls may thereby be quickened ; shown to our eyes, to give food to our understanding ; that, through His works which we see, we may marvel at that God Whom we cannot see, and, being roused up to believe, and purified by believing, we may long to see Him, yea, may know by things which are seen Him Who is Unseen. Nor yet sufficeth it for us to see only this meaning in Christ s miracles.
 
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Nor yet sufficeth it for us to see only this meaning in Christ s miracles.
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Let us ask of the miracles themselves what they have to tell us concerning Christ for, soothly, they have a tongue of their own, if only we will understand it. For, because Christ is the Word of God, therefore the work of the Word is a Word for us.
 
Let us ask of the miracles themselves what they have to tell us concerning Christ for, soothly, they have a tongue of their own, if only we will understand it. For, because Christ is the Word of God, therefore the work of the Word is a Word for us.
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'''Ninth Responsory.'''
 
'''Ninth Responsory.'''
  
4 Give ear, O My people, to My law : incline your ears to the words of My mouth.
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4<ref></ref> Give ear, O My people, to My law : incline your ears to the words of My mouth.
  
 
''Verse.'' I will open My mouth in parables : I will utter dark sayings of old.
 
''Verse.'' I will open My mouth in parables : I will utter dark sayings of old.
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''Answer.'' Incline your ears to the words of My mouth.
 
''Answer.'' Incline your ears to the words of My mouth.
  
3 Ps. Ixxx. 10. 4 Ps. Ixxvii. i.
 
  
FOURTH WEEK IN LENT. 303 ''Verse.'' Glory be to the Father, and to the Son, and to the Holy Ghost.
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3 Ps. Ixxx. 10. 4 Ps. lxxvii. i.
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''Verse.'' Glory be to the Father, and to the Son, and to the Holy Ghost.
  
 
''Answer.'' Incline your ears to the words of My mouth.
 
''Answer.'' Incline your ears to the words of My mouth.
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''First Antiphon.'' Then shalt Thou be pleased * with the sacrifices of righteousness, when Thou hast hidden Thy face from my sins.
 
''First Antiphon.'' Then shalt Thou be pleased * with the sacrifices of righteousness, when Thou hast hidden Thy face from my sins.
  
Psalm L.
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'''Psalm L.'''
  
Have mercy, &c., [(p. 87.)] ''Second Antiphon.'' It is better to trust * in the LORD, than to trust in princes.
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Have mercy, &c., [(p. 87.)]  
  
Psalm CXVIL O give thanks, &c., [(p. 37.)] ''Third Antiphon.'' Let God, even our own God, bless us ; * let God bless us.
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''Second Antiphon.'' It is better to trust * in the LORD, than to trust in princes.
  
Psalms LXII. and LXVI.
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'''Psalm CXVIL'''
  
O God, Thou art my God, &c., (p.
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O give thanks, &c., [(p. 37.)]
  
230 ''Fourth Antiphon.'' * O Lord, Thou art mighty to save * us with a strong hand : deliver us, O our God.
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''Third Antiphon.'' Let God, even our own God, bless us ; * let God bless us.
  
The Song of the Three Holy Children.
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'''Psalms LXII. and LXVI.'''
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O God, Thou art my God, &c., (p. 23.)
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''Fourth Antiphon.'' * O Lord, Thou art mighty to save * us with a strong hand : deliver us, O our God.
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'''The Song of the Three Holy Children.'''
  
 
''Fifth Antiphon.'' Kings of the earth, * and all people, praise God.
 
''Fifth Antiphon.'' Kings of the earth, * and all people, praise God.
  
Psalms CXLVIIL, CXLIX., CL.
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'''Psalms CXLVIIL, CXLIX., CL.'''
  
Praise ye the LORD, &c., (pp. 25, 26.) ''Chapter.'' (Gal. iv. 22.) &quot;BRETHREN, It is written that Abraham had two sons ; the one by a bond-maid, the other by a free woman. But he who was of the bond woman was born after the flesh : but he of the free woman was by promise ; which things are an allegory.
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Praise ye the LORD, &c., (pp. 25, 26.)  
  
Hymn and Verse and Answer as on the First Sunday [(p. 233.)] ''Antiphon at the Song of Zacharias.''
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''Chapter.'' (Gal. iv. 22.)
  
When JESUS lifted up His Eyes, * and saw a great company come unto Him, He saith unto Philip : Whence shall we buy bread that these may eat ? And this He said to prove him ; for He Himself knew what He would do.
+
&quot;BRETHREN, It is written that Abraham had two sons ; the one by a bond-maid, the other by a free woman. But he who was of the bond woman was born after the flesh : but he of the free woman was by promise ; which things are an allegory.
  
Prayer.
+
''Hymn and Verse and Answer as on the First Sunday [(p. 233.)]''
  
/^RANT, we beseech Thee, Al- ^-J mighty God, that we who for our evil deeds are worthily punished, may, by the comfort of Thy grace, mercifully be relieved. Through our Lord JESUS Christ Thy Son, Who liveth and reigneth with Thee, in the unity of the Holy Ghost, one God, world without end. Amen.
+
''Antiphon at the Song of Zacharias.''  When JESUS lifted up His Eyes, * and saw a great company come unto Him, He saith unto Philip : Whence shall we buy bread that these may eat ? And this He said to prove him ; for He Himself knew what He would do.
  
The same Prayer throughout the day.
+
''Prayer.''
 +
 
 +
/^RANT, we beseech Thee, Almighty God, that we who for our evil deeds are worthily punished, may, by the comfort of Thy grace, mercifully be relieved. Through our Lord JESUS Christ Thy Son, Who liveth and reigneth with Thee, in the unity of the Holy Ghost, one God, world without end. Amen.
 +
 
 +
''The same Prayer throughout the day.''
  
 
====PRIME.====
 
====PRIME.====
Line 219: Line 233:
 
''Antiphon.'' With five loaves and two fishes * did the Lord satisfy five thousand men.
 
''Antiphon.'' With five loaves and two fishes * did the Lord satisfy five thousand men.
  
Chapterfrom Lauds.
+
''Chapter from Lauds.''
  
 
====SEXT.====
 
====SEXT.====
  
Same Antiphon as at Terce.
+
''Same Antiphon as at Terce.''
  
 
1 Dan. iii, 17.
 
1 Dan. iii, 17.
  
304 THE PROPER OFFICE OF THE SEASON.
 
  
''Chapter.'' (Gal. iv. 27.) &quot;D EJO ICE, thou barren, that bearest not, break forth and cry, thou that travailest not ; for the desolate hath many more children than she which hath an husband.
+
 
 +
 
 +
''Chapter.'' (Gal. iv. 27.)  
 +
 
 +
&quot;D EJO ICE, thou barren, that bearest not, break forth and cry, thou that travailest not ; for the desolate hath many more children than she which hath an husband.
  
 
====NONE.====
 
====NONE.====
Line 235: Line 252:
 
''Antiphon.'' Then those men, * when they had seen the miracle that JESUS did, said within themselves : This is of a truth that Prophet that should come into the world.
 
''Antiphon.'' Then those men, * when they had seen the miracle that JESUS did, said within themselves : This is of a truth that Prophet that should come into the world.
  
''Chapter.'' (Gal. iv. 31.) CO then, brethren, we are not children of the bond-woman, but of the free : in the liberty wherewith Christ hath made us free.
+
''Chapter.'' (Gal. iv. 31.)  
 +
 
 +
CO then, brethren, we are not children of the bond-woman, but of the free : in the liberty wherewith Christ hath made us free.
  
 
====VESPERS.====
 
====VESPERS.====
  
Chapterfrom Lands.
+
''Chapter from Lauds.''
  
Hymn and Verse and Answer as on the First Saturday, (pp. 227, 228.) A?itiphon at the Song of the Blessed Virgin. And JESUS went up into a mountain, * and there He sat with His disciples.
+
''Hymn and Verse and Answer as on the First Saturday, [(pp. 227, 228.)]''
  
After Vespers are said the Vespers of the Dead.
+
''Antiphon at the Song of the Blessed Virgin.'' And JESUS went up into a mountain, * and there He sat with His disciples.
  
Second Day.
+
''After Vespers are said the Vespers of the Dead.''
 +
 
 +
==Monday.==
 +
 
 +
''Second Day.''
  
 
====MATTINS.====
 
====MATTINS.====
  
Hymn as on the First Sunday, (p.
+
''Hymn as on the First Sunday, [(p. 228.)]''
  
228.) '''First Lesson.'''
+
'''First Lesson.'''
  
The Lesson is taken from the Holy Gospel according to John (ii. 13.) A T that time : The Jews Passover *&quot;* was at hand : and JESUS went up to Jerusalem, and found in the temple those that sold oxen, and sheep, and doves. And so on.
+
The Lesson is taken from the Holy Gospel according to John (ii. 13.)  
  
Homily by St Austin, Bishop [of Hippo. ] ( i Qth Tract on John. ) What hear we now, my brethren ? Behold, that temple was still but a figure, and the Lord drove out there from all them that sought their own, even them that were come to deal in merchandise. And what was it that they sold there ? Only such things as were needful to men for the sacrifices that then were. For your love knoweth that, because of that people s carnal-mindedness and the stoniness of their heart, there were commanded unto them such sacrifices as these, thereby to hold them back from idol atry : and there, according, they offered up oxen, and sheep, and doves.
+
A T that time : The Jews Passover *&quot;* was at hand : and JESUS went up to Jerusalem, and found in the temple those that sold oxen, and sheep, and doves. And so on.
  
This ye have read, and know.
+
Homily by St Austin, Bishop [of Hippo. ] (''10th Tract on John.'')
 +
 
 +
What hear we now, my brethren ? Behold, that temple was still but a figure, and the Lord drove out there from all them that sought their own, even them that were come to deal in merchandise. And what was it that they sold there ? Only such things as were needful to men for the sacrifices that then were. For your love knoweth that, because of that people s carnal-mindedness and the stoniness of their heart, there were commanded unto them such sacrifices as these, thereby to hold them back from idolatry : and there, according, they offered up oxen, and sheep, and doves.  This ye have read, and know.
  
 
'''First Responsory.'''
 
'''First Responsory.'''
  
1 When ye be gone over Jordan, there shall ye build an altar unto the LORD, of whole stones ; ye shall not lift up any iron tool upon them ; and ye shall offer burnt-offerings thereon, and peace-offerings, unto your God.
+
1<ref></ref> When ye be gone over Jordan, there shall ye build an altar unto the LORD, of whole stones ; ye shall not lift up any iron tool upon them ; and ye shall offer burnt-offerings thereon, and peace-offerings, unto your God.
  
 
''Verse.'' When ye shall pass over [Jordan] unto the land which the LORD giveth you, there shall ye build an altar unto the LORD.
 
''Verse.'' When ye shall pass over [Jordan] unto the land which the LORD giveth you, there shall ye build an altar unto the LORD.
Line 269: Line 294:
 
'''Second Lesson.'''
 
'''Second Lesson.'''
  
T T was no great sin, therefore, if they sold in the temple that which was bought to be offered in the temple and yet He drove them out. If, then, the Lord drove out of His temple them which sold such things as are lawful 1 Deut. xxvii. 4-6.
+
T T was no great sin, therefore, if they sold in the temple that which was bought to be offered in the temple and yet He drove them out. If, then, the Lord drove out of His temple them which sold such things as are lawful  
  
FOURTH WEEK IN LENT. 305 and right (for to buy and sell is lawful, if only it be done honestly,) and suf fered not the house of prayer to be made an house of merchandise, what would He have done if He had found there men drunken ? '''Second Responsory.'''
+
1 Deut. xxvii. 4-6.
 +
 
 +
 
 +
and right (for to buy and sell is lawful, if only it be done honestly,) and suf fered not the house of prayer to be made an house of merchandise, what would He have done if He had found there men drunken ?  
 +
 
 +
'''Second Responsory.'''
  
 
Hear, O Israel, the law of the Lord, and write it in thine heart as in a book ; and I will give unto thee a land flowing with milk and honey.
 
Hear, O Israel, the law of the Lord, and write it in thine heart as in a book ; and I will give unto thee a land flowing with milk and honey.
Line 281: Line 311:
 
'''Third Lesson.'''
 
'''Third Lesson.'''
  
T F the house of God must not be an house of merchandise, must it be an house to drink in ? And yet, when we say this, men gnash upon us with their teeth. But we find consolation in remembering that so far we are even as the Psalmist, who saith : &quot;They gnashed upon me with their teeth.&quot; 1 (Ps. xxxiv. 16.) Yea, we have also learnt to listen to words that heal us, though, of a verity, the lashes that are made at His word are really made at Christ. &quot; Lashes,&quot; saith He, &quot; were heaped upon Me ; and they knew not what they did.&quot; (i 5.) 1 He was lashed by the scourges of the Jews, and He is lashecl still by the blasphemies of false Christians ; they heap lashes upon the Lord their God ; and know not what they do.
+
T F the house of God must not be an house of merchandise, must it be an house to drink in ? And yet, when we say this, men gnash upon us with their teeth. But we find consolation in remembering that so far we are even as the Psalmist, who saith : &quot;They gnashed upon me with their teeth.&quot; 1 (Ps. xxxiv. 16.) Yea, we have also learnt to listen to words that heal us, though, of a verity, the lashes that are made at His word are really made at Christ. &quot; Lashes,&quot; saith He, &quot; were heaped upon Me ; and they knew not what they did.&quot; (i 5.) 1 He was lashed by the scourges of the Jews, and He is lashecl still by the blasphemies of false Christians ; they heap lashes upon the Lord their God ; and know not what they do.  As for us, we will do that which He hath holpen us to do ; &quot; But as for me, when they troubled me, my cloth ing was sackcloth, and I humbled my soul with fasting&quot; (I3).
  
As for us, we will do that which He hath holpen us to do ; &quot; But as for me, when they troubled me, my cloth ing was sackcloth, and I humbled my soul with fasting&quot; (I3).
+
1<ref></ref> '''Third Responsory.'''
  
1 '''Third Responsory.'''
+
2<ref></ref> As I was with Moses, so I will be with thee, saith the Lord. Be strong and of a good courage, and thou shalt bring My people into a land flowing with milk and honey.
 
+
2 As I was with Moses, so I will be with thee, saith the Lord. Be strong and of a good courage, and thou shalt bring My people into a land flowing with milk and honey.
+
  
 
''Verse.'' Fear not, for I am with thee : whithersoever thou goest I will not fail thee, nor forsake thee.
 
''Verse.'' Fear not, for I am with thee : whithersoever thou goest I will not fail thee, nor forsake thee.
Line 295: Line 323:
 
====LAUDS.====
 
====LAUDS.====
  
Chapterfrom Isa. Iviii. I, as on the First Monday, [(p. 235.)] Hymn and Verse and Answer as on the First Sunday, [(p. 233.)] ''Antiphon at the Song of Zacharias.''
+
''Chapter from'' Isa. lviii. I, ''as on the First Monday, [(p. 235.)]''  
  
Thus saith the Lord : * Take these things hence ; make not My Father s house an house of merchandise.
+
''Hymn and Verse and Answer as on the First Sunday, [(p. 233.)]''
  
Prayer.
+
''Antiphon at the Song of Zacharias.''  Thus saith the Lord : * Take these things hence ; make not My Father s house an house of merchandise.
  
/^RANT, we beseech Thee, O Al- ^-J mighty God, that we who year by year do prayerfully renew the holy observance of this Thy great Fast, may be acceptable in Thy sight, as touching both our bodies and our souls. Through our Lord JESUS Christ, Thy Son, Who liveth and reigneth with Thee, in the unity of the Holy Ghost, one God, world without end. Amen.
+
''Prayer.''
  
The same Prayer at Terce, Sext, and None.
+
/^RANT, we beseech Thee, O Almighty God, that we who year by year do prayerfully renew the holy observance of this Thy great Fast, may be acceptable in Thy sight, as touching both our bodies and our souls. Through our Lord JESUS Christ, Thy Son, Who liveth and reigneth with Thee, in the unity of the Holy Ghost, one God, world without end. Amen.
  
After Lauds is said the Dirge.
+
''The same Prayer at Terce, Sext, and None.''
 +
 
 +
''After Lauds is said the Dirge.''
  
 
====VESPERS.====
 
====VESPERS.====
  
Chapter from Joel ii. 17, as on the First Monday, [(p. 235.)] 1 The quotation is not from the present Latin Version.
+
Chapter from Joel ii. 17, as on the First Monday, [(p. 235.)]  
  
2 Addressed to Joshua. (Josh; i. 5, 6.) &quot; - : 306 THE PROPER OFFICE OF THE SEASON.
+
1 The quotation is not from the present Latin Version.
  
Hymn and Verse and Answer as on the First Saturday, (pp. 227, 228.) Antiphon at the Song of the Blessed Virgin. Thus saith the Lord : * Destroy this temple, and in three days I will raise it up. But He spake of the temple of His Body.
+
2 Addressed to Joshua. (Josh; i. 5, 6.) &quot; - :  
  
Prayer.
 
  
r\ LORD, we beseech Thee graci- ^^ ously to hear our supplications, and evermore help and defend all them to whom Thou hast given the mind to pray. Through our Lord JESUS Christ Thy Son, Who liveth and reigneth with Thee, in the unity of the Holy Ghost, one God, world without end. Amen.
+
 
 +
 
 +
''Hymn and Verse and Answer as on the First Saturday, [(pp. 227, 228.)]''
 +
 
 +
''Antiphon at the Song of the Blessed Virgin.'' Thus saith the Lord : * Destroy this temple, and in three days I will raise it up. But He spake of the temple of His Body.
 +
 
 +
''Prayer.''
 +
 
 +
r\ LORD, we beseech Thee graciously to hear our supplications, and evermore help and defend all them to whom Thou hast given the mind to pray. Through our Lord JESUS Christ Thy Son, Who liveth and reigneth with Thee, in the unity of the Holy Ghost, one God, world without end. Amen.
 +
 
 +
==Tuesday.==
  
 
Third Day.
 
Third Day.
Line 323: Line 362:
 
====MATTINS.====
 
====MATTINS.====
  
Hymn as on the First Sunday, (p.
+
''Hymn as on the First Sunday, [(p. 228.)]''
  
228.) '''First Lesson.'''
+
'''First Lesson.'''
  
The Lesson is taken from the Holy Gospel according to John (vii. 14.) A T that time : About the midst of the Feast, JESUS went up into the temple, and taught. And the Jews marvelled. And so on.
+
The Lesson is taken from the Holy Gospel according to John (vii. 14.)  
  
Homily by St Austin, Bishop [of Hippo.] (29/7? Tract on John.} He Who had gone up unto the Feast, &quot;not openly, but as it were in secret,&quot; the Same taught, and spake openly, and no man laid hands upon Him. That He had hid Himself, was for example s sake ; that He manifested Himself, was to show His power. And when He taught, the 1 John vii. 20 ; viii. 40 ; xviii. 23.
+
A T that time : About the midst of the Feast, JESUS went up into the temple, and taught. And the Jews marvelled. And so on.
 +
 
 +
Homily by St Austin, Bishop [of Hippo.] (''29th Tract on John.'')
 +
 
 +
He Who had gone up unto the Feast, &quot;not openly, but as it were in secret,&quot; the Same taught, and spake openly, and no man laid hands upon Him. That He had hid Himself, was for example s sake ; that He manifested Himself, was to show His power. And when He taught, the  
 +
 
 +
1 John vii. 20 ; viii. 40 ; xviii. 23.
  
 
Jews marvelled. As seemeth to my mind, they all marvelled, but were not all converted. And wherefore mar velled they ? Because many of them knew where He was born, and how He had been brought up. They had never seen Him learn letters ; but they heard Him dispute concerning the law, and alledge the testimony of the same, as no man could do who had not read it ; and no man can read unless he learn ; and therefore they marvelled. But their marvelling was unto the Teacher an occasion for the revealing of higher truth.
 
Jews marvelled. As seemeth to my mind, they all marvelled, but were not all converted. And wherefore mar velled they ? Because many of them knew where He was born, and how He had been brought up. They had never seen Him learn letters ; but they heard Him dispute concerning the law, and alledge the testimony of the same, as no man could do who had not read it ; and no man can read unless he learn ; and therefore they marvelled. But their marvelling was unto the Teacher an occasion for the revealing of higher truth.
Line 335: Line 380:
 
'''First Responsory.'''
 
'''First Responsory.'''
  
Why go ye about to kill Me, a Man That hath l told you the truth ? If I have spoken evil, bear witness of the evil ; but if well, why smitest thou Me? ''Verse.'' 2 Many good works have I wrought among you ; for which of those works go ye about to kill Me ? ''Answer.'' If I have spoken evil, bear witness of the evil ; but if well, why smitest thou Me ? '''Second Lesson.'''
+
Why go ye about to kill Me, a Man That hath l told you the truth ? If I have spoken evil, bear witness of the evil ; but if well, why smitest thou Me?  
  
T7OR when they marvelled and whis pered, the Lord said a certain deep thing, yea, a thing worthy of very careful thought and discussion.
+
''Verse.'' 2<ref></ref> Many good works have I wrought among you ; for which of those works go ye about to kill Me ?
  
And what was this thing which the Lord gave for an answer to such as &quot; marvelled that He knew letters, hav ing never learned ? &quot; &quot; JESUS answered them and said : My doctrine is not Mine, but His That sent Me.&quot; Here is the first depth, for He seemeth in these few words to enunciate a contra diction. He saith not : This doctrine is not Mine but : &quot; My doctrine is not Mine.&quot; If it be not Thine, O Lord, wherefore dost Thou call it 2 Cf. John x. 32.
+
''Answer.'' If I have spoken evil, bear witness of the evil ; but if well, why smitest thou Me ?  
  
FOURTH WEEK IN LENT. 307 Thine ? If it be Thine, wherefore sayest Thou that it is not Thine ? For Thou sayest : &quot; My doctrine is not Mine.&quot; '''Second Responsory.'''
+
'''Second Lesson.'''
  
1 I, even I, the Lord, have led you forty years in the wilderness, and your clothes are not waxen old upon you.
+
T7OR when they marvelled and whis pered, the Lord said a certain deep thing, yea, a thing worthy of very careful thought and discussion.  And what was this thing which the Lord gave for an answer to such as &quot; marvelled that He knew letters, hav ing never learned ? &quot; &quot; JESUS answered them and said : My doctrine is not Mine, but His That sent Me.&quot; Here is the first depth, for He seemeth in these few words to enunciate a contra diction. He saith not : This doctrine is not Mine but : &quot; My doctrine is not Mine.&quot; If it be not Thine, O Lord, wherefore dost Thou call it
  
I rained down manna upon you from heaven, and ye have forgotten Me, saith the Lord.
+
2 Cf. John x. 32.
 +
 
 +
 
 +
Thine ? If it be Thine, wherefore sayest Thou that it is not Thine ? For Thou sayest : &quot; My doctrine is not Mine.&quot;
 +
 
 +
'''Second Responsory.'''
 +
 
 +
1<ref></ref> I, even I, the Lord, have led you forty years in the wilderness, and your clothes are not waxen old upon you.  I rained down manna upon you from heaven, and ye have forgotten Me, saith the Lord.
  
 
''Verse.'' I led you forth out of the land of Egypt, and delivered you from the house of bondage.
 
''Verse.'' I led you forth out of the land of Egypt, and delivered you from the house of bondage.
Line 355: Line 407:
 
T ET us then carefully regard what *&quot;* this same holy Evangelist saith in the beginning of his Gospel, and we shall find there wherewith to loose the knot of this difficulty. There it is written : &quot; In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God.&quot; (i. i.) What is the doctrine of the Father but the Word of the Father ? If Christ therefore be the W7ord of the Father, He is the doctrine of the Father.
 
T ET us then carefully regard what *&quot;* this same holy Evangelist saith in the beginning of his Gospel, and we shall find there wherewith to loose the knot of this difficulty. There it is written : &quot; In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God.&quot; (i. i.) What is the doctrine of the Father but the Word of the Father ? If Christ therefore be the W7ord of the Father, He is the doctrine of the Father.
  
But a Word cannot be of no one, but must needs, if it be a W7 ord, have some one whose word it is. Christ therefore saith that His doctrine is Himself, and therefore not His, foras much as He is the Word of the Father. And what hast thou that is so much thine own as thy self? Or what is there that is so little thine own as thyself, if that which thou art is another s ? '''Third Responsory.'''
+
But a Word cannot be of no one, but must needs, if it be a W7 ord, have some one whose word it is. Christ therefore saith that His doctrine is Himself, and therefore not His, foras much as He is the Word of the Father. And what hast thou that is so much thine own as thy self? Or what is there that is so little thine own as thyself, if that which thou art is another's ?  
 +
 
 +
'''Third Responsory.'''
 +
 
 +
Moses, the servant of God, &c., (p. 301.)
 +
 
 +
====LAUDS.====
  
Moses, the servant of God, &c., (p.
+
''Chapter from'' Isa. Iviii. 1., ''as on the First Monday, [(p. 235.)]''
  
3oi.) ====LAUDS.====
+
''Hymn and Verse and Answer as on the First Sunday, [(p. 233.)]''
  
Chapter from Isa. Iviii. i, as on the First Monday, [(p. 235.)] Hymn and Verse and Answer as on the First Sunday, [(p. 233.)] ''Antiphon at the Song of Zacharias.''
+
''Antiphon at the Song of Zacharias.'' Why go ye about to kill Me, * a Man that hath told you the truth ?
  
Why go ye about to kill Me, * a Man that hath told you the truth ? Prayer.
+
''Prayer.''
  
C\ LORD, we beseech Thee that the ^-^ observance of this holy fast may avail us both to the increase of godliness in our conversation, and the stablishing upon us of the help of Thy mercy. Through our Lord JESUS Christ, Thy Son, Who liveth and reigneth with Thee, in the unity of the Holy Ghost, one God, world without end. Amen.
+
C\ LORD, we beseech Thee that the observance of this holy fast may avail us both to the increase of godliness in our conversation, and the stablishing upon us of the help of Thy mercy. Through our Lord JESUS Christ, Thy Son, Who liveth and reigneth with Thee, in the unity of the Holy Ghost, one God, world without end. Amen.
  
The same Prayer at Tercc, Sext, and None.
+
''The same Prayer at Tercc, Sext, and None.''
  
 
====VESPERS.====
 
====VESPERS.====
  
Chapter from Joel ii. 17, as on the First Monday, [(p. 235.)] Hymn and Verse and Answer as on the First Saturday, (pp. 227, 228.) Antiphon at the Song cf the Blessed Virgin. No man laid hands on Him ; * because His hour was not yet come.
+
''Chapter from'' Joel ii. 17, ''as on the First Monday, [(p. 235.)]''
  
Prayer.
+
''Hymn and Verse and Answer as on the First Saturday, [(pp. 227, 228.)]''
  
f~\ LORD, have mercy upon Thy ^-^ people, and be graciously pleased to grant relief unto the same, who are ever toiling amid the storms of divers tribulations. Through our Lord JESUS Christ Thy Son, Who liveth and reigneth with Thee, in the unity of the Holy Ghost, world without end.
+
''Antiphon at the Song of the Blessed Virgin.'' No man laid hands on Him ; * because His hour was not yet come.
  
Amen.
+
''Prayer.''
 +
 
 +
f~\ LORD, have mercy upon Thy ^-^ people, and be graciously pleased to grant relief unto the same, who are ever toiling amid the storms of divers tribulations. Through our Lord JESUS Christ Thy Son, Who liveth and reigneth with Thee, in the unity of the Holy Ghost, world without end.  Amen.
  
 
1 Deut. xxix. 5.
 
1 Deut. xxix. 5.
  
308 THE PROPER OFFICE OF THE SEASON.
+
==Wednesday.==
  
Fourth Day.
+
''Fourth Day.''
  
Before Mattins are said the Gradual Psalms.
+
''Before Mattins are said the Gradual Psalms.''
  
 
====MATTINS.====
 
====MATTINS.====
  
Hymn as on the First Sunday, (p.
+
''Hymn as on the First Sunday, [(p. 228.)]''
  
228.) '''First Lesson.'''
+
'''First Lesson.'''
  
The Lesson is taken from the Holy Gospel according to John (ix. i.) A T that time : As JESUS passed by, *&quot;* He saw a man which was blind from his birth. And His disciples asked Him, saying : Rabbi, who did sin, this man, or his parents, that he was born blind ? And so on.
+
The Lesson is taken from the Holy Gospel according to John (ix. i.)  
  
Homily by St Austin, Bishop [of Hippo.] ( 4 /\th Tract on John. ) Dread and wondrous are all the things which our Lord JESUS Christ did, both His works and His words ; the works, because He wrought them ; the words, because they are deep. If, therefore, we consider the meaning of this work of His, we see that that man which was blind from his birth was a figure of mankind. This spirit ual blindness was the consequence of the sin of the first man, from whom we all inherit by birth, not death only, but depravity also. For if blindness be unbelief, and faith, light, whom, when Christ came, did He find faith ful ? Nay, the Apostle who had him self been born of the race of which the Prophets came, saith : &quot;We also were by nature children of wrath, even as others.&quot; (Eph. ii. 3 ) And if children of wrath, then children also of vengeance, children of dam nation, children of hell. And where fore so &quot;by nature,&quot; unless it were that the sin of the first man had made all his descendants to be born in sin, in that they partook of his nature ? If, then, our nature bring sin with it, all men, according to the spirit, are born blind.
+
A T that time : As JESUS passed by, He saw a man which was blind from his birth. And His disciples asked Him, saying : Rabbi, who did sin, this man, or his parents, that he was born blind ? And so on.
  
'''First Responsory.'''
+
Homily by St Austin, Bishop [of Hippo.] (''44th Tract on John.'')
  
After that the Lord, &c., [(p. 302.)] '''Second Lesson.'''
+
Dread and wondrous are all the things which our Lord JESUS Christ did, both His works and His words ; the works, because He wrought them ; the words, because they are deep. If, therefore, we consider the meaning of this work of His, we see that that man which was blind from his birth was a figure of mankind. This spirit ual blindness was the consequence of the sin of the first man, from whom we all inherit by birth, not death only, but depravity also. For if blindness be unbelief, and faith, light, whom, when Christ came, did He find faith ful ? Nay, the Apostle who had him self been born of the race of which the Prophets came, saith : &quot;We also were by nature children of wrath, even as others.&quot; (Eph. ii. 3 ) And if children of wrath, then children also of vengeance, children of dam nation, children of hell. And where fore so &quot;by nature,&quot; unless it were that the sin of the first man had made all his descendants to be born in sin, in that they partook of his nature ? If, then, our nature bring sin with it, all men, according to the spirit, are born blind.
  
HTHE Lord came; and what did He ? He set before us a great mystery. &quot; JESUS spat on the ground, and made clay of the Spittle &quot; for &quot;the Word was made flesh.&quot; &quot; And He anointed the eyes of the blind man with the clay&quot; but yet that man saw not. He was anointed, indeed, but yet still he saw not.
+
'''First Responsory.'''
  
&quot;And He said unto him : Go, wash in the Pool of Siloam.&quot; Now, it was the duty of the Evangelist to impress upon us the name of this Pool, and therefore he saith : &quot; Siloam, which is, by interpretation, Sent.&quot; Ye, my brethren, know Who is signified where it is written: &quot;[The sceptre shall not depart from Judah, nor a law-giver from his loins, until] He that shall be Sent [cometh.]&quot; (Gen. xlix. 10.) Yea, He it is, Who, if He had not been sent, we had never been sent loose out of the prison-house of sin.
+
After that the Lord, &c., [(p. 302.)]
  
The blind man went his way there fore, and washed his eyes in that Pool, which is, by interpretation, &quot; Sent &quot; in other words, he was bap tized in Christ. When, therefore, he had figuratively been baptized in Him Whom the Father hath Sent into the world &quot;he came seeing.&quot; When he was anointed, he was perchance made a figure of a Catechumen. 1 1 Oil (specially blest for that purpose by Bishops on Maundy Thursday, and called from its object the oil of Catechumens) is, of course, still used in so making them, both infants and adults.
+
'''Second Lesson.'''
  
FOURTH WEEK IN LENT. 309 '''Second Responsory.'''
+
HTHE Lord came; and what did He ? He set before us a great mystery. &quot; JESUS spat on the ground, and made clay of the Spittle &quot; for &quot;the Word was made flesh.&quot; &quot; And He anointed the eyes of the blind man with the clay&quot; but yet that man saw not. He was anointed, indeed, but yet still he saw not.  &quot;And He said unto him : Go, wash in the Pool of Siloam.&quot; Now, it was the duty of the Evangelist to impress upon us the name of this Pool, and therefore he saith : &quot; Siloam, which is, by interpretation, Sent.&quot; Ye, my brethren, know Who is signified where it is written: &quot;[The sceptre shall not depart from Judah, nor a law-giver from his loins, until] He that shall be Sent [cometh.]&quot; (Gen. xlix. 10.) Yea, He it is, Who, if He had not been sent, we had never been sent loose out of the prison-house of sin.  The blind man went his way there fore, and washed his eyes in that Pool, which is, by interpretation, &quot; Sent &quot; in other words, he was bap tized in Christ. When, therefore, he had figuratively been baptized in Him Whom the Father hath Sent into the world &quot;he came seeing.&quot; When he was anointed, he was perchance made a figure of a Catechumen. 1 1 Oil (specially blest for that purpose by Bishops on Maundy Thursday, and called from its object the oil of Catechumens) is, of course, still used in so making them, both infants and adults.
  
Behold I send, &c., [(p. 302.)] '''Third Lesson.'''
+
'''Second Responsory.'''
  
VE have heard this great mystery.
+
Behold I send, &c., [(p. 302.)]
  
Ask of a man i 1 &quot;Art thou a Christian ? &quot; He answereth thee : &quot; I am not.&quot; Then, if thou ask him : &quot; Art thou a pagan then, or a Jew ? &quot; And he still saith unto thee : &quot; Nay &quot; and thou say: &quot;Art thou then a Catechumen, though not yet one of the faithful ? &quot; and he saith : &quot; Yea, a Catechumen &quot; then there thou seest a man anointed, but not yet washed.
+
'''Third Lesson.'''
  
With what hath he been anointed ? Ask of him, and he will tell thee.
+
VE have heard this great mystery.  Ask of a man i 1<ref></ref> &quot;Art thou a Christian ? &quot; He answereth thee : &quot; I am not.&quot; Then, if thou ask him : &quot; Art thou a pagan then, or a Jew ? &quot; And he still saith unto thee : &quot; Nay &quot; and thou say: &quot;Art thou then a Catechumen, though not yet one of the faithful ? &quot; and he saith : &quot; Yea, a Catechumen &quot; then there thou seest a man anointed, but not yet washed.  With what hath he been anointed ? Ask of him, and he will tell thee. Ask of him in Whom he believeth, and, being a Catechumen, he will say: &quot;In Christ.&quot; But, behold, I speak before both Faithful and Cate chumens. What said I touching the Spittle and the clay ? I said : &quot; for the Word was made flesh. &quot; This the Catechumens hear, but it is not enough for them to be anointed ; they must make haste to the washing, if they would have their eyes opened. 2<ref></ref>
  
Ask of him in Whom he believeth, and, being a Catechumen, he will say: &quot;In Christ.&quot; But, behold, I speak before both Faithful and Cate chumens. What said I touching the Spittle and the clay ? I said : &quot; for the Word was made flesh. &quot; This the Catechumens hear, but it is not enough for them to be anointed ; they must make haste to the washing, if they would have their eyes opened. 2 '''Third Responsory.'''
+
'''Third Responsory.'''
  
Give ear, O My people, &c., (p.
+
Give ear, O My people, &c., (p. 302.)
  
302.) ====LAUDS.====
+
====LAUDS.====
  
Chapterfrom Isa. Iviii. i, as on the First Monday, [(p. 235.)] Hymn and Verse and Answer as on the First Sunday, [(p. 233.)] ''Antiphon at the Song of Zacharias.''
+
''Chapter from'' Isa. lviii. i, ''as on the First Monday, [(p. 235.)]''  
  
Rabbi, who did sin, this man, or his parents, * that he was born blind ? JESUS answered, and said : Neither hath this man sinned, nor his parents ; but that the works of God shall be made manifest in him.
+
''Hymn and Verse and Answer as on the First Sunday, [(p. 233.)]''
  
Prayer.
+
''Antiphon at the Song of Zacharias.''  Rabbi, who did sin, this man, or his parents, * that he was born blind ? JESUS answered, and said : Neither hath this man sinned, nor his parents ; but that the works of God shall be made manifest in him.
  
f~\ GOD, Who by mean of fasting dost give unto the righteous the reward of their good works, and unto sinners pardon ; have mercy upon us, we beseech Thee, and grant that we, humbly confessing our guiltiness, may so be enabled to obtain Thy forgive ness. Through our Lord JESUS Christ Thy Son, Who liveth and reigneth with Thee, in the unity of the Holy Ghost, one God, world without end.
+
''Prayer.''
  
Amen.
+
f~\ GOD, Who by mean of fasting dost give unto the righteous the reward of their good works, and unto sinners pardon ; have mercy upon us, we beseech Thee, and grant that we, humbly confessing our guiltiness, may so be enabled to obtain Thy forgive ness. Through our Lord JESUS Christ Thy Son, Who liveth and reigneth with Thee, in the unity of the Holy Ghost, one God, world without end.  Amen.
  
The same Prayer at Terce, Sext, and None.
+
''The same Prayer at Terce, Sext, and None.''
  
 
====VESPERS.====
 
====VESPERS.====
  
Chapter from Joel ii. 17, as on the First Monday, [(p. 235.)] Hymn a?id Verse and Answer as on the First Saturday, [(p. 227.)] Antiphon at the Song of the Blessed Virgin. The Man that is called JESUS * made clay of His Spittle, and an ointed mine eyes, and now I do see.
+
''Chapter from'' Joel ii. 17, ''as on the First Monday, [(p. 235.)]''
  
Prayer.
+
''Hymn and Verse and Answer as on the First Saturday, [(p. 227.)]''
  
T ET Thy merciful ears, O Lord, be open unto the prayers of all them that entreat Thee, and that Thou mayest grant us ever such things as we ask, teach us ever to ask such things as are pleasing in Thy sight.
+
''Antiphon at the Song of the Blessed Virgin.'' The Man that is called JESUS * made clay of His Spittle, and an ointed mine eyes, and now I do see.
  
Through our Lord JESUS Christ Thy Son, Who liveth and reigneth with Thee, in the unity of the Holy Ghost, one God, world without end. Amen.
+
''Prayer.''
 +
 
 +
T ET Thy merciful ears, O Lord, be open unto the prayers of all them that entreat Thee, and that Thou mayest grant us ever such things as we ask, teach us ever to ask such things as are pleasing in Thy sight.  Through our Lord JESUS Christ Thy Son, Who liveth and reigneth with Thee, in the unity of the Holy Ghost, one God, world without end. Amen.
  
 
The ancient Church, at least in Africa, did not so commonly use infant Baptism as we op. bt Augustine himself was made a Catechumen when an infant, and not baptized till his conversion to Catholicism from the heresy which he had embraced as a young man and retained for nine years.
 
The ancient Church, at least in Africa, did not so commonly use infant Baptism as we op. bt Augustine himself was made a Catechumen when an infant, and not baptized till his conversion to Catholicism from the heresy which he had embraced as a young man and retained for nine years.
Line 449: Line 511:
 
&quot; A great deal of doctrine and several formularies as well as privileges were concealed from the Catechumens.
 
&quot; A great deal of doctrine and several formularies as well as privileges were concealed from the Catechumens.
  
VOL. II.
+
==Thursday.==
  
3io THE PROPER OFFICE OF THE SEASON.
+
''Fifth Day.''
 
+
Fifth Day.
+
  
 
====MATTINS.====
 
====MATTINS.====
  
Hymn as on the First Sunday, (p.
+
''Hymn as on the First Sunday, [(p. 228.)]''
  
22%.} '''First Lesson.'''
+
'''First Lesson.'''
  
The Lesson is taken from the Holy Gospel according to Luke (vii. 1 1.) A T that time : JESUS went into a &quot;*&quot;* city called Nairn ; and His dis ciples went with Him, and much people. And so on.
+
The Lesson is taken from the Holy Gospel according to Luke (vii. 1 1.)  
  
Homily by St Ambrose, Bishop [of Milan.] (Bk. v. Comm. on Luke vii.) The history which we here read in the Holy Gospel hath for us specially two gracious lessons, the one from the literal, the other from the mystic in terpretation thereof. According to the letter then, we see how quickly the compassion of God was aroused by the sorrow of this mother, who was a widow, a widow broken down by nurs ing her only son, or by the bitterness of her grief for his death. She was a widow also whose worshipful conver sation is borne witness to by this, that, &quot; much people of the city was with her.&quot; Mystically however, this widow encompassed by the multitude was something more than a poor woman whose tears won from the Lord the resurrection of her young and only son ; for she is a type of our holy Mother the Church, who calleth back her young children to life from the pursuit of deathly vanities, and soul-slaying honours, by bidding them look on those tears which she sheddeth for such as they, and which it is un lawful for her to shed for them of whom she knoweth that they will rise again.
+
A T that time : JESUS went into a city called Nairn ; and His disciples went with Him, and much people. And so on.
  
1 '''First Responsory.'''
+
Homily by St Ambrose, Bishop [of Milan.] (''Bk. v. Comm. on Luke vii.'')
  
The Lord spake unto Moses, &c., [(p. 298.)] '''Second Lesson.'''
+
The history which we here read in the Holy Gospel hath for us specially two gracious lessons, the one from the literal, the other from the mystic in terpretation thereof. According to the letter then, we see how quickly the compassion of God was aroused by the sorrow of this mother, who was a widow, a widow broken down by nurs ing her only son, or by the bitterness of her grief for his death. She was a widow also whose worshipful conver sation is borne witness to by this, that, &quot; much people of the city was with her.&quot; Mystically however, this widow encompassed by the multitude was something more than a poor woman whose tears won from the Lord the resurrection of her young and only son ; for she is a type of our holy Mother the Church, who calleth back her young children to life from the pursuit of deathly vanities, and soul-slaying honours, by bidding them look on those tears which she sheddeth for such as they, and which it is un lawful for her to shed for them of whom she knoweth that they will rise again.
  
 +
1<ref></ref>
 +
 +
'''First Responsory.'''
 +
 +
The Lord spake unto Moses, &c., [(p. 298.)]
 +
 +
'''Second Lesson.'''
 +
<ref></ref>
 
man, then, being dead, was carried out on a bier to the grave by four bearers, 2 even as the sinner is borne to destruction by the four elements of which he is composed.
 
man, then, being dead, was carried out on a bier to the grave by four bearers, 2 even as the sinner is borne to destruction by the four elements of which he is composed.
  
Line 477: Line 545:
 
Moses stood, &c., [(p. 299.)] '''Third Lesson.'''
 
Moses stood, &c., [(p. 299.)] '''Third Lesson.'''
  
&quot;D UT even at the last hour, when the hope of life hath been utterly ex tinguished, and the bodies of the dead are lying by the side of the grave, by 1 Viz. those &quot;who are fallen asleep in JESUS.&quot; 2 The Greek uses the Plural, not the Dual.
+
&quot;D UT even at the last hour, when the hope of life hath been utterly ex tinguished, and the bodies of the dead are lying by the side of the grave, by  
  
FOURTH WEEK IN LENT. 3*1 the word of God those carcases live again, yea, arise and speak. Then doth JESUS deliver the son to his mother, for JESUS calleth him out of the grave, and delivereth him from death. O, what is the grave of the soul but a bad life ? Sinner ! thy grave is unbelief, and thy throat is a sepulchre ! Even so is it written : &quot;Their throat is an open sepulchre,&quot; (Ps. v. ii,) whereout breathe their pestilential words. Lo ! Christ maketh thee free from that grave ! If only thou wilt hear the word of God, thou shalt yet arise from that sepul chre ! Yea, though thy sin be ex ceeding weighty, so that the tears of thine own sorrow cannot wash it away, let thy Mother the Church weep for thee, that longing Mother who weepeth for every one of her children as though he were &quot;the only son of his mother, and she was a widow.&quot; Believe me, her spiritual anguish is keen like the anguish of nature, when she seeth her children dead in sin, and carried out to be buried for ever.
+
1 Viz. those &quot;who are fallen asleep in JESUS.&quot; 2 The Greek uses the Plural, not the Dual.
  
Third Respo?isory.
 
  
Let us sing, &c., [(p. 299.)] ====LAUDS.====
+
the word of God those carcases live again, yea, arise and speak. Then doth JESUS deliver the son to his mother, for JESUS calleth him out of the grave, and delivereth him from death. O, what is the grave of the soul but a bad life ? Sinner ! thy grave is unbelief, and thy throat is a sepulchre ! Even so is it written : &quot;Their throat is an open sepulchre,&quot; (Ps. v. ii,) whereout breathe their pestilential words. Lo ! Christ maketh thee free from that grave ! If only thou wilt hear the word of God, thou shalt yet arise from that sepulchre ! Yea, though thy sin be ex ceeding weighty, so that the tears of thine own sorrow cannot wash it away, let thy Mother the Church weep for thee, that longing Mother who weepeth for every one of her children as though he were &quot;the only son of his mother, and she was a widow.&quot; Believe me, her spiritual anguish is keen like the anguish of nature, when she seeth her children dead in sin, and carried out to be buried for ever.
  
Chapterfrom Isa. Iviii. i, as on the First Monday, [(p. 235.)] Hymn and Verse and Answer as on the First Sunday, [(p. 233.)] ''Antiphon at the Song of Zacharias.''
+
'''Third Responsory.'''
  
JESUS went into a city called Nairn ; * and, behold, there was a dead man carried out, the only son of his mother.
+
Let us sing, &c., [(p. 299.)]
  
Prayer.
+
====LAUDS.====
  
Q ALMIGHTY God, grant, we be seech Thee, that we who are chastened by this hallowed fast, may be gladdened by holy earnestness, and that as earthly attractions grow dim mer, things heavenly may grow clearer.
+
''Chapter from'' Isa. lviii. i, ''as on the First Monday, [(p. 235.)]''
  
Through our Lord JESUS Christ, Thy Son, Who liveth and reigneth with Thee, in the unity of the Holy Ghost, one God, world without end. Amen.
+
''Hymn and Verse and Answer as on the First Sunday, [(p. 233.)]''
  
At the beginning of the Martyrology is said, On the morrow we commemorate the Most Precious Blood of our Lord JESUS Christ.
+
''Antiphon at the Song of Zacharias.''  JESUS went into a city called Nairn ; * and, behold, there was a dead man carried out, the only son of his mother.
  
The same Prayer at Terce, Sext, and None.
+
''Prayer.''
  
Sixth Day.
+
Q ALMIGHTY God, grant, we be seech Thee, that we who are chastened by this hallowed fast, may be gladdened by holy earnestness, and that as earthly attractions grow dim mer, things heavenly may grow clearer.  Through our Lord JESUS Christ, Thy Son, Who liveth and reigneth with Thee, in the unity of the Holy Ghost, one God, world without end. Amen.
  
Office in honour of the Most Precious Blood of otir Lord JESUS Christ.
+
''At the beginning of the Martyrology is said,''
  
Greater Double.
+
On the morrow we commemorate the Most Precious Blood of our Lord JESUS Christ.
  
All as on Sundays, except the fol lowing.
+
''The same Prayer at Terce, Sext, and None.''
  
====FIRST VESPERS.==== 1 ''First Antiphon.'' Who is this that cometh from Edom, with dyed gar ments from Bozrah ? this, that is glorious in His apparel ? ''Second Antiphon.'' I that speak in righteousness, mighty to save.
+
==Friday.==
  
''Third Antiphon.'' He was clothed with a vesture dipped in blood, and His name is called &quot;The Word of God.&quot; ''Fourth Antiphon.'' Wherefore art Thou red in Thine apparel, and Thy garments like him that treadeth in the wine-fat ? ''Fifth Antiphon.'' I have trodden the wine - press alone, and of the people there was none with Me.
+
''Sixth Day.''
  
Chapter and Prayerfrom Lauds.
+
''Office in honour of the Most Precious Blood of otir Lord JESUS Christ.''
 +
 
 +
''Greater Double.''
 +
 
 +
''All as on Sundays, except the following.''
 +
 
 +
====FIRST VESPERS.====
 +
 
 +
1<ref></ref> ''First Antiphon.'' Who is this that cometh from Edom, with dyed garments from Bozrah ? this, that is glorious in His apparel ?
 +
 
 +
''Second Antiphon.'' I that speak in righteousness, mighty to save.
 +
 
 +
''Third Antiphon.'' He was clothed with a vesture dipped in blood, and His name is called &quot;The Word of God.&quot;
 +
 
 +
''Fourth Antiphon.'' Wherefore art Thou red in Thine apparel, and Thy garments like him that treadeth in the wine-fat ?
 +
 
 +
''Fifth Antiphon.'' I have trodden the wine - press alone, and of the people there was none with Me.
 +
 
 +
''Chapter and Prayer from Lauds.''
  
 
1 Antiphons from Isa. Ixiii. 1-3 except the 3rd, which is Apoc. xix. 13.
 
1 Antiphons from Isa. Ixiii. 1-3 except the 3rd, which is Apoc. xix. 13.
  
312 THE PROPER OFFICE OF THE SEASON.
+
 
  
 
'''Hymn.'''
 
'''Hymn.'''
  
let the long procession stream And through the streets in order wend ; Let the bright waving line of torches gleam, The solemn chant ascend.
+
FORTH let the long procession stream  
 +
And through the streets in order wend ;  
 +
Let the bright waving line of torches gleam,  
 +
The solemn chant ascend.
  
While we, with tears and sighs profound, That memorable Blood record, Which, stretched on His hard Cross, from many a Wound, The dying JESUS poured.
+
While we, with tears and sighs profound,  
 +
That memorable Blood record,  
 +
Which, stretched on His hard Cross, from many a  
 +
Wound, The dying JESUS poured.
  
By the first Adam s fatal sin Came death upon the human race ; In this new Adam doth new life begin, And everlasting grace.
+
By the first Adam's fatal sin  
 +
Came death upon the human race ;  
 +
In this new Adam doth new life begin,  
 +
And everlasting grace.
  
For scarce the Father heard from heaven The cry of His expiring Son, When in that cry our sins were all forgiven, And boundless pardon won.
+
For scarce the Father heard from heaven  
 +
The cry of His expiring Son,  
 +
When in that cry our sins were all forgiven,  
 +
And boundless pardon won.
  
Henceforth, whoso in that dear Blood Washeth, shall lose his every stain, And, in immortal roseate beauty robed, An Angel s likeness gain.
+
Henceforth, whoso in that dear  
 +
Blood Washeth, shall lose his every stain,  
 +
And, in immortal roseate beauty robed,  
 +
An Angel's likeness gain.
  
Only, run thou with courage on Straight to the goal set in the skies; He Who assists thy course will give thee soon The everlasting prize.
+
Only, run thou with courage on  
 +
Straight to the goal set in the skies;  
 +
He Who assists thy course will give thee soon  
 +
The everlasting prize.
  
Father Supreme ! vouchsafe that we, For whom Thine only Son was slain, And whom Thine Holy Ghost doth sanc tify, May heavenly joys attain. Amen.
+
Father Supreme ! vouchsafe that we,  
 +
For whom Thine only Son was slain,  
 +
And whom Thine Holy Ghost doth sanctify,  
 +
May heavenly joys attain. Amen.
  
''Verse.'' 2 Lord, Thou hast redeemed us by Thy Blood.
 
  
''Answer.'' And hast made us unto our God a kingdom.
+
''Verse.'' 2<ref></ref> Lord, Thou hast redeemed us by Thy Blood.
  
Antiphon at the Song of the Blessed Virgin.
+
''Answer.'' And hast made us unto our God a kingdom.
  
3 Ye are come unto Mount Sion and unto the city of the living God, the heavenly Jerusalem, and to JESUS the Mediator of the New Cove nant, and to the Blood of sprinkling That speaketh better things than that of Abel.
+
''Antiphon at the Song of the Blessed Virgin.''  3<ref></ref> Ye are come unto Mount Sion and unto the city of the living God, the heavenly Jerusalem, and to JESUS the Mediator of the New Cove nant, and to the Blood of sprinkling That speaketh better things than that of Abel.
  
 
Commemoration of the Week-day.
 
Commemoration of the Week-day.
Line 549: Line 654:
 
''Answer.'' To keep Thee in all Thy ways.
 
''Answer.'' To keep Thee in all Thy ways.
  
Prayer.
+
''Prayer.''
  
GOD, the Teacher and Shepherd of all Thy people, free the same from all sins which do assail them, that so they may ever be pleasing in Thy sight and safe under Thy shelter.
+
GOD, the Teacher and Shepherd of all Thy people, free the same from all sins which do assail them, that so they may ever be pleasing in Thy sight and safe under Thy shelter. Through our Lord JESUS Christ Thy Son, Who liveth and reigneth with Thee, in the unity of the Holy Ghost, one God, world without end. Amen.
 
+
Through our Lord JESUS Christ Thy Son, Who liveth and reigneth with Thee, in the unity of the Holy Ghost, one God, world without end. Amen.
+
  
 
====MATTINS.====
 
====MATTINS.====
  
Invitatory. Christ the Son of God hath redeemed us by His Own Blood.
+
''Invitatory.'' Christ the Son of God hath redeemed us by His Own Blood. * O come, let us worship Him.
  
* O come, let us worship Him.
+
'''Hymn.''' 1<ref></ref>
  
'''Hymn.'''^ TIE Who once, in righteous vengeance, Whelmed the world beneath the flood, Once again in mercy cleansed it With the stream of His Own Blood, Coming from His Throne on high On the painful Cross to die.
+
TIE Who once, in righteous vengeance,  
 +
Whelmed the world beneath the flood,  
 +
Once again in mercy cleansed it  
 +
With the stream of His Own Blood,  
 +
Coming from His Throne on high  
 +
On the painful Cross to die.
  
5 Blest with this all-saving shower Earth her beauty straight resumed ; In the place of thorns and briars, Myrtles sprang and roses bloomed : Flowers surprised the desert waste, Wormwood lost her bitter taste.
+
5<ref></ref> Blest with this all-saving shower  
 +
Earth her beauty straight resumed ;  
 +
In the place of thorns and briars,  
 +
Myrtles sprang and roses bloomed :  
 +
Flowers surprised the desert waste,  
 +
Wormwood lost her bitter taste.
  
 
i Sixteenth to eighteenth century, author unknown, translation by the late Rev. Father Caswall. &quot; Apoc. v. 9, 10. 3 Heb. xii. 22, 24.
 
i Sixteenth to eighteenth century, author unknown, translation by the late Rev. Father Caswall. &quot; Apoc. v. 9, 10. 3 Heb. xii. 22, 24.
Line 571: Line 684:
 
s These two verses are apparently founded on such passages as Isa. xxxv. ; xi. 8 ; Mark xvi. 18, &c. . , ;-..
 
s These two verses are apparently founded on such passages as Isa. xxxv. ; xi. 8 ; Mark xvi. 18, &c. . , ;-..
  
. , \ FOURTH WEEK IN LENT. 313 Scorpions ceased ; the slimy serpent Laid his deadly poison by ; Savage beasts of cruel instinct Lost their wild ferocity ; Welcoming the gentle reign Of the Lamb for sinners slain.
 
  
O the wisdom of the Eternal ! O its depth and height Divine ! O the sweetness of that mercy Which in JESUS Christ doth shine ! Slaves we were condemned to die, Our King pays the penalty.
 
  
When before the Judge we tremble, Conscious of His broken laws, May this Blood in that dread hour, Cry aloud and plead our cause Bid our guilty terrors cease Be our pardon and our peace.
+
Scorpions ceased ; the slimy serpent
 +
Laid his deadly poison by ;
 +
Savage beasts of cruel instinct
 +
Lost their wild ferocity ;
 +
Welcoming the gentle reign
 +
Of the Lamb for sinners slain.
 +
 
 +
O the wisdom of the Eternal !
 +
O its depth and height Divine !
 +
O the sweetness of that mercy
 +
Which in JESUS Christ doth shine !
 +
Slaves we were condemned to die,
 +
Our King pays the penalty.
 +
 
 +
When before the Judge we tremble,  
 +
Conscious of His broken laws,  
 +
May this Blood in that dread hour,  
 +
Cry aloud and plead our cause  
 +
Bid our guilty terrors cease  
 +
Be our pardon and our peace.
 +
 
 +
Prince and Author of Salvation !
 +
Lord of Majesty Supreme !
 +
JESU, praise to Thee be given
 +
By the world Thou didst redeem !
 +
Who with the Father and the Spirit
 +
Reignest in eternal merit. Amen.
  
Prince and Author of Salvation ! Lord of Majesty Supreme ! JESU, praise to Thee be given By the world Thou didst redeem ! Who with the Father and the Spirit Reignest in eternal merit. Amen.
 
  
 
=====FIRST NOCTURN.=====
 
=====FIRST NOCTURN.=====
  
Only three Psalms are said.
+
''Only three Psalms are said.''
  
''First Antiphon.'' x And when eight days were accomplished, for the cir cumcising of the child, His Name was called JESUS.
+
''First Antiphon.'' 1<ref></ref> And when eight days were accomplished, for the cir cumcising of the child, His Name was called JESUS.
  
Ps. ii. Why do the heathen, &c., (P. 4-) ''Second Antiphon.'' 2 And being in an agony, He prayed more earnestly, and His Sweat was as it were great drops of Blood falling down to the ground.
+
'''Ps. ii.''' Why do the heathen, &c., [(p. 4.)]
  
Ps. iii. LORD, how are they in creased, &c., [(p. 5.)] ''Third Antiphon.'' 3 Judas, which had betrayed Him, repented himself, and brought again the thirty pieces of silver, saying : I have sinned, in that I have betrayed the innocent Blood.
+
''Second Antiphon.'' 2<ref></ref> And being in an agony, He prayed more earnestly, and His Sweat was as it were great drops of Blood falling down to the ground.
  
Ps. xv. Preserve me, O Lord, c., [(p. 12.)] ''Verse.'' Lord, Thou hast redeemed us ''Answer.'' By Thy Blood.
+
'''Ps. iii.''' LORD, how are they in creased, &c., [(p. 5.)]
 +
 
 +
''Third Antiphon.'' 3<ref></ref> Judas, which had betrayed Him, repented himself, and brought again the thirty pieces of silver, saying : I have sinned, in that I have betrayed the innocent Blood.
 +
 
 +
'''Ps. xv.''' Preserve me, O Lord, c., [(p. 12.)]  
 +
 
 +
''Verse.'' Lord, Thou hast redeemed us  
 +
 
 +
''Answer.'' By Thy Blood.
  
 
'''First Lesson.'''
 
'''First Lesson.'''
  
The Lesson is taken from the Epistle of the Blessed Apostle Paul to the Hebrews (ix. 1 1.) C^HRIST being come an High Priest of good things to come, by a greater and more perfect taber nacle, not made with hands, that is to say, not of this building, neither by the blood of g oats and calves, but by His own Blood, He entered in once into the Holy Place, having obtained eternal redemption for us. For if the blood of goats or of bulls, and the ashes of an heifer sprinkling the un clean, sanctifieth to the purifying of the flesh, how much more shall the Blood of Christ, Who, through the Holy Spirit, offered Himself without spot to God, purge our conscience from dead works to serve the living God ? And for this cause, He is the Mediator of the New Testament, that, by means of death, for the redemption of the transgressions that were under the first Testament, they, which are called, might receive the promise of eternal inheritance.
+
The Lesson is taken from the Epistle of the Blessed Apostle Paul to the Hebrews (ix. 1 1.)  
 +
 
 +
C^HRIST being come an High Priest of good things to come, by a greater and more perfect taber nacle, not made with hands, that is to say, not of this building, neither by the blood of g oats and calves, but by His own Blood, He entered in once into the Holy Place, having obtained eternal redemption for us. For if the blood of goats or of bulls, and the ashes of an heifer sprinkling the un clean, sanctifieth to the purifying of the flesh, how much more shall the Blood of Christ, Who, through the Holy Spirit, offered Himself without spot to God, purge our conscience from dead works to serve the living God ? And for this cause, He is the Mediator of the New Testament, that, by means of death, for the redemption of the transgressions that were under the first Testament, they, which are called, might receive the promise of eternal inheritance.
  
 
'''First Responsory.'''
 
'''First Responsory.'''
  
4 JESUS also, that He might sanctify the people with His own Blood, suf fered without the gate. Let us go forth therefore unto Him without the camp, bearing His reproach.
+
4<ref></ref> JESUS also, that He might sanctify the people with His own Blood, suffered without the gate. Let us go forth therefore unto Him without the camp, bearing His reproach.
  
 
''Verse.'' Ye have not yet resisted unto blood, striving against sin.
 
''Verse.'' Ye have not yet resisted unto blood, striving against sin.
  
 
''Answer.'' Let us go forth therefore unto Him without the gate, bearing His reproach.
 
''Answer.'' Let us go forth therefore unto Him without the gate, bearing His reproach.
 +
  
 
1 Luke ii. 21. 2 Luke xxii. 44.
 
1 Luke ii. 21. 2 Luke xxii. 44.
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4 Heb. xiii. 12, 13; xii. 4.
 
4 Heb. xiii. 12, 13; xii. 4.
  
3H THE PROPER OFFICE OF THE SEASON.
+
 
 +
 
 +
 
  
 
'''Second Lesson.'''
 
'''Second Lesson.'''
  
T^OR where a testament is, there must also of necessity be the death of the testator. For a testa ment is of force after men are dead : otherwise it is of no strength at all while the testator liveth. Wherefore neither the first Testament was dedi cated without blood. For when Moses had read every precept of the law to all the people, he took the blood of calves and of goats, with water, and scarlet wool, and hyssop, and sprinkled both the book and all the people, saying : This is the blood of the Testament which God hath enjoined unto you. Moreover, he sprinkled likewise with blood both the Taber nacle and all the vessels of the minis try. And almost all things are by the law purged with blood ; and without shedding of blood is no remission.
+
T^OR where a testament is, there must also of necessity be the death of the testator. For a testa ment is of force after men are dead : otherwise it is of no strength at all while the testator liveth. Wherefore neither the first Testament was dedi cated without blood. For when Moses had read every precept of the law to all the people, he took the blood of calves and of goats, with water, and scarlet wool, and hyssop, and sprinkled both the book and all the people, saying : This is the blood of the Testament which God hath enjoined unto you. Moreover, he sprinkled likewise with blood both the Tabernacle and all the vessels of the minis try. And almost all things are by the law purged with blood ; and without shedding of blood is no remission.
  
 
'''Second Responsory.'''
 
'''Second Responsory.'''
  
1 Moses took the blood, and sprin kled all the people, saying : This is the blood of the Testament which God hath enjoined unto you.
+
1<ref></ref> Moses took the blood, and sprinkled all the people, saying : This is the blood of the Testament which God hath enjoined unto you.
  
 
''Verse.'' Through faith he kept the Passover, and the sprinkling of blood, lest he that destroyed the first-born should touch them.
 
''Verse.'' Through faith he kept the Passover, and the sprinkling of blood, lest he that destroyed the first-born should touch them.
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''Answer.'' Saying : This is the blood of the Testament which God hath enjoined unto you.
 
''Answer.'' Saying : This is the blood of the Testament which God hath enjoined unto you.
  
Third Lesson, (x. 19.) TTAVING therefore, brethren, boldness to enter into the holiest by the Blood of Christ, by a new and liv ing way which He hath consecrated for us, through the veil (that is to say, His Flesh,) and having an High Priest over the house of God, let us draw near with a true heart and full assurance of faith, having our hearts sprinkled from an evil conscience, and our bodies washed with pure water ; let us hold fast the profession of our faith without wavering ; (for He is faithful That promised,) and let us consider one another to provoke unto love and to good works.
+
Third Lesson, (''x. 19.'')  
 +
 
 +
TTAVING therefore, brethren, boldness to enter into the holiest by the Blood of Christ, by a new and liv ing way which He hath consecrated for us, through the veil (that is to say, His Flesh,) and having an High Priest over the house of God, let us draw near with a true heart and full assurance of faith, having our hearts sprinkled from an evil conscience, and our bodies washed with pure water ; let us hold fast the profession of our faith without wavering ; (for He is faithful That promised,) and let us consider one another to provoke unto love and to good works.
  
 
'''Third Responsory.'''
 
'''Third Responsory.'''
  
2 Ye, who sometimes were far off, are made nigh by the Blood of Christ.
+
2<ref></ref> Ye, who sometimes were far off, are made nigh by the Blood of Christ.  For He is our Peace, Who hath made both one.
  
For He is our Peace, Who hath made both one.
+
''Verse.'' 3<ref></ref> It pleased [the Father that in Him should all fulness dwell, and,] having made peace through the Blood of His Cross, by Him to reconcile all things unto Himself, [by Him, I say,] whether they be things in earth or things in heaven.
 
+
''Verse.'' 3 It pleased [the Father that in Him should all fulness dwell, and,] having made peace through the Blood of His Cross, by Him to reconcile all things unto Himself, [by Him, I say,] whether they be things in earth or things in heaven.
+
  
 
''Answer.'' For He is our Peace, Who hath made both one.
 
''Answer.'' For He is our Peace, Who hath made both one.
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''Answer.'' For He is our Peace, Who hath made both one.
 
''Answer.'' For He is our Peace, Who hath made both one.
 +
  
 
=====SECOND NOCTURN.=====
 
=====SECOND NOCTURN.=====
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''First Antiphon.''
 
''First Antiphon.''
  
4 Pilate, willing to content the people, delivered JESUS, when He had scourged Him, to be .
+
4<ref></ref> Pilate, willing to content the people, delivered JESUS, when He had scourged Him, to be crucified.
  
crucified.
+
'''Ps. xxii.''' The LORD is my Shepherd, &c., [(p. 47.)]
  
Ps. xxii. The LORD is my Shep herd, &c., (p. 470 ''Second Antiphon.'' 5 When Pilate saw that he could prevail nothing, he took water, and washed his hands | before the multitude, saying : I am \ innocent of the Blood of this just | Person.
+
''Second Antiphon.'' 5<ref></ref> When Pilate saw that he could prevail nothing, he took water, and washed his hands before the multitude, saying : I am innocent of the Blood of this just | Person.
  
Ps. xxix. I will extol Thee, &c., (P- 75-) 1 Heb. ix. 19, 20 ; xi. 28.
+
'''Ps. xxix.''' I will extol Thee, &c., [(p. 75.)]
 +
 
 +
1 Heb. ix. 19, 20 ; xi. 28.
  
 
4 Mark xv. 15.
 
4 Mark xv. 15.
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3 Col. i. 19, 20.
 
3 Col. i. 19, 20.
  
FOURTH WEEK IN LENT. 315 Third Antiphon, Then answered all the people and said : His Blood be on us, and on our children.
 
  
Ps. Ixiii. Hear my voice, &c., (p.
+
''Third Antiphon.'' Then answered all the people and said : His Blood be on us, and on our children.
  
114.) ''Verse.'' l The Blood of JESUS Christ, the Son of God, ''Answer.'' Cleanseth us from all sin.
+
'''Ps. lxiii.''' Hear my voice, &c., [(p. 114.)]
  
'''Fourth Lesson.'''
+
''Verse.'' l<ref></ref> The Blood of JESUS Christ, the Son of God,
  
The Lesson is taken from the Sermons of St John Chrysostom, Archbishop [of Constantinople.] YXTOULDEST thou hear the V power V of the Blood of Christ ? Then let us look at the figure thereof, let us call to mind the old type, and tell the story written in the antient Scriptures.
+
''Answer.'' Cleanseth us from all sin.
  
The Egyptians would not let God take away Israel His firstborn, 2 &quot;And Moses said : Thus saith the LORD About midnight will I go out into the midst of Egypt, and all the first-born in the land of Egypt shall die, from the first-born of Pharaoh that sitteth upon his throne unto the first-born of the maid-servant that is behind the mill, and all the first-born of beasts.
+
'''Fourth Lesson.'''
  
And there shall be a great cry throughout all the land of Egypt, such as there was none like it, nor shall be like it any more. But against any of the children of Israel shall not a dog move his tongue, against man or beast ; that ye may know how that the LORD hath put a difference be tween the Egyptians and Israel.&quot; (Ex. xi. 4-7.) &quot;Then Moses called for all the elders of Israel, and said unto them : Draw out and take you a lamb according to your families and kill the Passover. And ye shall take a bunch of hyssop and dip it in the blood that is in the basin, and strike the lintel and the two side-posts with the blood .... and when He seeth the blood upon the lintel and on the two side-posts, the LORD will pass over the door, and will not suffer the destroyer to come in unto your houses to smite you.&quot; (xii. 21-23.) And could the blood of a sheep save a man ? Yea, in good sooth ; not be cause it was blood, but because it represented in a figure the Blood of the Lord.
+
The Lesson is taken from the Sermons of St John Chrysostom, Archbishop [of Constantinople.]
 +
 
 +
YXTOULDEST thou hear the power of the Blood of Christ ? Then let us look at the figure thereof, let us call to mind the old type, and tell the story written in the antient Scriptures.  The Egyptians would not let God take away Israel His firstborn, 2<ref></ref> &quot;And Moses said : Thus saith the LORD About midnight will I go out into the midst of Egypt, and all the first-born in the land of Egypt shall die, from the first-born of Pharaoh that sitteth upon his throne unto the first-born of the maid-servant that is behind the mill, and all the first-born of beasts.  And there shall be a great cry throughout all the land of Egypt, such as there was none like it, nor shall be like it any more. But against any of the children of Israel shall not a dog move his tongue, against man or beast ; that ye may know how that the LORD hath put a difference be tween the Egyptians and Israel.&quot; (Ex. xi. 4-7.) &quot;Then Moses called for all the elders of Israel, and said unto them : Draw out and take you a lamb according to your families and kill the Passover. And ye shall take a bunch of hyssop and dip it in the blood that is in the basin, and strike the lintel and the two side-posts with the blood .... and when He seeth the blood upon the lintel and on the two side-posts, the LORD will pass over the door, and will not suffer the destroyer to come in unto your houses to smite you.&quot; (xii. 21-23.) And could the blood of a sheep save a man ? Yea, in good sooth ; not be cause it was blood, but because it represented in a figure the Blood of the Lord.
  
 
'''Fourth Responsory.'''
 
'''Fourth Responsory.'''
  
3 Pass the time of your sojourning&quot; here in fear ; forasmuch as ye know that ye were not redeemed with cor ruptible things, as silver and gold ''Verse.'' But with the Precious Blood of Christ, as of a lamb without spot.
+
3<ref></ref> Pass the time of your sojourning&quot; here in fear ; forasmuch as ye know that ye were not redeemed with corruptible things, as silver and gold  
 +
 
 +
''Verse.'' But with the Precious Blood of Christ, as of a lamb without spot.
  
 
''Answer.'' Ye know that ye were not redeemed with corruptible things, as silver and gold.
 
''Answer.'' Ye know that ye were not redeemed with corruptible things, as silver and gold.
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'''Fifth Lesson.'''
 
'''Fifth Lesson.'''
  
&quot;PHE statues of monarchs, mindless and speechless images though they be, have sometimes been an helpful refuge to men endowed with soul and reason, not because they are works of the brazier s skill, but because the likeness they bear is a King s.
+
&quot;PHE statues of monarchs, mindless and speechless images though they be, have sometimes been an helpful refuge to men endowed with soul and reason, not because they are works of the brazier s skill, but because the likeness they bear is a King's. And just so did this unconscious blood deliver the lives of men, not because it was blood, but because it fore shadowed the shedding&quot; of the Blood of JESUS. On that night in Egypt, when the destroying Angel saw the blood upon the lintel and on the two side-posts, he passed over the door, and came not in unto the house.  Even so now much more will the destroyer of souls flee away when he
  
And just so did this unconscious blood deliver the lives of men, not because it was blood, but because it fore shadowed the shedding&quot; of the Blood of JESUS. On that night in Egypt, when the destroying Angel saw the blood upon the lintel and on the two side-posts, he passed over the door, and came not in unto the house.
+
1 i John i. 7.
 
+
Even so now much more will the destroyer of souls flee away when he 1 i John i. 7.
+
  
 
2 The description in the Latin is a sort of oratorical paraphrase of the account in the Pentateuch, which I have thought it best to represent by two simple quotations.
 
2 The description in the Latin is a sort of oratorical paraphrase of the account in the Pentateuch, which I have thought it best to represent by two simple quotations.
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3 i Peter i. 17-19.
 
3 i Peter i. 17-19.
  
THE PROPER OFFICE OF THE SEASON.
 
  
seeth, not the lintel and the two sideposts sprinkled with the blood of a lamb, but the l mouth of the faithful Christian, the living dwelling of the Holy Ghost, shining with the blood of the True Messiah. If the Angel let the type be, how shall not the enemy quail before the Reality ? Wouldest thou hear more of the power of that Blood ? I am willing. Consider from what source it welleth, from what foun tain it springeth. Its fountain is the Heart of the Lord, pierced for us upon the Cross. &quot; Then came the soldiers, and brake the legs of the first, and of the other which was cruci fied with Him ; but when they came to JESUS, and saw that He was dead already, they brake not His Legs, but one of the soldiers with a spear pierced His Side, and forthwith came thereout Blood and Water,&quot; (John xix.
 
  
32-34,) whereof the One is a figure of Baptism, and the Other of the Sacra ment [of the Altar.] ~ '''Fifth Responsory.'''
 
  
3 Ye are bought with a great price, therefore glorify God and bear Him in your body.
+
seeth, not the lintel and the two sideposts sprinkled with the blood of a lamb, but the l mouth of the faithful Christian, the living dwelling of the Holy Ghost, shining with the blood of the True Messiah. If the Angel let the type be, how shall not the enemy quail before the Reality ? Wouldest thou hear more of the power of that Blood ? I am willing. Consider from what source it welleth, from what foun tain it springeth. Its fountain is the Heart of the Lord, pierced for us upon the Cross. &quot; Then came the soldiers, and brake the legs of the first, and of the other which was cruci fied with Him ; but when they came to JESUS, and saw that He was dead already, they brake not His Legs, but one of the soldiers with a spear pierced His Side, and forthwith came thereout Blood and Water,&quot; (John xix. 32-34.) whereof the One is a figure of Baptism, and the Other of the Sacra ment [of the Altar.]  2<ref></ref>
 +
 
 +
'''Fifth Responsory.'''
 +
 
 +
3<ref></ref> Ye are bought with a great price, therefore glorify God and bear Him in your body.
  
 
''Verse.'' Ye are bought with a price be not ye the servants of men.
 
''Verse.'' Ye are bought with a price be not ye the servants of men.
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'''Sixth Lesson.'''
 
'''Sixth Lesson.'''
  
^\NE of the soldiers with a spear ^&quot;^ pierced His Side the veil of the Temple of His Body was rent in twain. (John ii. 19-21, Matth. xxvii.
+
^\NE of the soldiers with a spear ^&quot;^ pierced His Side the veil of the Temple of His Body was rent in twain. (John ii. 19-21, Matth. xxvii. 51.) O how glorious is the treasure that is laid open to me therein ! How noble the riches that it is my joy there to have found ! Thus was it with the Paschal lamb. The Jews slew the typical sheep, but to me also is it given to know the worth of the thing typified.  &quot; One of the soldiers with a spear pierced His Side, and forthwith came thereout Blood and Water.&quot; I would not, O my hearer, that thou shouldest pass by the depths of such a mystery as this without pausing. I have some mystic and hidden words to say. I frave said that that Blood and Water were a figure of Baptism and of the Mysteries [of the Altar.] These are the foundations of the Church, &quot; the washing of regeneration, and re newing of the Holy Ghost.&quot; (Tit. iii. 5.) I say [that the Church is founded in these things, whereof the substance came out of the Redeemer s Side, namely,] in Baptism and the Mysteries [of the Altar.] It was therefore out of the Side of Christ that the Church was created, just as it was out of the side of Adam that Eve was raised up to be his bride. (Gen. ii. 21, 22.) This is the reason why Paul saith, no doubt in allusion to the [bride of the Second Adam, even the Holy Church to which we belong, coming, like the bride of the first Adam, out of the] Side [of her Husband] : &quot; We are members of His Body, [of His Flesh,] and of His bones.&quot; (Eph. v. 30.) For even as God made the woman Eve out of the rib which He had taken out of the side of Adam, so hath Christ made the Church out of the Blood and Water Which He made to flow for us out of His Own Side.
 
+
51.) O how glorious is the treasure that is laid open to me therein ! How noble the riches that it is my joy there to have found ! Thus was it with the Paschal lamb. The Jews slew the typical sheep, but to me also is it given to know the worth of the thing typified.
+
  
&quot; One of the soldiers with a spear pierced His Side, and forthwith came thereout Blood and Water.&quot; I would not, O my hearer, that thou shouldest pass by the depths of such a mystery as this without pausing. I have some mystic and hidden words to say. I frave said that that Blood and Water were a figure of Baptism and of the Mysteries [of the Altar.] These are the foundations of the Church, &quot; the washing of regeneration, and re newing of the Holy Ghost.&quot; (Tit. iii.
+
'''Sixth Responsory.'''
  
5.) I say [that the Church is founded in these things, whereof the substance came out of the Redeemer s Side, namely,] in Baptism and the Mysteries [of the Altar.] It was therefore out of the Side of Christ that the Church was created, just as it was out of the side of Adam that Eve was raised up to be his bride. (Gen. ii. 21, 22.) This is the reason why Paul saith, no doubt in allusion to the [bride of the Second Adam, even the Holy Church to which we belong, coming, like the bride of the first Adam, out of the] Side [of her Husband] : &quot; We are members of His Body, [of His Flesh,] and of His bones.&quot; (Eph. v. 30.) For even as God made the woman Eve out of the rib which He had taken out of the side of Adam, so hath Christ made the Church out of the Blood and Water Which He made to flow for us out of His Own Side.
+
4<ref></ref> God commendeth His love toward us, in that, while we were yet sinners, in due time Christ died for us.
 
+
'''Sixth Responsory.'''
+
  
4 God commendeth His love toward us, in that, while we were yet sinners, in due time Christ died for us.
+
''Verse.'' Much more then being now
  
''Verse.'' Much more then being now 1 I.e., probably, as wet from the Eucharistic chalice.
+
1 I.e., probably, as wet from the Eucharistic chalice.
  
 
2 After this comes a passage which I omit, as it relates to a reading in the Gospel of St John, used by St Chrysostorn, but rejected by the present Greek and Latin texts.
 
2 After this comes a passage which I omit, as it relates to a reading in the Gospel of St John, used by St Chrysostorn, but rejected by the present Greek and Latin texts.
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3 i Cor. vi. 20 ; vii. 23. 4 Rom&amp;gt; v&amp;gt; 8&amp;gt; 9&amp;gt; 6.
 
3 i Cor. vi. 20 ; vii. 23. 4 Rom&amp;gt; v&amp;gt; 8&amp;gt; 9&amp;gt; 6.
  
FOURTH WEEK IN LENT. 317 justified by His Blood, we shall be saved from wrath through Him.
+
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
justified by His Blood, we shall be saved from wrath through Him.
  
 
''Answer.'' In that, while we were yet sinners, in due time Christ died for us.
 
''Answer.'' In that, while we were yet sinners, in due time Christ died for us.
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=====THIRD NOCTURN.=====
 
=====THIRD NOCTURN.=====
  
''First Antiphon.'' l Then came JESUS forth, wearing the crown of thorns, and the purple robe. And Pilate saith unto them : Behold the Man ! Ps. Ixxiii. O God, why hast Thou, &c, [(p. 128.)] ''Second Antiphon.'' And He, bearing His Cross, went forth into a place called &quot;the place of a Skull,&quot; where they crucified Him.
+
''First Antiphon.'' l<ref></ref> Then came JESUS forth, wearing the crown of thorns, and the purple robe. And Pilate saith unto them : Behold the Man !
  
Ps. Ixxxvii. O LORD God, &c., (p.
+
'''Ps. lxxiii.''' O God, why hast Thou, &c, [(p. 128.)]
  
I45-) ''Third Antiphon.'' [But] when they [came to JESUS, and] saw that He was dead already, they brake not His Legs ; but one of the soldiers with a spear pierced His Side, and forthwith came thereout Blood and Water.
+
''Second Antiphon.'' And He, bearing His Cross, went forth into a place called &quot;the place of a Skull,&quot; where they crucified Him.
  
Ps. xciii. The LORD God to Whom vengeance, &c., [(p. 147.)] ''Verse.'' 2 Christ loved us ''Answer.'' And washed us from our sins in His Own Blood.
+
'''Ps. lxxxvii.''' O LORD God, &c., (p. 145.)
 +
 
 +
''Third Antiphon.'' [But] when they [came to JESUS, and] saw that He was dead already, they brake not His Legs ; but one of the soldiers with a spear pierced His Side, and forthwith came thereout Blood and Water.
 +
 
 +
'''Ps. xciii.''' The LORD God to Whom vengeance, &c., [(p. 147.)]  
 +
 
 +
''Verse.'' 2<ref></ref> Christ loved us  
 +
 
 +
''Answer.'' And washed us from our sins in His Own Blood.
  
 
'''Seventh Lesson.'''
 
'''Seventh Lesson.'''
  
The Lesson is taken from the Holy Gospel according to John (xix. 29.) AT that time : When JESUS had re ceived the vinegar, He said : It is finished. And He bowed His Head, and gave up the ghost. And so on.
+
The Lesson is taken from the Holy Gospel according to John (xix. 29.)  
 +
 
 +
AT that time : When JESUS had received the vinegar, He said : It is finished. And He bowed His Head, and gave up the ghost. And so on.
 +
 
 +
Homily by St Austin, Bishop [of Hippo.] (''120th Tract on John.'')
 +
 
 +
&quot; One of the soldiers with a spear pierced His Side, and forthwith came thereout Blood and Water.&quot; The Evangelist speaketh carefully. He saith not that he smote the Side, nor yet that he wounded It, nor yet any thing else, but &quot;pierced&quot; &quot;pierced&quot; It, to fling wide the entrance unto life, whence flow the Sacraments of the Church, those Sacraments without which there is no entrance unto the life which is life indeed. That Blood which was shed there was shed for the remission of sins, that Water is the water that mantleth in the cup of salvation. Therein are we washed, and thereof do we drink. Of this was it a type when it was said unto Noah : &quot; The door of the ark shalt thou set in the side thereof . . . and of every living thing of all flesh shalt thou bring into the ark ... to keep them alive.&quot; (Gen. vi. 16, 19.) A figure this of the Church. Thus was it that the first woman was made from the side of her husband while he slept, and she was called [Eve, which is, being interpreted,] &quot;Life,&quot; &quot;because she was the mother of all living.&quot; (Gen. iii. 20.) This name set forth a great good, before it became associ ated with the bitter fruit of a great evil. And here we have the Second Adam bowing His Head, and the deep sleep of death falling upon Him upon the Cross, and He sleepeth, that the Lord God may take a thing out of His side, and may make thereof a wife for Him. O what a death was His, which quickeneth the dead ! What is cleaner than His Blood ? What more health-giving than His wounding ?
 +
 
 +
John xix. 5, 17, 33, 4.
  
Homily by St Austin, Bishop [of Hippo.] (i2o//z Tract on John.} &quot; One of the soldiers with a spear pierced His Side, and forthwith came thereout Blood and Water.&quot; The Evangelist speaketh carefully. He saith not that he smote the Side, nor yet that he wounded It, nor yet any thing else, but &quot;pierced&quot; &quot;pierced&quot; It, to fling wide the entrance unto life, whence flow the Sacraments of the Church, those Sacraments without which there is no entrance unto the life which is life indeed. That Blood which was shed there was shed for the remission of sins, that Water is the water that mantleth in the cup of salvation. Therein are we washed, and thereof do we drink. Of this was it a type when it was said unto Noah : &quot; The door of the ark shalt thou set in the side thereof . . . and of every living thing of all flesh shalt thou bring into the ark ... to keep them alive.&quot; (Gen. vi. 16, 19.) A figure this of the Church. Thus was it that the first woman was made from the side of her husband while he slept, and she was called [Eve, which is, being interpreted,] &quot;Life,&quot; &quot;because she was the mother of all living.&quot; (Gen. iii. 20.) This name set forth a great good, before it became associ ated with the bitter fruit of a great evil. And here we have the Second Adam bowing His Head, and the deep sleep of death falling upon Him upon the Cross, and He sleepeth, that the Lord God may take a thing out of His side, and may make thereof a wife for Him. O what a death was His, which quickeneth the dead ! What is cleaner than His Blood ? What more health-giving than His wounding ? John xix. 5, 17, 33, 4.
 
  
VOL. II.
 
  
 
Apoc. i. 5.
 
Apoc. i. 5.
  
L 2 3*8 THE PROPER OFFICE OF THE SEASON.
+
 
 +
.
  
 
'''Seventh Responsory.'''
 
'''Seventh Responsory.'''
  
1 This is He That came by Water and Blood, even JESUS Christ ; not by Water only, but by Water and Blood.
+
1<ref></ref> This is He That came by Water and Blood, even JESUS Christ ; not by Water only, but by Water and Blood.
  
''Verse.'' 2 In that day there shall be a fountain opened to the house of David and to the inhabitants of Jeru salem, for sin and for uncleanness.
+
''Verse.'' 2<ref></ref> In that day there shall be a fountain opened to the house of David and to the inhabitants of Jerusalem, for sin and for uncleanness.
  
 
''Answer.'' Not by Water only, but by Water and Blood.
 
''Answer.'' Not by Water only, but by Water and Blood.
Line 763: Line 931:
 
'''Eighth Lesson.'''
 
'''Eighth Lesson.'''
  
TV/I&quot; EN were being held bondsmen to the devil, slaves to evil spirits.
+
TV/I&quot; EN were being held bondsmen to the devil, slaves to evil spirits. But they have been redeemed from that bondage. They had been able to sell themselves, but they were not able to redeem themselves. A Redeemer came and paid the price for them. He shed His Blood, and at that cost bought the world. Ye ask what He bought ? Look what He paid, and ye shall see what He bought. Christ s Blood was the price. What is His Blood worth ? What, but the whole world ? What but all men ? They are very unthankful for His redemption, or very proud, who say that It is only precious enough to buy the Africans, or that they themselves are so precious that It was shed only for them. Let there be an end to such conceit, an end to such vain-glory. What He paid, He paid for all.
 
+
But they have been redeemed from that bondage. They had been able to sell themselves, but they were not able to redeem themselves. A Redeemer came and paid the price for them.
+
 
+
He shed His Blood, and at that cost bought the world. Ye ask what He bought ? Look what He paid, and ye shall see what He bought. Christ s Blood was the price. What is His Blood worth ? What, but the whole world ? What but all men ? They are very unthankful for His redemp tion, or very proud, who say that It is only precious enough to buy the Africans, or that they themselves are so precious that It was shed only for them. Let there be an end to such conceit, an end to such vain-glory.
+
 
+
What He paid, He paid for all.
+
  
 
'''Eighth Responsory.'''
 
'''Eighth Responsory.'''
  
3 God hath predestinated us unto the adoption of children by JESUS Christ, in Whom we have redemption through His Blood.
+
3<ref></ref> God hath predestinated us unto the adoption of children by JESUS Christ, in Whom we have redemption through His Blood.
  
''Verse.'' The forgiveness of sins, ac cording to the riches of His g race, wherein He hath abounded toward us.
+
''Verse.'' The forgiveness of sins, ac cording to the riches of His grace, wherein He hath abounded toward us.
  
''Answer.'' In Whom we have re demption through His Blood.
+
''Answer.'' In Whom we have redemption through His Blood.
  
 
''Verse.'' Glory be to the Father, and to the Son, and to the Holy Ghost.
 
''Verse.'' Glory be to the Father, and to the Son, and to the Holy Ghost.
  
''Answer.'' In Whom we have re demption through His Blood.
+
''Answer.'' In Whom we have redemption through His Blood.
  
Ninth Blessing.
+
'''Ninth Blessing.'''
  
May the Gospel s glorious word Cleansing to our souls afford.
+
May the Gospel's glorious word
 +
Cleansing to our souls afford.
  
 
'''Ninth Lesson.'''
 
'''Ninth Lesson.'''
  
The Lesson is taken from the Holy Gospel according to John (xi. i.) A T that time : A certain man was ^^ sick, named Lazarus, of Beth any, the town of Mary, and her sister Martha. And so on.
+
The Lesson is taken from the Holy Gospel according to John (xi. i.)  
  
Homily by St Austin, Bishop [of Hippo.] (49/^ Tract on John.} Ye remember that in our last read ing we learnt how that the Lord &quot; escaped out of the hands &quot; of them which &quot; took up stones to stone Him,&quot; &quot; and went away again beyond Jordan, into the place where John at first baptized.&quot; (John x. 31, 39, 40-) While, then, the Lord still tarried there, Lazarus was sick at Bethany, which was a town near to Jerusalem.
+
A T that time : A certain man was sick, named Lazarus, of Bethany, the town of Mary, and her sister Martha. And so on.
  
&quot;It was that Mary which anointed the Lord with ointment, and wiped His Feet with her hair, whose brother Lazarus was sick. Therefore his sisters sent unto Him.&quot; We know already whither it was that they sent, for we know where JESUS was : &quot; He was gone away again beyond Jordan.&quot; &quot; His sisters sent unto Him, saying : Lord, behold, he whom Thou lovest is sick &quot; in order that, if He so pleased, He might come and free him from his sickness. But JESUS healed not, that He might afterward quicken. What therefore sent his sisters to say ? 1 i John v. 6. &quot; Zech. xiii. i. Eph. i. 5-7- FOURTH WEEK IN LENT. 319 &quot; Lord, behold, he whom Thou lovest is sick&quot; and no more. They said not : &quot; Come : &quot; for JESUS loved him ; and to tell Him that he was sick was enough. They dared not to say : &quot; Come, and heal him : &quot;they dared not to say : &quot; Speak the word where Thou art, and it shall be done here.&quot; And wherefore should they not have said this if they had the faith which won the Centurion so much praise ? He had said : &quot; Lord, I am not worthy that Thou shouldest come under my roof; but speak the word only, and my servant shall be healed.&quot; (Matth. viii. 8.) But they said none of these things, only : &quot; Lord, behold, he whom Thou lovest is sick &quot; &quot; It is enough that Thou shouldest know it : Thou art not one that lovest and leavest.&quot; But some man will say : &quot; How shall Lazarus be a type of the sinner, and yet the Lord so love him ? &quot; Let such an one hear the words of the same Lord, which He said : &quot; I am not come to call the righteous, but sinners.&quot; (Matth. ix. 13.) For if God had not loved sinners, He had not come down from heaven to earth.
+
Homily by St Austin, Bishop [of Hippo.] (''49th Tract on John.'')  
  
&quot;When JP:SUS heard that, He said : This sickness is not unto death, but for the glory of God, that the Son of God might be glorified thereby.&quot; Such a glorification is no increase of majesty for Him, but of profit for us. He therefore meaneth to say : &quot; This sickness is not unto death, but for the working of a miracle, the which being wrought, if men will thereby believe in Christ, they shall escape the real death.&quot; Note especially how the Lord doth in this place declare Himself to be God, as it were by implication, for the sake of some which say that He is not the Son of God.
+
Ye remember that in our last read ing we learnt how that the Lord &quot; escaped out of the hands &quot; of them which &quot; took up stones to stone Him,&quot; &quot; and went away again beyond Jordan, into the place where John at first baptized.&quot; (John x. 31, 39, 40-) While, then, the Lord still tarried there, Lazarus was sick at Bethany, which was a town near to Jerusalem. &quot;It was that Mary which anointed the Lord with ointment, and wiped His Feet with her hair, whose brother Lazarus was sick. Therefore his sisters sent unto Him.&quot; We know already whither it was that they sent, for we know where JESUS was : &quot; He was gone away again beyond Jordan.&quot; &quot; His sisters sent unto Him, saying : Lord, behold, he whom Thou lovest is sick &quot; in order that, if He so pleased, He might come and free him from his sickness. But JESUS healed not, that He might afterward quicken. What therefore sent his sisters to say ?
  
The hymn &quot;We praise Thee, O God, &c.,&quot; is said.
+
1 i John v. 6. &quot; Zech. xiii. i. Eph. i. 5-7-
  
====LAUDS.====1 ''First Antiphon.'' Who are these * that are arrayed in white robes ? And whence came they ? ''Second Antiphon.'' These are they which came out of great tribulation, * and have washed their robes [and made them white] in the Blood of the Lamb.
+
 
 +
 
 +
&quot; Lord, behold, he whom Thou lovest is sick&quot; and no more. They said not : &quot; Come : &quot; for JESUS loved him ; and to tell Him that he was sick was enough. They dared not to say : &quot; Come, and heal him : &quot;they dared not to say : &quot; Speak the word where Thou art, and it shall be done here.&quot; And wherefore should they not have said this if they had the faith which won the Centurion so much praise ? He had said : &quot; Lord, I am not worthy that Thou shouldest come under my roof; but speak the word only, and my servant shall be healed.&quot; (Matth. viii. 8.) But they said none of these things, only : &quot; Lord, behold, he whom Thou lovest is sick &quot; &quot; It is enough that Thou shouldest know it : Thou art not one that lovest and leavest.&quot; But some man will say : &quot; How shall Lazarus be a type of the sinner, and yet the Lord so love him ? &quot; Let such an one hear the words of the same Lord, which He said : &quot; I am not come to call the righteous, but sinners.&quot; (Matth. ix. 13.) For if God had not loved sinners, He had not come down from heaven to earth.  &quot;When JESUS heard that, He said : This sickness is not unto death, but for the glory of God, that the Son of God might be glorified thereby.&quot; Such a glorification is no increase of majesty for Him, but of profit for us. He therefore meaneth to say : &quot; This sickness is not unto death, but for the working of a miracle, the which being wrought, if men will thereby believe in Christ, they shall escape the real death.&quot; Note especially how the Lord doth in this place declare Himself to be God, as it were by implication, for the sake of some which say that He is not the Son of God.
 +
 
 +
''The hymn'' &quot;We praise Thee, O God, &c.,&quot; ''is said.''
 +
 
 +
====LAUDS.====1  
 +
 
 +
''First Antiphon.'' Who are these * that are arrayed in white robes ? And whence came they ?  
 +
 
 +
''Second Antiphon.'' These are they which came out of great tribulation, * and have washed their robes [and made them white] in the Blood of the Lamb.
  
 
''Third Antiphon.'' Therefore are they before the throne of God, * and serve Him day and night.
 
''Third Antiphon.'' Therefore are they before the throne of God, * and serve Him day and night.
Line 807: Line 980:
 
''Fifth Antiphon.'' Blessed are they * that wash their robes in the Blood of the Lamb.
 
''Fifth Antiphon.'' Blessed are they * that wash their robes in the Blood of the Lamb.
  
''Chapter.'' (Heb. ix. n.) &quot;DRETHREN, Christ being come an High Priest of good things to come, by a greater and more perfect tabernacle, not made with hands, that is to say, not of this building ; neither by the blood of goats and calves, but by His Own Blood, He entered in once into the Holy Place, having obtained eternal redemption.
+
''Chapter.'' (Heb. ix. n.)  
  
Hymn? pJJAIL, Holy Wounds of JESUS, hail ! Sweet pledges of the saving Rood ! Whence flow the streams that never fail The purple streams of His dear Blood.
+
&quot;DRETHREN, Christ being come an High Priest of good things to come, by a greater and more perfect tabernacle, not made with hands, that is to say, not of this building ; neither by the blood of goats and calves, but by His Own Blood, He entered in once into the Holy Place, having obtained eternal redemption.
  
Brighter than brightest stars ye show, Than sweetest rose your scent more rare, No Indian gem may match your glow, No honey s taste with yours compare.
+
'''Hymn.''' 2<ref></ref> 
  
Portals are ye to that dear Home, Wherein our wearied souls may hide.
+
pJJAIL, Holy Wounds of JESUS, hail !
 +
Sweet pledges of the saving Rood !
 +
Whence flow the streams that never fail
 +
The purple streams of His dear Blood.
  
Whereto no angry foe can come, The Heart of JESUS Crucified.
+
Brighter than brightest stars ye show,
 +
Than sweetest rose your scent more rare,
 +
No Indian gem may match your glow,
 +
No honey's taste with yours compare.
 +
 
 +
Portals are ye to that dear Home,
 +
Wherein our wearied souls may hide.
 +
Whereto no angry foe can come,  
 +
The Heart of JESUS Crucified.
  
 
1 Antiphons from Apoc. vii. 13-15; xii. n ; xxii. 14.
 
1 Antiphons from Apoc. vii. 13-15; xii. n ; xxii. 14.
Line 821: Line 1,005:
 
2 Translation extracted from the Hymnal Noted.
 
2 Translation extracted from the Hymnal Noted.
  
320 THE PROPER OFFICE OF THE SEASON.
 
  
What countless stripes our JESUS bore, All naked left in Pilate s hall, What copious floods of purple gore Through rents in His torn garments fall.
 
  
His comely brow, O shame and grief, By the sharp thorny crown is riven, Through Hands and Feet, without relief The cruel nails are deeply driven.
+
What countless stripes our JESUS bore,  
 +
All naked left in Pilate's hall,  
 +
What copious floods of purple gore
 +
Through rents in His torn garments fall.
  
But when for our poor sakes He died, A willing Priest, by love subdued, The soldier s spear transfixed His Side Forth flowed the Water and the Blood.
+
His comely brow, O shame and grief,  
 +
By the sharp thorny crown is riven,
 +
Through Hands and Feet, without relief
 +
The cruel nails are deeply driven.
  
Beneath the winepress of God s wrath, To save our souls from endless pains, Still hour by hour His Blood flows forth Till not a single drop remains.
+
But when for our poor sakes He died,
 +
A willing Priest, by love subdued,
 +
The soldier's spear transfixed His Side
 +
Forth flowed the Water and the Blood.
  
Come, bathe you in that healing flood, All ye who mourn with sin opprest, Your only hope in JESUS Blood, His Sacred Heart your only rest.
+
Beneath the winepress of God's wrath,  
 +
To save our souls from endless pains,  
 +
Still hour by hour His Blood flows forth
 +
Till not a single drop remains.
  
All praise to Him, the Eternal Son, At God s right hand enthroned above, Whose Blood the world s redemption won, Whose Spirit seals the gifts of love.
+
Come, bathe you in that healing flood,  
 +
All ye who mourn with sin opprest,  
 +
Your only hope in JESUS Blood,  
 +
His Sacred Heart your only rest.
  
Amen.
+
All praise to Him, the Eternal Son,
 +
At God's right hand enthroned above,
 +
Whose Blood the world's redemption won,
 +
Whose Spirit seals the gifts of love.  Amen.
  
''Verse.'' Being justified by the Blood of Christ ''Answer.'' We shall be saved from wrath through Him.
+
''Verse.'' Being justified by the Blood of Christ  
  
''Antiphon at the Song of Zacharias.''
+
''Answer.'' We shall be saved from wrath through Him.
  
The blood shall be to you for a token, saith the Lord, and when I see the Blood I will pass over you, and the plague shall not be upon you to destroy you.
+
''Antiphon at the Song of Zacharias.''  The blood shall be to you for a token, saith the Lord, and when I see the Blood I will pass over you, and the plague shall not be upon you to destroy you. 1<ref></ref>
  
1 Prayer throughout the Office.
+
''Prayer throughout the Office.''
  
r\ ALMIGHTY and Everlasting ^-^ God, Who hast appointed Thine Only-begotten Son to be the Redeemer of the world, and hast been pleased to be reconciled unto us by His Blood, grant us, we beseech Thee, so to use this solemn worship of the price of our salvation, that the Power thereof may here on earth keep us from all things that may hurt us, and the purchase of the same may gladden us for ever hereafter in Heaven. Who liveth and reigneth with Thee, in the unity of the Holy Ghost, one God, world without end. Amen.
+
r\ ALMIGHTY and Everlasting God, Who hast appointed Thine Only-begotten Son to be the Redeemer of the world, and hast been pleased to be reconciled unto us by His Blood, grant us, we beseech Thee, so to use this solemn worship of the price of our salvation, that the Power thereof may here on earth keep us from all things that may hurt us, and the purchase of the same may gladden us for ever hereafter in Heaven. Who liveth and reigneth with Thee, in the unity of the Holy Ghost, one God, world without end. Amen.
  
Commemoration of the Week-day.
+
''Commemoration of the Week-day.''
  
''Antiphon.'' Our friend Lazarus sleepeth : let us go and awake him out of sleep.
+
''Antiphon.'' Our friend Lazarus sleepeth : let us go and awake him out of sleep. 2<ref></ref>
  
2 ''Verse.'' God hath given His Angels charge over Thee.
+
''Verse.'' God hath given His Angels charge over Thee.
  
 
''Answer.'' To keep Thee in all Thy ways.
 
''Answer.'' To keep Thee in all Thy ways.
  
Prayer.
+
''Prayer.''
 
+
OGOD, who dost quicken the whole world anew by Thine unspeakable Sacraments, grant, we beseech Thee, that Thy Church may both profit by whatsoever Thou hast ordained touching the things which are eternal, nor be comfortless of such help as is needful unto her touching the things which are temporal.
+
  
Through our Lord JESUS Christ Thy Son, Who liveth and reigneth with Thee, in the unity of the Holy Ghost, one God, world without end. Amen.
+
OGOD, who dost quicken the whole world anew by Thine unspeakable Sacraments, grant, we beseech Thee, that Thy Church may both profit by whatsoever Thou hast ordained touching the things which are eternal, nor be comfortless of such help as is needful unto her touching the things which are temporal.  Through our Lord JESUS Christ Thy Son, Who liveth and reigneth with Thee, in the unity of the Holy Ghost, one God, world without end. Amen.
  
 
====PRIME.====
 
====PRIME.====
  
''Antiphon.'' Who are these, &c., (First Antiphon at Lauds.} Ps. liii. and the two first sections of cxviii. In the Short Responsory, instead of &quot;Thou That sittest, c.,&quot; is said, ''Verse.'' Thou That hast redeemed us by Thy Blood.
+
''Antiphon.'' Who are these, &c., (''First Antiphon at Lauds.'')
  
2 A curious divergence from the words of the inspired text, which are : &quot;I go, that 1 may awake him, &c.&quot; FOURTH WEEK IN LENT. 3 2I Chapter, (Heb. ix. 19.) JV/TOSES took the blood of calves and of goats, with water, and scarlet wool, and hyssop, and sprinkled both the book, and all the people, saying : This is the blood of the Testament which God hath enjoined unto you.
+
'''''Ps. liii.''' and the two first sections of '''cxviii.'''''
 +
 
 +
''In the Short Responsory, instead of'' &quot;Thou That sittest, c.,&quot; ''is said,''
 +
 
 +
''Verse.'' Thou That hast redeemed us by Thy Blood.
 +
 
 +
2 A curious divergence from the words of the inspired text, which are : &quot;I go, that 1 may awake him, &c.&quot;  
 +
 
 +
''Chapter,'' (Heb. ix. 19.)  
 +
 
 +
JV/TOSES took the blood of calves and of goats, with water, and scarlet wool, and hyssop, and sprinkled both the book, and all the people, saying : This is the blood of the Testament which God hath enjoined unto you.
  
 
====TERCE.====
 
====TERCE.====
  
''Antiphon.'' These are they, &c., {Second Antiphon at Lauds.} Chapterfrom Lauds.
+
''Antiphon.'' These are they, &c., (''Second Antiphon at Lauds.'')
 +
 
 +
''Chapter from Lauds.''
  
 
'''Short Responsory.'''
 
'''Short Responsory.'''
Line 885: Line 1,095:
 
''Answer.'' Lord, Thou hast redeemed us by Thy Blood.
 
''Answer.'' Lord, Thou hast redeemed us by Thy Blood.
  
''Verse.'' The Blood of JESUS Christ, the Son of God ''Answer.'' Cleanseth us from all sin.
+
''Verse.'' The Blood of JESUS Christ, the Son of God  
 +
 
 +
''Answer.'' Cleanseth us from all sin.
  
 
====SEXT.====
 
====SEXT.====
  
''Antiphon.'' Therefore are they, &c., (Third Antiphon at Lauds,} ''Chapter.'' (Heb. ix. 13.) I F the blood of bulls and of goats, and the ashes of an heifer, sprinkling the unclean sanctifieth to the purifying of the flesh, how much more shall the Blood of Christ, Who through the Holy Spirit offered Himself without spot to God, purge our conscience from dead works, to serve the living God? '''Short Responsory.'''
+
''Antiphon.'' Therefore are they, &c., (''Third Antiphon at Lauds.'')
 +
 
 +
''Chapter.'' (Heb. ix. 13.)  
 +
 
 +
I F the blood of bulls and of goats, and the ashes of an heifer, sprinkling the unclean sanctifieth to the purifying of the flesh, how much more shall the Blood of Christ, Who through the Holy Spirit offered Himself without spot to God, purge our conscience from dead works, to serve the living God?  
 +
 
 +
'''Short Responsory.'''
  
 
The Blood of JESUS Christ, the Son of God, cleanseth us.
 
The Blood of JESUS Christ, the Son of God, cleanseth us.
Line 903: Line 1,121:
 
''Answer.'' The Blood of JESUS Christ, the Son of God, cleanseth us.
 
''Answer.'' The Blood of JESUS Christ, the Son of God, cleanseth us.
  
''Verse.'' Christ loved us ''Answer.'' And washed us from our sins in His Own Blood.
+
''Verse.'' Christ loved us  
 +
 
 +
''Answer.'' And washed us from our sins in His Own Blood.
  
 
====NONE.====
 
====NONE.====
  
''Antiphon.'' Blessed are they, &c., (Fifth Antiphon at Lauds. ) Chapter as at the end of Prime.
+
''Antiphon.'' Blessed are they, &c., (''Fifth Antiphon at Lauds.'')  
 +
 
 +
''Chapter as at the end of Prime.''
  
 
'''Short Responsory.'''
 
'''Short Responsory.'''
Line 923: Line 1,145:
 
''Answer.'' Christ loved us, and washed us from our sins in His Own Blood.
 
''Answer.'' Christ loved us, and washed us from our sins in His Own Blood.
  
''Verse.'' Being justified by the Blood of Christ, ''Answer.'' We shall be saved from wrath through Him.
+
''Verse.'' Being justified by the Blood of Christ,  
 +
 
 +
''Answer.'' We shall be saved from wrath through Him.
  
 
====SECOND VESPERS.====
 
====SECOND VESPERS.====
  
Same as the First except the follow ing.
+
''Same as the First except the following.''
  
322 THE PROPER OFFICE OF THE SEASON.
+
''Last Psalm.''
  
Last Psalm.
+
'''Ps. cxlvii.''' Praise the LORD, O Jerusalem, &c., [(p. 203.)]
  
Ps. cxlvii. Praise the LORD, O Jerusalem, &c., [(p. 203.)] ''Verse.'' We pray Thee therefore, help Thy servants.
+
''Verse.'' We pray Thee therefore, help Thy servants.
  
 
''Answer.'' Whom Thou hast re deemed by Thy Precious Blood.
 
''Answer.'' Whom Thou hast re deemed by Thy Precious Blood.
  
Antiphon at the Song of the Blessed Virgin. This day shall be unto you for a memorial, and ye shall keep it a Feast to the Lord throughout your generations ; ye shall keep it a Feast by an ordinance for ever.
+
''Antiphon at the Song of the Blessed Virgin.'' This day shall be unto you for a memorial, and ye shall keep it a Feast to the Lord throughout your generations ; ye shall keep it a Feast by an ordinance for ever.
  
Com7iiemoratioji of the Week-day.
+
''Commemoration of the Week-day.''
  
 
''Antiphon.'' Lord, if Thou hadst been here, Lazarus had not died ; be hold, by this time he stinketh, for he hath lain in the grave four days al ready.
 
''Antiphon.'' Lord, if Thou hadst been here, Lazarus had not died ; be hold, by this time he stinketh, for he hath lain in the grave four days al ready.
Line 947: Line 1,171:
 
''Answer.'' To keep Thee in all Thy ways.
 
''Answer.'' To keep Thee in all Thy ways.
  
Prayer.
+
''Prayer.''
  
 
/^RANT, we beseech Thee, O Almighty God, unto all us who know that we are weak, and who trust in Thee, because we know that Thou art strong, the gladsome help of Thy loving-kindness, both here in time and hereafter in eternity. Through our Lord JESUS Christ Thy Son, Who liveth and reigneth with Thee, in the unity of the Holy Ghost, one God, world without end. Amen.
 
/^RANT, we beseech Thee, O Almighty God, unto all us who know that we are weak, and who trust in Thee, because we know that Thou art strong, the gladsome help of Thy loving-kindness, both here in time and hereafter in eternity. Through our Lord JESUS Christ Thy Son, Who liveth and reigneth with Thee, in the unity of the Holy Ghost, one God, world without end. Amen.
 +
 +
==Saturday.==
  
 
The Sabbath.
 
The Sabbath.
Line 955: Line 1,181:
 
====MATTINS.====
 
====MATTINS.====
  
Hymn as on the First Sunday, (p.
+
''Hymn as on the First Sunday, (p. 228.)''
  
228.) '''First Lesson.'''
+
'''First Lesson.'''
  
The Lesson is taken from the Holy Gospel according to John (viii. 12.) A T that time : JESUS spake unto the rr~ multitudes of the Jews, saying ; I am the Light of the world : He that followeth Me, walketh not in dark ness ; but shall have the Light of life.
+
The Lesson is taken from the Holy Gospel according to John (viii. 12.)  
  
And so on.
+
A T that time : JESUS spake unto the rr~ multitudes of the Jews, saying ; I am the Light of the world : He that followeth Me, walketh not in dark ness ; but shall have the Light of life.  And so on.
  
Homily on this passage by St Austin, Bishop [of Hippo.] (34^ Tract o?i John.} I take it that these words of the Lord &quot; I am the Light of the world &quot; are sufficiently clear to all men who have eyes which see that Light. At the same time, such men as have no eyes except those which are in their bodies, are surprised to find our Lord JESUS Christ saying, &quot; I am the Light of the world.&quot; And that we might not want somebody to say, &quot;Is our Lord JESUS Christ, then, the same sun that riseth and setteth every day ? &quot; there have actually been heretics who did say it. The Manichaeans believed that that sun which we see \vith our bodily eyes, and to see which is plain and common to beasts as well as men, was the Lord Christ.
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Homily on this passage by St Austin, Bishop [of Hippo.] (''34th Tract on John.'')
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I take it that these words of the Lord &quot; I am the Light of the world &quot; are sufficiently clear to all men who have eyes which see that Light. At the same time, such men as have no eyes except those which are in their bodies, are surprised to find our Lord JESUS Christ saying, &quot; I am the Light of the world.&quot; And that we might not want somebody to say, &quot;Is our Lord JESUS Christ, then, the same sun that riseth and setteth every day ? &quot; there have actually been heretics who did say it. The Manichaeans believed that that sun which we see with our bodily eyes, and to see which is plain and common to beasts as well as men, was the Lord Christ.
  
 
'''First Responsory.'''
 
'''First Responsory.'''
  
After that the Lord, &c., [(p. 302.)] '''Second Lesson.'''
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After that the Lord, &c., [(p. 302.)]  
  
T)UT the right faith of the Catholic Church damneth such comment, and recogniseth in it a doctrine of devils. And as it is her practice not only to brand errors by the difference of her own Creed, but also to remove them, if possible, by dint of argument, let us take up arms against this false hood, which hath from the very begin ning been the object of the curse of FOURTH WEEK IN LENT.
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'''Second Lesson.'''
  
the Holy Church. God forbid that we should believe that our Lord JESUS Christ is this sun whose apparent movement is to rise every day in the East, and set every day in the West ; which when we see no more, night cometh over us ; and whose rays are sometimes intercepted by clouds : and which hath some law of motion of its own whereby it describeth an orbit. 1 The planet is not the same thing as our Lord JESUS Christ. Our Lord JESUS Christ is not that created sun, but He by Whom that sun was created ; for &quot; all things were made by Him, and without Him was not anything made that was made.&quot; (John i. 3-) '''Second Responsory.'''
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T)UT the right faith of the Catholic Church damneth such comment, and recogniseth in it a doctrine of devils. And as it is her practice not only to brand errors by the difference of her own Creed, but also to remove them, if possible, by dint of argument, let us take up arms against this false hood, which hath from the very beginning been the object of the curse of the Holy Church. God forbid that we should believe that our Lord JESUS Christ is this sun whose apparent movement is to rise every day in the East, and set every day in the West ; which when we see no more, night cometh over us ; and whose rays are sometimes intercepted by clouds : and which hath some law of motion of its own whereby it describeth an orbit. 1<ref></ref> The planet is not the same thing as our Lord JESUS Christ. Our Lord JESUS Christ is not that created sun, but He by Whom that sun was created ; for &quot; all things were made by Him, and without Him was not anything made that was made.&quot; (John i. 3.)
  
Behold I send, &c., [(p. 302.)] '''Third Lesson.'''
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'''Second Responsory.'''
  
T T E is therefore the Light by Whom the material light was made.
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Behold I send, &c., [(p. 302.)]
  
Him may we love, Him may we long to know, Him may we thirst after ; to Him may His own beams one day lead us, and in Him may we so live that we shall never die ! For He, even He, and none other, He is that Light, of Whom the Prophet that was given of old time sang in the Psalms, when he said : &quot; For with Thee is the fountain of life, and in Thy Light shall we see light.&quot; (Ps. xxxv. 10.) Re member ye likewise what the word of God s ancient saints saith of such Light : &quot; O LORD, Thou preservest man and beast -How excellent is Thy loving-kindness, O God!&quot; (7, 8.) '''Third Responsory.'''
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'''Third Lesson.'''
  
Give ear, &c., [(p. 302.)] ====LAUDS.====
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T T E is therefore the Light by Whom the material light was made.  Him may we love, Him may we long to know, Him may we thirst after ; to Him may His own beams one day lead us, and in Him may we so live that we shall never die ! For He, even He, and none other, He is that Light, of Whom the Prophet that was given of old time sang in the Psalms, when he said : &quot; For with Thee is the fountain of life, and in Thy Light shall we see light.&quot; (Ps. xxxv. 10.) Re member ye likewise what the word of God's ancient saints saith of such Light : &quot; O LORD, Thou preservest man and beast -How excellent is Thy loving-kindness, O God!&quot; (7, 8.)
  
Chapter from Isa. Iviii. i, as on the First Monday, [(p. 235.)] Hymn and Verse and Answer as on the First Sunday, [(p. 233.)] ''Antiphon at the Song of Zacharias.''
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'''Third Responsory.'''
  
Thus saith the Lord : * He that fol ioweth Me walketh not in darkness, but shall have the Light of life.
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Give ear, &c., [(p. 302.)]
  
Prayer.
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====LAUDS.====
  
r\ LORD, we pray Thee, that Thy ^-^^ grace may make fruitful the toil of this our godly exercise, since it shall nothing avail us to have fasted, if our Fast be not pleasing in Thy most gra cious sight. Through our Lord JESUS Christ Thy Son, Who liveth and reigneth with Thee, in the unity of the Holy Ghost, one God, world without end.
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''Chapter from'' Isa. lviii. i, ''as on the First Monday, [(p. 235.)]''
  
Amen.
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''Hymn and Verse and Answer as on the First Sunday, [(p. 233.)]''
  
The same Prayer at Terce, Sext, and None.
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''Antiphon at the Song of Zacharias.''  Thus saith the Lord : * He that followeth Me walketh not in darkness, but shall have the Light of life.
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''Prayer.''
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r\ LORD, we pray Thee, that Thy ^-^^ grace may make fruitful the toil of this our godly exercise, since it shall nothing avail us to have fasted, if our Fast be not pleasing in Thy most gra cious sight. Through our Lord JESUS Christ Thy Son, Who liveth and reigneth with Thee, in the unity of the Holy Ghost, one God, world without end.  Amen.
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''The same Prayer at Terce, Sext, and None.''
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''Before Vespers all Crosses, images, and pictures are covered with purple veils.'' 2<ref></ref>
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====VESPERS.====
  
Before Vespers all Crosses, images, and pictures are covered with ptirple veils* ====VESPERS.====
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''From these Vespers till the Vespers of Low Sunday, both inclusive, the Week-day Commemoration of the Cross is not made, and at and after the Lauds of the Monday in Low Week it is made in the manner peculiar to Easter-tide till the Lauds of the Eve of the Ascen-
  
From these Vespers till the Vespers of Low Sunday, both inclusive, the Week-day Commemoration of the Cross is not made, and at and after the Lauds of the Monday in Low Week it is made in the manner peculiar to Easter-tide till the Lauds of the Eve of the Ascen- 1 Modern astronomers believe the centre of its orbit to be a star (Alcyone) in the constellation Pleiades.
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1 Modern astronomers believe the centre of its orbit to be a star (Alcyone) in the constellation Pleiades.
  
 
2 The extremely sorrowful tone of the Church throughout the early part of the month Nisan, (and that Passiontide is to be so translated is evident from the First Responsory on Passion Sunday,) is not explained by any custom of the Synagogue, and is perhaps intended in honour of our Lord s last sojourn in Judaea, during which the plots for His death were in development.
 
2 The extremely sorrowful tone of the Church throughout the early part of the month Nisan, (and that Passiontide is to be so translated is evident from the First Responsory on Passion Sunday,) is not explained by any custom of the Synagogue, and is perhaps intended in honour of our Lord s last sojourn in Judaea, during which the plots for His death were in development.
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He seems, from the Gospel and tradition, to have arrived at Bethany, from the neighbourhood of Jordan, on the Friday, and the Church, in deference to the &quot; Day of Delight,&quot; postpones her commemoration of these woeful days till the close of the Sabbath which began on Friday evening, and during which He rested with those He loved, the last Sabbath but one before His death.
 
He seems, from the Gospel and tradition, to have arrived at Bethany, from the neighbourhood of Jordan, on the Friday, and the Church, in deference to the &quot; Day of Delight,&quot; postpones her commemoration of these woeful days till the close of the Sabbath which began on Friday evening, and during which He rested with those He loved, the last Sabbath but one before His death.
  
324 THE PROPER OFFICE OF THE SEASON.
 
  
sion, inclusive, save on Doubles and days within an Octave. Likewise, from these Vespers inclusive, till Lauds of the Monday after Trinity Sunday exclusive, the Common Commemora tions of the Blessed Virgin Mary, of St Joseph, of the Holy Apostles Peter and Paul, of the local Patron, andfor Peace are omitted.
 
  
Chapter and Prayerfrom the follow ing Lauds.
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sion, inclusive, save on Doubles and days within an Octave. Likewise, from these Vespers inclusive, till Lauds of the Monday after Trinity Sunday exclusive, the Common Commemora tions of the Blessed Virgin Mary, of St Joseph, of the Holy Apostles Peter and Paul, of the local Patron, and for Peace are omitted.''
  
'''Hymn.'''1 *T^HE Royal Banners forward go ; The Cross shines forth in mystic glow, Where Life for sinners death endured, And life by death for man procured.
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''Chapter and Prayerfrom the following Lauds.''
  
Where deep for us the spear was dy d, Life s torrent rushing from His Side, To wash us in that precious flood Where, mingled, Water flowed, and Blood.
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'''Hymn.''' 1<ref></ref>
  
Fulfilled is all that David told In true Prophetic song of old ; &quot;Amidst the nations, God/ saith he, &quot;Hath reigned and triumphed from the Tree.&quot; 2 O Tree of Beauty ! Tree of Light ! O Tree with Royal Purple dight ! Elect on whose triumphal breast Those holy Limbs should find their rest ! On whose dear arms, so widely flung, The weight of this world s ransom hung : The price of human kind to pay, And spoil the spoiler of his prey.
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T^HE Royal Banners forward go ;  
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The Cross shines forth in mystic glow,  
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Where Life for sinners death endured,  
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And life by death for man procured.
  
3 O Cross, our one reliance, hail ! This holy Passiontide, avail To give fresh merit to the Saint, And pardon to the penitent.
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Where deep for us the spear was dy'd,  
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Life's torrent rushing from His Side,  
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To wash us in that precious flood
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Where, mingled, Water flowed, and Blood.
  
To Thee, Eternal Three in One, Let homage meet by all be done ; Whom by the Cross Thou dost restore, Preserve and govern evermore. Amen.
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Fulfilled is all that David told
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In true Prophetic song of old ;
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&quot;Amidst the nations, God, saith he, &quot;
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&quot;Hath reigned and triumphed from the Tree.&quot; 2<ref></ref>
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O Tree of Beauty ! Tree of Light !
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O Tree with Royal Purple dight !
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Elect on whose triumphal breast
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Those holy Limbs should find their rest !
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On whose dear arms, so widely flung,
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The weight of this world's ransom hung :
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The price of human kind to pay,
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And spoil the spoiler of his prey.
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3<ref></ref> O Cross, our one reliance, hail !
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This holy Passiontide, avail
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To give fresh merit to the Saint,
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And pardon to the penitent.
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To Thee, Eternal Three in One,  
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Let homage meet by all be done ;  
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Whom by the Cross Thou dost restore,  
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Preserve and govern evermore. Amen.
  
 
''Verse.'' Deliver me, O LORD, from the evil man.
 
''Verse.'' Deliver me, O LORD, from the evil man.
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''Answer.'' Preserve me from the wicked man.
 
''Answer.'' Preserve me from the wicked man.
  
Antiphon at the Song of the Blessed Virgin. I am One * That bear wit ness of Myself, and the Father That sent Me beareth witness of Me.
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''Antiphon at the Song of the Blessed Virgin.'' I am One * That bear wit ness of Myself, and the Father That sent Me beareth witness of Me.
  
COMPLINE.
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====COMPLINE.====
  
Note that the Verse, &quot; Glory be to the Father, and to the Son, and to the Holy Ghost,&quot; is omitted in the Short Responsory, and is not said again ex cept on Festivals, till the Saturday evening before Low Sunday. Also that the same change is made in all the other Short Responsories, viz., those at Prime, Terce, Sext, and None, till Low Sunday. The Responsory there fore runs as follows : Into Thy hands, O Lord, I com mend my spirit.
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''Note that the Verse,'' &quot; Glory be to the Father, and to the Son, and to the Holy Ghost,&quot; ''is omitted in the Short Responsory, and is not said again except on Festivals, till the Saturday evening before Low Sunday. Also that the same change is made in all the other Short Responsories, viz., those at Prime, Terce, Sext, and None, till Low Sunday. The Responsory there fore runs as follows :''
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Into Thy hands, O Lord, I com mend my spirit.
  
 
''Answer.'' Into Thy hands, O Lord, I commend my spirit.
 
''Answer.'' Into Thy hands, O Lord, I commend my spirit.
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''Verse.'' Thou hast redeemed us, O LORD God of truth.
 
''Verse.'' Thou hast redeemed us, O LORD God of truth.
  
''Answer.'' I commend my spirit.
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''Answer.'' I commend my spirit. Into Thy hands, O Lord, I commend my spirit.
 
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Into Thy hands, O Lord, I commend my spirit.
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''Verse.'' Keep us, O Lord, as the apple of the eye.
 
''Verse.'' Keep us, O Lord, as the apple of the eye.
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''Answer.'' Hide us under the shadow of Thy wings.
 
''Answer.'' Hide us under the shadow of Thy wings.
  
And it is thus said daily until Maundy - Thursday, exclusive, except on Festivals, when it is said as usual.
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''And it is thus said daily until Maundy-Thursday, exclusive, except on Festivals, when it is said as usual.''
  
 
1 Translation by the late Rev. Dr Neale. It was composed by Venantius Fortunatus, Bishop of Poictiers, (whose life extended from A.D. 530 to 609,) on occasion of the reception of certain Reliques by St Gregory of Tours and St Radegund, previously to the consecration of a Church at Poictiers. It is therefore strictly and primarily a processional hymn. (Neale s Mediaeval Hymns, i, 6.) *2 . So-called Italic for Ps. xcv. 10.
 
1 Translation by the late Rev. Dr Neale. It was composed by Venantius Fortunatus, Bishop of Poictiers, (whose life extended from A.D. 530 to 609,) on occasion of the reception of certain Reliques by St Gregory of Tours and St Radegund, previously to the consecration of a Church at Poictiers. It is therefore strictly and primarily a processional hymn. (Neale s Mediaeval Hymns, i, 6.) *2 . So-called Italic for Ps. xcv. 10.

Revision as of 13:10, 14 November 2014