Difference between revisions of "Trent:Second Week After Pentecost"

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(Created page with " SecotxtJ Suntia2 after '^tnttcost. T/ie Lord^s Day within the Octave of the Body of Christ. Semidouble. All as on the Feast., except that the Antiphons are not doubled., a...")
 
(FIRST NOCTURN.)
 
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== Second Sunday after Pentecost. ==
  
SecotxtJ Suntia2 after '^tnttcost.
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=== The Lord's Day within the Octave of the Body of Christ. ===
  
T/ie Lord^s Day within the Octave of the Body of Christ.
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''Semidouble.''
  
Semidouble.
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''All as on the Feast, except that the Antiphons are not doubled, and the following.''
 
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All as on the Feast., except that the Antiphons are not doubled., and the following.
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=====FIRST NOCTURN.=====
 
=====FIRST NOCTURN.=====
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'''First Lesson.'''
 
'''First Lesson.'''
  
The Lesson is taken from the First Book of Kings (iv. i.) A ND it came to pass in those days ^^ that the Philistines gathered themselves together to battle. And Israel went out against the Philistines •to battle, and pitched beside the Stoneof- help.i And the Philistines came to Aphek, and put themselves in array against Israel. And when they joined battle, Israel fled before the Philistines, and there were smitten in the field in that battle about four thousand men.
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The Lesson is taken from the First Book of Kings (iv. i.)  
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<span class="dropcap">A</span>ND it came to pass in those days that the Philistines gathered themselves together to battle. And Israel went out against the Philistines to battle, and pitched beside the Stone-of-help. <ref>Viz., near the place where was afterwards erected a "standing stone" so named, between Mizpeh and Shen. See vii. 1-12.</ref> And the Philistines came to Aphek, and put themselves in array against Israel. And when they joined battle, Israel fled before the Philistines, and there were smitten in the field in that battle about four thousand men.
  
 
And when the people were come into the camp, the elders of Israel said : Wherefore hath the LORD smitten us to-day before the Philistines ? Let us fetch the Ark of the covenant of the Lord out of Shiloh unto us, that, when it cometh among us, it may save us out of the hand of our enemies.
 
And when the people were come into the camp, the elders of Israel said : Wherefore hath the LORD smitten us to-day before the Philistines ? Let us fetch the Ark of the covenant of the Lord out of Shiloh unto us, that, when it cometh among us, it may save us out of the hand of our enemies.
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'''Second Lesson.'''
 
'''Second Lesson.'''
  
OO the people sent to Shiloh and took from thence the Ark of the covenant of the Lord of hosts, Which dwelleth between the Cherubim : ^ and the two sons of Eli, Hophni and Phinehas, were with the Ark of the covenant of God. And when the Ark of the covenant of the LORD came into the camp, all Israel shouted with a great shout, so that the earth rang again. And when the Philistines heard the noise of the shout, they said : What meaneth the noise of this great shout in the camp of the Hebrews ? And they understood that the Ark of the LORD was come into the camp.
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<span class="dropcap">S</span>O the people sent to Shiloh and took from thence the Ark of the covenant of the Lord of hosts, Which dwelleth between the Cherubim : <ref>An allusion, if not a reference, to the two figures of these creatures, made of wood plated with gold, which were on the top of the ark, overshadowing the mercy-seat with their wings.  See Exod. xxv. 10-22.</ref> and the two sons of Eli, Hophni and Phinehas, were with the Ark of the covenant of God. And when the Ark of the covenant of the LORD came into the camp, all Israel shouted with a great shout, so that the earth rang again. And when the Philistines heard the noise of the shout, they said : What meaneth the noise of this great shout in the camp of the Hebrews ? And they understood that the Ark of the LORD was come into the camp.
  
 
'''Third Lesson.'''
 
'''Third Lesson.'''
  
AND the Philistines were afraid, for '^^ they said : God is come into the camp. And they groaned and said : Woe unto us ! for there hath not been such a shouting yesterday or the day before. Woe unto us ! who shall deliver us out of the hand of these mighty gods ? These are the gods that smote the Egyptians with all the plagues in the wilderness. Be strong, and quit yourselves like men, O ye Philistines ! that ye be not servants unto the Hebrews, as they have been to you : quit yourselves like men, and fight. And the Philistines fought, and Israel was smitten, and they fled every man into his tent ; and there was a very great slaughter, for there fell of Israel thirty thousand footmen.
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<span class="dropcap">A</span>ND the Philistines were afraid, for they said : God is come into the camp. And they groaned and said : Woe unto us ! for there hath not been such a shouting yesterday or the day before. Woe unto us ! who shall deliver us out of the hand of these mighty gods ? These are the gods that smote the Egyptians with all the plagues in the wilderness. Be strong, and quit yourselves like men, O ye Philistines ! that ye be not servants unto the Hebrews, as they have been to you : quit yourselves like men, and fight. And the Philistines fought, and Israel was smitten, and they fled every man into his tent ; and there was a very great slaughter, for there fell of Israel thirty thousand footmen.
  
And the Ark of God was taken : and the two sons of Eli, Hophni and Phinehas, were slain.
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And the Ark of God was taken : and the two sons of Eli, Hophni and Phinehas, were slain. <ref>The narrative continues how that a man " with his clothes rent, and with earth upon his head," came and told Eli at Shiloh : " ' Israel is fled before the Philistines—and there hath been also a great slaughter among the people—and thy two sons also, Hophni and Phinehas, are dead —and the Ark of God is taken.—' And .... when he made mention of the Ark of God, [Eli] fell from off his seat backward, by the side of the gate ; and his neck brake, and he died." </ref>
  
^ =====SECOND NOCTURN.=====
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=====SECOND NOCTURN.=====
  
{Read iii the Votive Office in March and April. ) 1 Viz., near the place where was afterwards erected a "standing stone" so named, between Mizpeh and Shen. See vii. 1-12.
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(''Read in the Votive Office in March and April.'')  
  
2 An allusion, if not a reference, to the two figures of these creatures, made of wood plated with gold, which were on the top of the ark, overshadowing the mercy-seat with their wings.
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'''Fourth Lesson.'''
  
See Exod. xxv. TO-22.
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The Lesson is taken from the Sermons of St John Chrysostom [Patriarch of Constantinople.] (''6oth Homily to the people of Antioch.'')
  
3 The narrative continues how that a man " with his clothes rent, and with earth upon his head," came and told Eli at Shiloh : " ' Israel is fled before the Phihstines—and there hath been also a great slaughter among the people—and thy two sons also, Hophni and Phinehas, are dead —and the Ark of God is taken.—' And .... when he made mention of the Ark of God, [Eli] fell from off his seat backward, by the side of the gate ; and his neck brake, and he died." WITHIN THE OCTAVE OF CORPUS CHRISTI. 243 Fourth Lesso7t.
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<span class="dropcap">T</span>HE Word saith: "This is My Body." This we confess, and believe, and, with spiritual eyes, do see. Christ hath not left unto us Himself in such form as that we can see, hear, touch, smell, or taste Him ; and yet hath He left Himself unto us in things which we can see, hear, touch, smell, and taste, and which all men may understand. Thus also is it in baptism ; by mean of water, which men perceive outwardly, is given unto them a gift which they can grasp only inwardly, that is, a new birth.
 
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The Lesson is taken from the Sermons of St John Chrysostom [Patriarch of Constantinople.] (6o//^ Homily to the people of Antioch.) n^HE Word saith: "This is My Body." This we confess, and beheve, and, with spiritual eyes, do see. Christ hath not left unto us Himself in such form as that we can see, hear, touch, smell, or taste Him ; and )^et hath He left Himself unto us in things which we can see, hear, touch, smell, and taste, and which all men may understand. Thus also is it in baptism ; by mean of water, which men perceive outwardly, is given unto them a gift which they can grasp only inwardly, that is, a new birth.
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If we had no bodies, then would these things be given us without any outward and visible signs, but since we are here made up of souls and bodies, there are given unto our souls gifts which they can grasp, in outward signs which our bodies may perceive. How many there be which say : I would that I could see His comely presence.
 
If we had no bodies, then would these things be given us without any outward and visible signs, but since we are here made up of souls and bodies, there are given unto our souls gifts which they can grasp, in outward signs which our bodies may perceive. How many there be which say : I would that I could see His comely presence.
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'''Fifth Lesson.'''
 
'''Fifth Lesson.'''
  
n^O this table of the Lord let none dare to draw near with squeamishness or carelessness. Let all be fiery, all hot, all roused. To the Jews it was commanded touching the Paschal lamb, (Exod. xii. 11): " And thus shall ye eat it ; with your loins girded, your shoes on your feet, and your staff in your hand ; and ye shall eat it in haste ; it is the Lord's Passover." But thou needest to be more watchful than they. They were just about to travel from Egypt to Palestine, and therefore they bore the guise of travellers ; but the journey that lieth before thee is from earth to heaven.
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<span class="dropcap">T</span>O this table of the Lord let none dare to draw near with squeamishness or carelessness. Let all be fiery, all hot, all roused. To the Jews it was commanded touching the Paschal lamb, (Exod. xii. 11): " And thus shall ye eat it ; with your loins girded, your shoes on your feet, and your staff in your hand ; and ye shall eat it in haste ; it is the Lord's Passover." But thou needest to be more watchful than they. They were just about to travel from Egypt to Palestine, and therefore they bore the guise of travellers ; but the journey that lieth before thee is from earth to heaven.
  
 
And therefore it behoveth thee in all things to be on thy guard, for the punishment of him that eateth or drinketh unworthily is no light one (i Cor. xi. 27.) Bethink thee how thou art indignant against him which betrayed, and them that crucified the Lord ; and look to it well that thou also be not "Guilty of the Body and Blood of the Lord." As for them, they slew His Most Holy Body ; but thou, after all that He hath done for thee, dost thrust Him into thy polluted soul. For His love, it was not enough to be made Man, to be buffeted, and to be crucified ; He hath also mingled Himself with us, by making us His Body, and that not by faith only, but verily and indeed.
 
And therefore it behoveth thee in all things to be on thy guard, for the punishment of him that eateth or drinketh unworthily is no light one (i Cor. xi. 27.) Bethink thee how thou art indignant against him which betrayed, and them that crucified the Lord ; and look to it well that thou also be not "Guilty of the Body and Blood of the Lord." As for them, they slew His Most Holy Body ; but thou, after all that He hath done for thee, dost thrust Him into thy polluted soul. For His love, it was not enough to be made Man, to be buffeted, and to be crucified ; He hath also mingled Himself with us, by making us His Body, and that not by faith only, but verily and indeed.
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'''Sixth Lesson.'''
 
'''Sixth Lesson.'''
  
/"^AN anything be purer than that man ought to be, who eateth of this great Sacrifice ? Can sun-beam be clearer than that hand ought to be which breaketh this Flesh ?—that mouth, which is filled with that spiritual fire ?—that tongue, which is reddened by that Blood, awful exceedingly ? That whereon the Angels quail to look, neither dare to gaze steadfastly upon It, because of the blinding glory that shineth therefrom, upon This we feed, with This we become one, and are made one body of Christ, and one flesh. "Who can utter the mighty acts of the Lord ? who can show forth all His praise?" (Ps. cv. 2.) Where is the shepherd which feedeth his flock with his own blood ? Nay, why should I say, shepherd ? Many 244 THE PROPER OFFICE OF THE SEASON.
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<span class="dropcap">C</span>AN anything be purer than that man ought to be, who eateth of this great Sacrifice ? Can sun-beam be clearer than that hand ought to be which breaketh this Flesh ? — that mouth, which is filled with that spiritual fire ?—that tongue, which is reddened by that Blood, awful exceedingly ? That whereon the Angels quail to look, neither dare to gaze steadfastly upon It, because of the blinding glory that shineth therefrom, upon This we feed, with This we become one, and are made one body of Christ, and one flesh. "Who can utter the mighty acts of the Lord ? who can show forth all His praise?" (Ps. cv. 2.) Where is the shepherd which feedeth his flock with his own blood ? Nay, why should I say, shepherd ? Many mothers there be, who after all the pains of travail, give their own little ones to strangers to nurse. But so would not He, but feedeth us with His Own Blood, and maketh us to grow up in His Own substance.
 
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mothers there be, who after all the pains of travail, give their own little ones to strangers to nurse. But so would not He, but feedeth us with His Own Blood, and maketh us to grow up in His Own substance.
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=====THIRD NOCTURN.=====
 
=====THIRD NOCTURN.=====
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'''Seventh Lesson.'''
 
'''Seventh Lesson.'''
  
The Lesson is taken from the Holy Gospel according to Luke (xiv. i6.) A T that time : jESUS spake unto '^^ the Pharisees this parable : A certain man made a great supper, and bade many. And so on.
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The Lesson is taken from the Holy Gospel according to Luke (xiv. i6.)  
  
Homily by Pope St Gregory [the Great.] (36/^ up07i the Gospels.) Dearly beloved brethren, between the dainties of the body and the dainties of the mind there is this difference, that the dainties of the body, when we lack them, raise up a great hunger after them, and when we devour them, straightway our fulness worketh in us niceness. But about the dainties of the mind we are nice while as yet we lack them, and when we fill ourselves with them, then are we an-hungered after them, and the more, being an-hungered, we feed thereon, the more are we an-hungered thereafter. In the bodily dainties, the hunger is keener than the fulness, but in the spiritual the fulness is keener than the hunger. In the bodily, hunger gendereth fulness, and fulness niceness ; in the spiritual, hunger indeed gendereth fulness, but fulness gendereth hunger.
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<span class="dropcap">A</span>T that time : JESUS spake unto the Pharisees this parable : A certain man made a great supper, and bade many. And so on.
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Homily by Pope St Gregory [the Great.] (''36th upon the Gospels.'') Dearly beloved brethren, between the dainties of the body and the dainties of the mind there is this difference, that the dainties of the body, when we lack them, raise up a great hunger after them, and when we devour them, straightway our fulness worketh in us niceness. But about the dainties of the mind we are nice while as yet we lack them, and when we fill ourselves with them, then are we an-hungered after them, and the more, being an-hungered, we feed thereon, the more are we an-hungered thereafter. In the bodily dainties, the hunger is keener than the fulness, but in the spiritual the fulness is keener than the hunger. In the bodily, hunger gendereth fulness, and fulness niceness ; in the spiritual, hunger indeed gendereth fulness, but fulness gendereth hunger.
  
 
'''Eighth Lesson.'''
 
'''Eighth Lesson.'''
  
CPIRITUAL dainties, in the very eating, do stir up the keenness of hunger in the mind which they fill, 1 Luke xiv. 16, 17.
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<span class="dropcap">S</span>PIRITUAL dainties, in the very eating, do stir up the keenness of hunger in the mind which they fill, for, the more we taste their sweetness, the better we know how well they deserve to be loved ; and, if we taste them not, we cannot love them, for we know not how sweet they be. And who can love that whereof he knoweth nothing ? Hence saith the Psalmist : " O taste and see that the Lord is good," (Ps. xxxiii. 9,) that is, as it were, " If ye taste not, ye shall not see His goodness : but let your heart once taste the bread of life, and then indeed, having tasted and proved His sweetness, ye shall be able to love Him." But these were the dainties which man lost when he sinned in Eden, and when he had shut his own mouth against the sweet bread whereof if any man eat he shall live for ever, he forsook paradise.
 
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for, the more we taste their sweetness, the better we know how well they deserve to be loved ; and, if we taste them not, we cannot love them, for we know not how sweet they be. And who can love that whereof he knoweth nothing ? Hence saith the Psalmist : " O taste and see that the Lord is good," (Ps. xxxiii. 9,) that is, as it were, " If ye taste not, ye shall not see His goodness : but let your heart once taste the bread of life, and then indeed, having tasted and proved His sweetness, ye shall be able to love Him." But these were the dainties which man lost when he sinned in Eden, and when he had shut his own mouth against the sweet bread whereof if any man eat he shall live for ever, he forsook paradise.
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'''Eighth Responsory.'''
 
'''Eighth Responsory.'''
  
1 A certain man made a great supper, and sent his servant at suppertime to say to them that were bidden : Come, for all things are now ready.
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<ref>Luke xiv. 16, 17.</ref> A certain man made a great supper, and sent his servant at suppertime to say to them that were bidden : Come, for all things are now ready.
  
''Verse.'' 2 Come, eat of my bread, and drink of the wine which I have mingled for you.
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''Verse.'' <ref>Prov. ix. 5.</ref> Come, eat of my bread, and drink of the wine which I have mingled for you.
  
 
''Answer.'' For all things are now ready.
 
''Answer.'' For all things are now ready.
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'''Ninth Lesson.'''
 
'''Ninth Lesson.'''
  
A ND we that, from the first man, "^^ are born under the afflictions of this pilgrimage, are come into the world smitten with niceness ; we knownot what we ought to want, and the disease of our niceness groweth the worse, as our soul draweth itself the more away from that bread of sweetness.
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<span class="dropcap">A</span>ND we that, from the first man, are born under the afflictions of this pilgrimage, are come into the world smitten with niceness ; we know not what we ought to want, and the disease of our niceness groweth the worse, as our soul draweth itself the more away from that bread of sweetness.
 
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We are no longer an-hungered - Prov. ix. 5.
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WITHIN THE OCTAVE OF CORPUS CHRISTI. 245 after inward dainties, since we have lost the use of feeding on them. And so in our niceness we starve, and the sickness of long famishing maketh prey of our health. We will not eat of that inward sweetness which is made ready for us, and being enamoured only of things outward we sink into the wretchedness of lovingstarvation.
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We are no longer an-hungered after inward dainties, since we have lost the use of feeding on them. And so in our niceness we starve, and the sickness of long famishing maketh prey of our health. We will not eat of that inward sweetness which is made ready for us, and being enamoured only of things outward we sink into the wretchedness of loving starvation.
  
 
====LAUDS.====
 
====LAUDS.====
  
Chapter, (i John iii. 13.) IV/rARVEL not, my brethren, if the world hate you. We know that we have passed from death unto life, because we love the brethren.
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Chapter, (i John iii. 13.)  
  
''Verse.'' He gave them of the bread of heaven—Alleluia.
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<span class="dropcap">M</span>ARVEL not, my brethren, if the world hate you. We know that we have passed from death unto life, because we love the brethren.
  
A?iswer. Man did eat Angels' bread—Alleluia.
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''Verse.'' He gave them of the bread of heaven — Alleluia.
  
''Antiphon at the Song of Zacharias.''
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''Answer.'' Man did eat Angels' bread — Alleluia.
  
A certain man made a great supper, ^ and bade many ; and sent his servant at supper -time to say to them that were bidden : Come, for all things are now ready.
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''Antiphon at the Song of Zacharias.''  A certain man made a great supper, and bade many ; and sent his servant at supper-time to say to them that were bidden : Come, for all things are now ready.
  
Prayer throughout the day.
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''Prayer throughout the day.''
  
r~\ LORD, Who never failest to help ^~^^ and govern them whom Thou dost bring up in Thy steadfast fear and love ; keep us, we beseech Thee, under the protection of Thy good providence, and make us to have a perpetual fear and love of Thy Holy Name ; through our Lord jESUS Christ, Thy Son, Who liveth and reigneth with Thee, in the unity of the Holy Ghost, one God, world without end. Amen.
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<span class="dropcap">O</span> LORD, Who never failest to help and govern them whom Thou dost bring up in Thy steadfast fear and love ; keep us, we beseech Thee, under the protection of Thy good providence, and make us to have a perpetual fear and love of Thy Holy Name ; through our Lord JESUS Christ, Thy Son, Who liveth and reigneth with Thee, in the unity of the Holy Ghost, one God, world without end. Amen.
  
A Cojmnemoration of Corpus Christi is made^ taken from the Lauds of the Feast.
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''A Commemoration of Corpus Christi is made, taken from the Lauds of the Feast.''
  
VOL. in.
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''Chapter at the end of Prime.''  (1 John iii. 18.)
  
Chapter at the end of Prime.
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<span class="dropcap">M</span>Y little children, let us not love in word, neither in tongue, but in deed, and in truth.
  
John iii. 18.) (I TWr Y little children, let us not love in word, neither in tongue, but in deed, and in truth.
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''At Terce, Chapter from Lauds.''
  
At Terce^ Chapterfrom Lauds.
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''Chapter at Sext.'' (i John iii. 16.)
  
Chapter at Sext. (i John iii. 16.) "LJEREBY perceive we the love of God, because He laid down His life for us ; and we ought to lay down our lives for the brethren.
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<span class="dropcap">A</span>HEREBY perceive we the love of God, because He laid down His life for us ; and we ought to lay down our lives for the brethren.
  
Chapter at None as at the end of Prime, ====VESPERS.====
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''Chapter at None as at the end of Prime.''
  
All as at the First Vespers of Corpus Christi^ except the following.
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====VESPERS.====
  
Chapter and Prayerfrom Lauds.
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''All as at the First Vespers of Corpus Christi, except the following.''
  
''Verse.'' He fed them with the finest of the wheat—Alleluia.
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''Chapter and Prayer from Lauds.''
  
Ajiswer. And with honey out of the rock did He satisfy them—Alleluia.
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''Verse.'' He fed them with the finest of the wheat — Alleluia.
  
Antiphon at the Song of the Blessed Virgi?i. Go out quickly into the streets "^ and lanes of the city, and compel the poor and the maimed, and the halt, and the blind, to come in : that my house may be full — Alleluia.
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''Answer.'' And with honey out of the rock did He satisfy them — Alleluia.
  
Co7nmemoration of Corpus Christi from the Secojid Vespers of the Feast.
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''Antiphon at the Song of the Blessed Virgin.'' Go out quickly into the streets and lanes of the city, and compel the poor and the maimed, and the halt, and the blind, to come in : that my house may be full — Alleluia.
  
QfRon^a^ mi^xxK i^t ^c(ape of Second Day., zvithin the Octave of the Feast of the Body of Christ.
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''Commemoration of Corpus Christi from the Second Vespers of the Feast.''
  
Semidouble.
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== Monday within the Octave of Corpus Christi. ==
  
All as on the Feast except that the Antiphons are not doubled a?id the following.
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=== Second Day within the Octave of the Feast of the Body of Christ. ===
  
I 246 THE PROPER OFFICE QF THE SEASON.
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''Semidouble.''
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''All as on the Feast except that the Antiphons are not doubled anid the following.''
  
 
=====FIRST NOCTURN.=====
 
=====FIRST NOCTURN.=====
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'''First Lesson.'''
 
'''First Lesson.'''
  
The Lesson is taken from the First Book of Kings (v. i.) A ND the Philistines took the Ark '^^ of God, and brought it from the Stone-of-help unto Ashdod. When the Philistines took the Ark of God, they brought it into the house of Dagon, and set it by Dagon.i And when they of Ashdod arose early on the morrow, behold, Dagon was fallen upon his face to the earth before the Ark of the Lord. And they took Dagon, and set him in his place again. And when they arose early on the morrow morning, behold, Dagon was fallen upon his face to the ground before the Ark of the Lord ; and the head of Dagon, and both the palms of his hands were cut off upon the threshold ; only the stump of Dagon was left to him.
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The Lesson is taken from the First Book of Kings (v. i.)  
  
2 '''Second Lesson.'''
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<span class="dropcap">A</span>ND the Philistines took the Ark of God, and brought it from the Stone-of-help unto Ashdod. When the Philistines took the Ark of God, they brought it into the house of Dagon, and set it by Dagon. <ref>An idol, with the head and hands of a man, and the rest of his body that of a fish.</ref> And when they of Ashdod arose early on the morrow, behold, Dagon was fallen upon his face to the earth before the Ark of the Lord. And they took Dagon, and set him in his place again. And when they arose early on the morrow morning, behold, Dagon was fallen upon his face to the ground before the Ark of the Lord ; and the head of Dagon, and both the palms of his hands were cut off upon the threshold ; only the stump of Dagon was left to him. <ref>Here it is added in the original : " Therefore neither the priest of Dagon, nor any that come into Dagon's house, tread on the threshold of Dagon in Ashdod unto this day."</ref>
  
T)UT the hand of the LORD was heavy upon them of Ashdod, and He destroyed them ; and the farms and the fields in all that coast brake forth ; 2 and mice were begotten ; and there was confusion in the city, a great destruction. And when the men of Ashdod saw the plague, they said : The Ark of the God of Israel shall not abide with us, for His hand is sore upon us, and upon Dagon our god.
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'''Second Lesson.'''
  
They sent therefore, and gathered all the lords of the Philistines unto them, and said : What shall we do with the Ark of the God of Israel ? And they of Gath answered : Let the Ark of the God of Israel be carried about unto Gath, '''Third Lesson.'''
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<span class="dropcap">B</span>UT the hand of the LORD was heavy upon them of Ashdod, and He destroyed them ; and the farms and the fields in all that coast brake forth ; <ref>According to the present Hebrew text, which here differs much from the Latin, the meaning is that the inhabitants were seized with the disease called Haemorrhoids.</ref> and mice were begotten ; and there was confusion in the city, a great destruction. And when the men of Ashdod saw the plague, they said : The Ark of the God of Israel shall not abide with us, for His hand is sore upon us, and upon Dagon our god.
  
A ND they carried the Ark of the ^^^ God of Israel about thither.
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They sent therefore, and gathered all the lords of the Philistines unto them, and said : What shall we do with the Ark of the God of Israel ? And they of Gath answered : Let the Ark of the God of Israel be carried about unto Gath.  
  
And it was so, that when they carried it about, the hand of the LORD was against every one of their cities with a very great .destruction, and He smote the men of every city, both small and great. Therefore they sent the Ark of God to Ekron. And it came to pass, as the Ark of God came to Ekron, that the Ekronites cried out, saying : They have brought about the Ark of the God of Israel to us, to slay us and our people. So they sent and gathered together all the lords of the Philistines and said : Send away the Ark of the God of Israel, and let it go again to his own place, that it slay us not, and our people. For there was an horror of death in all the cities, and the hand of God was very heavy there.
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'''Third Lesson.'''
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<span class="dropcap">A</span>ND they carried the Ark of the God of Israel about thither.
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And it was so, that when they carried it about, the hand of the LORD was against every one of their cities with a very great destruction, and He smote the men of every city, both small and great. Therefore they sent the Ark of God to Ekron. And it came to pass, as the Ark of God came to Ekron, that the Ekronites cried out, saying : They have brought about the Ark of the God of Israel to us, to slay us and our people. So they sent and gathered together all the lords of the Philistines and said : Send away the Ark of the God of Israel, and let it go again to his own place, that it slay us not, and our people. For there was an horror of death in all the cities, and the hand of God was very heavy there.
  
 
=====SECOND NOCTURN.=====
 
=====SECOND NOCTURN.=====
  
{Read in the Votive Office in May andJu7ie.) '''Fourth Lesson.'''
+
(''Read in the Votive Office in May and June.'')
  
The Lesson is taken from the Sermons of St John Chrysostom [Patriarch of Constantinople.] {Continuatio7i of the 60th Hojnily.) T N this mysterious Sacrament Christ doth mingle Himself with all and each of His faithful ones. They are His children, and He nurseth them Himself, and giveth them not over unto another, herein again assuring us that the Flesh He hath taken unto Himself is ours. We then, who have been deemed meet to be treated with such love and such honour, let us be wakeful ! See ye not how eagerly the sucklings seize on the breasts, how 1 An idol, with the head and hands of a man, and the rest of his body that of a fish.
+
'''Fourth Lesson.'''
  
2 Here it is added in the original : " Therefore neither the priest of Dagon, nor any that come into Dagon's house, tread on the threshold of Dagon in Ashdod unto this day." 3 According to the present Hebrew text, which here differs much from the Latin, the meaning is that the inhabitants were seized with the disease called Haemorrhoids.
+
The Lesson is taken from the Sermons of St John Chrysostom [Patriarch of Constantinople.] (''Continuation of the 60th Homily.'')
  
WITHIN THE OCTAVE OF CORPUS CHRISTI. 247 readily they fix their mouths on the paps ? Let us, with like eagerness, draw nigh to that Table, and suck at that spiritual Cup. Yea, let us prize that gracious Food as the suckling doth its mother's breast, and hold it the great woe of life to be cut off from that Banquet. Here there are set before us no works of man's power ; He That worked at that Last Supper, the Same worketh the same here still. As for us Priests, we hold the place of His ministers, but He Which halloweth and changeth is He.
+
<span class="dropcap">I</span>N this mysterious Sacrament Christ doth mingle Himself with all and each of His faithful ones. They are His children, and He nurseth them Himself, and giveth them not over unto another, herein again assuring us that the Flesh He hath taken unto Himself is ours. We then, who have been deemed meet to be treated with such love and such honour, let us be wakeful ! See ye not how eagerly the sucklings seize on the breasts, how readily they fix their mouths on the paps ? Let us, with like eagerness, draw nigh to that Table, and suck at that spiritual Cup. Yea, let us prize that gracious Food as the suckling doth its mother's breast, and hold it the great woe of life to be cut off from that Banquet. Here there are set before us no works of man's power ; He That worked at that Last Supper, the Same worketh the same here still. As for us Priests, we hold the place of His ministers, but He Which halloweth and changeth is He.
  
 
Hither let there draw nigh no Judas, nor covetous one—this is no Table for him. But he which is Christ's disciple, let him come ; for the Lord saith : " I will keep the Passover with My disciples," (Matth. xxvi. 18.) This is that Passover Table, and it is all Christ's—what is wrought there is not some of it Christ's work, and some of it man's work, but it is all His work and not another's.
 
Hither let there draw nigh no Judas, nor covetous one—this is no Table for him. But he which is Christ's disciple, let him come ; for the Lord saith : " I will keep the Passover with My disciples," (Matth. xxvi. 18.) This is that Passover Table, and it is all Christ's—what is wrought there is not some of it Christ's work, and some of it man's work, but it is all His work and not another's.
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'''Fifth Lesson.'''
 
'''Fifth Lesson.'''
  
XT ITHER let there draw nigh none brutal, none cruel, none merciless ; in good sooth, none unclean. I speak to all that take that Holy Communion, and to you also, O ye that do .administer the same ! To you now I turn my speech, to warn you with how ^"reat care that Gift is to be given.
+
<span class="dropcap">H</span>ITHER let there draw nigh none brutal, none cruel, none merciless ; in good sooth, none unclean. I speak to all that take that Holy Communion, and to you also, O ye that do .administer the same ! To you now I turn my speech, to warn you with how great care that Gift is to be given.
  
 
No slight vengeance is that which awaiteth you if ye admit for a partaker at the Lord's Table the sinner whose guiltiness ye know. At your hands will his blood be required. If a man be a General, a Governor, a crowned Monarch, yet if he come there unworthily, forbid him ; thou hast greater power than he. To this end hath God exalted you to the honour ye hold, that ye may judge in such matters. This office is your dignity, this is your strength, this is all your crown, this, and not the going about in white robes and glittering vestments. And thou, O layman ! when thou seest the Priest making the oblation, think not that He Which is then the real Worker is such a Priest as thou seest, but know of a surety that it is Christ's Hand Which is stretched out, albeit unseen by thee.
 
No slight vengeance is that which awaiteth you if ye admit for a partaker at the Lord's Table the sinner whose guiltiness ye know. At your hands will his blood be required. If a man be a General, a Governor, a crowned Monarch, yet if he come there unworthily, forbid him ; thou hast greater power than he. To this end hath God exalted you to the honour ye hold, that ye may judge in such matters. This office is your dignity, this is your strength, this is all your crown, this, and not the going about in white robes and glittering vestments. And thou, O layman ! when thou seest the Priest making the oblation, think not that He Which is then the real Worker is such a Priest as thou seest, but know of a surety that it is Christ's Hand Which is stretched out, albeit unseen by thee.
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'''Sixth Lesson.'''
 
'''Sixth Lesson.'''
  
TET us hear, all of us, both Priests and laymen, let us hear What Food it is whereof we are made worthy —let us hear, I say, and let us quake.
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<span class="dropcap">L</span>ET us hear, all of us, both Priests and laymen, let us hear What Food it is whereof we are made worthy —let us hear, I say, and let us quake.
  
 
The Lord satisfieth us with His Own holy Flesh, setting Himself slain before us. What excuse therefore shall we have, if, being so fed as we are, we sin as we do ? If, eating of the Lamb, we are still wolves ? If, pastured as the sheep of the flock, we raven like lions ? This mysterious Sacrament forbiddeth unto us not outrage only, but any the least enmity ; it is the Mystery of peace. Upon the Jews God laid it to make year by year by solemn festivals a yearly commemoration of His mercies unto them, but upon -thee to do this in remembrance of His love to thee, day by day. To this Table then let there draw nigh no Judas Iscariot, no Simon Magus. These men fell through covetousness ; let us fly that bottomless pit.
 
The Lord satisfieth us with His Own holy Flesh, setting Himself slain before us. What excuse therefore shall we have, if, being so fed as we are, we sin as we do ? If, eating of the Lamb, we are still wolves ? If, pastured as the sheep of the flock, we raven like lions ? This mysterious Sacrament forbiddeth unto us not outrage only, but any the least enmity ; it is the Mystery of peace. Upon the Jews God laid it to make year by year by solemn festivals a yearly commemoration of His mercies unto them, but upon -thee to do this in remembrance of His love to thee, day by day. To this Table then let there draw nigh no Judas Iscariot, no Simon Magus. These men fell through covetousness ; let us fly that bottomless pit.
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=====THIRD NOCTURN.=====
 
=====THIRD NOCTURN.=====
  
{Read iii the Votive Office in May andJune. ) Seveiith Lesson.
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(''Read in the Votive Office in May and June.'' )  
  
The Lesson is taken from the Holy Gospel according to John (vi. 56.) A T that time : jESUS said unto the '^^ multitudes of the Jews : My Flesh is meat indeed, and My Blood is drink indeed. And so on.
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'''Seventh Lesson.'''
 +
 
 +
The Lesson is taken from the Holy Gospel according to John (vi. 56.)  
 +
 
 +
<span class="dropcap">A</span>T that time : JESUS said unto the multitudes of the Jews : My Flesh is meat indeed, and My Blood is drink indeed. And so on.
  
Homily by St Austin, Bishop [of Hippo.] (26M Tract on Joh7t.) 248 THE PROPER OFFICE OF THE SEASON.
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Homily by St Austin, Bishop [of Hippo.] (''26th Tract on John.'')  
  
 
" This is the bread which cometh down from heaven," (v. 50.) By " this bread " the Lord here signifieth both the manna, and That Which we receive at the Altar of God. Both these are, as it were, Sacramental signs, differing indeed somewhat in their outward and visible part, but pointing to the Same Thing signified.
 
" This is the bread which cometh down from heaven," (v. 50.) By " this bread " the Lord here signifieth both the manna, and That Which we receive at the Altar of God. Both these are, as it were, Sacramental signs, differing indeed somewhat in their outward and visible part, but pointing to the Same Thing signified.
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Hear what the Apostle saith : " Moreover, brethren, I would not that ye should be ignorant how that all our fathers were under the cloud, and all passed through the sea, and were all baptized unto Moses in the cloud and in the sea, and did all eat the same spiritual meat." (i Cor. x. 1-3.) This meat was the same spiritually but not really ; they ate manna—we eat Something else. Spiritually they ate What we eat ; but our fathers — not their fathers ; unto whom we are like—not unto whom they are like.
 
Hear what the Apostle saith : " Moreover, brethren, I would not that ye should be ignorant how that all our fathers were under the cloud, and all passed through the sea, and were all baptized unto Moses in the cloud and in the sea, and did all eat the same spiritual meat." (i Cor. x. 1-3.) This meat was the same spiritually but not really ; they ate manna—we eat Something else. Spiritually they ate What we eat ; but our fathers — not their fathers ; unto whom we are like—not unto whom they are like.
  
And it is added : "And did all drink the same Spiritual drink." They drank one thing, and we drank Another, the difference being in the outer showj the sameness in that the Same Thing is pointed to by both. And what was that Same Drink? "They drank of the spiritual Rock that followed them, and that Rock was Christ." Him did bread and rock alike signify. The Rock was a figure, but by the Word and in the Flesh there is the very Christ Himself And how came they to drink of that rock ? " Moses lift up his hand, and with his rod he smote the rock twice, and the water came out abundantly." (Num. XX. II.) These two strokes of the rod upon the rock are a figure of the two beams whereof the Cross was made.
+
And it is added : "And did all drink the same Spiritual drink." They drank one thing, and we drank Another, the difference being in the outer show, the sameness in that the Same Thing is pointed to by both. And what was that Same Drink? "They drank of the spiritual Rock that followed them, and that Rock was Christ." Him did bread and rock alike signify. The Rock was a figure, but by the Word and in the Flesh there is the very Christ Himself And how came they to drink of that rock ? " Moses lift up his hand, and with his rod he smote the rock twice, and the water came out abundantly." (Num. XX. 11.) These two strokes of the rod upon the rock are a figure of the two beams whereof the Cross was made.
  
 
'''Eighth Lesson.'''
 
'''Eighth Lesson.'''
  
/^HRIST'S faithful ones discern the ^^ Lord's Body while they remain watchful members of His Body. They remain members of His Body as long as they will to live according to His Spirit. The Spirit of Christ giveth life to nothing but the body of Christ.
+
<span class="dropcap">C</span>HRIST'S faithful ones discern the Lord's Body while they remain watchful members of His Body. They remain members of His Body as long as they will to live according to His Spirit. The Spirit of Christ giveth life to nothing but the body of Christ.
  
 
Now, my brethren, understand what I am going to say. Thou art a man, and hast a body and a spirit. By spirit I mean the soul, which causeth thee to be a man at all. Thou art a man, made up of soul and body.
 
Now, my brethren, understand what I am going to say. Thou art a man, and hast a body and a spirit. By spirit I mean the soul, which causeth thee to be a man at all. Thou art a man, made up of soul and body.
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Tell me, which of them is it which giveth animation to the other ? Doth thy spirit derive animation from thy body, or thy body from thy spirit ? Every one who liveth will answer — for if any one cannot answer this, I know not if he be alive. What will whosoever hath life answer ? " Verily, it is my spirit which doth animate my body." Wilt thou then live by the Spirit of Christ ? Be of the Body of Christ.
 
Tell me, which of them is it which giveth animation to the other ? Doth thy spirit derive animation from thy body, or thy body from thy spirit ? Every one who liveth will answer — for if any one cannot answer this, I know not if he be alive. What will whosoever hath life answer ? " Verily, it is my spirit which doth animate my body." Wilt thou then live by the Spirit of Christ ? Be of the Body of Christ.
  
Ninth Lesso7i.
+
'''Ninth Lesson.'''
  
T S it not my spirit which doth animate my body ? My spirit doth animate my body, and thy spirit doth animate thy body. The Body of Christ liveth not save by the Spirit of Christ. Hence it is that the Apostle Paul saith, touching this Bread : " We, being many, are one bread, and one body, for we are all partakers of that one Bread." (i Cor. X. 17.) O what a Sacrament of love ! O what a seal of union ! O what a bond of charity ! He that willeth to live hath here where to live, and whence to live. Let him come near, let him believe, let him enter into that Body, that he may be quickened. Let him not sever himself from the fit joining-together of all the members ; let him not be as a mortifying limb, that must needs be cut off, nor a mis-shapen limb, a cause to blush. Let him be goodly, and useful, and healthy. Let him cleave WITHIN THE OCTAVE OF CORPUS CHRISTI. 249 unto the body ; let him Hve by God to God ; let him labom- now on earth, that he may reign hereafter in heaven.
+
<span class="dropcap">I</span>S it not my spirit which doth animate my body ? My spirit doth animate my body, and thy spirit doth animate thy body. The Body of Christ liveth not save by the Spirit of Christ. Hence it is that the Apostle Paul saith, touching this Bread : " We, being many, are one bread, and one body, for we are all partakers of that one Bread." (i Cor. X. 17.) O what a Sacrament of love ! O what a seal of union ! O what a bond of charity ! He that willeth to live hath here where to live, and whence to live. Let him come near, let him believe, let him enter into that Body, that he may be quickened. Let him not sever himself from the fit joining-together of all the members ; let him not be as a mortifying limb, that must needs be cut off, nor a mis-shapen limb, a cause to blush. Let him be goodly, and useful, and healthy. Let him cleave unto the body ; let him live by God to God ; let him labom- now on earth, that he may reign hereafter in heaven.
  
Third Day %vithin the Octave of the Feast of the Body of Christ.
+
== Tuesday. ==
  
Seniidouble.
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=== Third Day within the Octave of the Feast of the Body of Christ. ===
  
All as on the Feast except that the Aiitiphons are not doubled.^ ajid the following.
+
''Semidouble.''
 +
 
 +
''All as on the Feast except that the Antiphons are not doubled, and the following.''
  
 
=====FIRST NOCTURN.=====
 
=====FIRST NOCTURN.=====
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'''First Lesson.'''
 
'''First Lesson.'''
  
The Lesson is taken from the First Book of Kings (vi. i.) AND the Ark of the LORD was in '^^ the country of the Philistines seven months, and the Philistines called for the priests and the diviners, saying : What shall we do to the Ark of the Lord ? Tell us wherewith we shall send it to his place. And they said : If ye send away the Ark of the God of Israel, send it not empty ; but in any wise return Him a trespass-offering ; then shall ye be healed, and it shall be known to you why His hand is not removed from you.i '''Second Lesson.'''
+
The Lesson is taken from the First Book of Kings (vi. i.)  
  
cart, and put the jewels of gold, which ye return Him for a trespass-offering, in a coffer by the side thereof; and send it away that it may go. And see ; if it goeth up by the way of his own coast to Beth-shemesh, then He hath done us this great evil ; but if not, then we shall know that it is not His hand that smote us—^it was a chance that happened to us. And the men did so.
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<span class="dropcap">A</span>ND the Ark of the LORD was in the country of the Philistines seven months, and the Philistines called for the priests and the diviners, saying : What shall we do to the Ark of the Lord ? Tell us wherewith we shall send it to his place. And they said : If ye send away the Ark of the God of Israel, send it not empty ; but in any wise return Him a trespass-offering ; then shall ye be healed, and it shall be known to you why His hand is not removed from you. <ref>The two next verses contain a recommendation to send with the Ark, as a trespass-offering, certain objects made of gold.</ref> 
 +
 
 +
'''Second Lesson.'''
 +
<span class="dropcap">W</span>HEREFORE do ye harden your hearts, as the Egyptians and Pharaoh hardened their hearts ? When he was smitten, did he not let the people go, and they departed ? Now, therefore, take, and make a new cart, and two milch kine, on which there hath come no yoke ; tie the kine to the cart, and shut up their calves at home. And take the Ark of the LORD, and lay it upon the cart, and put the jewels of gold, which ye return Him for a trespass-offering, in a coffer by the side thereof; and send it away that it may go. And see ; if it goeth up by the way of his own coast to Beth-shemesh, then He hath done us this great evil ; but if not, then we shall know that it is not His hand that smote us—^it was a chance that happened to us. And the men did so.
  
 
'''Third Lesson.'''
 
'''Third Lesson.'''
  
A ND the kine took the straight way '^^ to the way of Beth-shemesh, and went along the highway, lowing as they went, and turned not aside to the right hand nor to the left ; and the lords of the Philistines went after them unto the border of Beth - shemesh.
+
<span class="dropcap">A</span>ND the kine took the straight way to the way of Beth-shemesh, and went along the highway, lowing as they went, and turned not aside to the right hand nor to the left ; and the lords of the Philistines went after them unto the border of Beth-shemesh.
  
And they of Beth-shemesh were reaping their wheat-harvest in the valley ; and they lifted up their eyes, and saw the Ark, and rejoiced to see it. And the cart came into the field of Joshua, a Beth - shemite, and stood there^ — where there was a great stone. And they clave the wood of the cart, and offered the kine upon it, a burnt-offering unto the LORD. And the Levites took down the Ark of God.
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And they of Beth-shemesh were reaping their wheat-harvest in the valley ; and they lifted up their eyes, and saw the Ark, and rejoiced to see it. And the cart came into the field of Joshua, a Beth-shemite, and stood there — where there was a great stone. And they clave the wood of the cart, and offered the kine upon it, a burnt-offering unto the LORD. And the Levites took down the Ark of God.
  
 
=====SECOND NOCTURN.=====
 
=====SECOND NOCTURN.=====
  
{Read in the Votive Office in July a7id August.) ^^ THEREFORE do ye harden your hearts, as the Egyptians and Pharaoh hardened their hearts ? When he was smitten, did he not let the people go, and they departed ? Now, therefore, take, and make a new cart, and two milch kine, on which there hath come no yoke ; tie the kine to the cart, and shut up their calves at home. And take the Ark of the LORD, and lay it upon the 1 The two next verses contain a recommendation to send with the Ark, as a trespass-offering, certain objects made of gold.
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(''Read in the Votive Office in July and August.'')  
  
 
'''Fourth Lesson.'''
 
'''Fourth Lesson.'''
  
The Lesson is taken from the Letter written to Caecilius by the Holy Martyr Cyprian, Bishop [of Carthage.] {Bk. ii. Ep. 3.) T N the deed of the Priest Melchisedek we see a type of the Sacrament of the Lord's Sacrifice. For 250 THE PROPER OFFICE OF THE SEASON.
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The Lesson is taken from the Letter written to Caecilius by the Holy Martyr Cyprian, Bishop [of Carthage.] (''Bk. ii. Ep. 3.'')
  
thus it is written in the writings of God : — " And Melchisedek King of Salem brought forth bread and wine : for he was the Priest of the Most High God : and he blessed " Abraham.
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<span class="dropcap">I</span>N the deed of the Priest Melchisedek we see a type of the Sacrament of the Lord's Sacrifice. For thus it is written in the writings of God : — " And Melchisedek King of Salem brought forth bread and wine : for he was the Priest of the Most High God : and he blessed " Abraham. (Gen. xiv. 18.) That Melchisedek was a type of Christ, the Holy Ghost Himself doth testify in the Psalms, where the First Person of the Holy Trinity, even the Father, is set before us as saying unto the Second Person, that is, the Son :—" Before the daystar have I begotten Thee. . . . Thou art a Priest for ever, after the order of Melchisedek." (cix. 3, 4.) And verily that sameness of order cometh of this sacrifice, and proceedeth from this, that Melchisedek was the Priest of the Most High God ; that he offered bread and wine ; and that he blessed Abraham.
 
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(Gen. xiv. 18.) That Melchisedek was a type of Christ, the Holy Ghost Himself doth testify in the Psalms, where the First Person of the Holy Trinity, even the Father, is set before us as saying unto the Second Person, that is, the Son :—" Before the daystar have I begotten Thee. . . . Thou art a Priest for ever, after the order of Melchisedek." (cix. 3, 4.) And verily that sameness of order cometh of this sacrifice, and proceedeth from this, that Melchisedek was the Priest of the Most High God ; that he offered bread and wine ; and that he blessed Abraham.
+
  
 
'''Fifth Lesson.'''
 
'''Fifth Lesson.'''
  
A A/"HAT Priest of the Most High God is there, more so than is our Lord jESUS Christ ?—He Who hath made an offering unto God the Father, and the same offering that Melchisedek made, bread and wine, that is to say. His Own Flesh and His Own Blood. And, as touching Abraham, that ancient blessing was spoken likewise by fore-knowledge upon us.
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<span class="dropcap">W</span>HAT Priest of the Most High God is there, more so than is our Lord JESUS Christ ?—He Who hath made an offering unto God the Father, and the same offering that Melchisedek made, bread and wine, that is to say. His Own Flesh and His Own Blood. And, as touching Abraham, that ancient blessing was spoken likewise by fore-knowledge upon us.
  
For if Abraham believed God and it was accounted to him for righteousness, verily, whosoever believeth God and liveth by faith, the same is found righteous, and is shown unto us that he is already blessed in faithful Abraham, and justified —as the Apostle Paul proveth, where he saith :— "Abraham believed God and it was accounted unto him for righteousness.
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For if Abraham believed God and it was accounted to him for righteousness, verily, whosoever believeth God and liveth by faith, the same is found righteous, and is shown unto us that he is already blessed in faithful Abraham, and justified — as the Apostle Paul proveth, where he saith :— "Abraham believed God and it was accounted unto him for righteousness. Know ye therefore that they which are of faith, the same are the children of Abraham. And the Scripture, foreseeing that God would justify the heathen through faith, preached before the Gospel unto Abraham, saying : In thee shall all nations be blessed." (Gal. iii. 6-8.) 
  
Know ye therefore that they which are of faith, the same are the children of Abraham. And the Scripture, foreseeing that God would justify the heathen through faith, preached before the Gospel unto Abraham, saying : In thee shall all nations be blessed." (Gal. iii. 6-8.) - '''Sixth Lesson.'''
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'''Sixth Lesson.'''
  
TN Genesis, therefore, in order that the Priest Melchisedek might in due order pronounce the blessing upon Abraham, there was first offered a typical sacrifice, consisting of bread and wine. This was the offering which our Lord Jesus Christ completed and fulfilled, when He offered up bread and a cup of wine mingled [with water]. This fulfilment by Him Who came to fulfil (Matth. v. 17,) utterly satisfied the truth of the image which had gone before. The Holy Ghost doth by Solomon also clearly foreshadow, as it were in a parable, the Lord's Sacrifice, pointing to the victim slain, and the bread and the wine, and the Altar likewise, and the Apostles ; as it is written :—"Wisdom hath builded her house, she hath hewn out her seven pillars ; she hath killed her beasts, she hath mingled her wine, she hath also furnished her table. She hath sent forth her servants, she crieth upon the highest places of the city, saying : Whoso is simple, let him turn in hither unto me. As for them that want understanding, she saith to them. Come, eat of my bread, and drink of the wine which I have mingled for you." (Prov. ix. 1-5.) =====THIRD NOCTURN.=====
+
<span class="dropcap">I</span>N Genesis, therefore, in order that the Priest Melchisedek might in due order pronounce the blessing upon Abraham, there was first offered a typical sacrifice, consisting of bread and wine. This was the offering which our Lord Jesus Christ completed and fulfilled, when He offered up bread and a cup of wine mingled [with water]. This fulfilment by Him Who came to fulfil (Matth. v. 17,) utterly satisfied the truth of the image which had gone before. The Holy Ghost doth by Solomon also clearly foreshadow, as it were in a parable, the Lord's Sacrifice, pointing to the victim slain, and the bread and the wine, and the Altar likewise, and the Apostles ; as it is written :—"Wisdom hath builded her house, she hath hewn out her seven pillars ; she hath killed her beasts, she hath mingled her wine, she hath also furnished her table. She hath sent forth her servants, she crieth upon the highest places of the city, saying : Whoso is simple, let him turn in hither unto me. As for them that want understanding, she saith to them. Come, eat of my bread, and drink of the wine which I have mingled for you." (Prov. ix. 1-5.)  
  
{Read in the Votive Office in July and August.) '''Seventh Lesson.'''
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=====THIRD NOCTURN.=====
 +
 
 +
(''Read in the Votive Office in July and August.'')  
 +
 
 +
'''Seventh Lesson.'''
 +
 
 +
The Lesson is taken from the Holy Gospel according to John (vi. 56.)
 +
 
 +
<span class="dropcap">A</span>T that time : Jesus said unto the multitudes of the Jews : My Flesh is meat indeed, and My Blood is drink indeed. And so on.
  
The Lesson is taken from the Holy Gospel according to John (vi. 56.) WITHIN THE OCTAVE OF CORPUS CHRISTI. 251 A T that time : Jesus said unto the multitudes of the Jews : My Flesh is meat indeed, and My Blood is drink indeed. And so on.
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Homily by St Austin, Bishop [of Hippo.] (''26th Tract on John.'')
  
Homily by St Austin, Bishop [of Hippo.] {26tk Tract on Jo/m.) " Not as your fathers did eat manna, and are dead." Wherefore did they eat and die ? Because they believed only that which they saw ; and that which they saw not, they understood not. Therefore were they your fathers, because ye are like unto them. Doth this death, my brethren, mean that death which is outward and bodily ? And do not we also die, who eat of that Bread Which cometh down from heaven ? That death died they, and so shall we also, as far, as I have said, as is meant that death which is outward and bodily.
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"Not as your fathers did eat manna, and are dead." Wherefore did they eat and die ? Because they believed only that which they saw ; and that which they saw not, they understood not. Therefore were they your fathers, because ye are like unto them. Doth this death, my brethren, mean that death which is outward and bodily ? And do not we also die, who eat of that Bread Which cometh down from heaven ? That death died they, and so shall we also, as far, as I have said, as is meant that death which is outward and bodily.
  
 
'''Eighth Lesson.'''
 
'''Eighth Lesson.'''
  
"DUT the death whereof the Lord doth sound the alarm, the death that their fathers died, is another death than that which is outward and bodily.
+
<span class="dropcap">B</span>UT the death whereof the Lord doth sound the alarm, the death that their fathers died, is another death than that which is outward and bodily.
  
 
Moses ate manna, Aaron ate manna, Phinehas ate manna, many ate manna in whom the Lord was well pleased — and these are not dead. Wherefore ? Because they understood spiritually that outward bread, spiritually hungered thereafter, spiritually tasted thereof, and spiritually were satisfied therewith. So also do we this day feed on a visible food, but the Sacrament is one thing", and the grace of the Sacrament is another.
 
Moses ate manna, Aaron ate manna, Phinehas ate manna, many ate manna in whom the Lord was well pleased — and these are not dead. Wherefore ? Because they understood spiritually that outward bread, spiritually hungered thereafter, spiritually tasted thereof, and spiritually were satisfied therewith. So also do we this day feed on a visible food, but the Sacrament is one thing", and the grace of the Sacrament is another.
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'''Ninth Lesson.'''
 
'''Ninth Lesson.'''
  
r~\ HOW many there be which re- ^-^^ ceive at the Altar, and die, yea, die even in the very receiving ! Whence the Apostle saith :—"[He that eateth and drinketh unworthily] eateth and drinketh damnation to himself." (i Cor. xi. 29.) Is it not written:—"When jESUS had dipped the sop, he gave it to Judas Iscariot, the son of Simon, and after the sop Satan entered into him ? " (John xiii.
+
<span class="dropcap">O</span> HOW many there be which receive at the Altar, and die, yea, die even in the very receiving ! Whence the Apostle saith :—"[He that eateth and drinketh unworthily] eateth and drinketh damnation to himself." (i Cor. xi. 29.) Is it not written:—"When jESUS had dipped the sop, he gave it to Judas Iscariot, the son of Simon, and after the sop Satan entered into him ? " (John xiii. 26, 27.) And yet he took it. And when he had eaten it, the enemy entered in and possessed him. Not because what he ate was evil, but because he, being evil, dared to eat that which was good. Look to it well, then, brethren, that ye take spiritually the Bread Which cometh down from heaven. Bring innocency with you to the Altar. Though your sins be daily, let them not be deadly.
  
26, 27.) And yet he took it. And when he had eaten it, the enemy entered in and possessed him. Not because what he ate was evil, but because he, being evil, dared to eat that which was good. Look to it well, then, brethren, that ye take spiritually the Bread Which cometh down from heaven. Bring innocency with you to the Altar. Though your sins be daily, let them not be deadly.
+
Before ye draw near to the Altar, think well what it is that ye say : — " Forgive us our trespasses, as we forgive them that trespass against us." " For, if ye forgive men their trespasses, your heavenly Father will also forgive you " (Matth. vi. 14) — and ye may draw near boldly, for unto you It is Bread, and not poison.
  
Before ye draw near to the Altar, think well what it is that ye say : — " Forgive us our trespasses, as we forgive them that trespass against us." " For, if ye forgive men their trespasses, your heavenly Father will also forgive you " (Matth. vi. 14)—and ye may draw near boldly, for unto you It is Bread, and not poison.
 
  
Fourth Day within the Octave of the Feast of the Body of Christ.
+
== Wednesday. ==
  
Semidouble.
+
=== Fourth Day within the Octave of the Feast of the Body of Christ. ===
  
All as on the Feast., except that the Antiphons are not doubled, and the folloiving.
+
''Semidouble.''
 +
 
 +
''All as on the Feast, except that the Antiphons are not doubled, and the following.''
  
 
=====FIRST NOCTURN.=====
 
=====FIRST NOCTURN.=====
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'''First Lesson.'''
 
'''First Lesson.'''
  
The Lesson is taken from the First Book of Kings (vi. 19.) A ND [the Lord]i smote the men of ^^ Beth-shemesh, because they had looked into the Ark of the LORD, even He smote of the people three-score 1 I venture to substitute this for " He," for the sake of clearness, viris, &c.
+
The Lesson is taken from the First Book of Kings (vi. 19.)  
 
+
Latin : Percussit autem de 252 THE PROPER OFFICE OF THE SEASON.
+
  
and ten men and fifty thousand of the people. And the people lamented, because the Lord had smitten many of the people with a great slaughter.
+
<span class="dropcap">A</span>ND [the Lord] <ref>I venture to substitute this for " He," for the sake of clearness. Latin : Percussit autem de viris, &c. </ref> smote the men of Beth-shemesh, because they had looked into the Ark of the LORD, even He smote of the people three-score and ten men and fifty thousand of the people. And the people lamented, because the Lord had smitten many of the people with a great slaughter.
  
 
And the men of Beth-shemesh said : Who is able to stand before this Holy Lord God ? and to whom shall He go up from us ? And they sent messengers to the inhabitants of Kirjath-jearim, saying : The Philistines have brought again the Ark of the Lord ; come ye down, and fetch it up to you. (vii. i.) And the men of Kirjath-jearim came, and fetched up the Ark of the LORD, and brought it into the house of Abinadab at Gibeah, And they sanctified Eleazar his son to keep the Ark of the LORD.
 
And the men of Beth-shemesh said : Who is able to stand before this Holy Lord God ? and to whom shall He go up from us ? And they sent messengers to the inhabitants of Kirjath-jearim, saying : The Philistines have brought again the Ark of the Lord ; come ye down, and fetch it up to you. (vii. i.) And the men of Kirjath-jearim came, and fetched up the Ark of the LORD, and brought it into the house of Abinadab at Gibeah, And they sanctified Eleazar his son to keep the Ark of the LORD.
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'''Second Lesson.'''
 
'''Second Lesson.'''
  
A ND it came to pass that from the ^^"^ day that the Ark of the LORD came to abide in Kirjath-jearim, the time waxed long, until it was already the twentieth year that it had abode there. And all the house of Israel lamented after the Lord. And Samuel spake unto all the house of Israel, saying : If ye do return unto the Lord with all your hearts, then put away the strange gods from among you, the Baalim and the Ashtaroth,i and prepare your hearts unto the Lord, and serve Him only ; and He will deliver you out of the hand of the Philistines. Then the children of Israel did put away the Baalim and the Ashtaroth, and served the Lord only.
+
<span class="dropcap">A</span>ND it came to pass that from the day that the Ark of the LORD came to abide in Kirjath-jearim, the time waxed long, until it was already the twentieth year that it had abode there. And all the house of Israel lamented after the Lord. And Samuel spake unto all the house of Israel, saying : If ye do return unto the Lord with all your hearts, then put away the strange gods from among you, the Baalim and the Ashtaroth, <ref>''I.e.'', shrines and images of Baal and Astart&#233;—a couple of idols, respectively male and female, much in vogue in Syria. What they represented is not quite agreed. Gesenius thinks they were meant for the planets Jupiter and Venus, but Baal (that is, Lord) sometimes means the sun. The worship of the female deity, who was worshipped as reigning over lust, consisted mostly of acts of studied impurity almost incredible to Christian ears.</ref> and prepare your hearts unto the Lord, and serve Him only ; and He will deliver you out of the hand of the Philistines. Then the children of Israel did put away the Baalim and the Ashtaroth, and served the Lord only.
  
 
'''Third Lesson.'''
 
'''Third Lesson.'''
  
AND Samuel said : Gather all Israel to Mizpeh, and I will pray for you unto the LoRD. And they gathered to Mizpeh, and drew water, and poured it out before the Lord, and fasted on that day, and said there : We have sinned against the Lord. And Samuel judged the children of Israel in Mizpeh. And when the Philistines heard that the children of Israel were gathered together to Mizpeh, the lords of the Philistines went up against Israel.
+
<span class="dropcap">A</span>ND Samuel said : Gather all Israel to Mizpeh, and I will pray for you unto the LoRD. And they gathered to Mizpeh, and drew water, and poured it out before the Lord, and fasted on that day, and said there : We have sinned against the Lord. And Samuel judged the children of Israel in Mizpeh. And when the Philistines heard that the children of Israel were gathered together to Mizpeh, the lords of the Philistines went up against Israel.
  
 
And when the Children of Israel heard it, they were afraid of the Philistines.
 
And when the Children of Israel heard it, they were afraid of the Philistines.
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=====SECOND NOCTURN.=====
 
=====SECOND NOCTURN.=====
  
{Read in the Votive Office in Septejnber and October. ) '''Fourth Lesson.'''
+
(''Read in the Votive Office in September and October.'' )
  
The Lesson is taken from the Book upon the Sacraments written by St Ambrose,^ Bishop [of Milan.] {^Bk.
+
'''Fourth Lesson.'''
  
iv. ch. 4.) "\"\ /"HO invented the Sacraments but ^^ the Lord jESUS ? The Sacraments came down from heaven, for all counsel is from heaven. Nevertheless, it was a great and wonderful work of God when He rained down manna upon His people, and the people laboured not, and yet were fed. Perchance, thou sayest : Here, it is my bread which is used. But that bread is bread only till the Sacramental words are spoken ; at the Consecration, instead of bread, there cometh to be the Body of Christ. This therefore let us establish. How cometh it that that which was bread becometh the 1 I.e., shrines and images of Baal and Astart6—a couple of idols, respectively male and female, much in vogue in Syria. What they represented is not quite agreed. Gesenius thinks they vi'ere meant for the planets Jupiter and Venus, but Baal (that is, Lord) sometimes means the sun. The worship of the female deity, who was worshipped as reigning over lust, consisted mostly of acts of studied impurity almost incredible to Christian ears.
+
The Lesson is taken from the Book upon the Sacraments written by St Ambrose, <ref>Pseudo-Ambrose.</ref> Bishop [of Milan.] (''Bk. iv. ch. 4.'')  
  
- Pseudo-Ambrose.
+
<span class="dropcap">W</span>HO invented the Sacraments but the Lord jESUS ? The Sacraments came down from heaven, for all counsel is from heaven. Nevertheless, it was a great and wonderful work of God when He rained down manna upon His people, and the people laboured not, and yet were fed. Perchance, thou sayest : Here, it is my bread which is used. But that bread is bread only till the Sacramental words are spoken ; at the Consecration, instead of bread, there cometh to be the Body of Christ. This therefore let us establish. How cometh it that that which was bread becometh the Body of Christ ? Through the Consecration.
 
+
WITHIN THE OCTAVE OF CORPUS CHRISTI. 253 Body of Christ ? Through the Consecration.
+
  
 
And in what words and in Whose language doth the Consecration take place ? In those of the Lord jESUS. All the other things which are said [in the Liturgy], the ascription of praise to God [in the Preface], the prayer for the people, for kings, and for others which formeth the first part [of the Canon, these are put in the mouth of the Priest.] But when that point is reached when this worshipful Sacrament is to be consecrated, then the Priest useth no more his own words, but Christ's.
 
And in what words and in Whose language doth the Consecration take place ? In those of the Lord jESUS. All the other things which are said [in the Liturgy], the ascription of praise to God [in the Preface], the prayer for the people, for kings, and for others which formeth the first part [of the Canon, these are put in the mouth of the Priest.] But when that point is reached when this worshipful Sacrament is to be consecrated, then the Priest useth no more his own words, but Christ's.
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'''Fifth Lesson.'''
 
'''Fifth Lesson.'''
  
T T is the word of Christ, therefore, which doth the needful work in this Sacrament. And what is the word of Christ ? It is the word of Him at Whose bidding all things were made.
+
<span class="dropcap">I</span>T is the word of Christ, therefore, which doth the needful work in this Sacrament. And what is the word of Christ ? It is the word of Him at Whose bidding all things were made.
  
 
The Lord commanded, and the heavens were created ; the Lord commanded, and the earth was formed ; the Lord commanded, and the seas were made ; the Lord commanded, and all creatures sprang into being.
 
The Lord commanded, and the heavens were created ; the Lord commanded, and the earth was formed ; the Lord commanded, and the seas were made ; the Lord commanded, and all creatures sprang into being.
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Thou seest, then, how mightily-working a word is the word of Christ. If then the word of Christ hath such power that it can make that to be which hath never been, wherein doth it appear greater that it maketh one thing to be changed into Another ? There was once no heaven ; there was once no sea ; there was once no earth.
 
Thou seest, then, how mightily-working a word is the word of Christ. If then the word of Christ hath such power that it can make that to be which hath never been, wherein doth it appear greater that it maketh one thing to be changed into Another ? There was once no heaven ; there was once no sea ; there was once no earth.
  
But hear him who saith :—" He spake, and it was done ; He commanded, and it stood fast." (Ps. xxxii. 9.) If, then, I am to answer thee, I tell thee, that before the Consecration it is not the Body of Christ, but after the Consecration it is the Body of Christ, for Himself " hath spoken, and it is done ; He hath commanded, and it standeth fast." Sixth Lesson, [ch. 5.) A ND now I come back to my text.
+
But hear him who saith :—" He spake, and it was done ; He commanded, and it stood fast." (Ps. xxxii. 9.) If, then, I am to answer thee, I tell thee, that before the Consecration it is not the Body of Christ, but after the Consecration it is the Body of Christ, for Himself " hath spoken, and it is done ; He hath commanded, and it standeth fast."  
  
It is indeed a great and worshipful fact that manna was rained down upon the Jews ; but, think thou, which was the more great and worshipful, the manna from heaven or the Body of Christ—^the Body of that Same Christ by Whom the heavens were made ? And, again ; the fathers " did eat manna, and are dead ; he that eateth of this Bread," (John vi.
+
'''Sixth Lesson.''' (''ch. 5.'')
  
58,) It is unto him "the remission of sins," (Matth. xxvi. 28,) and "he shall never die." (John xi. 26.) ^ Therefore it is not idly that, when thou art a-receiving, thou sayest :—"Amen " —testifying in thine heart that That Which thou art taking is the Body of Christ. The Priest saith unto thee :—" The Body of Christ ! "—and thou answerest :—"Amen"—that is to say: —"It is true." What then thy tongue confesseth, let thine heart hold to.
+
<span class="dropcap">A</span>ND now I come back to my text.
 +
 
 +
It is indeed a great and worshipful fact that manna was rained down upon the Jews ; but, think thou, which was the more great and worshipful, the manna from heaven or the Body of Christ — the Body of that Same Christ by Whom the heavens were made ? And, again ; the fathers " did eat manna, and are dead ; he that eateth of this Bread," (John vi. 58,) It is unto him "the remission of sins," (Matth. xxvi. 28,) and "he shall never die." (John xi. 26.) <ref>The next words relate to the form of words used in administering the Holy Communion where and when the writer Uved. The translator believes it to be the same still in use in Abyssinia.</ref> Therefore it is not idly that, when thou art a-receiving, thou sayest :—"Amen " —testifying in thine heart that That Which thou art taking is the Body of Christ. The Priest saith unto thee :—" The Body of Christ ! "—and thou answerest :—"Amen" — that is to say: —"It is true." What then thy tongue confesseth, let thine heart hold to.
  
 
=====THIRD NOCTURN.=====
 
=====THIRD NOCTURN.=====
  
[Read in the Votive Office in Septe7nber and October.) - - Seve7ith Lesson.
+
(''Read in the Votive Office in September and October.'')
 +
 
 +
'''Seventh Lesson.'''
  
The Lesson is taken from the Holy Gospel according to John (vi. 55.) A T that time : jESUS said unto the ^^ multitudes of the Jews : My Flesh is meat indeed, and My Blood is drink indeed. And so on.
+
The Lesson is taken from the Holy Gospel according to John (vi. 55.)  
  
Homily by St Hilary, Bishop [of Poitiers. ]2 (^Bk. viii. on the Trinity.) 1 The next words relate to the form of words used in administering the Holy Communion where and when the writer Uved. The translator believes it to be the same still in use in Abyssinia. '^ Jan. 14.
+
<span class="dropcap">A</span>T that time : JSUS said unto the multitudes of the Jews : My Flesh is meat indeed, and My Blood is drink indeed. And so on.
  
VOL. III. I 2 254 THE PROPER OFFICE OF THE SEASON.
+
Homily by St Hilary, Bishop [of Poitiers.] <ref>Jan. 14.</ref> (''Bk. viii. on the Trinity.'')
  
 
When we speak concerning the things of God, we must not speak after the manner of men, nor after the manner of the world. Let us read those things which are written, and understand those things which we read ; and then let us act as having a perfect faith. We shall speak but folly and godlessness if we speak concerning the natural truth of Christ in us, and have not learnt at Christ's School how we should speak. He Himself saith :—"My Flesh is meat indeed, and My Blood is drink indeed.
 
When we speak concerning the things of God, we must not speak after the manner of men, nor after the manner of the world. Let us read those things which are written, and understand those things which we read ; and then let us act as having a perfect faith. We shall speak but folly and godlessness if we speak concerning the natural truth of Christ in us, and have not learnt at Christ's School how we should speak. He Himself saith :—"My Flesh is meat indeed, and My Blood is drink indeed.
  
He that eateth My Flesh and drinketh My Blood, dwelleth in Me, and I in him." There is here no room left for doubt as to What is His Flesh and what is His Blood.i '''Eighth Lesson.'''
+
He that eateth My Flesh and drinketh My Blood, dwelleth in Me, and I in him." There is here no room left for doubt as to What is His Flesh and what is His Blood. <ref>De veritate carnis et sanguinis non relictus est ambigendi locus.</ref>
  
Tj^OR now we know by the declaration of the Lord Himself and by [the teaching of] our Faith, the reality of His Flesh and Blood. And when we eat the One and drink the Other, They work effectually in us to make us dwell in Him and He in us. Is not this a reality ? Surely it befalleth not them to find it true, who deny that Christ Jesus is Very God. He is in us by means of His Flesh, and we are in Him when that which we are is with Him in God. That we dwell in Him through that Sacrament wherein His Flesh and Blood are given unto us, He Himself doth testify, where He saith :—" Yet a little while, and the world seeth Me no more ; but ye see Me ; because I live ye shall live also. [At that day ye shall know that] I am in My Father, and ye in Me, and I in you." (John xiv.
+
'''Eighth Lesson.'''
  
19, 20.) '''Ninth Lesson.'''
+
<span class="dropcap">F</span>OR now we know by the declaration of the Lord Himself and by [the teaching of] our Faith, the reality of His Flesh and Blood. And when we eat the One and drink the Other, They work effectually in us to make us dwell in Him and He in us. Is not this a reality ? Surely it befalleth not them to find it true, who deny that Christ Jesus is Very God. He is in us by means of His Flesh, and we are in Him when that which we are is with Him in God. That we dwell in Him through that Sacrament wherein His Flesh and Blood are given unto us, He Himself doth testify, where He saith :—" Yet a little while, and the world seeth Me no more ; but ye see Me ; because I live ye shall live also. [At that day ye shall know that] I am in My Father, and ye in Me, and I in you." (John xiv. 19, 20.)  
  
"DUT that this union in us is a real one. He testifieth thus :—" He that eateth My Flesh and drinketh My Blood, dwelleth in Me, and I in him." For no one dwelleth in Him in whom He doth not dwell, since he which receiveth [the Body of Christ] hath but received that Flesh of [the same nature as] his own, which Christ hath taken into Himself The mystery of this perfect union He had taught before, when He said :—" As the living Father hath sent Me, and I live by the Father, so, he that eateth Me, even he shall live by Me." He therefore liveth by the Father, and, as He liveth by the Father, so shall we live by Him.
+
'''Ninth Lesson.'''
  
Vespers are the same as the First Vespers of the Feast.
+
<span class="dropcap">B</span>UT that this union in us is a real one. He testifieth thus :—" He that eateth My Flesh and drinketh My Blood, dwelleth in Me, and I in him." For no one dwelleth in Him in whom He doth not dwell, since he which receiveth [the Body of Christ] hath but received that Flesh of [the same nature as] his own, which Christ hath taken into Himself The mystery of this perfect union He had taught before, when He said :—" As the living Father hath sent Me, and I live by the Father, so, he that eateth Me, even he shall live by Me." He therefore liveth by the Father, and, as He liveth by the Father, so shall we live by Him.
  
If a Common Double Feast fall on this day it is only commemorated.
+
''Vespers are the same as the First Vespers of the Feast.''
  
Octave of Corpus Christi.
+
''If a Common Double Feast fall on this day it is only commemorated.''
  
The Eighth Day of the Feast of the Body of Christ.
+
== Thursday. ==
  
Double.
+
=== Octave of Corpus Christi. ===
  
All as on the Feast-day except the followiiig.
+
''The Eighth Day of the Feast of the Body of Christ.''
 +
 
 +
''Double.''
 +
 
 +
''All as on the Feast-day except the following.''
  
 
=====SECOND NOCTURN.=====
 
=====SECOND NOCTURN.=====
  
{Read in the Votive Office in November and December. ) Fourth Lessoji.
+
(''Read in the Votive Office in November and December.'' )  
  
The Lesson is taken from the Sermons of the Blessed Patriarch of Jerusalem, Cyril. 2 [Catechetical Lectures^ 4.) 1 De veritate carnis et sanguinis non relictus est ambigendi locus.
+
'''Fourth Lesson.'''
  
2 Elected a.d. 350. Suffered much persecution from the Arians, and died March 18, 386.
+
The Lesson is taken from the Sermons of the Blessed Patriarch of Jerusalem, Cyril. <ref>Elected a.d. 350. Suffered much persecution from the Arians, and died March 18, 386.</ref> (''Catechetical Lectures, 4.'')
  
OCTAVE OF CORPUS CHRIST!. 255 T^HE teaching of the blessed Paul seemeth of itself enough instruction for you concerning those Divine Mysteries, whereof, if ye be made worthy, ye become therein, so to speak, of one Body and of one Blood with Christ. Paul saith that our Lord Jesus Christ, "the same night in which He was betrayed, took bread ; and, when He had given thanks, He brake it, and gave it unto His disciples, saying : Take, eat ; this is My Body. . . . After the same manner also He took the cup," and gave thanks, "and said:"—Take this, and drink it ; this is My Blood. Since therefore it is He Who hath definitely stated and said, touching that Bread : " This is My Body "—who will dare any longer to doubt that It is so ? And since it is He again that hath absolutely affirmed and said, touching that cup : " This is My Blood "—who is he that will doubt any longer, or say that It is not His Blood ? '''Fifth Lesson.'''
+
<span class="dropcap">T</span>HE teaching of the blessed Paul seemeth of itself enough instruction for you concerning those Divine Mysteries, whereof, if ye be made worthy, ye become therein, so to speak, of one Body and of one Blood with Christ. Paul saith that our Lord Jesus Christ, "the same night in which He was betrayed, took bread ; and, when He had given thanks, He brake it, and gave it unto His disciples, saying : Take, eat ; this is My Body. . . . After the same manner also He took the cup," and gave thanks, "and said:"—Take this, and drink it ; this is My Blood. Since therefore it is He Who hath definitely stated and said, touching that Bread : " This is My Body "—who will dare any longer to doubt that It is so ? And since it is He again that hath absolutely affirmed and said, touching that cup : " This is My Blood "—who is he that will doubt any longer, or say that It is not His Blood ?  
  
A T the beginning of His ministry, at '^^ Cana in Galilee, the Lord turned water into wine, a thing which hath some qualities in common with blood ; and shall we deem Him less worthy that we should believe Him, when He turneth wine into Blood ? When He was bidden to that marriage wherein twain were made one flesh. He did the beginning of His miracles to the amazement of all men ; and shall we less surely hold that He hath given us His Body and Blood to be our meat and drink, or take them with weaker faith that they are indeed His Body and His Blood ? Under the appearance of bread He giveth unto us His Body, and, under the appearance of wine. His Blood : and when thou shalt come to receive, it is on the Body and Blood of Christ that thou wilt feed, being made a partaker of His Body and of His Blood. Thus indeed it is that we become Christbearers, ^ namely, by carrying about Christ in our bodies, when we receive His Body and Blood into our own frames. Thus, as the blessed Peter hath it, we are "partakers of the Divine nature." (2 Pet. i. 4.) '''Sixth Lesson.'''
+
'''Fifth Lesson.'''
  
/^^HRIST once said, in conversing with the Jews : " Except ye eat the Flesh of the Son of Man, and drink His Blood, ye have no life in you." (John vi. 53.) But they took not spiritually that which He said, and "from that time many of His disciples went back, and walked no more with Him." (66.) They thought that He had bidden them to eat flesh.
+
<span class="dropcap">A</span>T the beginning of His ministry, at Cana in Galilee, the Lord turned water into wine, a thing which hath some qualities in common with blood ; and shall we deem Him less worthy that we should believe Him, when He turneth wine into Blood ? When He was bidden to that marriage wherein twain were made one flesh. He did the beginning of His miracles to the amazement of all men ; and shall we less surely hold that He hath given us His Body and Blood to be our meat and drink, or take them with weaker faith that they are indeed His Body and His Blood ? Under the appearance of bread He giveth unto us His Body, and, under the appearance of wine. His Blood : and when thou shalt come to receive, it is on the Body and Blood of Christ that thou wilt feed, being made a partaker of His Body and of His Blood. Thus indeed it is that we become Christbearers, <ref>Christiferi.</ref> namely, by carrying about Christ in our bodies, when we receive His Body and Blood into our own frames. Thus, as the blessed Peter hath it, we are "partakers of the Divine nature." (2 Pet. i. 4.)
 +
 
 +
'''Sixth Lesson.'''
 +
 
 +
<span class="dropcap">C</span>HRIST once said, in conversing with the Jews : " Except ye eat the Flesh of the Son of Man, and drink His Blood, ye have no life in you." (John vi. 53.) But they took not spiritually that which He said, and "from that time many of His disciples went back, and walked no more with Him." (66.) They thought that He had bidden them to eat flesh.
  
 
The Old Testament also had Shewbread, but this Old Testament bread was now to have an end. The bread of the New Testament is " the Bread Which Cometh down from heaven " (50), the cup of the New Testament, the Cup of Salvation, that Bread and that Cup Which hallow both souls and bodies. Wherefore I will have thee to understand that the Bread and Wine whereunto thou art to come, are not mere common bread or mere common wine ; for they are the Body and the Blood of Christ. Even if thy senses do indeed deny this fact, yet let faith make thee right sure of it. Judge not the Thing by the taste thereof, but let faith assure thee beyond all doubt thou art partaking of the Body and Blood of Christ.
 
The Old Testament also had Shewbread, but this Old Testament bread was now to have an end. The bread of the New Testament is " the Bread Which Cometh down from heaven " (50), the cup of the New Testament, the Cup of Salvation, that Bread and that Cup Which hallow both souls and bodies. Wherefore I will have thee to understand that the Bread and Wine whereunto thou art to come, are not mere common bread or mere common wine ; for they are the Body and the Blood of Christ. Even if thy senses do indeed deny this fact, yet let faith make thee right sure of it. Judge not the Thing by the taste thereof, but let faith assure thee beyond all doubt thou art partaking of the Body and Blood of Christ.
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=====THIRD NOCTURN.=====
 
=====THIRD NOCTURN.=====
  
{Read in the Votive Office in November and December. ) 1 Christiferi.
+
(''Read in the Votive Office in November and December.'' )  
 
+
256 THE PROPER OFFICE OF THE SEASON.
+
  
 
'''Seventh Lesson.'''
 
'''Seventh Lesson.'''
  
The Lesson is taken from the Holy Gospel according to John (vi. 56.) A T that time : jESUS said unto the '^^ multitudes of the Jews : My Flesh is meat indeed, and My Blood is drink indeed. And so on.
+
The Lesson is taken from the Holy Gospel according to John (vi. 56.)  
  
Homily by St Cyril, Pope [of Alexandria.] {Book iv. 071 John, ch. 17.) " He that eateth My Flesh and drinketh My Blood," saith the Lord, "dwelleth in Me, and I in him." If a man take two pieces of wax and melt them, and pour the one into the other, they necessarily mingle ; so also, he that receiveth the Body and Blood of the Lord doth become so joined with the Lord that he is to be found in Christ and Christ in him.
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<span class="dropcap">A</span>T that time : JESUS said unto the multitudes of the Jews : My Flesh is meat indeed, and My Blood is drink indeed. And so on.
  
Another comparison thou wilt find in Matthew. The Lord there saith : "The kingdom of heaven is like unto leaven which a woman took, and hid in three measures of meal, [till the whole was leavened,]" (xiii. 33,) because, as Paul saith, "a little leaven leaveneth the whole lump." (Gal. v.
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Homily by St Cyril, Pope [of Alexandria.] (''Book iv. on John, ch. 17.'') " He that eateth My Flesh and drinketh My Blood," saith the Lord, "dwelleth in Me, and I in him." If a man take two pieces of wax and melt them, and pour the one into the other, they necessarily mingle ; so also, he that receiveth the Body and Blood of the Lord doth become so joined with the Lord that he is to be found in Christ and Christ in him.
  
9.) So also doth a little of this Blessing draw the whole man unto Itself, and fill him with Its grace : and thus doth Christ dwell in us, and we in Christ.
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Another comparison thou wilt find in Matthew. The Lord there saith : "The kingdom of heaven is like unto leaven which a woman took, and hid in three measures of meal, [till the whole was leavened,]" (xiii. 33,) because, as Paul saith, "a little leaven leaveneth the whole lump." (Gal. v. 9.) So also doth a little of this Blessing draw the whole man unto Itself, and fill him with Its grace : and thus doth Christ dwell in us, and we in Christ.
  
 
'''Eighth Lesson.'''
 
'''Eighth Lesson.'''
  
A S for ourselves, if we would win '^^ life everlasting ; if we would that the Giver of immortality should dwell in us, let us run freely to receive this Blessing, and let us beware that the devil succeed not in laying a stumbling-block in our way, in the shape of a mistaken reverence. Thou rightly sayest, and we know well, how that it is written: "Whosoever shall eat this Bread and drink this Cup of the Lord unworthily . . . eateth and drinketh damnation to himself." ( i Cor.
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<span class="dropcap">A</span>S for ourselves, if we would win life everlasting ; if we would that the Giver of immortality should dwell in us, let us run freely to receive this Blessing, and let us beware that the devil succeed not in laying a stumbling-block in our way, in the shape of a mistaken reverence. Thou rightly sayest, and we know well, how that it is written: "Whosoever shall eat this Bread and drink this Cup of the Lord unworthily . . . eateth and drinketh damnation to himself." ( i Cor. xi. 27, 29.) I therefore examine myself and find myself unworthy. And I ask thee, who citest these words to me, who shall ever be found worthy ? When wilt thou be such an one as may be worthy to be offered to Christ ? If by sin thou art unworthy, and thou ceasest not to sin, (for, as the Psalmist hath it,—"Who can understand his errors ? "—Ps. xviii. 13,) then shalt thou for ever lack this means of life and sanctification.
 
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xi. 27, 29.) I therefore examine myself and find myself unworthy. And I ask thee, who citest these words to me, who shall ever be found worthy ? When wilt thou be such an one as may be worthy to be offered to Christ ? If by sin thou art unworthy, and thou ceasest not to sin, (for, as the Psalmist hath it,—"Who can understand his errors ? "—Ps. xviii. 13,) then shalt thou for ever lack this means of life and sanctification.
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'''Ninth Lesson.'''
 
'''Ninth Lesson.'''
  
Vy^HEREFORE, I counsel thee to betake thee to godly thoughts, and to live carefully and holily, and so to receive that Blessing—a Blessing which, believe me, doth banish, not death only, but all diseases likewise.
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<span class="dropcap">W</span>HEREFORE, I counsel thee to betake thee to godly thoughts, and to live carefully and holily, and so to receive that Blessing—a Blessing which, believe me, doth banish, not death only, but all diseases likewise.
  
 
For when Christ dwelleth in us. He stilleth the law of death in our members, which warreth against the law of our mind, (Rom. vii. 23,) He giveth strength to godliness. He turneth to calm the turbulent surging of our mind. He cureth them which are sick, He raiseth up them which are fallen, and, like the Good Shepherd, Which giveth His life for the sheep, He prevaileth that the sheep perish not.
 
For when Christ dwelleth in us. He stilleth the law of death in our members, which warreth against the law of our mind, (Rom. vii. 23,) He giveth strength to godliness. He turneth to calm the turbulent surging of our mind. He cureth them which are sick, He raiseth up them which are fallen, and, like the Good Shepherd, Which giveth His life for the sheep, He prevaileth that the sheep perish not.
  
Sixth Day.
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== Friday. ==
  
First Lessojt.
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=== Sixth Day. ===
  
The Lesson is taken from the First Book of Kings (viii. 4.) ^HEN all the elders of Israel gathered themselves together, and came to Samuel unto Rama.
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'''First Lesson.'''
 +
 
 +
The Lesson is taken from the First Book of Kings (viii. 4.)  
 +
 
 +
<span class="dropcap">T</span>EN all the elders of Israel gathered themselves together, and came to Samuel unto Rama.
  
And they said unto him : Behold, thou art old, and thy sons walk not in thy ways ; make us a King to SECOND WEEK AFTER PENTECOST. 257 judge us like all the nations. The thing displeased Samuel, that they said : Give us a King' to judge us.
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And they said unto him : Behold, thou art old, and thy sons walk not in thy ways ; make us a King to judge us like all the nations. The thing displeased Samuel, that they said : Give us a King to judge us.
  
 
And Samuel prayed unto the LORD.
 
And Samuel prayed unto the LORD.
  
First Responsory .
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'''First Responsory.'''
  
Saul hath slain, &c., {p. 223.) '''Second Lesson.'''
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Saul hath slain, &c., ''(p. 223.)''  
  
AND the Lord said unto Samuel : '^ Hearken unto the voice of the people in all that they say unto thee.
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'''Second Lesson.'''
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AND the Lord said unto Samuel : Hearken unto the voice of the people in all that they say unto thee.
  
 
For they have not rejected thee, but they have rejected Me, that I should not reign over them. According to all the works which they have done since the day that I brought them up out of Egypt, even unto this day ; wherewith they have forsaken Me, and served other gods, so do they also unto thee. Now, therefore, hearken unto their voice ; howbeit yet protest solemnly unto them, and show them the manner of the king that shall reign over them.
 
For they have not rejected thee, but they have rejected Me, that I should not reign over them. According to all the works which they have done since the day that I brought them up out of Egypt, even unto this day ; wherewith they have forsaken Me, and served other gods, so do they also unto thee. Now, therefore, hearken unto their voice ; howbeit yet protest solemnly unto them, and show them the manner of the king that shall reign over them.
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'''Second Responsory.'''
 
'''Second Responsory.'''
  
Ye mountains of Gilboa, &c., {^p.
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Ye mountains of Gilboa, &c., ''(p. 223.)''
  
223.) '''Third Lesson.'''
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'''Third Lesson.'''
  
A ND Samuel told all the words of the Lord unto the people that asked of him a king, and he said : This will be the manner of the king that shall reign over you : he will take your sons, and appoint them for his chariots, and to be his horsemen, and to run before his chariots, and he will appoint him captains over thousands, and captains over hundreds, and will set them to ear his ground, and to reap his harvest, and to make his instruments of war, and his chariots ; and he will take your daughters to be confectionaries, and to be cooks, and to be bakers ; and he will take your fields, and your vineyards, and your olive-yards, even the best of them, and give them to his servants.
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<span class="dropcap">A</span>ND Samuel told all the words of the Lord unto the people that asked of him a king, and he said : This will be the manner of the king that shall reign over you : he will take your sons, and appoint them for his chariots, and to be his horsemen, and to run before his chariots, and he will appoint him captains over thousands, and captains over hundreds, and will set them to ear his ground, and to reap his harvest, and to make his instruments of war, and his chariots ; and he will take your daughters to be confectionaries, and to be cooks, and to be bakers ; and he will take your fields, and your vineyards, and your olive-yards, even the best of them, and give them to his servants.
  
Third Respo7tsory.
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'''Third Responsory.'''
  
Thus saith the Lord, &c., {p. 223.) The Sabbath.
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Thus saith the Lord, &c., ''(p. 223.)''
  
First Lesso7i.
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== Saturday. ==
  
The Lesson is taken from the First Book of Kings (ix. i.) 1 "^ OW there was a man of Benjamin, whose name was Kish, the son of Abiel, the son of Zeror, the son of Beehorath, the son of Aphiah, a Benjamite, a mighty man of power.
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=== The Sabbath. ===
  
And he had a son whose name was Saul, a choice young man and a goodly ; and there was not among the children of Israel a goodlier person than he ; from his shoulders and upward he was higher than any of the people. And the asses of Kish, Saul's father, were lost ; and Kish said to Saul his son : Take now one of the servants with thee, and arise, go seek the asses. And they passed through Mount Ephraim, and passed through the land of Shalisha, but they found them not ; then they passed through the land of Shalim, and there they were not : and he passed through the land of the Benjamites, but they found them not.
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'''First Lesson.'''
  
First Responsory .
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The Lesson is taken from the First Book of Kings (ix. i.) <ref>The Lessons formerly (and in England still) read on Friday relate how the Israelites came to Samuel demanding a king, and God commanded him to act according to their wishes.</ref>
  
My sins are many, &c., (/. 224.) 1 The Lessons formerly (and in England still) read on Fridaj'- relate how the Israelites came to Samuel demanding a king, and God commanded him to act according to their wishes.
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<span class="dropcap">N</span>OW there was a man of Benjamin, whose name was Kish, the son of Abiel, the son of Zeror, the son of Beehorath, the son of Aphiah, a Benjamite, a mighty man of power.
  
258 THE PROPER OFFICE OF THE SEASON.
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And he had a son whose name was Saul, a choice young man and a goodly ; and there was not among the children of Israel a goodlier person than he ; from his shoulders and upward he was higher than any of the people. And the asses of Kish, Saul's father, were lost ; and Kish said to Saul his son : Take now one of the servants with thee, and arise, go seek the asses. And they passed through Mount Ephraim, and passed through the land of Shalisha, but they found them not ; then they passed through the land of Shalim, and there they were not : and he passed through the land of the Benjamites, but they found them not.
  
Secojid Lesson.
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'''First Responsory.'''
  
A ND when they were come to the ^^ land of Zuph Saul said to his servant that was with him : Come, and let us return ; lest my father leave caring for the asses, and take thought for us. And he said unto him : Behold now, there is in this city a man of God, and he is an honourable man ; all that he saith cometh surely to pass.
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My sins are many, &c., ''(p. 224.)''
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'''Second Lesson.'''
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<span class="dropcap">A</span>ND when they were come to the land of Zuph Saul said to his servant that was with him : Come, and let us return ; lest my father leave caring for the asses, and take thought for us. And he said unto him : Behold now, there is in this city a man of God, and he is an honourable man ; all that he saith cometh surely to pass.
  
 
Now, let us go thither ; peradventure he can show us our way that we should go, to find that whereafter we are come. Then said Saul to his servant : But, behold, if we go, what shall we bring the man of God ? for the bread is spent in our vessels, and we have not a basket nor aught beside, that we may bring it for a present unto the man of God. And the servant answered Saul again : Behold, I have here in my hand the fourth part of a shekel of silver ; that let us give to the man of God, to tell us our way.
 
Now, let us go thither ; peradventure he can show us our way that we should go, to find that whereafter we are come. Then said Saul to his servant : But, behold, if we go, what shall we bring the man of God ? for the bread is spent in our vessels, and we have not a basket nor aught beside, that we may bring it for a present unto the man of God. And the servant answered Saul again : Behold, I have here in my hand the fourth part of a shekel of silver ; that let us give to the man of God, to tell us our way.
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'''Second Responsory.'''
 
'''Second Responsory.'''
  
Lord, Thou hast hearkened, &c., (/. 224.) '''Third Lesson.''' (14.) AND they went up into the city.
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Lord, Thou hast hearkened, &c., ''(p. 224.)''  
  
"^^ And when they were come into the city, behold, Samuel came out against them, for to go up to the high place. Now the LORD had told Samuel in his ear, a day before Saul came, saying : To-morrow, about this time, I will send thee a man out of the land of Benjamin, and thou shalt anoint him to be Captain over My people Israel, and he shall save My people out of the hand of the Philistines ; for I have looked upon My people ; because their cry is come unto Me. And when Samuel saw Saul, the Lord said unto him : Behold the man whom I spake to thee of; this same shall reign over My people.
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'''Third Lesson.''' (14.)
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<span class="dropcap">A</span>ND they went up into the city.  And when they were come into the city, behold, Samuel came out against them, for to go up to the high place. Now the LORD had told Samuel in his ear, a day before Saul came, saying : To-morrow, about this time, I will send thee a man out of the land of Benjamin, and thou shalt anoint him to be Captain over My people Israel, and he shall save My people out of the hand of the Philistines ; for I have looked upon My people ; because their cry is come unto Me. And when Samuel saw Saul, the Lord said unto him : Behold the man whom I spake to thee of; this same shall reign over My people.
  
 
'''Third Responsory.'''
 
'''Third Responsory.'''
  
Hearken, O Lord, &c., ij). 225.) Prayer u?itil Vespers as on Simday last.
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Hearken, O Lord, &c., ''(p. 225.)''
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''Prayer until Vespers as on Sunday last.''
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''At the beginning of the Martyrology, is said, The morrow is the Feast of the Most Sacred heart of Jesus.''
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''Vespers are of the Feast.''
  
At the beginniiig ofthe Martyrology, is said, The morrow is the Feast of the Most Sacred heart of Jesus.
 
  
Vespers are of the Feast.
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'''Citations'''
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<references/>

Latest revision as of 16:39, 20 January 2018