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Ef)t ^voptx £>ffice of t|)e Reason.
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== Eleventh Sunday after Pentecost. ==
  
Crintta Sunirag* TAe First Lord's Day after Pentecost.
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=== The Eleventh Lord's Day after Pentecost. ===
 
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Double of the First Class.
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All as on ordinary Sundays^ except Virgin. Thanks be unto Thee, O the folloivijig. God—Thanks be unto Thee, O True and One Trinity, Holy and Supreme Deity, Holy and One Unity.
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====FIRST VESPERS.====
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. .,-. ^1 , 1 Ts A Commemoration is made of the Antiphons. Chapter, and Prayer tt- j. o j ^^ n ^ ^ / ' ^ ' y pirst Sii7iday after Pentecost, from Lauds.
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''Antiphon.'' ^ Speak, Lord ; for Thy servant heareth.
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''Verse.'' Let the evening prayer as- Last Psalm.
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Psalm CXVI.
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O praise the Lord, &c., (/. i86.) Hymn as on ordinary Saturday evenijigs., {p. 204.) ''Verse.'' Bless we the Father, and the Son, and the Holy Ghost.
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''Answer.'' Let us praise Him and exalt Him above all for ever.
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cend unto Thee, O Lord.
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''Answer.'' And let there descend upon us Thy mercy.
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Prayer from the Commemoration at Lauds.
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====MATTINS.====
 
====MATTINS.====
 
l7ivitatory. The True God is Unity in Trinity, and Trinity in Unity. * O come, let us worship Antiphon at the Song of the Blessed Him.
 
 
1 This Festival in honour of the Church's Doctrine concerning God can never be transferred, and is therefore printed in the original just as given here.
 
 
2 I Kings (Sam.) iii. 9. ...
 
 
VOL. III. H 214 THE PROPER OFFICE OF THE SEASON.
 
 
Hyimiy r\ THOU Eternal Source of love ! ^^^ Ruler of Nature's scheme ! In Substance One, in Persons Three ! Omniscient and Supreme ! O be Thou near us when we wake ; And at the break of day, With Thy blest touch arouse the soul.
 
 
Her meed of praise to pay.
 
 
To God the Father glory be, And Sole, Eternal Son ; And glory. Holy Ghost, to Thee, While endless ages run. Amen.
 
  
 
=====FIRST NOCTURN.=====
 
=====FIRST NOCTURN.=====
 
''First Antiphon.'' Be present, O One Almighty God, Father, Son, and Holy Ghost.
 
 
Psalm VIII.
 
 
O Lord, our Lord, &c., {p. 7.) Second Antipho7i. We acknowledge that Thou art One in Being, and Three in Persons.
 
 
Psalm XVIII.
 
 
The heavens declare, &c., (/. 17.) Third Aiitiphoii. We testify that Thy Being, Thy Life, and Thine Understanding are One and eternally unchangeable.
 
 
Psalm XXIII.
 
 
The earth is the Lord's, &c., {p.
 
 
46.) ''Verse.'' Bless we the Father, and the Son, and the Holy Ghost.
 
 
''Answer.'' Let us praise and exalt Him above all for ever.
 
  
 
'''First Lesson.'''
 
'''First Lesson.'''
  
The Lesson is taken from the Book of the Prophet Isaiah (vi. i.) T N the year that King Uzziah died, I saw the Lord sitting upon a throne, high and lifted up, and His train filled the temple. Above it stood the 2 Seraphim ; each one had six wings ; with twain he covered his face, and with twain he covered his feet, and with twain he did fly. And one cried unto another, and said : Holy, Holy, Holy, is the LORD God of hosts ; the whole earth is full of His glory. And the posts of the door moved at the voice of him that cried, and the house was filled with smoke.
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The Lesson is taken from the Fourth Book of Kings (xx. i.)  
  
First Responsory, I saw the Lord sitting upon a throne, high and lifted up, and the whole earth was full of His glory, and His train filled the temple.
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<span class="dropcap">I</span>N those days was Hezekiah sick unto death, and the Prophet Isaiah, the son of Amoz, came to him, and said unto him : Thus saith the Lord—Set thine house in order, for thou shalt die and not live. Then he turned his face to the wall, and prayed unto the Lord, saying : I beseech Thee, O Lord, remember now how I have walked before Thee in truth and with a perfect heart, and have done that which is good in Thy sight. And Hezekiah wept sore.
 
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''Verse.'' Above it stood the Seraphim : each one had six wings.
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''Answer.'' And His train filled the temple.
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'''Second Lesson.'''
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n^HEN said I : Woe is me, for I am silent, because I am a man of unclean lips, and I dwell in the midst of a people of unclean lips, and mine eyes have seen the King, the LORD of hosts. Then flew one of the Seraphim unto me, having a live coal in his hand, which he had taken with the tongs from off the altar. And he laid it upon my mouth, and said : Lo, this hath touched thy lips, and thine iniquity is taken away, and thy sin purged. Also I heard the voice of the Lord saying : Whom shall I send ? and who will go for us ? Then said I : Here am I ; send me.
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1 The original is taken, with alterations, from two Ambrosian hymns ; translation by the Rev. E. Caswall. 2 Or "burning ones." TRINITY SUNDAY. 215 '''Second Responsory.'''
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1 Blessed be the Lord God of hosts, Who only doeth wondrous things.
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And blessed be His glorious Name for ever.
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Vei'se. And let the whole earth be filled with His glory. Amen. Amen.
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''Answer.'' And blessed be His glorious Name for ever.
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'''Third Lesson.'''
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AND He said : Go, and tell this ^ people : Hear ye indeed, but understand not ; and see ye indeed, but perceive not. Make the heart of this people dull, and make their ears heavy, and shut their eyes ; lest haply they see with their eyes, and hear with their ears, and understand with their heart, and be converted, and I should heal them. Then said I : Lord, how long ? And He answered : Until the cities be wasted without inhabitant, and the houses without man, and the land be utterly desolate : and the Lord shall remove man far away, and that which is left in the midst of the land shall increase.
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'''Third Responsory.'''
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2 Let God, even our own God, bless us ; let God bless us. And let all the ends of the earth fear Him.
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''Verse.'' God be merciful unto us, and bless us.
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''Answer.'' And let all the ends of the earth fear Him.
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''Verse.'' Glory be to the Father, and to the Son, and to the Holy Ghost.
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''Answer.'' And let all the ends of the earth fear Him.
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=====SECOND NOCTURN.=====
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''First Antiphon.'' Upon Thee do we call, Thee do we praise, Thee do we worship, O Blessed Trinity ! Psahn XLVI.
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O clap your hands, &c., {p. 98.) ''Second Antiphon.'' Thou art our Hope, Thou art our Salvation, Thou art our glory, O Blessed Trinity ! Psalm XLVII.
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Great is the Lord, &c., {p. 98.) Third Antipho7i. Be Thou our Deliverer, our Saviour, our Life-giver, O Blessed Trinity ! Psahn LXXL Give the King, &c., {^p. 126.) ''Verse.'' ^ Blessed art Thou, O Lord, in the firmament of heaven.
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''Answer.'' And above all to be praised and glorified for ever.
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'''Fourth Lesson.'''
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The Lesson is taken from the Book on the Faith, addressed to Peter by St Fulgentius, Bishop [of Ruspa.] impound in the Works of Augustine.^ torn. ) T^HE Faith which the holy Patriarchs and Prophets received from God before His Son was made Flesh, the Faith which the holy Apostles heard from the Lord Himself when Present in the Flesh, the Faith which the same Apostles learnt by the teaching of the Holy Ghost not only to preach by word of mouth, but also to leave behind them in their writings for the healthful instruction of all that should come after, that Faith teacheth that the Trinity, that is to say, the Father, the Son, and the Holy Ghost, is but ONE GOD.
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But we could not truly call the 1 Ps. Ixxi. 18, 19. 2 Ps. Ixvi. 8, 2. 3 Dan. iii. 56.
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2l6 THE PROPER OFFICE OF THE SEASON.
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Father, the Son, and the Holy Ghost a Trinity, if One and the Selfsame Person were named Father, Son, and Holy Ghost, '''Fourth Responsory.'''
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1 Who is so great a God as our God ? Thou art the God that doest wonders.
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''Verse.'' Thou hast declared Thy strength among the people ; Thou hast with Thine arm redeemed Thy people.
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''Answer.'' Thou art the God that doest wonders.
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'''Fifth Lesson.'''
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Tj^OR if as the Being of the Father, the Son, and the Holy Ghost is One Being, so were there but One Person, then were it untrue to say that God is a Trinity. On the other hand, if, as the Persons of the Father, the Son, and the Holy Ghost are distinguished One from Another by that which is proper to Each, so were They diverse by difference of nature, then were it untrue to say that God is ONE. But since concerning the nature of the One True God, Who is a Trinity, it is the Truth to say that God is ONE, and the Truth to say that God is a Trinity, therefore the True God is a Trinity in Persons, and an Unity in nature.
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'''Fifth Responsory.'''
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To Thee be praise, to Thee be glory, to Thee be thanksgiving for ever and ever, O Blessed Trinity ! ''Verse.'' ^ And blessed is Thy glorious and Holy Name, and to be praised and exalted above all for ever.
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''Answer.'' O Blessed Trinity ! '''Sixth Lesson.'''
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O^HROUGH this Oneness of nature ^ All That the Father is is in the Son and the Holy Ghost, All That the Son is is in the Father and the Holy Ghost, and All That the Holy Ghost is is in the Father and the Son. Of the Father, the Son, and the Holy Ghost, None is without Other, None is before Other, None is Greater than Other, None is Mightier than Other. The Father, as touching the One Divine Nature, is neither before nor greater than the Son and the Holy Ghost : neither is it possible that the Eternity and Infinity of the Son, whether as before or greater, should be before or greater than the Eternity and Infinity of the Spirit.
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'''Sixth Responsory.'''
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2 Great is the Lord, and greatly to be praised, and His Wisdom is unsearchable.
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''Verse.'' * Great is our Lord, and of great power, and His understanding is infinite.
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''Answer.'' And His Wisdom is unsearchable.
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''Verse.'' Glory be to the Father, and to the Son, and to the Holy Ghost.
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''Answer.'' And His Wisdom is unsearchable.
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=====THIRD NOCTURN.=====
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''First Antiphon.'' The Father is Love ; the Son is Grace ; the Holy Ghost is Communion.^ Blessed be the Trinity.
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1 Ps. Ixxvi. 14-16. 2 Dan. iii. 52. ^ Ps. xlvii. 2. ^ Ps. cxlvi. 5.
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•5 Communicatio. The distinctive property of the Holy Ghost, according to the Greek Fathers, is to be the Sanctifying Power of the Father and the Son, the substantial Gift whereby we are made " partakers of the Divine Nature." TRINITY SUNDAY. 217 Psalm XCV.
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O sing unto the Lord, &c,, (^. 148.) ''Second Antiphon.'' The Father is Truth ; the Son is Truth ; the Holy Ghost is Truth. Blessed be the Trinity.
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Psalm XCVI.
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The Lord reigneth, &c., {p. 149.) ''Third Antiphon.'' The Being of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost, is ONE. Blessed be the Trinity.
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Psalm XCVII.
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O sing unto the Lord, &c., {j). 1 57-) ''Verse.'' ^ By the Word of the Lord were the heavens made.
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''Answer.'' And all the host of them by the Breath of His mouth.
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'''Seventh Lesson.'''
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The Lesson is taken from the Holy Gospel according to Matthew (xxviii.
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18.) A T that time : jESUS said unto His '^^ disciples : All power is given unto Me in heaven and in earth. Go ye, therefore, and teach all nations, baptizing them in the Name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost. And so on.
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Homily by St Gregory of Nazianzus.
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Patriarch [of Constantinople.] {Treatise on the Faith.) There is no Catholic but knoweth that the Father is a Very Father, the Son a Very Son, and the Holy Ghost a Very Holy Ghost, even as the Lord Himself saith unto His Apostles : " Go ye and baptize all 1 Ps. xxxii. 6.
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nations in the Name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost." This is that Perfect Trinity Who is but ONE BEING, and of Whom therefore we testify that His Substance is one. For we make no division in God, as divisions are made in bodies, but we testify, that, according to the power of the Divine Nature, Which standeth not in matter, the Persons named have a real existence, and that God is one.
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'''Seventh Responsory.'''
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Bless we the Father, and the Son, and the Holy Ghost. Let us praise and exalt Him above all for ever.
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''Verse.'' ^ Blessed art Thou, O Lord, in the firmament of heaven, and above all to be praised and glorified for ever.
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Aiiswer. Let us praise and exalt Him above all for ever.
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'''Eighth Lesson.'''
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Al rE do not say, as some have ^^ dreamt, that the Begetting of the Son of God is an outgrowing from one part to another part : neither do we say that He is the Word in the sense of a mere sound uttered by a voice, but we do believe that these three Names and the Persons meant by them are all of only One Being, One Majesty, and One Power.
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And therefore we testify that God is ONE, because this ONE-ness of His Majesty forbiddeth that we should use the Plural form of speech and say, "Gods." It is Catholic language to say, " Father and Son," but we cannot and must not say that the Father and the Son are two gods.
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And that, not because the Son of God is not by Himself God—yea, He is Very God of Very God—but because we know that the Son of 2 Dan. iii. 56.
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2l8 THE PROPER OFFICE OF THE SEASON.
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God is not from elsewhere, but froni the One Father Himself, and therefore we say that God is ONE. This is the doctrine which Prophets and Apostles have delivered ; this is the doctrine which the Lord Himself taught when He said, " I and the Father are ONE," (John x. 30,) that is. He meant, as touching the ONE Divine Being, but as touching Persons, We are distinct.
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'''Eighth Responsory.'''
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1 One Seraph cried unto another — Holy, Holy, Holy is the Lord God of hosts : the whole earth is full of His glory.
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''Verse.'' ^ There are Three That bear record in heaven, the Father, the Word, and the Holy Ghost : and these Three are One.
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Aytswer. Holy, Holy, Holy is the Lord God of hosts : — ''Verse.'' Glory be to the Father, and to the Son, and to the Holy Ghost.
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''Answer.'' The whole earth is full of His glory.
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Ni7ith Lesson. {Homily for the First Sunday after Pe7itecost. ) The Lesson is taken from the Holy Gospel according to Luke (vi. 36.) A T that time : Jesus said unto His '^^ disciples : Be ye merciful, as your Father also is merciful. And so on.
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Homily by St Austin, Bishop [of Hippo.] (i^th Sermo7i 011 Matthew^ Words of the Lord.) There are two works of mercy which free us, and which the Lord Himself hath briefly named in the Gospel—" Forgive, and ye shall be forgiven : give, and it shall be given unto you." " Forgive, and ye shall be forgiven "—such is the promise of pardon. " Give, and it shall be given unto you "—such is the promise of favour. As touching forgiveness ; thou hast trespasses which thou wouldest fain have forgiven, and them which have trespassed against thee, whom thou canst forgive. As touching favour, there are beggars that beg from thee, and thou art a beggar to God. When we pray, we are all beggars to God, standing at the door of the Great Householder, yea, falling down on our knees, and beseeching Him to give us somewhat ; and that somewhat is God Himself.
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What doth a beggar ask of thee ? Bread. And what dost thou ask of God but that Christ Who saith : " I am the Living Bread Which came down from heaven ? " If ye will be forgiven, forgive ye. If ye will be pardoned, pardon ye. If ye will receive, "give, and it shall be given unto you." The Hymii., "We praise Thee, O God, &c.," is said.
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====LAUDS.====
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''First Antiphon.''^ I. Holy, Holy, Holy! * Lord God Almighty ! Early in the morning our song shall rise to Thee ! Holy, Holy, Holy! Merciful and Mighty! God in Three Persons, Blessed Trinity ! 1 Isa. vi. 3.
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2 I John v. 7.
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3 The first four Antiphons are Doxologies to the Most Holy Trinity in verse, being apparently the last verses of Hymns. They are in different measures, of no literary merit, and almost quite the same in sense, and the translator has ventured to represent them by the above four homogeneous Doxologies by Bp. Heber, constituting his Hymn for Trinity Sunday. For a literal translation, see Appendix.
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TRINITY SUNDAY. 219 ''Second Antiphon.''
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2. Holy, Holy, Holy! * All the Saints adore Thee, Casting down their golden crowns around the glassy sea ; Cherubim and Seraphim falling down before Thee, Which wert, and art, and evermore shall be.
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Third Aiitiphon.
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3. Holy, Holy, Holy ! * though the darkness hide Thee, Though the eye of sinful man Thy glory may not see, Only Thou art Holy : there is none beside Thee Perfect in power, in love, in purity ! ''Fourth Antiphon.''
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4. Holy, Holy, Holy! * Lord God Almighty ! All Thy works shall praise Thy Name, in earth, and sky, and sea ! Holy, Holy, Holy! Merciful and Mighty, God in Three Persons, Blessed Trinity ! Fifth Atitiphon. ^ Of Him, and through Him, and to Him, are all things ; "^ to Whom be glory for ever.
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''Chapter.'' (Rom. xi. 33.) r~\ THE depth of the riches both of ^-^ the wisdom and knowledge of God ! How unsearchable are His judgments, and His ways past finding out ! '''Hymn.''' ^ r\ THOU Who dost all nature sway, Dread Trinity in Unity ! Accept the trembling praise we pay To Thy Eternal Majesty ! The star that heralds in the morn Is fading in the skies ; The darkness melts ;—O Thou True Light, Once more on us arise ! To God the Father glory be ; And Sole Eternal Son ; All Glory, Holy Ghost, to Thee, While endless ages run. Amen.
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1 Rom. xi. 36.
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2 The original is taken, with alterations, from tion by the Rev. E. Caswall.
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''Verse.'' Bless we the Father, and the Son, and the Holy Ghost.
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''Answer.'' Let us praise and exalt Him above all for ever.
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''Antiphon at the Song of Zacharias.''
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Blessed be the Holy One, the Maker and Lord of all things ! Blessed be the Holy and Undivided Trinity, now and always, and unto unending ages of ages.
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Prayer throicghout the day.
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A LMIGHTY and everlasting God, ^^ Who hast given unto Thy servants grace by the confession of a true faith to acknowledge the glory of the Eternal Trinity, and in the power of the Divine Majesty to worship the Unity ; we beseech Thee that Thou wouldest keep us steadfast in this faith, and evermore defend us from all adversities. Through our Lord Jesus Christ Thy Son, Who liveth and reigneth with Thee, in the unity of the Holy Ghost, one God, world without end. Amen.
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The follo%ving Commemoration is made of the First Sunday after Pentecost.
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''Antiphon.'' ^ Be ye therefore merciful, as your Father also is merciful — saith the Lord.
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''Verse.'' The Lord reigneth ; He is clothed with majesty.
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''Answer.'' The LORD is clothed with strength, and has girded Himself with power.
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Let us pray.
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C\ GOD, the Strength of all them ^~^^ that put their trust in Thee, mercifully accept our prayers, and because through the weakness of our mortal nature we can do no good two hymns of the Ambrosian school ; transla- 3 Luke vi. 36.
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220 THE PROPER OFFICE OF THE SEASON.
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thing without Thee, grant us the help of Thy grace, that in keeping of Thy commandments we may please Thee, both in will and deed. Through our Lord jESUS Christ, Thy Son, Who liveth and reigneth with Thee, in the unity of the Holy Ghost, one God, world without end. Aineii.
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====PRIME.====
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''Antiphon.'' Holy, &c., {Fi7'st Antiphon at Lauds.) The Psalms are LIU. and the two first parts of CXVIII.
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The Creed of St Athanasius is said.
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Chapter at the end. (i John v. 7.) npHERE are Three That bear record in heaven, the Father, the Word, and the Holy Ghost, and these Three are One.
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====SEXT.====
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====TERCE.====
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''Antiphon.'' Holy, &c.
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Antiphon at Lauds.) Chapterfrom Lauds.
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{Seco7id '''Short Responsory.'''
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Bless we the Father, and the Son, and the Holy Ghost.
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''Answer.'' Bless we the Father, and the Son, and the Holy Ghost.
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''Verse.'' Let us praise and exalt Him above all for ever.
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''Answer.'' And the Holy Ghost.
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''Verse.'' Glory be to the Father, and to the Son, and to the Holy Ghost.
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''Answer.'' Bless we the Father, and the Son, and the Holy Ghost.
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''Verse.'' Blessed art Thou, O Lord, in the firmament of heaven.
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Ajiswer. And to be praised and glorified for ever.
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Ajitiphon. Holy, Antipho7i at Lauds.) &c., [Third ''Chapter.'' (2 Cor. xiii. 13.) n^HE grace of our Lord Jesus Christ, and the love of God, and the communion of the Holy Ghost, be with you all. Amen.
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Short Respo7isory.
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Blessed art Thou, O Lord, in the firmament of heaven.
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A7iswer. Blessed art Thou, O Lord, in the firmament of heaven.
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''Verse.'' And to be praised and glorified for ever.
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A7iszver. In the firmament of heaven.
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''Verse.'' Glory be to the Father, and to the Son, and to the Holy Ghost. ' A7iswer. Blessed art Thou, O Lord, in the firmament of heaven.
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''Verse.'' By the Word of the LORD were the heavens made.
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A7iswer. And all the host of them by the Breath of His mouth.
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====NONE.====
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A7itipho7t. Of Him, &c., {Fifth A7itipho7i at Lauds.) Chapter as at the e7id of Pri77ie.
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'''Short Responsory.'''
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By the Word of the Lord were the heavens made.
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A7tswer. By the Word of the Lord were the heavens made.
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''Verse.'' And all the host of them by the Breath of His mouth.
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A7is%ver. Were the heavens made.
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''Verse.'' Glory be to the Father, and to the Son, and to the Holy Ghost.
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Ajiswer. By the Word of the Lord were the heavens made.
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FIRST WEEK AFTER PENTECOST. 221 ''Verse.'' Blessed be the Name of the Lord.
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''Answer.'' From henceforth, now, and for ever.
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====SECOND VESPERS.====
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All the same as First Vespers., except the followifig : ''Verse.'' Blessed art Thou, O Lord, in the firmament of heaven.
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Aiiswer. And to be praised and glorified for ever.
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''Antiphon at the Song of the Blessed Virgin.''  With all our heart and with all our voice do we acknowledge Thee, praise Thee, and bless Thee, O God the Father the Unbegotten, O God the Only-Begotten Son, O God the Holy Ghost the Comforter, One Holy and Undivided Trinity ! To Thee be glory for ever ! The following is the Commemoration of the First Sunday after Pentecost.
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Antipho7t. ^ Judge not, that ye be not judged : for with what judgment ye judge, ye shall be judged, saith the Lord.
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''Verse.'' Let my prayer, O Lord, be set forth.
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''Answer.'' As incense before Thee.
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Prayer as at the Commemoration of Lauds.
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Second Day.
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====MATTINS.====
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'''First Lesson.'''
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Here beginneth the First Book of Kings (Samuel) (i. 1-3.) 2 "IVr OW there was a certain man of Ramathaim-Zophim, of Mount Ephraim, and his name was Elkanah, the son of Jeroham, the son of Elihu, the son of Tohu, the son of Zuph, an Ephrathite ; and he had two wives ; the name of the one was Hannah, and the name of the other Peninnah.
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And Peninnah had children, but Hannah had no children. And this man went up out of his city on the appointed days, to worship, and to sacrifice unto the LORD of hosts in Shiloh. And the two sons of Eli, Hophni and Phinehas, the Priests of the Lord, were there.
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'''First Responsory.'''
 
'''First Responsory.'''
  
^ Prepare your hearts unto the Lord, and serve Him Only ; and He will deliver you out of the hand of your enemies.
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Prepare your hearts, &c., ''(p. 221.)''  
 
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''Verse.'' Return unto Him with all your hearts, and put away the strange gods from among you.
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''Answer.'' And He will deliver you out of the hand of your enemies.
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'''Second Lesson.''' ( 4-8 .
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) A ND when the time was that "^^ Elkanah offered, he gave to Peninnah his wife, and to all her sons and her daughters, portions ; but unto Hannah he gave one portion, sorrowing, for he loved Hannah.
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But the Lord had shut up her womb.
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Her adversary also provoked her sore, and made her fret, even unto reviling her, because that the Lord had shut up her womb : and as she did so year by year, when the time came and they went up unto the Temple 1 Matth. vii. i, 2.
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2 The course of the Sacred History is here resumed, after a gap covering many centuries, probably over three from the colonization of Palestine. (The history of the omitted period is contained in the Pentateuch and the Books of Joshua and Judges.) The four Books of Kings contain the history from the birth of Samuel (about B.C. 1170) to the capture of Jerusalem by the Babylonians (about B.C. 588.) Who composed these Books is unknown.
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+
3 I Kings (Sam.) vii. 3. .
+
 
+
VOL. III. H 2 222 THE PROPER OFFICE OF THE SEASON.
+
 
+
of the Lord, so she provoked her.
+
 
+
Therefore she wept and did not eat.
+
 
+
Then said Elkanah her husband unto her : Hannah, why weepest thou, and why eatest thou not ? and why is thy heart grieved ? Am not I better to thee than ten sons ? Seco7td Responsory.
+
 
+
God, Which heareth all, even He sent His Angel, and took me from keeping my father's sheep, and anointed me with the oil of His mercy.
+
 
+
Verse, ^ The Lord That delivered me out of the mouth of the lion, and out of the paw of the bear, A7iswer. And anointed me with the oil of His mercy.
+
 
+
'''Third Lesson.''' ( 9- 1 1 .
+
 
+
) 00 Hannah rose up after she had eaten in Shiloh, and after she had drunk. Now Eli the Priest sat upon a seat before the doorposts of the Temple of the LORD.
+
 
+
And Hannah was in bitterness of soul, and prayed unto the LORD, and wept sore ; and she vowed a vow, and said : O Lord of hosts, if Thou wilt indeed look upon the affliction of Thine handmaid, and remember me, and not forget Thine handmaid, but wilt give unto Thine handmaid a man-child, then I will give him unto the LORD all the days of his life, and there shall no razor come upon his head.
+
 
+
'''Third Responsory.'''
+
 
+
The Lord That delivered me out of the mouth of the lion, and out of the paw of the bear—He will deliver me out of the hand of mine enemies.
+
 
+
''Verse.'' ^ God hath sent forth His mercy and His truth, and delivered my soul from among the lion's whelps.
+
 
+
''Answer.'' He will deliver me out of the hand of mine enemies.
+
 
+
''Verse.'' Glory be to the Father, and to the Son, and to the Holy Ghost.
+
 
+
''Answer.'' He will deliver me out of the hand of mine enemies.
+
 
+
Third Day.
+
 
+
====MATTINS.====
+
 
+
'''First Lesson.'''
+
 
+
The Lesson is taken from the First Book of Kings (i. 12-18.) ( A ND it came to pass, as she continued praying before the LORD, that Eli marked her mouth. Now, Hannah, she spake in her heart, and only her lips moved, but her voice was not heard. Therefore Eli thought she had been drunken, and said unto her : How long wilt thou be drunken ? Cease for a while to soak thyself with wine. And Hannah answered and said : No, my lord ; for I am a woman exceeding sorrowful ; I have drunk neither wine nor strong drink, but have poured out my soul before the Lord. Count not thine handmaid for a daughter of Belial ; ^ for out of the abundance of my complaint and grief have I spoken hitherto. Then Eli said unto her : Go in peace ; and the God of Israel grant thee thy petition that thou hast asked of Him. And she said : Let thine handmaid find grace in thy sight.
+
 
+
1 I Kings (Sam.) xvii. 37. Ps. Ivi. 4, 5. 3 I.e., lit. "the worthless one." FIRST WEEK AFTER PENTECOST. 223 First Responsory, 1 Saul hath slain his thousands, and David his ten thousands. Because the hand of the Lord was with him, he smote the Philistine, and took away the reproach from Israel.
+
 
+
''Verse.'' Is not this David ? Did they not sing one to another of him in dances, saying : Saul hath slain his thousands, and David his ten thousands ? ''Answer.'' Because the hand of the Lord was with him, he smote the Philistine, and took away the reproach from Israel.
+
 
+
'''Second Lesson.''' (18-22.) QO the woman went her way, and did eat, and her countenance was no more sad. And they rose up in the morning early, and worshipped before the Lord ; and returned and came to their house in Ramah. And Elkanah knew Hannah his wife, and the LORD remembered her. Wherefore it came to pass, when the time was come about, that Hannah conceived, and bare a son, and called his name Samuel, ^ because she had asked him of the Lord. And the man Elkanah and all his house went up to offer unto the Lord the solemn sacrifice, and his vow, but Hannah went not up ; for she said unto her husband : I will not go up until the child be weaned, and then I will bring him, that he may appear before the LORD, and there abide for ever.
+
 
+
Second Respoiisory.
+
 
+
2 Ye mountains of Gilboa, let there be no dew, neither let there be rain upon you—for there are the mighty of Israel fallen ! ''Verse.'' All ye mountains that stand round about, the Lord look upon you ! but let Him pass by Gilboa ! Ajzstver. For there are the mighty of Israel fallen ! '''Third Lesson.''' (23-28.) AND Elkanah her husband said unto her : Do what seemeth thee good, and tarry until thou have weaned him, and I pray that the Lord may fulfil His word. So the woman abode and gave her son suck until she weaned him. And w^hen she had weaned him, she took him up with her, with three bullocks, and three measures of flour, and a bottle of wine, and brought him unto the house of the Lord in Shiloh. And the child was young. And they slew a bullock, and brought the child to Eli. And Hannah said : O, my lord ; as thy soul liveth, my lord ; I am the woman that stood by thee here, praying unto the LORD. For this child I prayed, and the LORD hath given me my petition which I asked of Him.
+
 
+
Therefore also I have lent him to the Lord for all the days wherein he shall be lent unto the Lord. And they worshipped the LORD there.
+
 
+
'''Third Responsory.'''
+
 
+
Thus saith the LORD : I took thee * out of thy father's house, and appointed thee to be ruler over My people, over Israel. And I was with thee whithersoever thou wentest, to establish thy kingdom for ever.
+
 
+
''Verse.'' And I have made thee a great name, like unto the name of the great men that are in the earth ; 1 From the women's song on the death of Goliath. See i Kings (Sam.) xviii. 7, xvii. 26, xxi. II. 2 /_^_^ " heard of God." 3 From David's poem on the death of Saul and Jonathan. See 2 Kings (Sam.) i. 21.
+
 
+
4 I.e., David, 2 Kings (Sam.) vii. 8, 9, 11, 13.
+
 
+
224 THE PROPER OFFICE OF THE SEASON.
+
 
+
and have caused thee to rest from all thine enemies.
+
 
+
''Answer.'' And I was with thee whithersoever thou wentest, to establish thy kingdom for ever.
+
 
+
''Verse.'' Glory be to the Father, and to the Son, and to the Holy Ghost.
+
 
+
''Answer.'' And I was with thee whithersoever thou wentest, to establish thy kingdom for ever.
+
 
+
Fourth Day.
+
 
+
====MATTINS.====
+
 
+
'''First Lesson.'''
+
 
+
The Lesson is taken from the First Book of Kings (ii. 12-14.) "IVr OW the sons of Eli were sons of Belial ; they knew not the Lord, nor the Priests' duty toward the people : but, Avhen any man offered sacrifice, the Priest's servant came while the flesh was in seething, with a flesh-hook of three teeth in his hand ; and he struck it into the pan, or kettle, or cauldron, or pot ; all that the fleshhook brought up, the Priest took for himself. So they did unto all Israel that came unto Shiloh.^ '''First Responsory.'''
+
 
+
My sins are many, yea, they are more in number than the sands of the sea ; I am not worthy to look up toward heaven because of the multitude of my iniquities ; for I have provoked Thee to anger, and done evil in Thy sight.
+
 
+
''Verse.'' ^ For I acknowledge my transgression, and my sin is ever before me, for against Thee only have I sinned,— ''Answer.'' And done evil in Thy sight.
+
 
+
'''Second Lesson.''' (15-17.) A LSO before they burnt the fat,^ "^^ the Priest's servant came, and said to the man that sacrificed : Give me flesh to cook for the Priest ; for I will not have cooked flesh of thee, but raw. And he that sacrificed said unto him : Let the fat first be burnt this day, as the custom is ; and then take as much as thy soul desireth. Then he answered and said unto him : Nay, but thou shalt give it me now, and if not, I will take it by force. Wherefore the sin of the young men was very great before the LORD, for they made men to abhor the offering of the Lord.
+
 
+
'''Second Responsory.'''^ O Lord, Thou hast hearkened unto the prayer of Thy servant, that I might build a temple unto Thy Name, O God of Israel, bless Thou, and hallow this house for ever ! ''Verse.'' O Lord, Who keepest covenant with Thy servants that walk before Thee in all their heart.
+
 
+
''Answer.'' O God of Israel, bless Thou, and hallow this house for ever ! '''Third Lesson.''' ( 1 8-2 1 .
+
 
+
) "DUT Samuel ministered before the Lord, being a child, girded with a linen ephod.^ Moreover, his mother made him a little coat, and brought it to him from year to year, when she came up with her husband to offer the solemn sacrifice. And Eli blessed 1 To see their iniquity, read Lev, vii. 29-37. 2 Ps. 1. 5, 6.
+
 
+
3 Concerning this accusation see Lev. iii, 3-5, vii. 31.
+
 
+
4 Founded on Solomon's Prayer at the Dedication of the Temple, 3 (i) Kings viii. 23.
+
 
+
A thing something like a dalmatic without sleeves. It reached towards the knees.
+
 
+
FIRST WEEK AFTER PENTECOST. 225 Elkanah and his wife, and said unto him : The LORD give thee seed of this woman, for the loan which thou hast lent to the Lord. And they went unto their own home. The LORD therefore visited Hannah, and she conceived, and bare three sons and two daughters : and the child Samuel grew before the Lord.
+
 
+
Third Responsory^ Hearken, O LORD, unto the cry and to the prayer which Thy servant prayeth before Thee to-day, that Thine eyes may be open and Thine ears attent toward this house day and night.
+
 
+
''Verse.'' Look down from Thine high and holy place, O Lord, even from heaven Thy dwelling, — ''Answer.'' Toward this house, day and night.
+
 
+
''Verse.'' Glory be to the Father, and to the Son, and to the Holy Ghost.
+
 
+
''Answer.'' Toward this house day and night.
+
 
+
At the beginning of the Martyrology is said^— The morrow is the Feast of the Most Holy Body of Christ.
+
 
+
The ?iext day., being Thursday., is kept the Feast of Corpus Christi, a Double of the First Class. It cannot be displaced. If a Feast of a Doctor of the Church or of the rank of Greater Double or higher fall on the same day., it is transferred to the first unoccupied day after the Octave of Corpus Christi. Any other Feast so falling is left unnoticed. The Vespers on Wednesday evening are the First Vespers of Corpus Christi.
+
 
+
1 From Solomon's Prayer at the Dedication of the Temple. 2 Par. (Chron.) vi. 40; 3 (1) Kings viii. 28.
+
 
+
226 d?eaj5t of Ctorpug; Qtf)xi^tu Fe^ist of the Body of Christ ^ Double of the First Class.
+
 
+
All as on Sundays except the following.
+
 
+
Note, lVhe?z this Office is used as a Votive Office out of Paschal-time., the z£/<9r^ " Alleluia " is omitted ivherever it is here given in brackets., [ ], but when so used within Paschal-time the aforesaid word is inserted whenever given thus., " "^ P. T. Alleluia," in addition to the others. The further changes required in the Votive Office are nven in a Note at the end.^ ====FIRST VESPERS.====
+
 
+
Chapter and Prayerfrom Lauds.
+
 
+
''First Antiphon.'' ^ Christ the Lord, being made an High Priest for ever "^ after the order of Melchisedec, hath offered bread and wine. "^ P. T.
+
 
+
Alleluia.
+
 
+
Secojid Aiitiphon. He hath made His wonderful works to be remembered ; * the Lord is [gracious and] full of compassion. He hath given meat unto them that fear Him. "^ P.
+
 
+
r. Alleluia.
+
 
+
''Third Antiphon.'' I will take the cup of salvation, ^ and offer the sacrifice of thanks^ivins'. * P. T. Alleluia.
+
 
+
Psalm CXV.
+
 
+
I believed, therefore have I spoken, &c., (i^. 185.) Fourth A7itipho7i. Let the children of the Church be like olive-plants "^ round about the table of the Lord.
+
 
+
* P. T. Alleluia.
+
 
+
Psalm CXXVIL Blessed is every one, &c.. {p. 191.) Fifth Antipho7i. The Lord, That maketh peace in the borders of the Church, * filleth her with the finest of the wheat. ^ P. T. Alleluia.
+
 
+
Psalm CXLVII.
+
 
+
Praise the Lord, O Jerusalem, &c., (/. 203.) 1 I.e., as really present in the Most Holy Sacrament of the Altar.
+
 
+
2 As to the omission and addition of the Alleluia in the Votive Office the divergence of the authorities consulted by the translator causes him some uneasiness. In this translation the sense of the majority is followed.
+
 
+
2 Heb. vi. 20 ; Gen. xiv. 18.
+
 
+
CORPUS CHRISTI. 227 '''Hymn.'''^ r\P the glorious Body telling, O my tongue, Its mystery sing ; And the Blood, all price excelling, Which for this world's ransoming In a noble womb once dwelling He shed forth, the Gentiles' King.
+
 
+
Given for us, for us descending Of a Virgin to proceed, Man with man in converse blending Scattered He the Gospel seed : Till His sojourn drew to ending Which He closed in wondrous deed.
+
 
+
At the Last Great Supper seated, Circled by His brethren's band, All the Law required, completed, In the Feast its statutes planned, To the twelve Himself He meted For their Food, with His own Hand.
+
 
+
Word made Flesh, by word He maketh Very bread His Flesh to be ; Man for wine Christ's Blood partaketh ; And if senses fail to see.
+
 
+
Faith alone the true heart waketh To behold the Mystery.
+
 
+
Therefore, we, before It bending, This great Sacrament adore : Types and shadows have their ending In the new rite evermore : Faith, our outward sense amending, Maketh good defects before.
+
 
+
Honour, laud, and praise addressing To the Father and the Son, Might ascribe we, virtue, blessing, And eternal benison : Holy Ghost, from Both progressing, Equal laud to Thee be done. Amen, ''Verse.'' ^ Thou didst send them from heaven—[Alleluia.] ''Answer.'' Bread able to content every man's delight—[Alleluia.] Antiphon at the Song of the Blessed Virgiit. ^ O Lord, how kindly is Thy Spirit ! * even Thine, Whose sustenance declared Thy sweetness unto Thy children when Thou didst send them from heaven bread tempering itself to every man's liking, O Thou, Who hast filled the hungry with good things, and the rich, that are proud in the imagination of their hearts, Thou hast sent empty away. ^"^ \P. T.
+
 
+
Alleluia.] At Compline and every other Office throughout the Feast aiid Octave the last verse of the Hym7i is altered in honour of the Incarnation., excepting only the thT-ee Hymns proper to the Feast.
+
 
+
====MATTINS.====
+
 
+
Invitatory. O come, and let us worship Christ, Of all the nations Lord,"^ Who doth, to them that feed on Him, The Bread of Life afford.
+
 
+
* P. T. Alleluia.
+
 
+
'''Hymn.''''^ T ET old things pass away ; Let all be fresh and bright ; And welcome we with hearts renewed This Feast of new delight.
+
 
+
Upon this hallowed eve, Christ with His brethren ate.
+
 
+
Obedient to the olden Law, The Pasch before Him set.
+
 
+
Which done,—Himself entire, The True Incarnate God, Alike on each, alike on all, His sacred Hands bestowed.
+
 
+
He gave His Flesh ; He gave His Precious Blood ; and said : "Receive aijd drink ye all of This For your salvation shed." Thus did the Lord appoint This Sacrifice sublime, And made His Priests the ministers Through all the bounds of time.
+
 
+
1 Hymn by St Thomas Aquinas ; translation by the late Dr Neale (two words altered, " n for "generous," as a translation of "generosi" in the ist, and "for" for "in" in the 4th noble 2 Wisd. xvi. 20. 3 Wisd. xu. i 4 Hymn by St Thomas Aquinas ; translation by the Rev. E. Caswall.
+
 
+
xvi. 21.
+
 
+
228 THE PROPER OFFICE OF THE SEASON.
+
 
+
Farewell to types ! henceforth We feed on Angels' Food ; The slave—O, wonder !—eats the Flesh Of his Incarnate God ! O Blessed Three in One ! Visit our hearts, we pray, And lead us on through Thine own paths To Thy eternal day. Amen, =====FIRST NOCTURN.=====
+
 
+
In Pasckal-thne only one Antiphon^ namely the First, is said at each Noctiirn.
+
 
+
''First Antiphon.'' The Lord brought forth His fruit in the season of His death, * even that fruit whereof if any man eat, he shall live for ever.i ^ P.
+
 
+
T. Alleluia.
+
 
+
Psalm I.
+
 
+
Blessed is the man, &c., {p. 4.) ''Second Antiphon.'' His faithful ones which are increased by the fruit of His corn and His wine * do lay them down in peace and sleep in Christ.
+
 
+
Psahn IV.
+
 
+
When I called, &c., {p. 206.) Third Antipho7i. ^ Us, being many, hath the Lord made one body, * for we are all partakers of that one cup, which is not the communion of the blood of bulls, but of God Himself Psalm XV.
+
 
+
Preserve me, O Lord, &c., (/. 12,) ''Verse.'' ^ He gave them of the bread of heaven—[Alleluia.] ''Answer.'' Man did eat Angels' bread—[Alleluia. ] '''First Lesson.'''
+
 
+
The Lesson is taken from the First Epistle of the Blessed Apostle Paul to the Corinthians (xi. 20.) ^'XT'HEN ye come together, therefore, into one place, this is not to eat the Lord's Supper. For every one taketh before his own supper to eat, and one is hungry, and another is drunken. What ! have ye not houses to eat and to drink in ? or despise ye the Church of God, and shame them that have not ? What shall I say to you ? Do I praise you ? In this I praise you not.
+
 
+
'''First Responsory.'''
+
 
+
^ The whole assembly of the children of Israel shall kill the lamb toward the evening of the Passover. And they shall eat the flesh, and unleavened bread. * P. T. Alleluia.
+
 
+
''Verse.'' ^ Even Christ our Passover is sacrificed for us ; therefore let us keep the feast with the unleavened bread of sincerity and truth.
+
 
+
''Answer.'' And they shall eat the flesh, and unleavened bread. "^ P. T.
+
 
+
Alleluia.
+
  
 
'''Second Lesson.'''
 
'''Second Lesson.'''
  
T7OR I have received of the Lord that which also I delivered unto you. That the Lord jESUS, the same night in which He was betrayed, took bread ; and, when He had given thanks, He brake it, and said : Take, eat : This is My Body, Which shall be given for you ; this do in remembrance of Me. After the same manner also He took the cup, when He had supped, saying : This Cup is the New Testament in My Blood.
+
<span class="dropcap">A</span>ND afore Isaiah was gone out into the middle court, the word of the Lord came to him saying : Turn again, and tell Hezekiah, the Captain of My people : Thus saith the LORD, the God of David thy father— I have heard thy prayer ; I have seen thy tears ; and, behold, I have healed thee : on the third day thou shalt go up into the house of the Lord. And I will add unto thy days fifteen years ; and I will deliver thee and this city out of the hand of the king of Assyria ; and I will defend this city for Mine own sake, and for My servant David's sake. And Isaiah said : Take a lump of figs. And they took and laid it on the boil and he recovered.
 
+
This do ye, as oft as ye drink it, in remembrance of Me. For as often as 1 John vi. 51.
+
 
+
* Exod. xii. 6, 2 I Cor. X. 17 ; Heb. ix. 13, 14.
+
 
+
5 I Cor. V. 7, 8.
+
 
+
3 Ps. Ixxvii. 24, 25.
+
 
+
CORPUS CHRISTI. 229 ye eat this Bread, and drink this Cup, ye do show the Lord's death till He come.
+
  
 
'''Second Responsory.'''
 
'''Second Responsory.'''
  
1 Ye shall eat flesh, and shall be filled with bread. "^ This is the bread which the LORD hath given you to eat.
+
God, Which heareth all, &c., ''(p. 222.)''  
 
+
^ P. T. Alleluia.
+
 
+
''Verse.'' ^ Moses gave you not that Bread from heaven, but My Father giveth you the true Bread from heaven.
+
 
+
''Answer.'' This is the bread which the Lord hath given you to eat. * P. T. Alleluia.
+
 
+
of that meat [forty days and forty nights] unto the mount of God.
+
 
+
^ P. T. Alleluia.
+
 
+
''Verse.'' Glory be to the Father, and to the Son, and to the Holy Ghost.
+
 
+
''Answer.'' And went in the strength of that meat [forty days and forty nights] unto the mount of God.
+
 
+
^ P. T. Alleluia.
+
 
+
=====SECOND NOCTURN.=====
+
 
+
First Afitiphon. The Lord remember our offering, * and accept our burnt-sacrifice. "^ P. T. Alleluia.
+
  
 
'''Third Lesson.'''
 
'''Third Lesson.'''
  
VyHEREFORE, whosoever shall eat this Bread, or drink the Cup of the Lord, unworthily, shall be guilty of the Body and Blood of the Lord. But let a man examine himself, and so let him eat of that Bread, and drink of that Cup. For he that eateth and drinketh unworthily, eateth and drinketh damnation to himself, not discerning the Lord's Body. For this cause many are weak and sickly among you, and many sleep. For if we would judge ourselves, we should not be judged. But when we are judged, we are chastened of the Lord, that we should not be condemned with the world.
+
<span class="dropcap">A</span>ND Hezekiah said unto Isaiah : What shall be the sign that the Lord will heal me, and that I shall go up into the house of the Lord the third day ? And Isaiah said : This sign shalt thou have of the Lord, that the Lord will do the thing that He hath spoken—Wilt thou that the shadow shall go forward ten degrees, or go back ten degrees ? And Hezekiah answered : It is a light thing for the shadow to go down ten degrees : nay, but let the shadow return backward ten degrees. And Isaiah the Prophet cried unto the LoRD : and He brought the shadow ten degrees backward, by which it had gone down in the dial of Ahaz.
  
 
'''Third Responsory.'''
 
'''Third Responsory.'''
  
^ Elijah looked, and, behold, there was a cake baken on the coals at his head, and he arose, and did eat and drink ; and went in the strength of that meat [forty days and forty nights] unto the mount of God.
+
The Lord That delivered me, &c., ''(p. 222.)''  
 
+
* P. T. Alleluia.
+
 
+
''Verse.'' ^ If any man eat of this Bread, he shall live for ever.
+
 
+
''Answer.'' And went in the strensrth Psai^n XIX.
+
 
+
The Lord hear thee, &c., (/ 18.) ''Second Antiphon.'' The Lord prepareth His Table before us "^ in the presence of our enemies.
+
 
+
Psalm XXIL The Lord is my Shepherd, &c., (A 47.) ''Third Antiphon.'' Let them that keep holiday around the table of the Lord * make the voice of joy and praise to be heard [in the house of God.] Psalm XLI.
+
 
+
As the hart panteth, &c., {p. 95.) ''Verse.'' ^ He fed them with the finest of the wheat—[Alleluia.] ''Answer.'' And with honey out of the Rock did He satisfy them — [Alleluia.] Fourth Lessoti.
+
 
+
The Lesson is taken from the Sermons of St Thomas of Aquino.^ ^ Exod. xvi. 12, 15.
+
 
+
* John vi. 51.
+
 
+
2 John vi. 32.
+
 
+
^ Ps. Ixxx. 17.
+
 
+
33(1) Kings xix. 6, 6 March 7.
+
 
+
230 THE PROPER OFFICE OF THE SEASON.
+
 
+
{lyth or 57^/? of his Opuscula^ or Lesser Works.) 'T^HE immeasurable benefits, which the goodness of God hath bestowed on Christian people, have conferred on them also a dignity beyond all price. " For what nation is there so great, who hath gods so nigh unto them, as the LORD, our God, is " unto us ? (Deut. iv. 7.) The Only-begotten Son of God, beingpleased to make us " partakers of the Divine nature," (2 Pet. i. 4,) took our nature upon Him, being Himself made Man that He might make men gods. And all, as much of ours as He took. He applied to our salvation. On the Altar of the Cross He offered up His Body to God the Father as a sacrifice for our reconciliation ; He shed His Blood as the price whereby He redeemeth us from wretchedness and bondage, and the washing whereby He cleanseth us from all sin. And for a noble and abiding memorial of that so great work of His goodness.
+
 
+
He hath left unto His faithful ones the Same His very Body for Meat, and the Same His very Blood for Drink, to be fed upon under the appearance of bread and wine.
+
 
+
'''Fourth Responsory.'''
+
 
+
^ As they were eating, jESUS took bread, and blest it, and brake it, and gave it to the disciples, and said : Take, eat ; this is My Body.
+
 
+
* P. T. Alleluia.
+
 
+
''Verse.'' ^ -pj^g va^n of my tabernacle said : O that we had of his flesh ! we cannot be satisfied.
+
 
+
''Answer.'' Take, eat ; this is My Body. ^ P. T. Alleluia.
+
 
+
'''Fifth Lesson.'''
+
 
+
r~\ HOW precious a thing then, how ^-^^ marvellous, how health-giving, how furnished with all dainties, is the Supper [of the Lord !] Than His Supper can anything be more precious ? Therein there is put before us for meat, not, as of old time, the flesh of bulls and of goats, but Christ Himself, our very God.
+
 
+
Than this Sacrament can anything be more marvellous ? Therein it Cometh to pass that bread and wine are bread and wine no more, but in the stead thereof there is the Body and there is the Blood of Christ ; ^ that is to say, Christ Himself, Perfect God and Perfect Man, Christ Himself is there, under the appearance of a little bread and wine.
+
 
+
His faithful ones eat Him, but He is not mangled ; nay, when [the veil which shroudeth Him in] this Sacrament is broken, in each broken piece thereof remaineth whole Christ Himself, Perfect God and Perfect Man. All that the senses can reach in this Sacrament, [look, taste, feel, smell, and the like, all these] abide of bread and wine, but the Thing is not bread and wine. And thus room is left for faith ; Christ Who hath a Form That can be seen, is here taken and received not only unseen, but seeming to be bread and wine, and the senses, which judge by the wonted look, are warranted against error.
+
 
+
'''Fifth Responsory.'''
+
 
+
4 Jesus took the cup, after supper, saying : This cup is the New Testament in My Blood. This do in remembrance of Me. "^ P. T. Alleluia.
+
 
+
''Verse.'' My soul hath them ^ still 1 Matth. xxvi. 26. 2 job xxxi. 31.
+
 
+
3 Panis et vinum in Christi Corpus et Sanguinem substantialiter convertuntur.
+
 
+
* Luke xxii. 20, 19.
+
 
+
5 Viz., the afifliction and the misery, the wormwood and the gall. See context in Lam. iii. 20.
+
 
+
CORPUS CHRISTI. 231 in remembrance, and is humbled in me.
+
 
+
''Answer.'' This do in remembrance of Me. "^ P. T. Allekiia.
+
 
+
'''Sixth Lesson.'''
+
 
+
'T^HAN this Sacrament can anything be more health - giving ? Thereby are sins purged away, strength renewed, and the soul fed upon the fatness of spiritual gifts.
+
 
+
This Supper is offered up in the Church both for the quick and dead ; it was ordained to the health of all, all get the good of it. Than this Sacrament can anything be more furnished with dainties 1 The glorious sweetness thereof is of a truth such that no man can fully tell it. Therein ghostly comfort is sucked from its very well - head.
+
 
+
Therein a memorial is made of that exceeding great love which Christ showed in time of His sufferings.
+
 
+
It was in order that the boundless goodness of that His great love might be driven home into the hearts of His faithful ones, that when He had celebrated the Passover with His disciples, and the last Supper was ended, the Lord " Jesus, knowing that His hour was come that He should depart out of this world unto the Father, having loved His own which were in the world. He loved them unto the end," (John xiii. i,)—and instituted this Sacrament, this Sacrament, the everlasting forth - " showing of His death until He come " again, (i Cor. xi. 26,) this Sacrament, the embodied fulfilment of all the ancient types and figures, this Sacrament, the greatest miracle which He ever wrought, and the one mighty joy of them that now have sorrow, till He shall come again, and their heart shall rejoice, and their joy no man take from them. (John xvi. 22.) '''Sixth Responsory.'''
+
 
+
1 I am that Bread of life. Your fathers did eat manna in the wilderness, and are dead. This is the Bread Which cometh down from heaven, that a man may eat thereof, and not die.
+
 
+
''Verse.'' I am the living Bread Which came down from heaven ; if any man eat of this Bread, he shall live for ever.
+
 
+
''Answer.'' This is the Bread Which cometh down from heaven, that a man may eat thereof, and not die.
+
 
+
''Verse.'' Glory be to the Father, and to the Son, and to the Holy Ghost.
+
 
+
''Answer.'' This is the Bread Which cometh down from heaven, that a man may eat thereof, and not die.
+
 
+
=====THIRD NOCTURN.=====
+
 
+
''First Antiphon.'' I will go unto the Altar of God ; * I will feed on Christ, Which is the Renewer of my youth. "^ P. T. Alleluia.
+
 
+
Psal7n XLII.
+
 
+
Judge me, O God, &c., (/. 105.) ''Second Antiphon.'' The Lord hath fed us "^ with the finest of the wheat, and with honey out of the Rock ^ hath He satisfied us.
+
 
+
Psalm LXXX.
+
 
+
Sing aloud unto God, &c., {p. 140.) ''Third Antiphon.'' It is at Thine Altar, O Lord, "^ that we do feed on Christ, for Whom our heart and our flesh crieth out.
+
 
+
John vi. 48-51. I Cor. X. 4.
+
 
+
232 THE PROPER OFFICE OF THE SEASON.
+
 
+
Psalm LXXXIII.
+
 
+
How lovely are Thy tabernacles, &c., {p. 142.) ''Verse.'' ^ Thou bringest forth food out of the earth ! [Alleluia.] ''Answer.'' And wine that maketh glad the heart of man. [Alleluia.] '''Seventh Lesson.'''
+
 
+
The Lesson is taken from the Holy Gospel according to John (vi. 56.) A T that time : Jesus said unto the '^^ multitudes of the Jews : My Flesh is meat indeed, and My Blood is drink indeed. And so on.
+
 
+
Homily by St Austin, Bishop [of Hippo. ] ( 2 t)th T?'act on John. ) By use of meat and drink men would fain that " they shall hunger no more, neither thirst any more," (Apoc.
+
 
+
vii. 16,) and yet there is but one Meat and one Drink, Which doth work in them that feed thereon that " this corruptible must put on incorruption, and this mortal put on immortality," (i Cor. XV. 53,)—namely communion with that general assembly ^ and Church of God's holy children, who are "kept in perfect peace," (Isa. xxvi.
+
 
+
3,) and are "all one," (John xvii. 11,) fully and utterly. And therefore it is, as men of God before our time have taken it, that our Lord jESUS Christ hath set before us His Body and His Blood in the likeness of things which, from being many, are reduced into one. In one loaf are many grains of corn, and one cup of wine the juice of many grapes. And now He giveth us to know how that which He spake Cometh to pass, and how indeed " this Man can give us His Flesh to eat," and His Blood to drink.
+
 
+
'''Seventh Responsory.'''
+
 
+
^ He that eateth My Flesh and drinketh My Blood, dwelleth in Me, and I in him. * P. T. Alleluia.
+
 
+
''Verse.'' ^ What nation is there so great, who hath gods so nigh unto them, as the Lord our God is to us ? ''Answer.'' Dwelleth in Me, and I in him. "^ P. T. Alleluia.
+
 
+
'''Eighth Lesson.'''
+
 
+
" "LJE that eateth My Flesh, and ^^ drinketh My Blood, dwelleth in Me, and I in him." To dwell in Christ, therefore, and to have Him dwelling" in us, is to " eat of that Bread and drink of that Cup," (i Cor. xi.
+
 
+
28,) and he which dwelleth not in Christ, and in whom Christ dwelleth not, without all doubt doth not spiritually eat His Flesh nor drink His Blood, although he do carnally and visibly press the Sacrament with his teeth ; but, contrariwise, he " eateth and drinketh damnation to himself," because he dareth to draw nigh filthy to that secret and holy thing of Christ, whereunto none draweth nigh worthily, save he which is pure, even he which is of them concerning whom it is said :—" Blessed are the pure in heart, for they shall see God. (Matth. v. 8.) Eighth Responsory .
+
 
+
5 As the living Father hath sent Me, and I live by the Father, so he that eateth Me, even he shall live by Me.
+
 
+
* P. T. Alleluia.
+
 
+
''Verse.'' ^ With the bread of life and understanding hath the Lord fed him.
+
 
+
Anszuer. So he that eateth Me, even he shall live by Me. * P. T.
+
 
+
Alleluia.
+
 
+
''Verse.'' Glory be to the Father, 1 Ps. ciii. 14, 15.
+
 
+
4 Deut. iv. 7.
+
 
+
2 Heb. xii. 23.
+
 
+
5 John vi. 58.
+
 
+
3 John vi. 57.
+
 
+
6 EccluS. XV. 3.
+
 
+
CORPUS CHRISTI. 23: and to the Son, and to the Holy Ghost.
+
 
+
''Answer.'' So he that eateth Me, even he shall live by Me. * P, T.
+
 
+
Alleluia.
+
 
+
'''Ninth Lesson.'''
+
 
+
"AS the living Father hath sent Me, and I live by the Father, so he that eateth Me, even he shall live by Me." This is as though He said : — The Father hath sent Me into the world (John x. 36,) and I have emptied Myself [and taken upon Me the form of a servant, and being found in fashion as a man], (Phil. ii. 7, 8.) I have My life from the Father, as One That is greater than I. (John xiv.
+
 
+
28.) He that eateth Me, even he, by thereby taking part in Me, shall live by Me. It is as having humbled Myself (Phil. ii. 8) that I live by the Father, but he that eateth Me, him will I raise up, (John vi. 55,) and so he shall live by Me. It is said :—" I live by the Father ; " that is to say.
+
 
+
He is of the Father, not the Father of Him, and yet not so, but that the Father and the Son are co-equal together.
+
 
+
Also it is said :—" So he that eateth Me, even he shall live by Me," whereby He showeth the gracious work towards His people of Him Who is the " one Mediator between God and man," (i Tim, ii. 5,) and not that He Which is eaten and he which eateth Him are co-equal together.
+
 
+
The Hyni7i., "We praise Thee, O God, &c.," is said.
+
 
+
====LAUDS.====
+
 
+
''First Antiphon.'' ^ Wisdom hath builded her house, * she hath mingled her wine, she hath also furnished her table. [Alleluia.] ''Second Antiphon.'' 2 Thou feddest Thine Own people "^ with Angels' food, and didst send them bread from heaven. [Alleluia.] ''Third Antiphon.'' Out of Christ His bread shall be fat, "^ and He shall yield royal dainties.^ [Alleluia.] ''Fourth Antiphon.'' ^ The Priests shall be holy ; "^ for the offerings [of the Lord] made by fire, and the bread of their God, they do offer, [therefore they shall be holy.] [Alleluia.] Fifth Antipho7t. ^ To him that overcometh will I give of the hidden manna, * and will give him a new name. [Alleluia.] Chapter, (i Cor. xi. 23.) "DRETHREN, I have received of the Lord that which also I delivered unto you, that the Lord Jesus, the same night in which He was betrayed, took bread, and, when He had given thanks. He brake it, and said : Take, eat ; this is My Body, Which shall be given for you : this do in remembrance of Me.
+
 
+
'''Hymn.'''^ 'T^HE Word of God proceeding forth, Yet leaving not the Father's side, And going to His work on earth, Had reached at length life's eventide.
+
 
+
By a disciple to be given To rivals for His Blood athirst ; Himself, the very Bread of heaven, He gave to His disciples first.
+
 
+
He gave Himself in either kind ; His Precious Flesh ; His Precious Blood Of flesh and blood is man combined, And He of man would be the Food.
+
 
+
In Birth, man's Fellow-man was He ; His Meat, while sitting at the Board ; He died, his Ransomer to be ; He reigns, to be his Great Reward.
+
 
+
1 Prov. ix. I, 2. '" Wisd. xvi. 20.
+
 
+
2 Adapted from Jacob's blessing on Asher. Gen. xlix, 20.
+
 
+
4 Lev. xxi. 6. ^ Apoc. ii. 17.
+
 
+
6 Hymn by St Thomas Aquinas ; translation extracted from the " Hymnal Noted." 234 THE PROPER OFFICE OF THE SEASON.
+
 
+
O Saving Victim, slain to bless ! Who openest heaven's bright gates to all ! The attacks of many a foe oppress ; Give strength in strife, and help in fall.
+
 
+
To God, the Three in One, ascend All thanks and praise for evermore ; He grant the life that shall not end, Upon the heavenly country's shore.
+
 
+
Amen.
+
 
+
''Verse.'' He maketh peace in thy borders. [Alleluia.] ''Answer.'' And filleth thee with the finest of wheat. [Alleluia.] Antiphoii at the So7ig of Zacharias.
+
 
+
1 I am the living Bread Which came down from heaven : ^ if any man eat of this Bread he shall live for ever.
+
 
+
[Alleluia.] Prayer throughout the Office.
+
 
+
r\ GOD, Who under a wonderful ^^ Sacrament hast left unto us whereby to show forth thy Suffering- Death, grant unto us, we beseech Thee, so reverently to handle the Sacred Mysteries of Thy Body and Thy Blood that we may alway feel within ourselves the fruit of Thy Redeeming Work. Who livest and reignest with God the Father, in the unity of the Holy Ghost, one God, world without end. A7nen.
+
 
+
''Antiphon.'' Wisdom, &c. {First Antipho7i at Lauds.) The Psalms are LIU. and the two first parts of CXVIIL In the Short Respo7isory., instead of " Thou That sittest, &c.," is said, Chapter at the end. (i Cor. xi. 27,) VyHOSOEVER shall eat this Bread, or drink this Cup of the Lord unworthily, shall be guilty of the Body and Blood of the Lord.
+
 
+
====TERCE.====
+
 
+
Throughout this Service " Alleluias " are added as if it were Paschal-time., but 7iot so when used as a Votive Office out of Paschal-ti77ie.
+
 
+
A7itipho7t. Thou feddest, {Seco7id A7itipho7t at Lauds.) Chapterfro77i Lauds.
+
 
+
Short Respo7isory.
+
 
+
&c..
+
 
+
He gave them of the bread of heaven—[Alleluia, Alleluia.] A7iswer. He gave them of the bread of heaven.—[Alleluia, Alleluia.] ''Verse.'' Man did eat Angels' bread.
+
 
+
''Answer.'' [Alleluia, Alleluia.] I7i the Votive Office out of Paschalti77ie : "The bread of heaven." ''Verse.'' Glory be to the Father, and to the Son, and to the Holy Ghost.
+
 
+
''Answer.'' He gave them of the bread of heaven. [Alleluia, Aleluia.] ''Verse.'' He fed them with the finest of the wheat. [Alleluia.] A7iswer. And with honey out of the rock did He satisfy them. [Alleluia.] ====SEXT.====
+
 
+
Throughout this Service "Alleluias " are added as if it were Paschal-ti77ie., but 7iot so whe7i used as a Votive Office out of Paschal-ti77ie.
+
 
+
''Verse.'' Thou That wast born of the Virgin Mary.
+
 
+
^ John vi. 51.
+
 
+
A7itipho7i. Out of Christ, &c.
+
 
+
{Third Antipho7i at Lauds.) CORPUS CHRISTI. 235 Chapter, (i Cor. xi. 26.) "PPOR as often as ye eat this Bread, and drink this Cup, ye do show the Lord's death till He come.
+
 
+
'''Short Responsory.'''
+
 
+
He fed them with the finest of the wheat. [Alleluia, Alleluia.] Afiswer. He fed them with the finest of the wheat. [Alleluia, Alleluia.] ''Verse.'' And with honey out of the rock did He satisfy them.
+
 
+
''Answer.'' [Alleluia, Alleluia.] Bt the Votive Office out of Paschaltime : " The finest of the wheat." ''Verse.'' Glory be to the Father, and to the Son, and to the Holy Ghost.
+
 
+
''Answer.'' He fed them with the finest of the wheat. [Alleluia, Alleluia.] ''Verse.'' Thou bringest forth food out of the earth. [Alleluia.] ''Answer.'' And wine that maketh glad the heart of man. [Alleluia.] ====NONE.====
+
 
+
Throughout this Service "Alleluias " are added as if it were Paschal-time., except when used as a Votive Office out of Paschal-time.
+
 
+
Afitiphon. To him that overcometh, &c., {Fifth Antiphon at Lauds.) Chapter as at the end of Prime.
+
 
+
Short Respojtsory.
+
 
+
Thou bringest forth food out of the earth. [Alleluia, Alleluia.] ''Answer.'' Thou bringest forth food out of the earth. [Alleluia, Alleluia.] ''Verse.'' And wine that maketh ^lad the heart of man. -^ ''Answer.'' [Alleluia, Alleluia.] In the Votive Office out of Paschaltiine : " Out of the Earth." ''Verse.'' Glory be to the Father, and to the Son, and to the Holy Ghost.
+
 
+
''Answer.'' Thou bringest forth food out of the earth. [Alleluia, Alleluia.] ''Verse.'' He maketh peace in thy borders. [Alleluia.] Aiiswer. And fiUeth thee with the finest of the wheat. [Alleluia.] ====SECOND VESPERS.====
+
 
+
All as the First., except thefollowing : ''Antiphon at the Song of the Blessed Virgin.''  Holy exceedingly is the Supper of the Lord, * wherein we do feed on Christ, do show His death till He come,i do get grace abundantly to our souls, and do take pledge of the glory which shall hereafter be revealed in us. 2 [Alleluia.] Office of Corpus Christi as a Votive Office, in honour of THE Most Holy Sacrament, on Thursdays.
+
 
+
// is permitted that on all Thursdays., with certain exceptions., the Office of Corpus Christi., with certain alterations., be said instead of the Office of the day.
+
 
+
-The Thursdays excepted are {a.) Any Thursday whatsoever upon which AHne Lessons are read., by reason of a?ty Festal Office, either belongijtg to the day or transferred to it.
+
 
+
{b.) The Thursdays in Adveiit., Lefit, and the Octaves of Easter and Pejitecost.
+
 
+
{c.) All Eves.
+
 
+
[d.) Thursdays to which the Stmday Office may be transferred according to the Pye. iv. 4, 5.
+
 
+
1 I Cor. xi, 26, 2 Rom. viii. 18, 236 THE PROPER OFFICE OF THE SEASON.
+
 
+
The alteratio7is in the Office itself are {a.) It is semidouble^ with the Common Coinmeinorations at Vespers and Lands, and Preces at Compliiie and Prime. Its relations to a Simple Office on Thursday itself, or a Semidouble or Double Office on Wednesday or Friday, are arranged in the same way as if it were a Semidouble Festival.
+
 
+
{b.) The saying or omitting of the " Alleluia " is as i7Jimediately heretofore given in the Office itself.
+
 
+
{c.) The Lessons of the First Nocturn are from Scripture according to the Season.
+
 
+
id.) The Lessons of the Second Nocturn are In fanuary and February, as on Saturday within the Octave.
+
 
+
Iji March and April, as on Sunday within the Octave.
+
 
+
In May and fune, as on Monday within the Octave.
+
 
+
In fitly and August, as on Tuesday within the Octave.
+
 
+
In September and October, as on Wednesday within the Octave.
+
 
+
In Nove7nber and December, as on the Octave Day.
+
 
+
{e. ) The Lessons of the Third Nocturn are In faiiuary a7id February, as on Friday within the Octave.
+
 
+
In March and April, as on Saturday within the Octave.
+
 
+
In May and fu7te, as 07i Monday withi7i the Octave.
+
 
+
I7i fitly a7id Aitgust, as 07i Tuesday withi7i the Octave.
+
 
+
I7i Septe7iiber a7id October, as 07i Wed7tesday withi7i the Octave.
+
 
+
I7i November a7id Dece77iber, as 07i the Octave Day.
+
 
+
N.B.—/;? Paschal-ti77ie Pri)7ie a7id Co77ipli7ie are said in the Paschal 77ia7iner.
+
 
+
Sixth Day, withi7i the Octave of the Feast of the Body of Christ.
+
 
+
All as 071 the Feast except that the A7ttipho7ts are 7tot doubled a7id the followi7ig =====FIRST NOCTURN.=====
+
 
+
First Less071.
+
 
+
The Lesson is taken from the First Book of Kings (ii. 27.) A ND there came a man of God un- '^^ to Eli, and said unto him : Thus saith the Lord : Did not I plainly appear unto the house of thy father, when they were in Egypt, in Pharaoh's house ? And I chose him out of all the tribes of Israel to be My Priest, to go up unto Mine Altar, and to burn incense unto Me, and to wear an ephod before Me. And I gave unto the house of thy father all the offerings made by fire of the children of Israel.
+
 
+
Wherefore kick ye at My sacrifice, and at Mine offerings which I have commanded, that they should be offered in My habitation ? And honourest thy sons above Me, to make yourselves fat with the chiefest of all the offerings of Israel, My people ? Second Lesso7i.
+
 
+
^^ITHEREFGRE, the Lord God of Israel saith : I said indeed that thy house, and the house of thy father should minister before Me for ever.
+
 
+
But now the Lord saith : Be it far from Me ; for them that honour Me, I will honour ; and they that despise Me shall be lightly esteemed. Behold, the days come that I will cut off thine arm, and the arm of thy father's house, that there shall not be an old man in thine house. And thou shalt see thine enepiy.in My habitation, and WITHIN THE OCTAVE OF CORPUS CHRISTI. 237 in all the wealth [which God shall give] Israel ; and there shall not be an old man in thine house for ever.
+
 
+
Nevertheless, I will not utterly cut off every man of thine from Mine altar ; lest thine eyes fail, and thy soul faint : but great part of thine house shall die when they come to man's estate.
+
 
+
Third Lessoii.
+
 
+
AND this shall be a sign unto thee, "^^ that shall come upon thy two sons, on Hophni and Phinehas : In one day they shall die both of them.
+
 
+
And I will raise Me up a faithful Priest, that shall do according to that which is in Mine heart and in My mind : and I will build him a sure house : and he shall walk before Mine Anointed for ever. And it shall come to pass that every one that is left in thine house shall come and crouch to him for a piece of silver and a morsel of bread, and shall say : Put me, I pray thee, into one of the Priest's offices, that I may eat a piece of bread.
+
  
 
=====SECOND NOCTURN.=====
 
=====SECOND NOCTURN.=====
 
Fourth Lesson, The Lesson is taken from the Sermons of St Thomas of Aquino. {^Lesser works, 57.) T T serveth well therefore to the edifying of the faithful to make memorial of the institution of this so health - giving and so wonderful a Sacrament, that we may worship the unspeakable way by the which the Divine Presence in-dwelleth in this Sacrament, Which we see, and may praise the power of God whereby in this Sacrament are wrought so many wonders, yea, and also give God some of those thanks which we owe unto Him for this so health-giving gift of His loving-kindness. It is true that on the Day of the Supper of the Lord,i on which day we know it to have been that He ordained this Sacrament, at the solemn celebration of the Mass, the memory of the instituting thereof is more particularly mentioned, but all the rest of the Services on that day deal chiefly with Christ Suffering, to worshipping of Whom the Church doth at that season give all her mind.
 
 
'''Fifth Lesson.'''
 
 
T)UT, that the congregation of Christ's faithful people might celebrate with an whole Festal Office all to itself the institution of this so great Sacrament, Urban IV., Bishop of Rome, being touched with love toward this said Sacrament, hath made a godly ordinance that the memory of the said institution should be celebrated by all the faithful upon the Fifth Day of the week, next after the Eighth Day of Pentecost. From one end of the year to the other we use this Sacrament to our souls' health, and we more particularly celebrate the institution thereof at that season wherein the Holy Ghost taught the hearts of the disciples to acknowledge the mysteries thereof, for then it was, as we read, that " they continued steadfastly in [the Apostles' doctrine and fellowship, and in] breaking of Bread, [and in prayers."] (Acts ii.
 
 
42.) '''Sixth Lesson.'''
 
 
AND, moreover, to the end that on '^^ the aforesaid Thursday, and the seven days next following, the memory of this health-giving Institution might be the more honourably celebrated, and the Feast thereby be held in more excellent worship, the above- Maundy Thursda)^ 238 THE PROPER OFFICE OF THE SEASON.
 
 
named Bishop of Rome, after the manner of the doles which in Cathedral Churches are given to such as come to the singling or saying of the Canonical Hours by night and day, hath out of his Apostolic bounty granted spiritual rewards ^ to all such as in their own persons are present in the Church at the divers Canonical Hours during all this Festival, thereby to stir up the faithful to come to the keeping of this great Feast in greater eagerness and numbers.
 
 
=====THIRD NOCTURN.=====
 
 
{Read in the Votive Office in January and February. ) '''Seventh Lesson.'''
 
 
The Lesson is taken from the Holy Gospel according to John (vi. 56.) A T that time : jESUS said unto the multitudes of the Jews : My Flesh is meat indeed and My Blood is drink indeed. And so on.
 
 
Homily by St Austin, Bishop [of Hippo. ] ( I 'jth Tract on John.
 
 
) We have heard from the Gospel the words of the Lord which follow [those that formed the subject of my] earlier discourse. To your ears and understandings we owe a discourse on these also, and to-day it becometh very well, for it is upon that Body of the Lord, Which He professeth Himself that He "will give for the life of the world," "that a man may eat thereof and not die." He hath made manifest how He giveth, and What is His Gift, where He saith : " He that eateth My Flesh and drinketh My Blood, dwelleth in Me and I in him." The sign to show whether a man hath or hath not eaten that Flesh and drunk that Blood, is whether or not he dwelleth in Christ and Christ in him, whether or not he is a guest of Christ and Christ of his, whether or not he so cleaveth unto Christ, that Christ be not parted from him.
 
 
'''Eighth Lesson.'''
 
 
nPHIS hath He taught, and warned us, by words of deep meaning, to be in- His Body as members whose Head is He, eating His Flesh, and cleaving alway to His Oneness.
 
 
" Many of His disciples when they had heard this .... went back, and walked no more with Him "—for they understood not by " Flesh " any flesh other than such as they themselves were made of. The Apostle saith, (and very true it is) : " To be carnally minded is death." (Rom. viii. 6.) The Lord giveth us His Flesh to eat, and to understand it carnally is death. Where He saith: "Whoso eateth My Flesh .... hath eternal life "—we must not understand this His Flesh carnally, as did they of whom it is written : " Many of His disciples " — (not His enemies) — "when they heard this, said: This is an hard saying—who can hear it ? " '''Ninth Lesson.'''
 
 
T F His disciples took His words for an hard saying, how did His enemies take them ? And, nevertheless, thus it behoved to speak them if all men were not to understand them. A Divine mystery ought to make us thoughtful, not to repel us ; and yet, when the Lord Jesus Christ spoke thus in mystery, many of His disciples went back and walked no more with Him. They believed not that He was speaking of some great thing, and darkly announcing in these 1 See these and other Indulgences in the Raccolta, p. no.
 
 
WITHIN THE OCTAVE OF CORPUS CHRIST!. 239 words a bounty. They understood but as they pleased, even after the manner of men, that jESUS was able, or that Jesus meant, to give that Flesh wherewith the Word is clothed on, as it were, in slices, to them that believe on Him. And they said : " This is an hard saying—who can hear it ? " The Sabbath withi?! the Octave of the Feast of the Body of Christ.
 
 
All as on the Feast-day^ except that the Antiphons are ?tot doubled^ and the following.
 
 
=====FIRST NOCTURN.=====
 
 
'''First Lesson.'''
 
 
The Lesson is taken from the First Book of Kings (iii. i.) A ND the child Samuel ministered '^^ unto the Lord before Eli. And the word of the Lord was precious in those days ; there was no open vision. And it came to pass on a certain day, when Eli was laid down in his place, and his eyes began to wax dim, that he could not see : ere the lamp of God went out, Samuel was laid down to sleep in the temple of the Lord, where the Ark of God was. And the Lord called Samuel.
 
 
And he answered : Here am L And he ran unto Eli, and said : Here am I, for thou calledst me. And he said : I called not ; go back and sleep. And he went and slept. And the Lord called yet again : Samuel. And Samuel arose, and went to Eli, and said : Here am I, for thou didst call me. And he answered : I called not, my son ; go back and sleep. Now Samuel did not yet know the LORD, neither was the word of the LORD yet revealed unto him.
 
 
'''Second Lesson.'''
 
 
AND the Lord called Samuel '^^ again, the third time. And he arose, and went to Eli, and said : Here am I, for thou didst call me.
 
 
And Eli perceived that the Lord had called the child, and he said unto Samuel : Go, and sleep ; and it shall be, if He call thee, that thou shalt say : Speak, Lord ; for Thy servant heareth. So Samuel went, and slept in his place. And the LORD came, and stood, and called, as at other times : Samuel, Samuel. Then Samuel answered : Speak, [ ^ Lord,] for Thy servant heareth. And the Lord said to Samuel : Behold, I will do a thing in Israel, at which both the ears of every one that heareth it shall tingle. In that day I will perform against Eli all things which I have spoken concerning his house : when I begin, I will also make an end.
 
 
'''Third Lesson.''' (^ v. 15.) A ND Samuel slept until the morn- '^^ ing, and opened the doors of the house of the Lord. And Samuel feared to show Eli the vision. Then Eli called Samuel, and said : Samuel, my son, and he answered and said : Here am I. And he said : What is the thing that [^ the Lord] hath said unto thee ? I pray thee, hide it not from me. God do so to thee, and more also, if thou hide anything from me of all the things that He said 1 Not in the Hebrew.
 
 
2 The omitted verses (13 and 14) are : " For I have told him that I will judge his house for ever, for the iniquity which he knoweth ; because his sons made themselves vile, and he restrained them not. x\nd therefore I have sworn unto the house of Eli, that the iniquity of Eli's house shall not be purged with sacrifice nor offering for ever."'s Not in the Hebrew.
 
 
240 THE PROPER OFFICE OF THE SEASON.
 
 
unto thee. And Samuel told him every whit, and hid nothing from him.
 
 
And he said : It is the LORD ; let Him do what seemeth Him good.
 
 
And Samuel grew, and the LORD was with him, and did let none of his words fall to the ground. And all Israel, from Dan even to Beer-sheba, knew that Samuel was established a Prophet of the Lord.
 
 
=====SECOND NOCTURN.=====
 
 
{Read in the Votive Office in January and February. ) '''Fourth Lesson.'''
 
 
The Lesson is taken from the Sermons of St John Chrysostom [Patriarch of Constantinople.] {6\st Homily to the people of Antioch.) T^EARLY beloved brethren, it behoveth us to learn the miracle of the Mysteries—what the Gift is, and why It was given, and what is the use thereof " We, being many, are one body," saith [the Apostle Paul, (i Cor. X. 17,) and again]—"We are members of His Body, of His Flesh, and of His Bones." (Eph. v. 30.) Only the initiated ^ will now understand what I say. That this union may take place, not by love only, but verily and indeed, we ought to mingle our own with His Flesh. And this is done by eating that Food Which He hath given unto us, being fain to manifest that exceeding great love which He beareth to us-ward. To this end He hath mingled Himself with us, and infused His Body into our bodies, that we may be one together, like as the limbs of a man and his head are all of one body.
 
 
Such union do they long for that love much.
 
 
Fifth Lesso7i.
 
 
"Kl rHEN we come back from that Table we ought to be like so many lions breathing fire, dreadful to the devil. Our thoughts ought to be concentrated on our Great Head and the love which He showeth us. Many fathers and mothers there are who give their children to others to nurse, but I, saith the Lord to His children, I am not so, but I feed you with Mine Own Flesh, and join Myself to you, fain that ye all should be sons of noble blood now, and giving you a noble hope of that which ye shall be hereafter. I was content to become your Brother, I for your sakes have taken unto Me Flesh, and Blood, and that Flesh and Blood wherein I am become your Brother, the Same give I in turn unto you.
 
 
'''Sixth Lesson.'''
 
 
T ET us then, dearly beloved brethren, take good heed to ourselves, as unto the holders of so great mercies, and when any foul word springeth to our lips, or we feel anger taking possession of us, or the sting of any other sinful passion, let us call to mind of What we have been counted worthy, and let that remembrance still the unruly motion. As often as we take that Body, as often as we taste that Blood, let us think how that we feed on Him Who is sitting on high, adored of Angels, at the right hand of the Eternal Power. Ah me, how many a way is open to us whereby we may be saved ! He hath made us His —He hath given His Body to us — and we still are not turned away from evil ! 1 Le., the baptised, the Church's doctrine on the Eucharist being concealed from the catechumens.
 
 
WITHIN THE OCTAVE OF CORPUS CHRIST!, 241 =====THIRD NOCTURN.=====
 
 
{Read in the Votive Office in March and April. ) Seventh Lessoji.
 
 
The Lesson is taken from the Holy Gospel according to John (vi. 56.) A T that time : jESUS said unto the "^^ multitudes of the Jews : My Flesh is meat indeed and My Blood is drink indeed. And so on.
 
 
Homily by St Austin, Bishop [of Hippo. ] (27/^ Tract 07i John. ) I have said, my brethren, that what the Lord hath set before us, in eating of His Flesh and drinking of His Blood, is that we should dwell in Him, and He in us. We dwell in Him when we are His members, and He dwelleth in us when we are His temple. But the bond whereby we are made His members is oneness ; and what is the cause of oneness but love ? And love of God, whence is it ? Ask the Apostle. " The love of God," saith he, "is shed abroad in our hearts by the Holy Ghost. Which is given unto us." (Rom. v. 5.) '''Eighth Lesson.'''
 
 
00 "it is the spirit that quickeneth." It is the spirit that maketh lively the limbs, nor is the quickening power of the spirit shed through any limbs but such as remain in union with the body whose the spirit is. The spirit that thou hast in thee, O man, and whereby thou art a man, doth that spirit shed life through any limb cut off from thy flesh? By "spirit," I mean soul. The soul quickeneth no limb but such as remain attached to the body. Cut one off, and the soul quickeneth it no more, for it is separate from the oneness of thy body.
 
 
'''Ninth Lesson.'''
 
 
'T^HESE things I say, that we may love oneness and dread division.
 
 
In sooth, there is nothing which a Christian ought so much to dread, as to be cut off from the Body of Christ.
 
 
If he be cut off from the Body of Christ, he is no longer a member of Christ, and the Spirit of Christ no longer quickeneth him. "Now, if any man," saith the Apostle, "have not the Spirit of Christ, he is none of His." (Rom. viii. 9.) "It is the Spirit that quickeneth ; the flesh profiteth nothing : the words that I speak unto you, they are spirit and they are life." " Spirit and life "—what meaneth this ? It is to be taken spiritually.
 
 
Hast thou taken it spiritually ? Then the words the Lord spake, unto thee they are spirit and they are life. Hast thou taken it carnally ? Then the words of the Lord are still indeed spirit and life—but not for thee.
 
 
====VESPERS.====
 
 
All as the First Vespers of the Feast., except the followiiig.
 
 
Chapter aiid Prayerfrom the following Lauds.
 
 
''Verse.'' He fed them with the finest of the wheat. Alleluia.
 
 
''Answer.'' And with honey out of the rock did He satisfy them. Alleluia.
 
 
Antiphon at the Song of the Blessed Virgiii. The child Samuel ministered unto God "^ before Eli, and the word of the Lord was precious in his sight.
 
 
A Commemoration is made of the Octave., from the Second Vespers of the Feast.
 
 
242 THE PROPER OFFICE OF THE SEASON.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
SecotxtJ Suntia2 after '^tnttcost.
 
 
T/ie Lord^s Day within the Octave of the Body of Christ.
 
 
Semidouble.
 
 
All as on the Feast., except that the Antiphons are not doubled., and the following.
 
 
=====FIRST NOCTURN.=====
 
 
'''First Lesson.'''
 
 
The Lesson is taken from the First Book of Kings (iv. i.) A ND it came to pass in those days ^^ that the Philistines gathered themselves together to battle. And Israel went out against the Philistines •to battle, and pitched beside the Stoneof- help.i And the Philistines came to Aphek, and put themselves in array against Israel. And when they joined battle, Israel fled before the Philistines, and there were smitten in the field in that battle about four thousand men.
 
 
And when the people were come into the camp, the elders of Israel said : Wherefore hath the LORD smitten us to-day before the Philistines ? Let us fetch the Ark of the covenant of the Lord out of Shiloh unto us, that, when it cometh among us, it may save us out of the hand of our enemies.
 
 
'''Second Lesson.'''
 
 
OO the people sent to Shiloh and took from thence the Ark of the covenant of the Lord of hosts, Which dwelleth between the Cherubim : ^ and the two sons of Eli, Hophni and Phinehas, were with the Ark of the covenant of God. And when the Ark of the covenant of the LORD came into the camp, all Israel shouted with a great shout, so that the earth rang again. And when the Philistines heard the noise of the shout, they said : What meaneth the noise of this great shout in the camp of the Hebrews ? And they understood that the Ark of the LORD was come into the camp.
 
 
'''Third Lesson.'''
 
 
AND the Philistines were afraid, for '^^ they said : God is come into the camp. And they groaned and said : Woe unto us ! for there hath not been such a shouting yesterday or the day before. Woe unto us ! who shall deliver us out of the hand of these mighty gods ? These are the gods that smote the Egyptians with all the plagues in the wilderness. Be strong, and quit yourselves like men, O ye Philistines ! that ye be not servants unto the Hebrews, as they have been to you : quit yourselves like men, and fight. And the Philistines fought, and Israel was smitten, and they fled every man into his tent ; and there was a very great slaughter, for there fell of Israel thirty thousand footmen.
 
 
And the Ark of God was taken : and the two sons of Eli, Hophni and Phinehas, were slain.
 
 
^ =====SECOND NOCTURN.=====
 
 
{Read iii the Votive Office in March and April. ) 1 Viz., near the place where was afterwards erected a "standing stone" so named, between Mizpeh and Shen. See vii. 1-12.
 
 
2 An allusion, if not a reference, to the two figures of these creatures, made of wood plated with gold, which were on the top of the ark, overshadowing the mercy-seat with their wings.
 
 
See Exod. xxv. TO-22.
 
 
3 The narrative continues how that a man " with his clothes rent, and with earth upon his head," came and told Eli at Shiloh : " ' Israel is fled before the Phihstines—and there hath been also a great slaughter among the people—and thy two sons also, Hophni and Phinehas, are dead —and the Ark of God is taken.—' And .... when he made mention of the Ark of God, [Eli] fell from off his seat backward, by the side of the gate ; and his neck brake, and he died." WITHIN THE OCTAVE OF CORPUS CHRISTI. 243 Fourth Lesso7t.
 
 
The Lesson is taken from the Sermons of St John Chrysostom [Patriarch of Constantinople.] (6o//^ Homily to the people of Antioch.) n^HE Word saith: "This is My Body." This we confess, and beheve, and, with spiritual eyes, do see. Christ hath not left unto us Himself in such form as that we can see, hear, touch, smell, or taste Him ; and )^et hath He left Himself unto us in things which we can see, hear, touch, smell, and taste, and which all men may understand. Thus also is it in baptism ; by mean of water, which men perceive outwardly, is given unto them a gift which they can grasp only inwardly, that is, a new birth.
 
 
If we had no bodies, then would these things be given us without any outward and visible signs, but since we are here made up of souls and bodies, there are given unto our souls gifts which they can grasp, in outward signs which our bodies may perceive. How many there be which say : I would that I could see His comely presence.
 
 
His Face, His garments, even His shoes ! Behold, thou dost see and touch Him, yea, thou dost feed upon Him. And wouldest thou behold His raiment ? Lo, He hath given unto thee not only to behold it, but to feed upon it, and handle it, and take it into thyself.
 
 
'''Fifth Lesson.'''
 
 
n^O this table of the Lord let none dare to draw near with squeamishness or carelessness. Let all be fiery, all hot, all roused. To the Jews it was commanded touching the Paschal lamb, (Exod. xii. 11): " And thus shall ye eat it ; with your loins girded, your shoes on your feet, and your staff in your hand ; and ye shall eat it in haste ; it is the Lord's Passover." But thou needest to be more watchful than they. They were just about to travel from Egypt to Palestine, and therefore they bore the guise of travellers ; but the journey that lieth before thee is from earth to heaven.
 
 
And therefore it behoveth thee in all things to be on thy guard, for the punishment of him that eateth or drinketh unworthily is no light one (i Cor. xi. 27.) Bethink thee how thou art indignant against him which betrayed, and them that crucified the Lord ; and look to it well that thou also be not "Guilty of the Body and Blood of the Lord." As for them, they slew His Most Holy Body ; but thou, after all that He hath done for thee, dost thrust Him into thy polluted soul. For His love, it was not enough to be made Man, to be buffeted, and to be crucified ; He hath also mingled Himself with us, by making us His Body, and that not by faith only, but verily and indeed.
 
 
'''Sixth Lesson.'''
 
 
/"^AN anything be purer than that man ought to be, who eateth of this great Sacrifice ? Can sun-beam be clearer than that hand ought to be which breaketh this Flesh ?—that mouth, which is filled with that spiritual fire ?—that tongue, which is reddened by that Blood, awful exceedingly ? That whereon the Angels quail to look, neither dare to gaze steadfastly upon It, because of the blinding glory that shineth therefrom, upon This we feed, with This we become one, and are made one body of Christ, and one flesh. "Who can utter the mighty acts of the Lord ? who can show forth all His praise?" (Ps. cv. 2.) Where is the shepherd which feedeth his flock with his own blood ? Nay, why should I say, shepherd ? Many 244 THE PROPER OFFICE OF THE SEASON.
 
 
mothers there be, who after all the pains of travail, give their own little ones to strangers to nurse. But so would not He, but feedeth us with His Own Blood, and maketh us to grow up in His Own substance.
 
 
=====THIRD NOCTURN.=====
 
 
'''Seventh Lesson.'''
 
 
The Lesson is taken from the Holy Gospel according to Luke (xiv. i6.) A T that time : jESUS spake unto '^^ the Pharisees this parable : A certain man made a great supper, and bade many. And so on.
 
 
Homily by Pope St Gregory [the Great.] (36/^ up07i the Gospels.) Dearly beloved brethren, between the dainties of the body and the dainties of the mind there is this difference, that the dainties of the body, when we lack them, raise up a great hunger after them, and when we devour them, straightway our fulness worketh in us niceness. But about the dainties of the mind we are nice while as yet we lack them, and when we fill ourselves with them, then are we an-hungered after them, and the more, being an-hungered, we feed thereon, the more are we an-hungered thereafter. In the bodily dainties, the hunger is keener than the fulness, but in the spiritual the fulness is keener than the hunger. In the bodily, hunger gendereth fulness, and fulness niceness ; in the spiritual, hunger indeed gendereth fulness, but fulness gendereth hunger.
 
 
'''Eighth Lesson.'''
 
 
CPIRITUAL dainties, in the very eating, do stir up the keenness of hunger in the mind which they fill, 1 Luke xiv. 16, 17.
 
 
for, the more we taste their sweetness, the better we know how well they deserve to be loved ; and, if we taste them not, we cannot love them, for we know not how sweet they be. And who can love that whereof he knoweth nothing ? Hence saith the Psalmist : " O taste and see that the Lord is good," (Ps. xxxiii. 9,) that is, as it were, " If ye taste not, ye shall not see His goodness : but let your heart once taste the bread of life, and then indeed, having tasted and proved His sweetness, ye shall be able to love Him." But these were the dainties which man lost when he sinned in Eden, and when he had shut his own mouth against the sweet bread whereof if any man eat he shall live for ever, he forsook paradise.
 
 
'''Eighth Responsory.'''
 
 
1 A certain man made a great supper, and sent his servant at suppertime to say to them that were bidden : Come, for all things are now ready.
 
 
''Verse.'' 2 Come, eat of my bread, and drink of the wine which I have mingled for you.
 
 
''Answer.'' For all things are now ready.
 
 
''Verse.'' Glory be to the Father, and to the Son, and to the Holy Ghost.
 
 
''Answer.'' For all things are now ready.
 
 
'''Ninth Lesson.'''
 
 
A ND we that, from the first man, "^^ are born under the afflictions of this pilgrimage, are come into the world smitten with niceness ; we knownot what we ought to want, and the disease of our niceness groweth the worse, as our soul draweth itself the more away from that bread of sweetness.
 
 
We are no longer an-hungered - Prov. ix. 5.
 
 
WITHIN THE OCTAVE OF CORPUS CHRISTI. 245 after inward dainties, since we have lost the use of feeding on them. And so in our niceness we starve, and the sickness of long famishing maketh prey of our health. We will not eat of that inward sweetness which is made ready for us, and being enamoured only of things outward we sink into the wretchedness of lovingstarvation.
 
 
====LAUDS.====
 
 
Chapter, (i John iii. 13.) IV/rARVEL not, my brethren, if the world hate you. We know that we have passed from death unto life, because we love the brethren.
 
 
''Verse.'' He gave them of the bread of heaven—Alleluia.
 
 
A?iswer. Man did eat Angels' bread—Alleluia.
 
 
''Antiphon at the Song of Zacharias.''
 
 
A certain man made a great supper, ^ and bade many ; and sent his servant at supper -time to say to them that were bidden : Come, for all things are now ready.
 
 
Prayer throughout the day.
 
 
r~\ LORD, Who never failest to help ^~^^ and govern them whom Thou dost bring up in Thy steadfast fear and love ; keep us, we beseech Thee, under the protection of Thy good providence, and make us to have a perpetual fear and love of Thy Holy Name ; through our Lord jESUS Christ, Thy Son, Who liveth and reigneth with Thee, in the unity of the Holy Ghost, one God, world without end. Amen.
 
 
A Cojmnemoration of Corpus Christi is made^ taken from the Lauds of the Feast.
 
 
VOL. in.
 
 
Chapter at the end of Prime.
 
 
John iii. 18.) (I TWr Y little children, let us not love in word, neither in tongue, but in deed, and in truth.
 
 
At Terce^ Chapterfrom Lauds.
 
 
Chapter at Sext. (i John iii. 16.) "LJEREBY perceive we the love of God, because He laid down His life for us ; and we ought to lay down our lives for the brethren.
 
 
Chapter at None as at the end of Prime, ====VESPERS.====
 
 
All as at the First Vespers of Corpus Christi^ except the following.
 
 
Chapter and Prayerfrom Lauds.
 
 
''Verse.'' He fed them with the finest of the wheat—Alleluia.
 
 
Ajiswer. And with honey out of the rock did He satisfy them—Alleluia.
 
 
Antiphon at the Song of the Blessed Virgi?i. Go out quickly into the streets "^ and lanes of the city, and compel the poor and the maimed, and the halt, and the blind, to come in : that my house may be full — Alleluia.
 
 
Co7nmemoration of Corpus Christi from the Secojid Vespers of the Feast.
 
 
QfRon^a^ mi^xxK i^t ^c(ape of Second Day., zvithin the Octave of the Feast of the Body of Christ.
 
 
Semidouble.
 
 
All as on the Feast except that the Antiphons are not doubled a?id the following.
 
 
I 246 THE PROPER OFFICE QF THE SEASON.
 
 
=====FIRST NOCTURN.=====
 
 
'''First Lesson.'''
 
 
The Lesson is taken from the First Book of Kings (v. i.) A ND the Philistines took the Ark '^^ of God, and brought it from the Stone-of-help unto Ashdod. When the Philistines took the Ark of God, they brought it into the house of Dagon, and set it by Dagon.i And when they of Ashdod arose early on the morrow, behold, Dagon was fallen upon his face to the earth before the Ark of the Lord. And they took Dagon, and set him in his place again. And when they arose early on the morrow morning, behold, Dagon was fallen upon his face to the ground before the Ark of the Lord ; and the head of Dagon, and both the palms of his hands were cut off upon the threshold ; only the stump of Dagon was left to him.
 
 
2 '''Second Lesson.'''
 
 
T)UT the hand of the LORD was heavy upon them of Ashdod, and He destroyed them ; and the farms and the fields in all that coast brake forth ; 2 and mice were begotten ; and there was confusion in the city, a great destruction. And when the men of Ashdod saw the plague, they said : The Ark of the God of Israel shall not abide with us, for His hand is sore upon us, and upon Dagon our god.
 
 
They sent therefore, and gathered all the lords of the Philistines unto them, and said : What shall we do with the Ark of the God of Israel ? And they of Gath answered : Let the Ark of the God of Israel be carried about unto Gath, '''Third Lesson.'''
 
 
A ND they carried the Ark of the ^^^ God of Israel about thither.
 
 
And it was so, that when they carried it about, the hand of the LORD was against every one of their cities with a very great .destruction, and He smote the men of every city, both small and great. Therefore they sent the Ark of God to Ekron. And it came to pass, as the Ark of God came to Ekron, that the Ekronites cried out, saying : They have brought about the Ark of the God of Israel to us, to slay us and our people. So they sent and gathered together all the lords of the Philistines and said : Send away the Ark of the God of Israel, and let it go again to his own place, that it slay us not, and our people. For there was an horror of death in all the cities, and the hand of God was very heavy there.
 
 
=====SECOND NOCTURN.=====
 
 
{Read in the Votive Office in May andJu7ie.) '''Fourth Lesson.'''
 
 
The Lesson is taken from the Sermons of St John Chrysostom [Patriarch of Constantinople.] {Continuatio7i of the 60th Hojnily.) T N this mysterious Sacrament Christ doth mingle Himself with all and each of His faithful ones. They are His children, and He nurseth them Himself, and giveth them not over unto another, herein again assuring us that the Flesh He hath taken unto Himself is ours. We then, who have been deemed meet to be treated with such love and such honour, let us be wakeful ! See ye not how eagerly the sucklings seize on the breasts, how 1 An idol, with the head and hands of a man, and the rest of his body that of a fish.
 
 
2 Here it is added in the original : " Therefore neither the priest of Dagon, nor any that come into Dagon's house, tread on the threshold of Dagon in Ashdod unto this day." 3 According to the present Hebrew text, which here differs much from the Latin, the meaning is that the inhabitants were seized with the disease called Haemorrhoids.
 
 
WITHIN THE OCTAVE OF CORPUS CHRISTI. 247 readily they fix their mouths on the paps ? Let us, with like eagerness, draw nigh to that Table, and suck at that spiritual Cup. Yea, let us prize that gracious Food as the suckling doth its mother's breast, and hold it the great woe of life to be cut off from that Banquet. Here there are set before us no works of man's power ; He That worked at that Last Supper, the Same worketh the same here still. As for us Priests, we hold the place of His ministers, but He Which halloweth and changeth is He.
 
 
Hither let there draw nigh no Judas, nor covetous one—this is no Table for him. But he which is Christ's disciple, let him come ; for the Lord saith : " I will keep the Passover with My disciples," (Matth. xxvi. 18.) This is that Passover Table, and it is all Christ's—what is wrought there is not some of it Christ's work, and some of it man's work, but it is all His work and not another's.
 
 
'''Fifth Lesson.'''
 
 
XT ITHER let there draw nigh none brutal, none cruel, none merciless ; in good sooth, none unclean. I speak to all that take that Holy Communion, and to you also, O ye that do .administer the same ! To you now I turn my speech, to warn you with how ^"reat care that Gift is to be given.
 
 
No slight vengeance is that which awaiteth you if ye admit for a partaker at the Lord's Table the sinner whose guiltiness ye know. At your hands will his blood be required. If a man be a General, a Governor, a crowned Monarch, yet if he come there unworthily, forbid him ; thou hast greater power than he. To this end hath God exalted you to the honour ye hold, that ye may judge in such matters. This office is your dignity, this is your strength, this is all your crown, this, and not the going about in white robes and glittering vestments. And thou, O layman ! when thou seest the Priest making the oblation, think not that He Which is then the real Worker is such a Priest as thou seest, but know of a surety that it is Christ's Hand Which is stretched out, albeit unseen by thee.
 
 
'''Sixth Lesson.'''
 
 
TET us hear, all of us, both Priests and laymen, let us hear What Food it is whereof we are made worthy —let us hear, I say, and let us quake.
 
 
The Lord satisfieth us with His Own holy Flesh, setting Himself slain before us. What excuse therefore shall we have, if, being so fed as we are, we sin as we do ? If, eating of the Lamb, we are still wolves ? If, pastured as the sheep of the flock, we raven like lions ? This mysterious Sacrament forbiddeth unto us not outrage only, but any the least enmity ; it is the Mystery of peace. Upon the Jews God laid it to make year by year by solemn festivals a yearly commemoration of His mercies unto them, but upon -thee to do this in remembrance of His love to thee, day by day. To this Table then let there draw nigh no Judas Iscariot, no Simon Magus. These men fell through covetousness ; let us fly that bottomless pit.
 
 
=====THIRD NOCTURN.=====
 
 
{Read iii the Votive Office in May andJune. ) Seveiith Lesson.
 
 
The Lesson is taken from the Holy Gospel according to John (vi. 56.) A T that time : jESUS said unto the '^^ multitudes of the Jews : My Flesh is meat indeed, and My Blood is drink indeed. And so on.
 
 
Homily by St Austin, Bishop [of Hippo.] (26M Tract on Joh7t.) 248 THE PROPER OFFICE OF THE SEASON.
 
 
" This is the bread which cometh down from heaven," (v. 50.) By " this bread " the Lord here signifieth both the manna, and That Which we receive at the Altar of God. Both these are, as it were, Sacramental signs, differing indeed somewhat in their outward and visible part, but pointing to the Same Thing signified.
 
 
Hear what the Apostle saith : " Moreover, brethren, I would not that ye should be ignorant how that all our fathers were under the cloud, and all passed through the sea, and were all baptized unto Moses in the cloud and in the sea, and did all eat the same spiritual meat." (i Cor. x. 1-3.) This meat was the same spiritually but not really ; they ate manna—we eat Something else. Spiritually they ate What we eat ; but our fathers — not their fathers ; unto whom we are like—not unto whom they are like.
 
 
And it is added : "And did all drink the same Spiritual drink." They drank one thing, and we drank Another, the difference being in the outer showj the sameness in that the Same Thing is pointed to by both. And what was that Same Drink? "They drank of the spiritual Rock that followed them, and that Rock was Christ." Him did bread and rock alike signify. The Rock was a figure, but by the Word and in the Flesh there is the very Christ Himself And how came they to drink of that rock ? " Moses lift up his hand, and with his rod he smote the rock twice, and the water came out abundantly." (Num. XX. II.) These two strokes of the rod upon the rock are a figure of the two beams whereof the Cross was made.
 
 
'''Eighth Lesson.'''
 
 
/^HRIST'S faithful ones discern the ^^ Lord's Body while they remain watchful members of His Body. They remain members of His Body as long as they will to live according to His Spirit. The Spirit of Christ giveth life to nothing but the body of Christ.
 
 
Now, my brethren, understand what I am going to say. Thou art a man, and hast a body and a spirit. By spirit I mean the soul, which causeth thee to be a man at all. Thou art a man, made up of soul and body.
 
 
Thy spirit is unseen, thy body seen.
 
 
Tell me, which of them is it which giveth animation to the other ? Doth thy spirit derive animation from thy body, or thy body from thy spirit ? Every one who liveth will answer — for if any one cannot answer this, I know not if he be alive. What will whosoever hath life answer ? " Verily, it is my spirit which doth animate my body." Wilt thou then live by the Spirit of Christ ? Be of the Body of Christ.
 
 
Ninth Lesso7i.
 
 
T S it not my spirit which doth animate my body ? My spirit doth animate my body, and thy spirit doth animate thy body. The Body of Christ liveth not save by the Spirit of Christ. Hence it is that the Apostle Paul saith, touching this Bread : " We, being many, are one bread, and one body, for we are all partakers of that one Bread." (i Cor. X. 17.) O what a Sacrament of love ! O what a seal of union ! O what a bond of charity ! He that willeth to live hath here where to live, and whence to live. Let him come near, let him believe, let him enter into that Body, that he may be quickened. Let him not sever himself from the fit joining-together of all the members ; let him not be as a mortifying limb, that must needs be cut off, nor a mis-shapen limb, a cause to blush. Let him be goodly, and useful, and healthy. Let him cleave WITHIN THE OCTAVE OF CORPUS CHRISTI. 249 unto the body ; let him Hve by God to God ; let him labom- now on earth, that he may reign hereafter in heaven.
 
 
Third Day %vithin the Octave of the Feast of the Body of Christ.
 
 
Seniidouble.
 
 
All as on the Feast except that the Aiitiphons are not doubled.^ ajid the following.
 
 
=====FIRST NOCTURN.=====
 
 
'''First Lesson.'''
 
 
The Lesson is taken from the First Book of Kings (vi. i.) AND the Ark of the LORD was in '^^ the country of the Philistines seven months, and the Philistines called for the priests and the diviners, saying : What shall we do to the Ark of the Lord ? Tell us wherewith we shall send it to his place. And they said : If ye send away the Ark of the God of Israel, send it not empty ; but in any wise return Him a trespass-offering ; then shall ye be healed, and it shall be known to you why His hand is not removed from you.i '''Second Lesson.'''
 
 
cart, and put the jewels of gold, which ye return Him for a trespass-offering, in a coffer by the side thereof; and send it away that it may go. And see ; if it goeth up by the way of his own coast to Beth-shemesh, then He hath done us this great evil ; but if not, then we shall know that it is not His hand that smote us—^it was a chance that happened to us. And the men did so.
 
 
'''Third Lesson.'''
 
 
A ND the kine took the straight way '^^ to the way of Beth-shemesh, and went along the highway, lowing as they went, and turned not aside to the right hand nor to the left ; and the lords of the Philistines went after them unto the border of Beth - shemesh.
 
 
And they of Beth-shemesh were reaping their wheat-harvest in the valley ; and they lifted up their eyes, and saw the Ark, and rejoiced to see it. And the cart came into the field of Joshua, a Beth - shemite, and stood there^ — where there was a great stone. And they clave the wood of the cart, and offered the kine upon it, a burnt-offering unto the LORD. And the Levites took down the Ark of God.
 
 
=====SECOND NOCTURN.=====
 
 
{Read in the Votive Office in July a7id August.) ^^ THEREFORE do ye harden your hearts, as the Egyptians and Pharaoh hardened their hearts ? When he was smitten, did he not let the people go, and they departed ? Now, therefore, take, and make a new cart, and two milch kine, on which there hath come no yoke ; tie the kine to the cart, and shut up their calves at home. And take the Ark of the LORD, and lay it upon the 1 The two next verses contain a recommendation to send with the Ark, as a trespass-offering, certain objects made of gold.
 
  
 
'''Fourth Lesson.'''
 
'''Fourth Lesson.'''
  
The Lesson is taken from the Letter written to Caecilius by the Holy Martyr Cyprian, Bishop [of Carthage.] {Bk. ii. Ep. 3.) T N the deed of the Priest Melchisedek we see a type of the Sacrament of the Lord's Sacrifice. For 250 THE PROPER OFFICE OF THE SEASON.
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The Lesson is taken from the Exposition of the Prophet Isaiah written by St Jerome, Priest [at Bethlehem.] (''Bk. ii. on Is. xxxviii.'')  
  
thus it is written in the writings of God : — " And Melchisedek King of Salem brought forth bread and wine : for he was the Priest of the Most High God : and he blessed " Abraham.
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<span class="dropcap">L</span>EST the heart of Hezekiah should be puffed up by his strange and unlooked for triumphs, and by his victory when he was but a prisoner, he was visited by bodily weakness, and told that he was to die ; that he might betake himself to the Lord, and turn Him from carrying out the sentence. We read of a like case in the history of the Prophet Jonah (ii. 4, ID.) And in regard to the threatening made against David (2 Kings (Sam.) xxiv. 16)—when punishments were foretold which were not brought to pass. This is not because that God is a Being capable of changing His mind, but because He willeth to mankind to know Him, how that " He [is gracious and merciful, slow to anger, and of great kindness, and] repenteth Him of the evil." (Joel ii. 13,) Hezekiah turned his face unto the wall, not being able to go up to the Temple. This may either mean that he turned towards the wall of the Temple, hard by which Solomon had built a palace, or simply, that he turned his face to the wall, so as not to parade his tears before his attendants.
 
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(Gen. xiv. 18.) That Melchisedek was a type of Christ, the Holy Ghost Himself doth testify in the Psalms, where the First Person of the Holy Trinity, even the Father, is set before us as saying unto the Second Person, that is, the Son :—" Before the daystar have I begotten Thee. . . . Thou art a Priest for ever, after the order of Melchisedek." (cix. 3, 4.) And verily that sameness of order cometh of this sacrifice, and proceedeth from this, that Melchisedek was the Priest of the Most High God ; that he offered bread and wine ; and that he blessed Abraham.
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'''Fifth Lesson.'''
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A A/"HAT Priest of the Most High God is there, more so than is our Lord jESUS Christ ?—He Who hath made an offering unto God the Father, and the same offering that Melchisedek made, bread and wine, that is to say. His Own Flesh and His Own Blood. And, as touching Abraham, that ancient blessing was spoken likewise by fore-knowledge upon us.
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For if Abraham believed God and it was accounted to him for righteousness, verily, whosoever believeth God and liveth by faith, the same is found righteous, and is shown unto us that he is already blessed in faithful Abraham, and justified —as the Apostle Paul proveth, where he saith :— "Abraham believed God and it was accounted unto him for righteousness.
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Know ye therefore that they which are of faith, the same are the children of Abraham. And the Scripture, foreseeing that God would justify the heathen through faith, preached before the Gospel unto Abraham, saying : In thee shall all nations be blessed." (Gal. iii. 6-8.) - '''Sixth Lesson.'''
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TN Genesis, therefore, in order that the Priest Melchisedek might in due order pronounce the blessing upon Abraham, there was first offered a typical sacrifice, consisting of bread and wine. This was the offering which our Lord Jesus Christ completed and fulfilled, when He offered up bread and a cup of wine mingled [with water]. This fulfilment by Him Who came to fulfil (Matth. v. 17,) utterly satisfied the truth of the image which had gone before. The Holy Ghost doth by Solomon also clearly foreshadow, as it were in a parable, the Lord's Sacrifice, pointing to the victim slain, and the bread and the wine, and the Altar likewise, and the Apostles ; as it is written :—"Wisdom hath builded her house, she hath hewn out her seven pillars ; she hath killed her beasts, she hath mingled her wine, she hath also furnished her table. She hath sent forth her servants, she crieth upon the highest places of the city, saying : Whoso is simple, let him turn in hither unto me. As for them that want understanding, she saith to them. Come, eat of my bread, and drink of the wine which I have mingled for you." (Prov. ix. 1-5.) =====THIRD NOCTURN.=====
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{Read in the Votive Office in July and August.) '''Seventh Lesson.'''
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The Lesson is taken from the Holy Gospel according to John (vi. 56.) WITHIN THE OCTAVE OF CORPUS CHRISTI. 251 A T that time : Jesus said unto the multitudes of the Jews : My Flesh is meat indeed, and My Blood is drink indeed. And so on.
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Homily by St Austin, Bishop [of Hippo.] {26tk Tract on Jo/m.) " Not as your fathers did eat manna, and are dead." Wherefore did they eat and die ? Because they believed only that which they saw ; and that which they saw not, they understood not. Therefore were they your fathers, because ye are like unto them. Doth this death, my brethren, mean that death which is outward and bodily ? And do not we also die, who eat of that Bread Which cometh down from heaven ? That death died they, and so shall we also, as far, as I have said, as is meant that death which is outward and bodily.
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'''Eighth Lesson.'''
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"DUT the death whereof the Lord doth sound the alarm, the death that their fathers died, is another death than that which is outward and bodily.
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Moses ate manna, Aaron ate manna, Phinehas ate manna, many ate manna in whom the Lord was well pleased — and these are not dead. Wherefore ? Because they understood spiritually that outward bread, spiritually hungered thereafter, spiritually tasted thereof, and spiritually were satisfied therewith. So also do we this day feed on a visible food, but the Sacrament is one thing", and the grace of the Sacrament is another.
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'''Ninth Lesson.'''
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r~\ HOW many there be which re- ^-^^ ceive at the Altar, and die, yea, die even in the very receiving ! Whence the Apostle saith :—"[He that eateth and drinketh unworthily] eateth and drinketh damnation to himself." (i Cor. xi. 29.) Is it not written:—"When jESUS had dipped the sop, he gave it to Judas Iscariot, the son of Simon, and after the sop Satan entered into him ? " (John xiii.
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26, 27.) And yet he took it. And when he had eaten it, the enemy entered in and possessed him. Not because what he ate was evil, but because he, being evil, dared to eat that which was good. Look to it well, then, brethren, that ye take spiritually the Bread Which cometh down from heaven. Bring innocency with you to the Altar. Though your sins be daily, let them not be deadly.
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Before ye draw near to the Altar, think well what it is that ye say : — " Forgive us our trespasses, as we forgive them that trespass against us." " For, if ye forgive men their trespasses, your heavenly Father will also forgive you " (Matth. vi. 14)—and ye may draw near boldly, for unto you It is Bread, and not poison.
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Fourth Day within the Octave of the Feast of the Body of Christ.
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Semidouble.
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All as on the Feast., except that the Antiphons are not doubled, and the folloiving.
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=====FIRST NOCTURN.=====
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'''First Lesson.'''
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The Lesson is taken from the First Book of Kings (vi. 19.) A ND [the Lord]i smote the men of ^^ Beth-shemesh, because they had looked into the Ark of the LORD, even He smote of the people three-score 1 I venture to substitute this for " He," for the sake of clearness, viris, &c.
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Latin : Percussit autem de 252 THE PROPER OFFICE OF THE SEASON.
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and ten men and fifty thousand of the people. And the people lamented, because the Lord had smitten many of the people with a great slaughter.
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And the men of Beth-shemesh said : Who is able to stand before this Holy Lord God ? and to whom shall He go up from us ? And they sent messengers to the inhabitants of Kirjath-jearim, saying : The Philistines have brought again the Ark of the Lord ; come ye down, and fetch it up to you. (vii. i.) And the men of Kirjath-jearim came, and fetched up the Ark of the LORD, and brought it into the house of Abinadab at Gibeah, And they sanctified Eleazar his son to keep the Ark of the LORD.
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'''Second Lesson.'''
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A ND it came to pass that from the ^^"^ day that the Ark of the LORD came to abide in Kirjath-jearim, the time waxed long, until it was already the twentieth year that it had abode there. And all the house of Israel lamented after the Lord. And Samuel spake unto all the house of Israel, saying : If ye do return unto the Lord with all your hearts, then put away the strange gods from among you, the Baalim and the Ashtaroth,i and prepare your hearts unto the Lord, and serve Him only ; and He will deliver you out of the hand of the Philistines. Then the children of Israel did put away the Baalim and the Ashtaroth, and served the Lord only.
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'''Third Lesson.'''
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AND Samuel said : Gather all Israel to Mizpeh, and I will pray for you unto the LoRD. And they gathered to Mizpeh, and drew water, and poured it out before the Lord, and fasted on that day, and said there : We have sinned against the Lord. And Samuel judged the children of Israel in Mizpeh. And when the Philistines heard that the children of Israel were gathered together to Mizpeh, the lords of the Philistines went up against Israel.
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And when the Children of Israel heard it, they were afraid of the Philistines.
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And they said to Samuel : Cease not to cry unto the Lord our God for us, that He will save us out of the hand of the Philistines.
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=====SECOND NOCTURN.=====
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{Read in the Votive Office in Septejnber and October. ) '''Fourth Lesson.'''
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The Lesson is taken from the Book upon the Sacraments written by St Ambrose,^ Bishop [of Milan.] {^Bk.
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iv. ch. 4.) "\"\ /"HO invented the Sacraments but ^^ the Lord jESUS ? The Sacraments came down from heaven, for all counsel is from heaven. Nevertheless, it was a great and wonderful work of God when He rained down manna upon His people, and the people laboured not, and yet were fed. Perchance, thou sayest : Here, it is my bread which is used. But that bread is bread only till the Sacramental words are spoken ; at the Consecration, instead of bread, there cometh to be the Body of Christ. This therefore let us establish. How cometh it that that which was bread becometh the 1 I.e., shrines and images of Baal and Astart6—a couple of idols, respectively male and female, much in vogue in Syria. What they represented is not quite agreed. Gesenius thinks they vi'ere meant for the planets Jupiter and Venus, but Baal (that is, Lord) sometimes means the sun. The worship of the female deity, who was worshipped as reigning over lust, consisted mostly of acts of studied impurity almost incredible to Christian ears.
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- Pseudo-Ambrose.
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WITHIN THE OCTAVE OF CORPUS CHRISTI. 253 Body of Christ ? Through the Consecration.
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And in what words and in Whose language doth the Consecration take place ? In those of the Lord jESUS. All the other things which are said [in the Liturgy], the ascription of praise to God [in the Preface], the prayer for the people, for kings, and for others which formeth the first part [of the Canon, these are put in the mouth of the Priest.] But when that point is reached when this worshipful Sacrament is to be consecrated, then the Priest useth no more his own words, but Christ's.
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'''Fifth Lesson.'''
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T T is the word of Christ, therefore, which doth the needful work in this Sacrament. And what is the word of Christ ? It is the word of Him at Whose bidding all things were made.
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The Lord commanded, and the heavens were created ; the Lord commanded, and the earth was formed ; the Lord commanded, and the seas were made ; the Lord commanded, and all creatures sprang into being.
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Thou seest, then, how mightily-working a word is the word of Christ. If then the word of Christ hath such power that it can make that to be which hath never been, wherein doth it appear greater that it maketh one thing to be changed into Another ? There was once no heaven ; there was once no sea ; there was once no earth.
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But hear him who saith :—" He spake, and it was done ; He commanded, and it stood fast." (Ps. xxxii. 9.) If, then, I am to answer thee, I tell thee, that before the Consecration it is not the Body of Christ, but after the Consecration it is the Body of Christ, for Himself " hath spoken, and it is done ; He hath commanded, and it standeth fast." Sixth Lesson, [ch. 5.) A ND now I come back to my text.
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It is indeed a great and worshipful fact that manna was rained down upon the Jews ; but, think thou, which was the more great and worshipful, the manna from heaven or the Body of Christ—^the Body of that Same Christ by Whom the heavens were made ? And, again ; the fathers " did eat manna, and are dead ; he that eateth of this Bread," (John vi.
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58,) It is unto him "the remission of sins," (Matth. xxvi. 28,) and "he shall never die." (John xi. 26.) ^ Therefore it is not idly that, when thou art a-receiving, thou sayest :—"Amen " —testifying in thine heart that That Which thou art taking is the Body of Christ. The Priest saith unto thee :—" The Body of Christ ! "—and thou answerest :—"Amen"—that is to say: —"It is true." What then thy tongue confesseth, let thine heart hold to.
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=====THIRD NOCTURN.=====
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[Read in the Votive Office in Septe7nber and October.) - - Seve7ith Lesson.
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The Lesson is taken from the Holy Gospel according to John (vi. 55.) A T that time : jESUS said unto the ^^ multitudes of the Jews : My Flesh is meat indeed, and My Blood is drink indeed. And so on.
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Homily by St Hilary, Bishop [of Poitiers. ]2 (^Bk. viii. on the Trinity.) 1 The next words relate to the form of words used in administering the Holy Communion where and when the writer Uved. The translator believes it to be the same still in use in Abyssinia. '^ Jan. 14.
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VOL. III. I 2 254 THE PROPER OFFICE OF THE SEASON.
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When we speak concerning the things of God, we must not speak after the manner of men, nor after the manner of the world. Let us read those things which are written, and understand those things which we read ; and then let us act as having a perfect faith. We shall speak but folly and godlessness if we speak concerning the natural truth of Christ in us, and have not learnt at Christ's School how we should speak. He Himself saith :—"My Flesh is meat indeed, and My Blood is drink indeed.
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He that eateth My Flesh and drinketh My Blood, dwelleth in Me, and I in him." There is here no room left for doubt as to What is His Flesh and what is His Blood.i '''Eighth Lesson.'''
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Tj^OR now we know by the declaration of the Lord Himself and by [the teaching of] our Faith, the reality of His Flesh and Blood. And when we eat the One and drink the Other, They work effectually in us to make us dwell in Him and He in us. Is not this a reality ? Surely it befalleth not them to find it true, who deny that Christ Jesus is Very God. He is in us by means of His Flesh, and we are in Him when that which we are is with Him in God. That we dwell in Him through that Sacrament wherein His Flesh and Blood are given unto us, He Himself doth testify, where He saith :—" Yet a little while, and the world seeth Me no more ; but ye see Me ; because I live ye shall live also. [At that day ye shall know that] I am in My Father, and ye in Me, and I in you." (John xiv.
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19, 20.) '''Ninth Lesson.'''
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"DUT that this union in us is a real one. He testifieth thus :—" He that eateth My Flesh and drinketh My Blood, dwelleth in Me, and I in him." For no one dwelleth in Him in whom He doth not dwell, since he which receiveth [the Body of Christ] hath but received that Flesh of [the same nature as] his own, which Christ hath taken into Himself The mystery of this perfect union He had taught before, when He said :—" As the living Father hath sent Me, and I live by the Father, so, he that eateth Me, even he shall live by Me." He therefore liveth by the Father, and, as He liveth by the Father, so shall we live by Him.
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Vespers are the same as the First Vespers of the Feast.
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If a Common Double Feast fall on this day it is only commemorated.
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Octave of Corpus Christi.
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The Eighth Day of the Feast of the Body of Christ.
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Double.
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All as on the Feast-day except the followiiig.
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=====SECOND NOCTURN.=====
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{Read in the Votive Office in November and December. ) Fourth Lessoji.
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The Lesson is taken from the Sermons of the Blessed Patriarch of Jerusalem, Cyril. 2 [Catechetical Lectures^ 4.) 1 De veritate carnis et sanguinis non relictus est ambigendi locus.
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2 Elected a.d. 350. Suffered much persecution from the Arians, and died March 18, 386.
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OCTAVE OF CORPUS CHRIST!. 255 T^HE teaching of the blessed Paul seemeth of itself enough instruction for you concerning those Divine Mysteries, whereof, if ye be made worthy, ye become therein, so to speak, of one Body and of one Blood with Christ. Paul saith that our Lord Jesus Christ, "the same night in which He was betrayed, took bread ; and, when He had given thanks, He brake it, and gave it unto His disciples, saying : Take, eat ; this is My Body. . . . After the same manner also He took the cup," and gave thanks, "and said:"—Take this, and drink it ; this is My Blood. Since therefore it is He Who hath definitely stated and said, touching that Bread : " This is My Body "—who will dare any longer to doubt that It is so ? And since it is He again that hath absolutely affirmed and said, touching that cup : " This is My Blood "—who is he that will doubt any longer, or say that It is not His Blood ? '''Fifth Lesson.'''
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A T the beginning of His ministry, at '^^ Cana in Galilee, the Lord turned water into wine, a thing which hath some qualities in common with blood ; and shall we deem Him less worthy that we should believe Him, when He turneth wine into Blood ? When He was bidden to that marriage wherein twain were made one flesh. He did the beginning of His miracles to the amazement of all men ; and shall we less surely hold that He hath given us His Body and Blood to be our meat and drink, or take them with weaker faith that they are indeed His Body and His Blood ? Under the appearance of bread He giveth unto us His Body, and, under the appearance of wine. His Blood : and when thou shalt come to receive, it is on the Body and Blood of Christ that thou wilt feed, being made a partaker of His Body and of His Blood. Thus indeed it is that we become Christbearers, ^ namely, by carrying about Christ in our bodies, when we receive His Body and Blood into our own frames. Thus, as the blessed Peter hath it, we are "partakers of the Divine nature." (2 Pet. i. 4.) '''Sixth Lesson.'''
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/^^HRIST once said, in conversing with the Jews : " Except ye eat the Flesh of the Son of Man, and drink His Blood, ye have no life in you." (John vi. 53.) But they took not spiritually that which He said, and "from that time many of His disciples went back, and walked no more with Him." (66.) They thought that He had bidden them to eat flesh.
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The Old Testament also had Shewbread, but this Old Testament bread was now to have an end. The bread of the New Testament is " the Bread Which Cometh down from heaven " (50), the cup of the New Testament, the Cup of Salvation, that Bread and that Cup Which hallow both souls and bodies. Wherefore I will have thee to understand that the Bread and Wine whereunto thou art to come, are not mere common bread or mere common wine ; for they are the Body and the Blood of Christ. Even if thy senses do indeed deny this fact, yet let faith make thee right sure of it. Judge not the Thing by the taste thereof, but let faith assure thee beyond all doubt thou art partaking of the Body and Blood of Christ.
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=====THIRD NOCTURN.=====
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{Read in the Votive Office in November and December. ) 1 Christiferi.
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256 THE PROPER OFFICE OF THE SEASON.
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'''Seventh Lesson.'''
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The Lesson is taken from the Holy Gospel according to John (vi. 56.) A T that time : jESUS said unto the '^^ multitudes of the Jews : My Flesh is meat indeed, and My Blood is drink indeed. And so on.
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Homily by St Cyril, Pope [of Alexandria.] {Book iv. 071 John, ch. 17.) " He that eateth My Flesh and drinketh My Blood," saith the Lord, "dwelleth in Me, and I in him." If a man take two pieces of wax and melt them, and pour the one into the other, they necessarily mingle ; so also, he that receiveth the Body and Blood of the Lord doth become so joined with the Lord that he is to be found in Christ and Christ in him.
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Another comparison thou wilt find in Matthew. The Lord there saith : "The kingdom of heaven is like unto leaven which a woman took, and hid in three measures of meal, [till the whole was leavened,]" (xiii. 33,) because, as Paul saith, "a little leaven leaveneth the whole lump." (Gal. v.
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9.) So also doth a little of this Blessing draw the whole man unto Itself, and fill him with Its grace : and thus doth Christ dwell in us, and we in Christ.
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'''Eighth Lesson.'''
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A S for ourselves, if we would win '^^ life everlasting ; if we would that the Giver of immortality should dwell in us, let us run freely to receive this Blessing, and let us beware that the devil succeed not in laying a stumbling-block in our way, in the shape of a mistaken reverence. Thou rightly sayest, and we know well, how that it is written: "Whosoever shall eat this Bread and drink this Cup of the Lord unworthily . . . eateth and drinketh damnation to himself." ( i Cor.
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xi. 27, 29.) I therefore examine myself and find myself unworthy. And I ask thee, who citest these words to me, who shall ever be found worthy ? When wilt thou be such an one as may be worthy to be offered to Christ ? If by sin thou art unworthy, and thou ceasest not to sin, (for, as the Psalmist hath it,—"Who can understand his errors ? "—Ps. xviii. 13,) then shalt thou for ever lack this means of life and sanctification.
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'''Ninth Lesson.'''
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Vy^HEREFORE, I counsel thee to betake thee to godly thoughts, and to live carefully and holily, and so to receive that Blessing—a Blessing which, believe me, doth banish, not death only, but all diseases likewise.
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For when Christ dwelleth in us. He stilleth the law of death in our members, which warreth against the law of our mind, (Rom. vii. 23,) He giveth strength to godliness. He turneth to calm the turbulent surging of our mind. He cureth them which are sick, He raiseth up them which are fallen, and, like the Good Shepherd, Which giveth His life for the sheep, He prevaileth that the sheep perish not.
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Sixth Day.
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First Lessojt.
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The Lesson is taken from the First Book of Kings (viii. 4.) ^HEN all the elders of Israel gathered themselves together, and came to Samuel unto Rama.
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And they said unto him : Behold, thou art old, and thy sons walk not in thy ways ; make us a King to SECOND WEEK AFTER PENTECOST. 257 judge us like all the nations. The thing displeased Samuel, that they said : Give us a King' to judge us.
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And Samuel prayed unto the LORD.
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First Responsory .
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Saul hath slain, &c., {p. 223.) '''Second Lesson.'''
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AND the Lord said unto Samuel : '^ Hearken unto the voice of the people in all that they say unto thee.
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For they have not rejected thee, but they have rejected Me, that I should not reign over them. According to all the works which they have done since the day that I brought them up out of Egypt, even unto this day ; wherewith they have forsaken Me, and served other gods, so do they also unto thee. Now, therefore, hearken unto their voice ; howbeit yet protest solemnly unto them, and show them the manner of the king that shall reign over them.
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'''Second Responsory.'''
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Ye mountains of Gilboa, &c., {^p.
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223.) '''Third Lesson.'''
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A ND Samuel told all the words of the Lord unto the people that asked of him a king, and he said : This will be the manner of the king that shall reign over you : he will take your sons, and appoint them for his chariots, and to be his horsemen, and to run before his chariots, and he will appoint him captains over thousands, and captains over hundreds, and will set them to ear his ground, and to reap his harvest, and to make his instruments of war, and his chariots ; and he will take your daughters to be confectionaries, and to be cooks, and to be bakers ; and he will take your fields, and your vineyards, and your olive-yards, even the best of them, and give them to his servants.
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Third Respo7tsory.
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Thus saith the Lord, &c., {p. 223.) The Sabbath.
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First Lesso7i.
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The Lesson is taken from the First Book of Kings (ix. i.) 1 "^ OW there was a man of Benjamin, whose name was Kish, the son of Abiel, the son of Zeror, the son of Beehorath, the son of Aphiah, a Benjamite, a mighty man of power.
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And he had a son whose name was Saul, a choice young man and a goodly ; and there was not among the children of Israel a goodlier person than he ; from his shoulders and upward he was higher than any of the people. And the asses of Kish, Saul's father, were lost ; and Kish said to Saul his son : Take now one of the servants with thee, and arise, go seek the asses. And they passed through Mount Ephraim, and passed through the land of Shalisha, but they found them not ; then they passed through the land of Shalim, and there they were not : and he passed through the land of the Benjamites, but they found them not.
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First Responsory .
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My sins are many, &c., (/. 224.) 1 The Lessons formerly (and in England still) read on Fridaj'- relate how the Israelites came to Samuel demanding a king, and God commanded him to act according to their wishes.
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258 THE PROPER OFFICE OF THE SEASON.
+
 
+
Secojid Lesson.
+
 
+
A ND when they were come to the ^^ land of Zuph Saul said to his servant that was with him : Come, and let us return ; lest my father leave caring for the asses, and take thought for us. And he said unto him : Behold now, there is in this city a man of God, and he is an honourable man ; all that he saith cometh surely to pass.
+
 
+
Now, let us go thither ; peradventure he can show us our way that we should go, to find that whereafter we are come. Then said Saul to his servant : But, behold, if we go, what shall we bring the man of God ? for the bread is spent in our vessels, and we have not a basket nor aught beside, that we may bring it for a present unto the man of God. And the servant answered Saul again : Behold, I have here in my hand the fourth part of a shekel of silver ; that let us give to the man of God, to tell us our way.
+
 
+
'''Second Responsory.'''
+
 
+
Lord, Thou hast hearkened, &c., (/. 224.) '''Third Lesson.''' (14.) AND they went up into the city.
+
 
+
"^^ And when they were come into the city, behold, Samuel came out against them, for to go up to the high place. Now the LORD had told Samuel in his ear, a day before Saul came, saying : To-morrow, about this time, I will send thee a man out of the land of Benjamin, and thou shalt anoint him to be Captain over My people Israel, and he shall save My people out of the hand of the Philistines ; for I have looked upon My people ; because their cry is come unto Me. And when Samuel saw Saul, the Lord said unto him : Behold the man whom I spake to thee of; this same shall reign over My people.
+
 
+
'''Third Responsory.'''
+
 
+
Hearken, O Lord, &c., ij). 225.) Prayer u?itil Vespers as on Simday last.
+
 
+
At the beginniiig ofthe Martyrology, is said, The morrow is the Feast of the Most Sacred heart of Jesus.
+
 
+
Vespers are of the Feast.
+
 
+
 
+
 
+
 
+
 
+
 
+
 
+
 
+
 
+
 
+
 
+
 
+
 
+
 
+
 
+
 
+
 
+
EJjtrti Suntiag after Pentecost.
+
 
+
Feast of the Most Sacred Heart ^Jesus.
+
 
+
Double of the First Class.
+
 
+
All as on Sundays, except what is otherwise sriven here.
+
 
+
====FIRST VESPERS.====
+
 
+
Aiitiphons, Chapter, and Prayer from Lauds.
+
 
+
Ps. cix. The Lord said, &c., {p.
+
 
+
176.) Ps. ex. I will praise Thee, &c., {j).
+
 
+
177.) Ps. cxv. I believed, &c., {f. 185.) Ps. cxxvii. Blessed is every one, &c., {f. 191.) Ps. cxlvii. Praise the LORD, O Jerusalem, &c., {p. 203.) Hyinii.^ TESUS! Creator of the world! 'J Of all mankind Redeemer blest ! True God of God, in Whom we see The Father's Image clear expressed ! 1 Author unknown ; translation by the Rev. E. Caswall.
+
 
+
THIRD WEEK AFTER PENTECOST. 259 Thee, Saviour ! love alone constrained To make our mortal flesh Thine Own, And, as a second Adam, come For the first Adam to atone.
+
 
+
That self-same love which made the sky, Which made the sea, and stars, and earth, Took pity on our misery.
+
 
+
And broke the bondage of our birth.
+
 
+
O Jesus ! In Thy Heart Divine May that same love for ever glow ! For ever mercy to mankind From that exhaustless Fountain flow ! For this Thy Sacred Heart was pierced, And both with Blood and Water ran — To cleanse us from the stains of guilt, And be the hope and strength of man.
+
 
+
To God the Father, and the Son, All praise, and power, and glory be.
+
 
+
With Thee, O Holy Comforter ! Henceforth through all eternity. Amen.
+
 
+
''Verse.'' ^ I am come to send fire on the earth, ''Answer.'' And what will I, if it be already kindled ? Aiitiphon at the Song of the Blessed Virgin. 2 My heart hath looked for reproach and bitterness ; and I looked for some to take pity on me, and there was none ; and for comforters, and I found none.
+
 
+
Commemoration of the Sicnday.
+
 
+
''Antiphon.'' And all [Israel] from Dan even to Beersheba knew that Samuel was established a Prophet of the Lord.
+
 
+
''Verse.'' Let the evening prayer ascend unto Thee, O Lord.
+
 
+
''Answer.'' And let there descend upon us Thy mercy.
+
 
+
Prayer.
+
 
+
r\ GOD, the Protector of all them ^-^^ that trust in Thee, without Whom nothing is strong, nothing is Holy ; increase and multiply upon us Thy mercy, that Thou being our ruler and guide, we may so pass through things temporal, that we finally lose not the things eternal. Through our Lord Jesus Christ Thy Son, Who liveth and reigneth with Thee, in the unity of the Holy Ghost, one God, world without end. Amen.
+
 
+
====MATTINS.====
+
 
+
Ifvuitatory. Christ suffered for us, * O come, let us worship Him ! '''Hymn.'''
+
 
+
r\? sin and love the Lord had died : — Of sin, but not His own — Of love, self-sprung, that drew Him down For sinners to atone.
+
 
+
And sin, when in the last strong cry Had passed His latest breath, Still aimed the soldier's spear to pierce His pulseless Heart in death.
+
 
+
Sin pierced Him, but His love called life Out of the Streams sin wrung: The Church, from out His Heart of love, In Blood and Water sprung.
+
 
+
Where men would drown in sin, He set That Church o'er sin's black tide — An Ark of safety. Whose wide Door Was opened in His Side.
+
 
+
Love gave those Streams from out. His Heart In sevenfold tide to flow, Wherefrom our robes by faith and love May whiter rise than snow.
+
 
+
O may we lay our sins aside — Those sins that pierced His Heart — And pray of Him new hearts of flesh, Hearts Christ-like, to impart.
+
 
+
Grant it, O Father, Only Son, And Spirit, God of grace.
+
 
+
To whom all worship shall be done, In every time and place. Amen.
+
 
+
1 Luke xii. 49. 2 Ps. Ixviii. 21.
+
 
+
26o THE PROPER OFFICE OF THE SEASON.
+
 
+
=====FIRST NOCTURN.=====
+
 
+
''First Antiphon.'' ^ What is man, that Thou shouldest magnify him ? and that Thou shouldest set Thine Heart upon him ? Psalm VIII.
+
 
+
O Lord, our Lord, &c., {p. 7.) Second Antipho7i. Let the meditation of my heart be acceptable in Thy sight for ever.
+
 
+
Psalm XVIII The heavens declare, {J). 17.) Third Antipho7i. Be ye lift up, ye everlasting doors, and the King of glory shall come in.
+
 
+
Psalm XXIII The earth is the Lord's, &c., p.
+
 
+
46.) ''Verse.'' 2 Lord, Thou wilt ordain peace for us, — ''Answer.'' For Thou hast also wrought all our works for us.
+
 
+
'''First Lesson.'''
+
 
+
The Lesson is taken from the Book of the Prophet Isaiah (xii. i.) f~\ LORD, I will praise Thee ; ^~"^ though Thou wast angry with me. Thine anger is turned away, and Thou comfortedst me. Behold, God is my salvation ; I will trust, and not be afraid ; for the Lord is my strength and my song ; He also is become my salvation. Therefore with joy shall ye draw water out of the wells of the Saviour ; and in that day shall ye say : Praise the Lord, and call upon His Name ; [declare His doings among the people ;] make mention that His Name is exalted. Sing unto the Lord, for He hath done excellent things ; make ye this known in all the earth. Cry out and shout, thou inhabitant of Zion, for great is the Holy One of Israel in the midst of thee! '''First Responsory.'''
+
 
+
3 I am that Bread of life. Your fathers did eat manna in the wilderness, and are dead. This is the Bread Which Cometh down from heaven, that a man may eat thereof, and not die.
+
 
+
''Verse.'' I am the living Bread Which came down from heaven ; if any man eat of this Bread, he shall live for ever.
+
 
+
''Answer.'' This is the Bread Which Cometh down from heaven, that a man may eat thereof, and not die.
+
 
+
Second Lesson, (xxvi. i.) T N that day shall this song be sung" in the land of Judah. * Zion is our strong city, the Saviour will God appoint in her for walls and bulwarks.
+
 
+
Open ye the gates, that the righteous nation which keepeth the truth may enter in. The former wandering is past : Thou shalt keep lasting peace, because our trust is stayed on Thee.
+
 
+
Ye trust in the LORD for ever, in the Lord God mighty for ever. For He bringeth down them that dwell on high, the lofty city, He shall lay it low, He shall lay it low, even to the ground.
+
 
+
'''Second Responsory.'''
+
 
+
^ Behold, when we shall see Him, He hath no form nor comeliness : there is no beauty in Him : this is He Which hath borne our ariefs and 1 Job vii. 17.
+
 
+
1 Zion, not in the Hebrew.
+
 
+
2 Isa. xxvi. 12.
+
 
+
•^ Isa. liii. 2, 4.
+
 
+
3 John vi. 48-52.
+
 
+
THIRD WEEK AFTER PENTECOST. 261 carried our sorrows ; but He was wounded for our transgressions, and with His stripes we are healed.
+
 
+
''Verse.'' Surely He hath borne our griefs and carried our sorrows.
+
 
+
''Answer.'' And with His stripes we are healed.
+
 
+
Third Less071. (v. 7.) nPHE way of the just is upright, the path wherein the just walketh is upright. Yea, in the way of Thy judgments, O LORD, have we waited for Thee ; the desire of our soul is to Thy name, and to the remembrance of Thee. With my soul have I desired Thee in the night ; yea, with mine inmost spirit will I seek Thee early. When Thy judgments are in the earth, the inhabitants of the world will learn righteousness.
+
 
+
'''Third Responsory.'''
+
 
+
^ Blessed be the Lord God of hosts, Who only doeth wondrous things.
+
 
+
And blessed be His glorious Name for ever.
+
 
+
''Verse.'' And let the whole earth be filled with His g"lory. Amen. Amen.
+
 
+
''Answer.'' And blessed be His glorious Name for ever.
+
 
+
''Verse.'' Glory be to the Father, and to the Son, and to the Holy Ghost.
+
 
+
''Answer.'' And blessed be His glorious Name for ever.
+
 
+
=====SECOND NOCTURN.=====
+
 
+
''First Antiphon.'' With gladness and rejoicing shall they be brought ; they shall enter into the King's palace.
+
 
+
Psalm XLIV.
+
 
+
Mine heart is overflowing, &c., {j).
+
 
+
96.) Second Afitiphon. The Most High hath hallowed His Tabernacle.
+
 
+
Psalm XL V.
+
 
+
God is our refuge, &c., [(p. 97.)] Third Aiitiphon. All they that dwell in thee are in gladness.
+
 
+
Psalm LXXXVI.
+
 
+
Her foundation, &c., {p. i44-) ''Verse.'' Thine anger is turned away.
+
 
+
''Answer.'' And Thou comfortedst me.
+
 
+
'''Fourth Lesson.'''
+
 
+
The Lesson is taken from the Sermons of St Bernard, Abbat [of Clairvaux.] {'^rd 072 the Lords Passio7t.) IVT OW that we have once reached ''^ the Heart of Jesus, that Heart of exceeding sweetness, and know how that "it is good for us to be here," (Matth. xvii. 4,) let us never again suffer ourselves to be torn away from Him concerning Whom it is written : "They that depart from Thee shall be written in the earth." (Jer. xvii. 13.) But what portion is theirs that draw nigh unto Thee, Thou Thyself, O Lord, dost tell us, for Thou hast said unto such: "Rejoice, because your names are written in heaven." (Luke x. 20.) Unto Thee therefore let us draw nigh —- " we will be glad and rejoice in Thee" when "we remember Thine" Heart. (Cant. i. 3.) "Behold, how good and pleasant it is to dwell in" (Ps. cxxxii. i) this Heart! Yea, let me cast away all things, all my thoughts, and all my feelings, let me cast them all away, and let me "cast all my care" (i Pet. v. 7) upon the Heart of the Lord Jesus "and He shall sustain me." (Ps. liv. 23.) 1 Ps. Ixxi. 19.
+
 
+
262 THE PROPER OFFICE OF THE SEASON.
+
  
 
'''Fourth Responsory.'''
 
'''Fourth Responsory.'''
  
1 He that eateth My Flesh and drinketh My Blood, dwelleth in Me, and I in him. "^ P. T. Alleluia.
+
Saul hath slain, &c., ''(p. 223.)''  
 
+
Verse, ^ What nation is there so great, who hath gods so nigh unto them, as the Lord our God is to us ? ''Answer.'' Dwelleth in Me, and I in him. * P. T. Alleluia.
+
  
 
'''Fifth Lesson.'''
 
'''Fifth Lesson.'''
  
nrOWARD this Temple, toward this Holy of Holies, towards this Ark of the covenant, " will I worship and praise Thy Name" (Ps. cxxxvii. 2) saying with David : " Thy servant hath found in his heart to pray this prayer unto Thee" (2 Kings vii. 27.) And I have found the Heart of jESUS, the Heart of my King, my Brother, and my tender Friend. And am I not to worship ? Yea, O jESUS most sweet, now that I have found this Heart, Which is both Thine and mine, I will worship Thee, O my God ! And, O, do Thou graciously let my supplication enter into that Sanctuary of mercy ! Draw me altogether into that Heart of Thine ! O Jesus, in the Perfection of Thy beauty fairer than the children of men, wash Thou me " thoroughly from mine iniquity and cleanse me from my sin," (Ps.
+
<span class="dropcap">H</span>AVING been told that he was about to die, he prayed not for life and many years, but left it to God to do as in His good judgment He was pleased to will. He knew how this had pleased God on the part of Solomon. (3 (0 Kings iii. 11.) So, when he betook him to the Lord, he only made mention of his works, how he had walked before Him in truth, and with a perfect heart. Happy is he whose conscience in the hour of affliction can assure him of good works. Yea, "blessed are the pure in heart, for they shall see God " (Matth. V. 8.) It is indeed written in another place : " Who can say, I have made my heart clean, I am pure from my sin?" (Prov. xx. 9.) How then could Hezekiah say that he had walked with a perfect heart ? But the answer is, that by this is meant that he had destroyed the idols, opened the doors of the Temple, broken in pieces the brazen serpent, and done the rest of the things whereof the Scripture maketh mention.
  
1. 4,) that, being made pure by Thee, I may be able to come unto Thee, Who art Thyself most Pure, and that I may be meet " to dwell in Thy " Heart " all the days of my life, to behold " (Ps. xxvi. 4) Thee, and to be strong to do Thy will.
+
'''Fifth Responsory.'''
  
Fifth Responsory .
+
Ye mountains of Gilboa, &c., ''(p. 223.)''  
 
+
^ He hath been brought as a lamb to the slaughter, and while he was evil-entreated he opened not his mouth : he was delivered up to death, that he might quicken his people.
+
 
+
''Verse.'' ^ He hath poured out his soul unto death, and he was numbered with the transgressors.
+
 
+
''Answer.'' That he might quicken his people.
+
  
 
'''Sixth Lesson.'''
 
'''Sixth Lesson.'''
  
nrO this end was Thy Side pierced, that we might find a wide entrance there. To this end was Thine Heart wounded, that we might be able to dwell in It and in Thee, " hidden in the secret of Thy presence from the troubling of men." (Ps. xxx. 21.) Nevertheless, It was pierced to this end also, that behind that Bodily Wound which we see, we may perceive that wound of love which is not bodily. And how could that love be more strikingl)'' shown than it is by Him Who hath given, not His Body only, but His very Heart, to be pierced for us ? The bodily wound showeth the spiritual. Who is there that would not love that wounded Heart ? Who would not return love for love to Him That hath loved so well ? Who would not embrace Him Who standeth so pure ? While, therefore, we yet linger here in this body, let us love and love again Him Who hath first loved us, let us lay hold on that Wounded One, Wounded for us. Whose Hands and Feet, Whose Side and Heart, the wicked husbandmen have so pierced.
+
"<span class="dropcap">A</span>ND Hezekiah wept sore." He had then no children, and it seemed as though the promise which God had made unto David, [that "his seed should endure for ever, and his throne as the sun before" Him, (Ps. Ixxxviii. 29,)] was about to fail in his own death. It is written that " Manasseh was twelve years old when he began to reign," (xxi. i) — whence it is evident that Hezekiah begat him not till after three years of his new lease of life. Sore therefore wept he, when all hope was torn from him that the Messiah should spring from his seed. Others again remark that he wept sore, since death terrifieth sometimes even the saints, since they know not what sentence is about to be pronounced upon them, and what place shall be allotted them in the inscrutable judgment.
 
+
(Matth. xxi. 35-39.) Let us stand waiting till He be pleased to constrain with the bond, and pierce with the spear, of His love, these hearts of ours that still are so hard and unrepentant.
+
 
+
{So far St Berjiard.) The Supreme Pontiff Clement XIII., to the end that Christ's faithful people might in still more godly and earnest 1 John vi. 57. 2 Deut. iv. 7. 3 cf. Isa. liii. 7; i Mace. vi. 44. ^ Isa. liii. 12.
+
 
+
THIRD WEEK AFTER PENTECOST. 263 sort call to mind, and more readily drink in the fruits of, the wondrous love of Him Who suffered for us, Who laid down His life for the redemption of man, and who hath instituted the Sacrament of His Own Body and Blood for a continual showing-forth of His death, of which love His Most Sacred Heart is an embodiment, granted the prayer of certain Churches, which desired to observe a Festival in honour of the said Most Sacred Heart.
+
 
+
This Feast Pius IX. extended to the whole Church, and at length the Supreme Pontiff, Leo XIII., in accordance with the wishes of the whole Catholic world, raised it to the rank of a Double of the First Class.
+
  
 
'''Sixth Responsory.'''
 
'''Sixth Responsory.'''
  
1 Great is the Lord, and greatly to be praised, and His Wisdom is unsearchable.
+
Thus saith the LORD, &c., ''(p. 223.)''
 
+
''Verse.'' ^ Great is our Lord, and of great power, and His understanding is infinite.
+
 
+
''Answer.'' And His Wisdom is unsearchable.
+
 
+
''Verse.'' Glory be to the Father, and to the Son, and to the Holy Ghost.
+
 
+
Afiswer. And His Wisdom is unsearchable.
+
  
 
=====THIRD NOCTURN.=====
 
=====THIRD NOCTURN.=====
 
First Antipho7i. Show forth His salvation from day to day.
 
 
Psalm XCV.
 
 
O sing unto the LORD, &c., (/. 148.) ''Second Antiphon.'' Worship Him, all ye His Angels !—Zion heard, and was sflad.
 
 
Psalm XCVI.
 
 
The Lord reigneth, &c., {p. 149.) Third A7itipho7i. All the ends of the earth have seen the salvation of our God.
 
 
Psalm XCVII.
 
 
O sing unto the Lord, &c., (/. 157.) ''Verse.'' ^ Out of Zion, the Perfection of beauty, — ''Answer.'' Our God shall come manifestly.
 
 
'''Seventh Lesson.'''
 
 
The Lesson is taken from the Holy Gospel according to John (xix. 31.) A T that time : The Jews, because it "^^ was the Preparation, that the bodies should not remain upon the cross on the Sabbath-day (for that Sabbath was an high day) besought Pilate that their legs might be broken, and that they might be taken away.
 
 
And so on.
 
 
Homily by St Austin, Bishop [of Hippo.] ( 1 20th Tract on John. ) " One of the soldiers with a spear pierced His Side, and forthwith came thereout Blood and Water." The Evangelist speaketh carefully. He saith not that He smote the Side, nor yet that he wounded It, nor yet anything else, but " pierced " — "pierced" It, to fling wide the entrance unto life, whence flow the Sacraments of the Church, those Sacraments without which there is no entrance unto the life which is life indeed. That Blood Which was shed there was shed for the remission of sins, that Water is the water that mantleth in the cup of salvation.
 
 
Therein are we washed and thereof ^ Ps. xlvii. 2. 2 Ps. cxlvi. 5. 3 Ps. xlix. 2.
 
 
264 THE PROPER OFFICE OF THE SEASON.
 
 
do we drink. Of this was it a type when it was said unto Noah: "The door of the ark shalt thou set in the side thereof .... and of every Hving thing of all flesh shalt thou bring into the ark .... to keep them alive." (Gen. vi. 16, 19.) A figure this of the Church.
 
 
Seventh Responsory .
 
 
^ As the living Father hath sent Me, and I live by the Father, so he that eateth Me, even he shall live by Me.
 
 
* P. T. Alleluia.
 
 
''Verse.'' ^ With the bread of life and understanding hath the Lord fed him.
 
 
A7is'wer. So he that eateth Me, even he shall live by Me. * P. T.
 
 
Alleluia.
 
 
'''Eighth Lesson.'''
 
 
The Lesson is taken from the Homilies of St John Chrysostom, [Patriarch of Constantinople.] {Z/\th on John.) O EEST thou the power of the truth ? The act of the Jews was a mean to the fulfilment of prophecy, whereby another truth was made manifest.
 
 
" Then came the soldiers, and brake the legs of the first, and of the other, which was crucified with Him. But when they came to jESUS, and saw that He was dead already, they brake not His Legs ; but one of the soldiers with a spear pierced His Side." Willing to do the Jews a pleasure, that man outraged his Redeemer even in death—vile and iniquitous willingness ! But rest Thou still, O Thou Whom my soul loveth !—they thought to do it wickedly, but they did service to the truth. " For these things were done that the Scripture should be fulfilled: 'A bone of Him shall not be broken '—and again another Scripture saith : ' They shall look on Him 1 John vi. 58.
 
 
Whom they pierced.'" Nor was it done for this alone, but it was afterward a mean to faith for Thomas and them that were with him. And yet again another great mystery was here established, for : " forthwith came thereout Blood and Water." Nor idly nor perchance sprang forth that twofold fountain, for the Church, like her Great Head, "came by Water and Blood—not by Water only, but by Water and Blood." (i John v. 6.) '''Eighth Responsory.'''
 
 
Our Shepherd, even the Fountain of living waters, is gone from us ; He passed away, and the sun was darkened.
 
 
Our Saviour hath burst the gates and bars of death.
 
 
''Verse.'' The bands of hell He hath utterly abolished, and hath done away the power of the devil.
 
 
Ajiswer. Our Saviour hath burst the gates and bars of death.
 
 
''Verse.'' Glory be to the Father, and to the Son, and to the Holy Ghost.
 
 
''Answer.'' Our Saviour hath burst the gates and bars of death.
 
 
Ninth Blessing.
 
 
May the Gospel's glorious word Cleansing to our souls afford.
 
 
'''Ninth Lesson.'''
 
 
The Lesson is taken from the Holy Gospel according to Luke (xv. i.) A T that time : There drew near ^^^ unto Jesus the publicans and sinners, for to hear Him. And so on.
 
 
Homily by Pope St Gregory [the Great.] (34//^ on the Gospels.) Ye have heard, my brethren, from the Gospel which hath but now been - Ecclus. XV. 3.
 
 
THIRD WEEK AFTER PENTECOST. 265 read, how that the publicans and sinners drew near unto our Redeemer, and how that He received them, not only to converse, but also to eat with Him. And when the Pharisees and Scribes saw it, they murmured. From this learn ye, that true righteousness is merciful, and false righteousness is contemptuous, albeit that the righteous also oft-times feel moved with just indignation at sinners. But it is one thing to feel thus indignant through pride, and another to feel so through love of law. The righteous indeed look down upon sinners, and yet, as not despising them ; they abandon them, and yet, as not without hope ; they fight against them, and yet, as loving them all the while ; for if they be behoven to chasten them grievously as touching the outer man, yet is it through charity which offereth sweetness to their inner man. In their hearts they prefer before themselves them whom they are correcting ; they hold as better than themselves them whom they judge. And thus doing, they watch by carefulness over them, which are committed unto their charge, and, by lowly-mindedness, over themselves.
 
 
On the other hand, they whose exaltation cometh of a false righteousness, look down upon their neighbour, but are softened by no mercy toward his misery, and are all the more sinful, because they perceive not that they themselves are sinners.
 
 
Of such were those Pharisees who judged the Lord because He received sinners, and, in the dryness of their own heart, rebuked the very Fountain of mercy. They were sick of so desperate a sickness that they knew not of themselves that they were sick ; but, that they might know that they were so, the Heavenly Physician applied to them His tender ointments, and, by means of a gracious parable, lanced the boil of their pride of heart.
 
 
====LAUDS.====
 
 
First A?itiphoii. 1 Learn of Me, "^ for I am meek and lowly in Heart.
 
 
Seco7td ''Antiphon.'' 2 j have sanctified this place, "^ that My Name may be there for ever, and Mine eyes, and Mine heart shall be there perpetually.
 
 
Third A7itiphoii. ^ P^rvdi I said: Then have I cleansed my heart * in vain, and washed my hands in innocency, for all the day long have I been plagued.
 
 
Fourth Antiphojz. ^ In the multitude of the sorrows "^ within my heart, Thy comforts delight my soul.
 
 
Fifth Antiphoji. ^ Set me as a seal upon thine heart, "^ as a seal upon thine arm.
 
 
''Chapter.'' (Isa. xii. 2, 3.) TOEHOLD, God is my salvation ; I will trust, and not be afraid ; for the Lord is my strength and my song ; He also is become my salvation.
 
 
Therefore with joy shall ye draw water out of the wells of the Saviour.
 
 
'''Hymn.'''
 
 
JESUS! behind Thy Temple's Veil, •J Hid in an ark of gold, On stones engraven, lay the Law Thy finger wrote of old.
 
 
But, in Thy Body's Temple new, Thy Life- Blood's throbbing Shrine, Held, upon Fleshly Tables graved, The Law of love Divine.
 
 
And when that Heart in death was stilled, Each Temple's Veil was riven : — And lo ! within Thy love's red Shrine To us to look was given ! 1 Matth. xi. 29.
 
 
4 Ps. xciii. 19.
 
 
2 2 Par. (Chron.) vii. 16.
 
 
3 Cant. viii. 6.
 
 
2 Ps. Ixxii. 13.
 
 
266 THE PROPER OFFICE OF THE SEASON.
 
 
There make us gaze—and see the love Which drew Thee, for our sake, — Great High Priest !—Thyself to God A Sacrifice to make.
 
 
Thou, Saviour ! cause that every soul Which Thou hast loved so well.
 
 
May will within Thine opened Heart In life and death to dwell.
 
 
Grant it, O Father, Only Son, And Spirit, God of grace, To Whom all worship shall be done In every time and place. Amen.
 
 
''Verse.'' ^ Surely He hath borne our griefs.
 
 
''Answer.'' And carried our sorrows.
 
 
''Antiphon at the Song of Zacharias.''
 
 
1 He was wounded for our transgressions.
 
 
He was bruised for our iniquities : the chastisement of our peace was upon Him, and with His stripes we are healed.
 
 
Prayer throughout the Office, r\ ALMIGHTY God, grant, we be- ^-^^ seech Thee, that all we who do make our boast in the most Holy Heart of Thy well-beloved Son, and do tell of the wondrous works of His love to US-ward, may be blessed in knowing both what He hath wrought for us and also what He is able and willing to work in us. Through the Same our Lord Jesus Christ Thy Son, Who liveth and reigneth with Thee, in the unity of the Holy Ghost, one God, world without end. Aine7i.
 
 
Coimnernoration of the Sunday.
 
 
A7itipho7i. What man of you, having an hundred sheep, if he lose one of them, doth not leave the ninety and nine in the wilderness, and go after that which is lost, until he find it ? Alleluia.
 
 
''Verse.'' The Lord reigneth ; He is clothed with majesty.
 
 
''Answer.'' The Lord is clothed with strength, and hath girded Himself with power.
 
 
Prayer as at Commemoration on Saturday evening.
 
 
====PRIME.====
 
 
''Antiphon.'' Learn of Me, &c., [First Antiphon at Lauds.') In the Short Responsory ijtstead of "Thou That sittest, &c.," is said : ''Verse.'' Thou That didst suffer for us.
 
 
Chapter at the end. (Isa. xii. 5.) CING unto the Lord, for He hath done excellent things. Make ye this known in all the earth. Cry out and shout, thou inhabitant of Zion ! For great is the Holy One of Israel in the midst of thee ! ====TERCE.====
 
 
Antipho7z. I have sanctified, &c.
 
 
{Seco7td A7ttipho7z at Lauds.) Chapterfr0771 Lauds.
 
 
Short Respo7tsory.
 
 
Surely He hath borne our griefs.
 
 
A7iswer. Surely He hath borne our griefs.
 
 
''Verse.'' And carried our sorrows.
 
 
A7iswer. He hath borne our griefs.
 
 
''Verse.'' Glory be to the Father, and to the Son, and to the Holy Ghost.
 
 
A7iswer. Surely He hath borne our griefs.
 
 
''Verse.'' He maketh peace in Thy borders.
 
 
A7iswer. And filleth thee with the finest of the wheat.
 
 
1 Isa. liii. 4, 5.
 
 
THIRD WEEK AFTER PENTECOST. 267 ====SEXT.====
 
 
A7itiphon. And I said, &c., {Third Antipkon at Lauds.) ''Chapter.'' (Isa. xii. 4.) T N that day shall ye say : Praise the Lord, and call upon His Name ! make mention that His Name is exalted.
 
 
'''Short Responsory.'''
 
 
He maketh peace in thy borders.
 
 
''Answer.'' He maketh peace in thy borders.
 
 
''Verse.'' And filleth thee with the finest of the wheat.
 
 
''Answer.'' Peace in thy borders.
 
 
''Verse.'' Glory be to the Father, and to the Son, and to the Holy Ghost.
 
 
''Answer.'' He maketh peace in thy borders.
 
 
''Verse.'' ^ O Lord, Thou hast loosed my bonds.
 
 
''Answer.'' I will offer to Thee the sacrifice of thanksgiving.
 
 
====NONE.====
 
 
''Antiphon.'' Set me as a seal, &c., {Fifth Antipho7i at Lauds.) Chapter as at the end of Pj'ijne.
 
 
Short Respo7isory.
 
 
O Lord, Thou hast loosed my bonds.
 
 
''Answer.'' O Lord, Thou hast loosed my bonds.
 
 
''Verse.'' I will offer to Thee the sacrifice of thanksgiving.
 
 
''Answer.'' Thou hast loosed my bonds.
 
 
''Verse.'' Glory be to the Father, and to the Son, and to the Holy Ghost.
 
 
''Answer.'' O Lord, Thou hast loosed my bonds.
 
 
''Verse.'' ^ It shall be to the Lord for a Name, for an everlasting Sigu — ''Answer.'' That shall not be cut off.
 
 
====SECOND VESPERS.====
 
 
All as the First., except the follozving.
 
 
''Verse.'' With joy shall ye draw water.
 
 
''Answer.'' Out of the wells of the Saviour.
 
 
''Antiphon at the Song of the Blessed Virgin.''  But when they came to Jesus, and saw that He was dead already, they brake not His Legs : but one of the soldiers with a spear pierced His Side, and forthwith came thereout Blood and Water.
 
 
Commemoration of the Simday.
 
 
''Antiphon.'' What woman, having ten pieces of silver, if she lose one piece, doth not light a candle, and sweep the house, and seek diligently till she find it? ''Verse.'' Let my prayer, O Lord, be set forth.
 
 
''Answer.'' As incense before Thee.
 
 
Prayer as at Com7nemoratio7i on Saturday eveiiing.
 
 
The Offices for the Sundays a7id Week-days between this poiiit and the Saturday evening before Advent Sunday are no lo7tger, as heretofore, to be foimd in 07ie place. The Proper Office of the Season occupies three sections., placed in the order of the Nocturns to which they belong. These sections are arranged to co7itaiji as follows : — /. Lessons fro77i the Books of Ki7igs 1 Ps. cxv. 16, 17. 2 Isa. Iv, 13.
 
 
268 THE PROPER OFFICE OF THE SEASON.
 
 
for every day for nine weeks, together with Lessons for the Second Nocturn of each of the nine Sundays, and Antiphons for the Song of the Blessed Virgin on each preceding Saturday eve7iing.
 
 
This section is begun o?i the Monday of the Third Week after Pentecost and contiiiued till the Saturday precedi7tg that Su?iday which is nearest to the first day of the month of August. If there then remains any part of it unread that part is for that year e7itirely omitted.
 
 
II. The Lessons for the Ember-Days of September are Homilies on the Gospels^ taken from the Venerable Bede, a?id St Gregory the Great; and in this translation, though not so in the original, there are inserted irito this Section the complete offices of a few Festivals the observaiice of which is coexte7isive with that of the Ro7na7i Rite, a7td which are fixed 07i certai7i of the Simdays. On the Simday 77earest to the first day of the 7no7ith of August is begU7i the Book of Proverbs, a7td this Sectio7i C07itai7is lesso7is for every day forfive weeks i7i each of the mo7iths of August, Septe77iber, October, and Nove77iber, take7i fro77i Proverbs, Ecclesiastes, Wisdo7n, Ecclesiasticus, Job, Tobit, Judith, Esther, ist a7id 27id Machabees, Ezekiel, Da7iiel, a7id the Minor Prophets.
 
 
III. Those parts of the Offices, for the Sundays fro7}i the Fourth to the Twe7ity-third Su7iday after Pe7itecost, andfor the Su7iday 7iext before Adve7it, which depe7id up07i the Gospels for each of those Su7idays respectivelyj that is to say, the Lesso7is for the Third Noctur7i a7id the A7itipho7is for the So7igs of Zacharias and of the Blessed Virgi7i Mary. Here also is to be foinid the Prayerfor each Simday, which Prayer is readfr0771 the Saturday eve7ti7ig p7^ecedi7ig the Simday to which it belo7igs till No7ie 071 the Saturday followi7ig.
 
 
except i7i special cases a7id in that of Festivals falli7ig after the Su7iday. To these are added, for C07ive7iie7ice' sake, a repri7it of such parts of the Offices for the four Su7idays {the Third, Fourth, Fifth, a7id Sixth) after the Epipha7iy as 7nay have bee7i dropped owi7ig to the earli7iess of Easter, a7id are 7iow to be used for the Su7idays which would otherwise be vaca7it betwee7i the 2^rd after Pe7itecost a7id that 7iext before Adve7tt.
 
 
Seco7id Day.
 
 
====MATTINS.====
 
 
First Lesso7i.
 
 
The Lesson is taken from the First Book of Kings (x. 17.) AND Samuel called the people together unto the LORD to Mizpeh, and said unto the children of Israel : Thus saith the LORD God of Israel I brought up Israel out of Egypt, and delivered you out of the hand of the Egyptians, and out of the hand of all kings that oppressed you. And ye have this day rejected your God, Who Himself Alone saved you out of all your adversities and your tribulations, and ye have said unto Him : Nay, but set a king over us. Now therefore, present yourselves before the Lord by your tribes and by your families.
 
 
'''First Responsory.'''
 
 
Remember, O Lord, Thy covenant, and say unto the destroying Angel : Stay now thine hand, that the land be not utterly laid waste, and that thou destroy not every living soul.
 
 
''Verse.'' 1 Even I it is that have sinned, and done evil indeed : but 1 2 Kings (Sam.) xxiv, 17; i Par. (Chron.)xxi. 17.
 
 
THIRD WEEK AFTER PENTECOST. 269 these sheep what have they done ? Let Thine anger, I pray Thee, O Lord, be turned away from Thy people.
 
 
Anszuer. That the land be not utterly laid waste, and that Thou destroy not every living soul.
 
 
Secoiid Lesson.
 
 
A ND when Samuel had caused all '^^ the tribes of Israel to come near, the tribe of Benjamin was taken. And when he had caused the tribe of Benjamin to come near by their families, the family of Metri was taken. And Saul the son of Kish was taken.
 
 
And when they sought him he could not be found. Therefore they enquired of the Lord further, if the man should yet come thither. And the Lord answered : Behold, he hath hid himself in the house. And they ran and fetched him thence : and when he stood among the people he was higher than any of the people from his shoulders and upward. And Samuel said to all the people : Ye see him whom the LORD hath chosen, that there is none like him among all the people. And all the people shouted and said : God save the King ! '''Second Responsory.'''
 
 
O Lord, Thou hast hearkened, &c., (A 224.) '''Third Lesson.'''
 
 
T^ HEN Samuel told the people the manner of the kingdom, and wrote it in a book, and laid it up before the Lord ; and Samuel sent all the people away, every man to his house. And Saul also went home to Gibeah ; and there went with him a band of men whose hearts God had touched. But the children of Belial said : How shall this man save us ? And they despised him and brought him no presents : but he made as though he heard it not.
 
 
Third Responsory .
 
 
Hearken, O Lord, &c., {p. 225.) Third Day.
 
 
====MATTINS.====
 
 
'''First Lesson.'''
 
 
The Lesson is taken from the First Book of Kings (xii. i.) AND Samuel said unto all Israel : Behold, I have hearkened unto your voice in all that ye said unto me, and have made a king over you.
 
 
And now, behold, the king walketh before you. And I am old and grayheaded ; and behold my sons are with you. And I have walked before you from my childhood unto this day ; behold, here I am. Witness against me before the Lord, and before His Anointed, whose ox have I taken, or whose ass have I taken ? Whom have I defrauded, whom have I oppressed, or of whose hand have I received any bribe 1 And I will condemn myself this day, and will restore it you. And they said : Thou hast not defrauded us, nor oppressed us, neither hast thou taken aught of any man's hand. And he said unto them : The Lord is witness against you, and His Anointed is witness this day, that ye have not found aught in m}^ hand.
 
 
And they answered : He is witness.
 
 
'''First Responsory.'''
 
 
1 Lord, when Thy people shall turn again to Thee, and shall pray unto 1 3 (i) Kings viii. 33.
 
 
2/0 THE PROPER OFFICE OF THE SEASON.
 
 
Thee in this house, then hear Thou in heaven, O Lord, and deliver them out of the hand of their enemies.
 
 
''Verse.'' If Thy people sin against Thee, and turn again, and repent, and come and pray unto Thee in this house.
 
 
A7iswer. Then hear Thou in heaven, O Lord, and deliver them out of the hand of their enemies.
 
 
'''Second Lesson.'''
 
 
A ND Samuel said unto the people : '^^ It is the Lord That advanced Moses and Aaron, and That brought your fathers up out of the land of Egypt. Now therefore, stand still, that I may reason with you before the Lord, of all the merciful acts of the Lord, which He did to you and to your fathers. When Jacob was come into Egypt, and your fathers cried unto the Lord ; then the LORD sent Moses and Aaron, and brought forth your fathers out of Egypt, and made them dwell in this place. And when they forgat the LORD their God, He sold them into the hand of Sisera, captain of the host of Hazor, and into the hand of the Philistines, and into the hand of the king of Moab, and they fought against them.
 
 
Seco7id Responsory.
 
 
1 And it came to pass when the Lord would take up Elijah into heaven by a whirlwind ;—Elisha cried, and said : My father, my father, the chariot of Israel, and the horsemen thereof.
 
 
''Verse.'' And as they still went on, and talked, behold, there appeared a chariot of fire, and horses of fire, and parted them both asunder, and Elijah went up by a whirlwind into heaven.
 
 
''Answer.'' Elisha cried, and said : My father, my father, the chariot of Israel, and the horsemen thereof.
 
 
Third Lessojt.
 
 
A FTERWARD they cried unto the ^^ Lord, and said : We have sinned, because we have forsaken the Lord, and have served Baalim and Ashtaroth : but now deliver us out of the hand of our enemies, and we will serve Thee. And the Lord sent Jerubbaal,2 and Bedan,^ and Jephthah, and Samuel, and delivered you out of the hand of your enemies on every side, and ye dwelled safe. And when ye saw that Nahash, the king of the children of Amnion, came against you, ye said unto me : " Nay ; but a king shall reign over us,"—when the LORD your God was your King. Now therefore, behold your king, whom ye have chosen, and whom ye have desired.
 
 
Behold, the Lord hath set a king over you. If ye will fear the LORD, and serve Him, and obey His voice, and not rebel against the commandment of the Lord, then shall both ye, and also the king that reigneth over you, continue following the LORD your God.
 
 
'''Third Responsory.'''
 
 
Thus saith the LORD : I took thee, &c., (A 223.) 1 4 (2) Kings ii. i, 12, 11.
 
 
2 '' Let-Baal-defend-himself "—a nickname of Gideon, from the remark made by his father to save him from the vengeance of the idolaters for hewing down their altar and cutting down their grove. (Judges vi. 32.) The true believers altered this into " Jerubbeshesh " — i.e., " Let-theshameful- thing-defend-itself.
 
 
" 3 This name occurs nowhere else, and appears most probably to indicate Samson under the name of Ben-Dan, or the Danite, contracted or corrupted into Bedan.
 
 
THIRD WEEK AFTER PENTECOST. 271 Fourth Day.
 
 
====MATTINS.====
 
 
'''First Lesson.'''
 
 
The Lesson is taken from the First Book of Kings (xiii, i.) CAUL reigned one year, and when he had reigned two years over Israel, Saul chose him three thousand men of Israel : whereof two thousand were with Saul in Michmash, and in mount Bethel, and a thousand were with Jonathan in Gibeah of Benjamin.
 
 
And the rest of the people he sent every man to his tent. And Jonathan smote the garrison of the Philistines that was in Geba. And when the Philistines heard of it, Saul blew the trumpet throughout all the land, saying : Let the Hebrews hear. And all Israel heard say that Saul had smitten a garrison of the Philistines, and that Israel was raised against the Philistines, And the people were called together after Saul to Gilgal.
 
 
First Respo7isory.
 
 
My sins are many, &c., (J). 11^.) '''Second Lesson.'''
 
 
A ND the Philistines gathered themselves together to fight with Israel, thirty thousand chariots, and six thousand horsemen, and people as the sand which is on the sea-shore in multitude. And they came up and pitched in Michmash, eastward from Bethaven. When the men of Israel saw that they were in a strait, (for the people were distressed,) then the people did hide themselves in caves, and in thickets, and in rocks, and in caverns, and in cisterns. And some of the Hebrews went over Jordan to the land of Gad and Gilead. As for Saul, he was yet in Gilgal, and all the people followed him trembling. And he tarried seven days according to the set time that Samuel had appointed, but Samuel came not to Gilgal, and the people were scattered from him.
 
 
Second Respo7isory.
 
 
O Lord, Thou hast hearkened, &c., (^. 224.) '''Third Lesson.'''
 
 
A ND Saul said : Bring hither a ^^ burnt-offering to me, and peaceofferings.
 
 
And he offered the burntoffering.
 
 
And it came to pass that as soon as he had made an end of offering the burnt-offering, behold, Samuel came : and Saul went out to meet him, that he might salute him. And Samuel said unto him : What hast thou done ? And Saul said : Because I saw that the people were scattered from me, and that thou camest not within the days appointed, and that the Philistines gathered themselves together at Michmash, therefore said I : The Philistines will come down now upon me to Gilgal, and I have not made supplication unto the LORD.
 
 
I forced myself therefore, and offered a burnt-offering. And Samuel said to Saul : Thou hast done foolishly, thou hast not kept the commandment of the Lord thy God, which He commanded thee. For, now, if thou hadst not done it, the LORD would have established thy kingdom upon Israel for ever, but now thy kingdom shall not continue. The LORD hath sought Him a man after His own heart ; and the LORD hath commanded him to be Captain over His people, because thou hast not kept that which the LORD commanded thee.
 
 
Third Respofisory. .
 
 
Hearken, O LORD, &c., {p. 225.) 27.2 THE PROPER OFFICE OF THE SEASON.
 
 
Fifth Day.
 
 
====MATTINS.====
 
 
'''First Lesson.'''
 
 
The Lesson is taken from the First Book of Kings (xiv. 6.) A ND Jonathan said to the youngman that bare his armour : Come, and let us go over unto the garrison of these uncircumcised, it may be that the LORD will work for us ; for there is no restraint to the Lord, to save by many or by few.
 
 
And his armour-bearer said unto him : Do all that is in thine heart ; turn thee where thou wiliest, and I will be with thee wherever thou wilt go. Then said Jonathan : Behold, we will pass over unto these men, and when we discover ourselves unto them, if they say thus, Tarry until we come to you, then we will stand still in our place, and will not go up unto them. But if they say thus. Come up unto us, then we will go up, for the LORD hath delivered them into our hand ; and this shall be a sign unto us. And both of them discovered themselves unto the garrison of the Philistines, and the Philistines said : Behold, the Hebrews come forth out of the holes, where they had hid themselves.
 
 
First Resp07isory.
 
 
Prepare your hearts, &c., {p. 221.) '''Second Lesson.'''
 
 
AND the men of the garrison spake unto Jonathan and his armourbearer, and said : Come up to us, and we will show you a thing. And Jonathan said unto his armour-bearer : Let us go up, follow me ; for the Lord hath delivered them into the hand of Israel. And Jonathan climbed up upon his hands and upon his feet, and his armour-bearer after him.
 
 
And some fell before Jonathan, and some his armour-bearer slew after him. And that first slaughter which Jonathan and his armour-bearer made was about twenty men, within, as it were, an half acre of land, which a yoke of oxen might plough. And there was trembling in the host, in the field, and among all the people, the garrison and the spoilers, they also trembled and the earth quaked : so it was as a wonder from God.
 
 
'''Second Responsory.'''
 
 
God Which heareth, &c., {p. 222.) '''Third Lesson.'''
 
 
A ND the watchmen of Saul in Gibeah of Benjamin looked, and, behold, the multitude was beaten and melted away. Then said Saul unto the people that were with him : Number now, and see who is gone from us. And when they had numbered, behold, Jonathan and his armour-bearer were not there. And Saul said unto Ahiah : Bring hither the Ark of God. (For the Ark of God was at that time with the children of Israel.) And it came to pass while Saul talked unto the Priest, that the noise that was in the host of the Philistines went on and increased.
 
 
And Saul said unto the Priest : Withdraw thine hand. And Saul and all the people that were with him assembled themselves, and they came to the battle, and, behold, every man's sword was against his fellow, and there was a very great slaughter.
 
 
Third Responsory .
 
 
The Lord That delivered, &c., (/. 222.) THIRD WEEK AFTER PENTECOST. 273 Sixth Day.
 
 
====MATTINS.====
 
 
'''First Lesson.'''
 
 
The Lesson is taken from the First Book of Kings (xv. i.) C AMUEL also said unto Saul : The Lord sent me to anoint thee to be king over His people Israel ; now therefore, hearken thou unto the voice of the Lord. Thus saith the LORD of hosts : I remember that which Amalek did to Israel ; how he laid wait for him in the way, when he came up from Egypt. Now therefore, go and smite Amalek, and utterly destroy all that they have ; spare them not, and set not thine eyes upon any of their goods to desire them, but slay both man and woman, infant and suckling, ox and sheep, camel and ass.
 
 
'''First Responsory.'''
 
 
Saul hath slain, &c., {p. 223.) alive : and utterly destroyed all the people with the edge of the sword.
 
 
'''Second Responsory.'''
 
 
Ye mountains of Gilboa, &c., (/.
 
 
223.) '''Third Lesson.'''
 
 
TDUT Saul and the people spared Agag, and the best of the sheep and of the oxen, and of the garments, and of the rams, and all that was good, and would not utterly destroy them ; but everything that was vile and refuse, that they destroyed utterly.
 
 
Then came the word of the LORD unto Samuel, saying : It repenteth Me that I have set up Saul to be King, for he is turned back from following Me, and hath not performed My commandments. And it grieved Samuel, and he cried unto the Lord all night.
 
 
'''Third Responsory.'''
 
 
Thus saith the Lord : I took thee, &c., (/. 223.) '''Second Lesson.'''
 
 
A ND Saul gathered the people together and numbered them like sheep, two hundred thousand foot, and ten thousand men of Judah. And Saul came to a city of Amalek, and laid wait in the valley. And Saul said unto the Kenites : Go, depart, get you down from among the Amalekites, lest I destroy you with them.
 
 
For ye showed kindness to all the children of Israel, when they came up out of Egypt. So the Kenites departed from among the Amalekites.
 
 
And Saul smote the Amalekites from Havila until thou comest unto Shur, that is over against Egypt. And he took Agag the king of the Amalekites The Sabbath.
 
 
====MATTINS.====
 
 
'''First Lesson.'''
 
 
The Lesson is taken from the First Book of Kings (xvi. i.) A ND the Lord said unto Samuel : How long wilt thou mourn for Saul, seeing that I have rejected him from reigning over Israel ? Fill thine horn with oil and go, I will send thee to Jesse the Bethlehemite ; for I have provided Me a king among his sons.
 
 
And Samuel said : How can I go ? For Saul will hear it, and kill me.
 
 
274 THE PROPER OFFICE OF THE SEASON.
 
 
And the Lord said : Take an heifer with thee, and say : I am come to sacrifice to the LORD. And call Jesse to the sacrifice, and I will show thee what thou shalt do, and thou shalt anoint unto Me him whom I name unto thee.
 
 
'''First Responsory.'''
 
 
My sins are many, &c., {p. 224.) '''Second Lesson.'''
 
 
A ND Samuel did that which the '^^ Lord spake, and came to Bethlehem. And the elders of the town marvelled, and came to meet him, and said : Comest thou peaceably ? And he said : Peaceably ; I am come to sacrifice unto the Lord ; sanctify yourselves, and come with me to the sacrifice. And he sanctified Jesse and his sons, and called them to the sacrifice. And it came to pass, when they were come, that he looked on Eliab, and said : Surely the Lord's Anointed is before Him ? But the Lord said unto Samuel : Look not on his countenance, or on the height of his stature, because I have refused him ; for I judge not as man judgeth ; for man looketh on the outward appearance, but the Lord looketh on the heart.
 
 
Second Respo7isory.
 
 
O Lord, Thou hast hearkened, &c., (A 224.) '''Third Lesson.'''
 
 
'T'HEN Jesse called Abinadab, and made him pass before Samuel.
 
 
And he said : Neither hath the Lord chosen this. Then Jesse made Shamma to pass by, and he said : Neither hath the LORD chosen this.
 
 
Again Jesse made seven of his sons to pass before Samuel, and Samuel said unto Jesse : The Lord hath not chosen these. And Samuel said unto Jesse : Are here all thy children ? And he said : There remaineth yet the youngest, and he keepeth the sheep. And Samuel said unto Jesse : Send, and fetch him.^ '''Third Responsory.'''
 
 
Hearken, O Lord, &c., {p. 225.) ====VESPERS.====
 
 
Aiitiphon at the Song of the Blessed Virgin. So David prevailed ^ over the Philistine with a sling, and with a stone, in the name of the Lord.
 
 
Prayer of the succeeding Sunday.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
The Offices for the Su7idays and Week-days between this point and the Saturday evening before Advent Sunday are no lo7iger.i as heretofore., to be found ijt one place. The Proper Office of the Season occupies three sections., placed in the order of the Nocturns to which they belo?ig. These sectio7is are arra7iged to C07ttai7i as follozus : — /. Lesso7is fro77i the Books of Ki7igs for every day for eight weeks., together with Lesso7is for the Seco7id Nocturn of each of the 7ii7ie Simdays., a7id A7itipho7is for the So7ig of the Blessed Virgi7i 071 each precedi7ig Saturday eve7ii7ig. This Sectio7t is begu7i 07i tfie Tfiird Siuiday after Pe7itecost a7id C07iti7iued till the Saturday precedi7ig tfiat Simday which is 7iearest to the first day of the 77i07tth of August.
 
 
1 Verse 13. "Then Samuel took the horn of oil and anointed him (David) in the midst of his brethren, and the Spirit of the Lord came upon David from that day forward."
 
 
FOURTH WEEK AFTER PENTECOST. 2X5 If there theji remains any part of it U7tread that part is for that year efttirely omitted.
 
 
II. On the Sunday 7iearest to the first day of the month of August is begun the Book of Proverbs., and this Sectio7i contains lessons for every day for five weeks in each of the months of August., September., October., a7td Nove77iber^ take7i f'oiii Proverbs., Ecclesiastes..
 
 
Wisdom., Ecclesiasticus., Job., Tobit., Judith, Esther, ist a7id '27id Machabees, Ezekiel, Da7iiel, a7id the Mi7ior Prophets. As the first Simday of each 711071th is recko7ied to be that 7iearest to the first day of the sa7ne 7}io7ith, some of these weeks are always ODiitted. This Sectio7i contai7is likewise Lesso7is for the Seco7id Noctur7i of the Su7idays, and A7itipho7is for the So7ig of the Blessed Virgi7i 07i each precedi7tg Saturday evening, the first read bei7ig " Wisdom hath built, &c.," 071 the eve of the first Simday of August. The Lesso7is for the E7]iber- Days of Septeifiber are Ho7iiilies 07i the Gospels, take7i from the Ve7ierable Bede, a7id St Gregory the Greatj a7id i7i this tra7islatio7i, though 7101 so in the origi7ial, there are i7iserted into this Section the complete ofiices of a few Festivals the observa7ice of which is coexte7isive with that of the Roman Rite, a7id which are fixed on certai7i of the Simdays.
 
 
III. Those parts of the Ofiices, for the Sundays from the Third to the Twe7tty-third Simday after Pentecost, and for the Simday 7iext befoi'e Adve7it, which depe7id up07i the Gospels for each of those Sundays respectively j that is to say, the Lesso7is for the Third Noctur7i a7id the A7ttipho7isfor the Songs of Zacharias a7id of the Blessed Virgi7i Mary. Here also is to be fou7id the Prayer for each Sunday, which Prayer is read fro7n the Saturday eveni7ig precedi7ig the Simday to which it belongs till No7ie 071 the Saturday followi7ig, except i7i special cases and in that of Festivals falli7ig after the Simday. To these are added, for convenience'' sake, i7i this tra7islatio7i, though 7iot i7i the original, a repri7it of such parts of the Ofiices for the four Sundays {the Third, Fourth, Fifth, a7id Sixth) after the Epiphany as 7nay have been dropped owi7tg to the earli7iess of Easter, and are 7iow to be used for the Su7idays which would otherwise be vaca7it betwee71 the 2 2,rd after Pe7itecost a7id that 7iext before Adve7it.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
jFourtlj Suntia^ after Pentecost.
 
 
The Fourth Lord''s Day after Pentecost.
 
 
====MATTINS.====
 
 
=====FIRST NOCTURN.=====
 
 
First Lesso7i.
 
 
The Lesson is taken from the First Book of Kings (xvii. i.) IVrOW the Philistines gathered together their armies to battle, and were gathered together at Shochoh, which belongeth to Judah, and pitched between Shochoh and Azekah, in the coast of the Dammim. And Saul and the men of Israel were gathered together, and came into the valley of the Oak, and set the battle in array against the Philistines. And the Philistines stood on a mountain on the one side, and Israel stood on a mountain ' on the other side, and there was a valley between them.
 
 
And there went out of the camp of the Philistines one base-born, named Goliath of Gath, whose height was six cubits and a span : and he had
 
 
276 THE PROPER OFFICE OF THE SEASON.
 
 
an helmet of brass upon his head, and he was clothed with a coat of mail covered with scales of metal.
 
 
And the weight of the coat was five thousand shekels of brass. And he had greaves of brass upon his legs, and a target of brass between his shoulders. And the staff of his spear was like a weaver's beam. And his spear's head weighed six hundred shekels of iron, and his armourbearer went before him.
 
 
First Respo7isory.
 
 
Prepare your hearts, &c., {p. 221.) Second Lessoii.
 
 
A ND he stood and cried unto the -^^ armies of Israel, and said unto them : Why are ye come out to set your battle in array ? Am not I a Philistine, and ye servants of Saul ? Choose you a man for you, and let him come down to me to single combat.
 
 
If he be able to fight with me, and to kill me, then will we be your servants : but if I prevail against him and kill him, then shall ye be our servants and serve us. And the Philistine said : I defy the armies of Israel this day : give me a man that we may fight together. When Saul and all Israel heard those words of the Philistine, they were dismayed and greatly afraid.
 
 
Secojtd Responsory.
 
 
God Which heareth, &c., {p. 112.) '''Third Lesson.'''
 
 
IVT OW David was the son of that aforesaid Ephrathite of Bethlehem- Judah, whose name was Jesse, who had eight sons, and was an old man in the days of Saul, and an elder among men. And his three eldest sons went and followed Saul to the battle ; and the names of his three sons that went to the battle were Eliab the first-born, and next unto him Abinadab, and the third Shamma.
 
 
And David was the youngest. And the three eldest followed Saul, but David went and returned from Saul, to feed his father's sheep at Bethlehem.
 
 
And the Philistine drew near morning and evening, and presented himself forty days.
 
 
'''Third Responsory.'''
 
 
The Lord That delivered me, &c., (^p. 122..) =====SECOND NOCTURN.=====
 
 
'''Fourth Lesson.'''
 
 
The Lesson is taken from the Sermons of St Austin, Bishop [of Hippo.] {\()yth for the Season. ) nPHE children of Israel faced their enemies for forty days. These forty days, by reason of the four Seasons of the year, and of the four Continents of the globe, are a figure of this present life, during which the Christian world ceaseth not to be arrayed in battle against the devil and his angels, as it were against Goliath and the army of the Philistines. Neither can they hope to overcome him, were it not for the true David, that is, Christ, with His staff, that is, with the Mystery of His Cross. For before Christ came, my dearly beloved brethren, the devil was at large. But when Christ came. He did to him what is written in the Gospel, where it is said : "How can one enter into a strong man's house, and spoil his goods, except he first bind the strong man ? " Christ therefore came, and bound the devil.
 
 
FOURTH WEEK AFTER PENTECOST. 277 '''Fourth Responsory.'''
 
 
Saul hath slain, &c., (^. 223.) Fifth Lesso7t.
 
 
"DUT some man will say: If he is bound, why is he still so powerful ? It is quite true, my dearly beloved brethren, that he is very powerful ; but his lordship is over the lukewarm and the careless, and such as fear not God in truth. He is chained up like a dog, and can only bite those who are such suicidal fools as to go within the length of his tether. Look you, my brethren, what a dolt a man must be who getteth himself bitten by a dog that is chained up. Let not the desires and lusts of the world draw thee within reach of him, and he will not be able to get at thee.
 
 
He can bark, he can whine ; but he can only bite those who are willing to be bitten. He assaileth us, not by violence, but by persuasion ; he asketh, not seizeth, our consent.
 
 
'''Fifth Responsory.'''
 
 
Ye mountains of Gilboa, &c., {p.
 
 
223.) Sixth Lesso7i.
 
 
"T^AVID, then, came, and found the Jewish people set in battle array against the devil ; and since there was no one who dared to go to single combat, he, who was a type of Christ, sallied out to the battle, took his staff in his hand, and went forth against Goliath. In him was a shadow of a substance which is in Christ. Christ, the true David, when He went forth to fight against the spiritual Goliath, that is to say, against the devil, went forth bearing His Cross. Ye see, my brethren, in what part it was that David smote Goliath ; it was upon that forehead whereon the Cross had VOL. III.
 
 
never been traced. And as the staff of David was a figure of the Cross of Christ, so was the stone wherewith the giant was smitten a figure of the Lord Himself.
 
 
'''Sixth Responsory.'''
 
 
Thus saith the Lord, &c., {p. 223.) =====THIRD NOCTURN.=====
 
  
 
'''Seventh Responsory.'''
 
'''Seventh Responsory.'''
  
My sins are many, &c., (/. 224.) Eighth Respofisory.
+
My sins are many, &c., ''(p. 224.)''
  
One seraph cried, &c., {p. 218.) Second Day.
+
'''Eighth Responsory.'''
  
====MATTINS.====
+
One seraph cried, &c., ''(p. 218.)''
  
First Lesso7i.
+
== Monday. ==
 
+
The Lesson is taken from the First Book of Kings (xvii. 25.) AND the men of Israel said : Have ye seen this man that is come up ? Surely to defy Israel is he come up. And it shall be that the man who killeth him the king will enrich him with great riches, and will give him his daughter, and make his father's house free in Israel. And David spake to the men that stood by him, saying : What shall be done to the man that killeth this Philistine, and taketh away the reproach from Israel ? For who is this uncircumcised Philistine, that he should defy the armies of the living God ? '''First Responsory.'''
+
 
+
Remember, &c., {p. 268.) K 278 THE PROPER OFFICE OF THE SEASON.
+
 
+
'''Second Lesson.''' (31.) A ND when the words were heard '^ which David spake, they rehearsed them before Saul. [And he sent for him.] And, when he was brought before him, David said to Saul : Let no man's heart fail because of him : thy servant will go, and fight with this PhiHstine. And Saul said to David : Thou art not able to go against the Philistine, to fight with him ; for thou art but a youth, and he a man of war from his youth.
+
 
+
Second Responsory .
+
 
+
O Lord, Thou hast hearkened, &c., (/. 224.) '''Third Lesson.'''
+
 
+
A ND David said unto Saul : Thy ^^ servant kept his father's sheep, and there came a lion and a bear, and took a lamb out of the flock ; and I went out after him and smote him, and delivered it out of his mouth : and when he arose against me, I caught him by his beard, and choked him, and slew him. Thy servant slew both the lion and the bear ; and this uncircumcised Philistine shall be as one of them.
+
 
+
'''Third Responsory.'''
+
  
Hearken, O Lord, &c., (/. 225.) Third Day.
+
=== Second Day. ===
  
 
====MATTINS.====
 
====MATTINS.====
Line 2,365: Line 79:
 
'''First Lesson.'''
 
'''First Lesson.'''
  
The Lesson is taken from the P'irst Book of Kings (xvii. 38.) A ND Saul armed David with his -^^ armour, and he put an helmet of brass upon his head ; also he armed him with a coat of mail. And David girded his sword upon his armour, and he essayed to go, for he had not proved it. And David said unto Saul : I cannot go with these, for I have not proved them. And David put them off him, and he took his staff in his hand, and chose him five smooth stones out of the brook, and put them in a shepherd's bag which he had, and his sling was in his hand, and he drew near to the Philistine.
+
The Lesson is taken from the Fourth Book of Kings (xxii. i.)  
  
First Respo7isory.
+
<span class="dropcap">J</span>OSIAH was eight years old when he began to reign, and he reigned thirty and one years in Jerusalem.
  
Lord, when Thy people, &c., {p.
+
His mother's name was Jedidah, the daughter of Odaiah of Boscath. And he did that which was right in the sight of the LORD, and walked in all the way of David his father, and turned not aside to the right hand or to the left. And in the eighteenth year of Josiah the king sent Shaphan, the son of Azaliah, the son of Meshul- 1am, the Scribe, to the house of the Lord, saying : Go up to Hilkiah the High Priest, that he may sum the silver which is brought into the house of the Lord, which the doorkeepers of the temple have gathered of the people, and let them deliver it into the hand of the doers of the work, that have the oversight of the house of the Lord, and let them give it to the doers of the work which is in the house of the Lord.
 
+
269.) '''Second Lesson.'''
+
 
+
A ND the Philistine came on and '^^ drew near unto David, and his armour-bearer went before him. And when the Philistine looked about, and saw David, he disdained him. For he was but a youth, ruddy, and of a fair countenance. And the Philistine said unto David : Am I a dog, that thou comest to me with staves ? And the Philistine cursed David by his gods. And the Philistine said to David : Come to me, and I will give thy flesh unto the fowls of the air, and to the beasts of the field. Then said David to the Philistine : Thou comest to me with a sword, and with a spear, and with a shield : but I come to thee in the name of the Lord of hosts, the God of the armies of Israel, whom thou hast defied this day. And the LORD will deliver thee into mine hand, and I will smite thee, and take thine head from thee : and I will give the carcases of the host of the Philistines this day unto the fowls of the air, and to the wild beasts of the earth, that all the earth may know that there is a God in Israel.
+
 
+
'''Second Responsory.'''
+
 
+
And it came to pass, &c., {p. 270.) FOURTH WEEK AFTER PENTECOST. 279 '''Third Lesson.'''
+
 
+
A ND when the PhiHstine arose, and ^^^ came, and drew nigh to meet David, David hasted, and ran toward the army, to meet the Philistine. And David put his hand in his bag, and took thence a stone, and slang it, and smote the Philistine in his forehead, that the stone sunk into his forehead, and he fell upon his face to the earth.
+
 
+
So David prevailed over the Philistine with a sling and with a stone, and smote the PhiHstine, and slew him.
+
 
+
But there was no sword in the hand of David ; therefore David ran and stood upon the Philistine, and took his sword, and drew it out of the sheath thereof: and slew him, and cut off his head therewith.
+
 
+
Third Respojisory.
+
 
+
Thus saith the Lord, &c., (^. 223.) Fourth Day.
+
 
+
====MATTINS.====
+
 
+
'''First Lesson.'''
+
 
+
The Lesson is taken from the First Book of Kings (xviii. 6.) AS David returned from the slaughter of the Philistine, the women came out of all the cities of Israel, singing and dancing, to meet King Saul, with tabrets of joy and with instruments of music. And the women answered one another as they played, and said : Saul hath slain his thousands, and David his ten thousands.
+
 
+
And Saul was very wroth, and the saying displeased him, and he said : They have ascribed unto David ten thousands, and to me they have ascribed the thousands ! And what can he have more, but the kingdom ? '''First Responsory.'''
+
 
+
My sins are many, &c., {p. 224.) '''Second Lesson.'''
+
 
+
A ND Saul eyed David from that ^^ day and forward. And it came to pass on the morrow that the evil spirit from God came upon Saul, and he prophesied in the midst of his house : and David played with his hand, as he did daily. ^ And there was a javelin in Saul's hand ; and he cast it ; for he thought to smite David even to the wall with it ; and David avoided out of his presence the [first of the] two times. And Saul was afraid of David, because the LORD was with him, and was departed from Saul. Therefore Saul removed him from him, and made him his captain over a thousand : and he went out and came in before the people.
+
 
+
'''Second Responsory.'''
+
 
+
O Lord, Thou hast hearkened, &c., [p. 224.) '''Third Lesson.'''
+
 
+
A ND David behaved himself wisely •"^^ in all his ways, and the LORD was with him. Wherefore when Saul saw that he behaved himself very wisely, he was afraid of him. But all Israel and Judah loved David ; because he went out and came in before them. And Saul said to David : Behold my elder daughter Merab, her will I give thee to wife ; only be thou 1 He was regularly employed to play the harp when Saul's mania came upon him, in order to lull the paroxysms, (xvi. 14-23.) 28o THE PROPER OFFICE OF THE SEASON.
+
 
+
valiant, and fight the Lord's battles.
+
 
+
For Saul said in his heart : Let not mine hand be upon him, but let the hand of the Philistines be upon him.
+
 
+
'''Third Responsory.'''
+
 
+
Hearken, O LORD, &c., {p. 225.) Fifth Day.
+
 
+
====MATTINS.====
+
 
+
'''First Lesson.'''
+
 
+
The Lesson is taken from the First Book of Kings (xix. i .
+
 
+
) A ND Saul spake to Jonathan his son, and to all his servants, that they should kill David. But Jonathan, Saul's son, delighted much in David.
+
 
+
And Jonathan told David, saying : Saul my father seeketh to kill thee : now, therefore, I pray thee, take heed to thyself, until the morning, and abide in a secret place, and hide thyself.
+
 
+
And I will go out, and stand beside my father, in the field where thou art, and I will commune with my father of thee ; and what I see, that I will tell thee.
+
 
+
First Responso7y.
+
 
+
Prepare your hearts, &c., (A 221.) '''Second Lesson.'''
+
 
+
A ND Jonathan spake good of David unto Saul his father, and said unto him : Let not the King sin against his servant, against David ; because he hath not sinned against thee, and because his works have been to thee-ward very good. For he did put his life in his hand, and slew the Philistine, and the LORD wrought a great salvation for all Israel : thou sawest it, and didst rejoice. Wherefore, then, wilt thou sin against innocent blood, to slay David without a cause ? And Saul hearkened unto the voice of Jonathan, and sware : As the Lord liveth, he shall not be slain, Seco7id Responsory.
+
 
+
God Which heareth all, &c., {p.
+
 
+
222.) Third Lesso7i.
+
 
+
A ND there was war again, and David went out and fought with the Philistines, and slew them with a great slaughter, and they fled from him. And the evil spirit from the Lord was upon Saul. And he sat in his house, with his javelin in his hand ; and David played with his hand. And Saul sought to smite David even to the wall with the javelin, but David slipped away out of Saul's presence : and he smote the javelin into the wall, and David fled and escaped that night.
+
 
+
Third Respojtsory.
+
 
+
The Lord That delivered me, &c., {p. 222.) Sixth Day.
+
 
+
====MATTINS.====
+
 
+
First Lesso7i.
+
 
+
The Lesson is taken from the First Book of Kings (xx. i .
+
 
+
) A ND David fled from Najothi in Ramah, and came, and said before Jonathan : What have I done ? 1 A place where Samuel held a school of prophets, near Ramah, in the direction of Bethel, in the tribe of Benjamin, some six miles from Jerusalem. (So Dom Calmet.) FOURTH WEEK AFTER PENTECOST. 281 What is mine iniquity, and what is my sin before thy father, that he seeketh my Hfe ? And he said unto him : God forbid, thou shalt not die ; for my father will do nothing either great or small but he will first show it me ; and why should my father hide this thing alone from me ? It shall not be so.
+
  
 
'''First Responsory.'''
 
'''First Responsory.'''
  
Saul hath slain, &c., {p. 223,) Secojid Lesson.
+
Remember, O Lord, Thy covenant, &c., ''(p. 268.)''
  
A ND he sware moreover unto Da- "^^ vid. And David said : Thy father certainly knoweth that I have found grace in thine eyes, and he will say : Let not Jonathan know this, lest haply he be grieved. But truly, as the Lord liveth, and as thy soul liveth, there is but, as it were, a step between me and death. Then said Jonathan unto David : Whatsoever thy soul desireth, I will even do it for thee.
+
'''Second Lesson.''' ( 8 .)
  
'''Second Responsory.'''
+
<span class="dropcap">A</span>ND Hilkiah the Priest said unto Shaphan the Scribe : I have found a book of the Law in the house of the Lord. And Hilkiah gave the book to Shaphan, and he read it.
  
Ye mountains, &:c., (^p. 223.) '''Third Lesson.'''
+
And Shaphan the Scribe came to the King, and brought the King word again and said : Thy servants have gathered the money that was found in the house of the Lord, and have delivered it into the hand of them that do the work, that have the oversight of the house of the Lord. And Shaphan the Scribe told the King, saying : Hilkiah the Priest hath delivered me a book.
 
+
AND David said unto Jonathan : '^^ Behold, to-morrow is the New Moon, and I should not fail to sit with the King at meat ; therefore let me go, that I may hide myself in the field unto the third day at even. If thy father at all miss me, then say : David earnestly asked leave of me, that he might run to Bethlehem his city, for there is a yearly sacrifice there for all the family. If he say thus ; It is well :—thy servant shall have peace. But if he be very wroth, then be sure that evil is determined by him.
+
 
+
'''Third Responsory.'''
+
 
+
Thus saith the LORD, &c., {p. 223.) The SabbatJi.
+
 
+
====MATTINS.====
+
 
+
'''First Lesson.'''
+
 
+
The Lesson is taken from the First Book of Kings (xxi. i.) T'^HEN came David to Nob to Ahimelech the Priest ; and Ahimelech was afraid at the meeting of David, and said unto him : Why art thou alone and no man with thee ? And David said ynto Ahimelech the Priest : The King hath commanded me a business, and hath said unto me : Let no man know anything of the business whereabout I send thee, and what I have commanded thee : and I have appointed my servants to such and such a place. Now, therefore, if thou hast anything under thine hand, give it me, even five loaves of bread, or what there is present.
+
 
+
'''First Responsory.'''
+
 
+
My sins are many, &c., (/. 224.) Seco7id Lesson.
+
 
+
A ND the Priest answered David, and said : There is no common bread under mine hand, but there is hallowed bread ; if the young men have kept themselves at least from women ? And David answered the Priest, and said unto him : Of a truth, women have been kept from us about these three days, since we came out, and the vessels of the young men are holy. And the bread is in a manner common, yea, though it were sanctified this day in the vessel. So the 282 THE PROPER OFFICE OF THE SEASON.
+
 
+
Priest gave him hallowed bread. For there was no bread there but the Shew-bread, that was taken from before the Lord, to put hot bread.
+
  
 
'''Second Responsory.'''
 
'''Second Responsory.'''
  
O Lord, Thou hast hearkened, &c., (A 224.) '''Third Lesson.'''
+
O Lord, Thou hast hearkened, &c., ''(p. 224.)''  
 
+
TVT OW a certain man of the servants of Saul was there that day, in the tabernacle of the Lord, and his name was Doeg, an Edomite, the chiefest of the herdmen that belonged to Saul.i ^n(j David said unto Ahimelech : Is there not here under thine hand spear or sword ? For I Kave neither brought my sword nor my weapons with me, because the king's business required haste. And the Priest said : The sword of Goliath the Phihstine, whom thou slewest in the valley of the oak, behold, it is here, wrapped in a cloth, behind the Ephod ; if thou wilt take that, take it. For there is none other save that here.
+
 
+
And David said : There is none like that, give it me.^ '''Third Responsory.'''
+
 
+
Hearken, O Lord, &c., i^p. 225.) ====VESPERS.====
+
 
+
Antiphon at the Song of the Blessed Virgi7i. ^ Ye mountains of Gilboa, * let there be no dew, neither let there be rain upon you ; for there the shield of the mighty is vilely cast away, the shield of Saul, as though he had not been anointed with oil. How are the mighty fallen in the midst of the battle ! Jonathan is slain upon the high places : Saul and Jonathan were lovely and pleasant in their lives, and in their death they were not divided.
+
 
+
The Prayer is takeji from the Lauds of the succeeding Sunday.
+
 
+
 
+
 
+
 
+
 
+
 
+
 
+
 
+
 
+
 
+
 
+
 
+
 
+
iFiftfj Sunliag after Pentecost.
+
 
+
The Fifth Lord^s Day after Pentecost.
+
 
+
====MATTINS.====
+
 
+
=====FIRST NOCTURN.=====
+
 
+
'''First Lesson.'''
+
 
+
Here beginneth the Second Book of Kings (i. I.) "IVr OW it came to pass after the death of Saul, when David Avas returned from the slaughter of the Amalekites, and David had abode two days in Ziklag ; it came even to pass on the third day, that, behold, a man came out of the camp of Saul, with his clothes rent, and earth upon his head. And when he came to David, he fell upon his face, and did obeisance.
+
 
+
And David said unto him : From whence comest thou ? x^nd he said unto him : Out of the camp of Israel am I escaped. And David said unto him : How went the matter ? Tell me. And he answered : The people are fled from the battle, and many of the people also are fallen and dead : and Saul, and Jonathan his son, are dead also.
+
 
+
1 He went and gave Saul an account of the whole affair, which cost the hves of eighty of the clergy and their families. David on this occasion composed Psalm LI., "Why boastest thou tliyself, thou tyrant, &c. ," {p. loi.) '^ Before passing to the Second Book of Kings, the reader, if he take any interest in the Sacred History, is strongly advised to read the tragic account of the last hours and death of Saul, as found in chapters xxviii. and xxxi. ^ 2 Kings (Sam.) i. 21, 23.
+
 
+
FIFTH WEEK AFTER PENTECOST. 283 First Responsory .
+
 
+
Prepare your hearts, &c., {p. 221.) Seco7id Lesson.
+
 
+
AND David said unto the youngman that told him : How knowest thou that Saul and Jonathan his son be dead ? And the young man that told him said : As I happened by chance upon Mount Gilboa, behold, Saul leaned upon his spear : and, lo, the chariots and horsemen followed hard after him ; and when he looked behind him, he saw me, and he called unto me. And I answered : Here am I. And he said unto me : Who art thou ? And I answered him : I am an Amalekite. He said unto me again : Stand upon me, and slay me, for anguish is come upon me, because my life is yet whole in me. So I stood upon him and slew him : because I was sure that he could not live after he was fallen ; and I took the crown that was upon his head, and the bracelet that was on his arm, and have brought them hither unto my lord.
+
 
+
'''Second Responsory.'''
+
 
+
God, Which heareth all, &c., (/.
+
 
+
222.) '''Third Lesson.'''
+
 
+
HTHEN David took hold of his clothes and rent them, and likewise all the men that were with him.
+
 
+
And they mourned, and wept, and fasted until even, for Saul, and for Jonathan his son, and for the people of the Lord, and for the house of Israel, because they were fallen by the sword. And David said unto the young man that told him : Whence art thou ? And he answered : I am the son of a stranger, an Amalekite.
+
 
+
And David said unto him : How wast thou not afraid to stretch forth thine hand to destroy the Lord's Anointed ? And David called one of his young men, and said : Go near, and fall upon him. And he smote him that he died.i Third Responsory .
+
 
+
The Lord That delivered, &c., {p.
+
 
+
222.) =====SECOND NOCTURN.=====
+
 
+
'''Fourth Lesson.'''
+
 
+
The Lesson is taken from the Book of Moral [Reflections upon Job], written by Pope St Gregory [the Great.] {Bk. iv, ch. 3, 4.) ^^/"HY was it that David, who rewarded no evil to them that did evil to him (Ps, vii. 5), when Saul and Jonathan had fallen in battle, cursed the mountains of Gilboa, saying : " Ye mountains of Gilboa, let there be no dew, neither let there be rain upon you, nor fields of offerings ; for there the shield of the mighty is vilely cast away, the shield of Saul, as though he had not been anointed with oil " ? Why was it that Jeremiah, when he saw that his preaching' was thrown away upon his hearers, cursed and said : " Cursed be the man who brought tidings to my father, saying,—A man-child is born unto thee " ? (xx. 15.) Fourth Respo?isory.
+
 
+
Saul hath slain, &c., (^. 223.) 1 It was upon this occasion that David composed the fine poem beginning, "The beauty of Israel is slain," so often quoted in the Office, and which is to be found at length in 2 Kings (Sam.) i. 19-27.
+
 
+
284 THE PROPER OFFICE OF THE SEASON.
+
 
+
'''Fifth Lesson.'''
+
 
+
Al^^HAT had the mountains of Gilboa to do with the death of Saul, that they should be condemned to have dew fall on them no more, neither rain, but should wither away, barren of the green glory of the springtime ? But this word " Gilboa " signifieth "bubbling fountain," ^ an(i the death of Saul the Anointed of God is a type of the death of our Anointed Mediator. Thus we find in the mountains of Gilboa no unfit image of the proud hearts of the Jews, which had their spring in earthly desires, and took part in the death of the Anointed Saviour. And since among them their Anointed Monarch met His death, the dew of grace is upon them no more.
+
 
+
'''Fifth Responsory.'''
+
 
+
Ye mountains, &c., {p. 223.) Sixth Lesso7i.
+
 
+
AND well is it said of them : " Let '^^ there be upon you no fields of offerings." The proud minds of the Hebrews bear yet no offering. Since the coming of their Redeemer, the most part of them remain still without belief in Him, and refuse to follow the promise of their ancient faith.
+
 
+
The Holy Church hath borne for her first-born, holy unto the Lord, a multitude of the Gentiles, and will, but in the end of the world, embrace such Jews as she then shall find, and present them as the last gatherings of her harvest.
+
 
+
'''Sixth Responsory.'''
+
 
+
Thus saith the LORD, &c., i^p. 223.) =====THIRD NOCTURN.=====
+
 
+
'''Seventh Responsory.'''
+
 
+
My sins are many, &c., {p. 224.) Eighth Responsory .
+
 
+
One seraph cried, &c., {p. 218.) Secojtd Day.
+
 
+
====MATTINS.====
+
 
+
'''First Lesson.'''
+
 
+
The Lesson is taken from the Second Book of Kings (ii. i.) A ND it came to pass after this, that '^^ David inquired of the Lord, saying : Shall I go up into any of the cities of Judah ? And the LORD said unto him : Go up. And David said : Whither shall I go up ? And He said : Unto Hebron. So David went up thither, and his two wives also, Ahinoam, the Jezreelitess, and Abigail, Nabal's wife, the Carmelite.
+
 
+
And his men that were with him did David bring up, every man with his household ; and they dwelt in the cities of Hebron. And the men of Judah came, and there they anointed David king over the house of Judah.
+
 
+
First Responsory .
+
 
+
Remember, O Lord, &c., {p. 268.) '''Second Lesson.'''
+
 
+
AND they told David that the men "^^ of Jabesh-Gilead had buried^ Saul. And David sent messengers to the men of Jabesh-Gilead, saying : 1 Taken by the derivation this is perhaps a shade more correct than the Latin "decursus," or down-flow.
+
 
+
- They burnt the body, which had been mutilated and gibbeted by the Phihstines, FIFTH WEEK AFTER PENTECOST. 285 Blessed be ye of the LORD, that ye have showed this kindness unto your lord, even unto Saul, and have buried him. And now, the LORD show kindness and truth unto you ! And I also will requite you this kindness, because ye have done this thing. Therefore now let your hands be strengthened, and be ye valiant. For although your master Saul is dead, yet the house of Judah have anointed me king over them.
+
 
+
Second Respofisory.
+
 
+
O Lord, Thou hast hearkened, &c., {p. 224.) '''Third Lesson.'''
+
 
+
13 UT Abner, the son of Ner, Captain of Saul's host, took Ishbosheth, the son of Saul, and brought him over to the army, and made him king over Gilead, and over the Ashurites, and over Jezreel, and over Ephraim, and over Benjamin, and over all Israel. Ish-bosheth, Saul's son, was forty years old when he began to reign over Israel, and he reigned two years. But the house of Judah alone followed David. And the time that David was King in Hebron, over the house of Judah, was seven years and six months.
+
 
+
Third Responsory .
+
 
+
Hearken, O Lord, &c., {p. 225.) Third Day.
+
 
+
====MATTINS.====
+
 
+
First Lesso7i.
+
 
+
The Lesson is taken from the Second Book of Kings (iii. 6.) A ND it came to pass, while there ^^ was war between the house of Saul and the house of David, that Abner, the son of Ner, ruled the house of Saul. And Saul had a concubine whose name was Rizpah, the daughter of Aiah. And Ishbosheth said to Abner : Wherefore hast thou gone in unto my father's concubine ? Then was Abner very wroth for the words of Ish-bosheth, and said : Am I a dog's head, which, against Judah, do show kindness this day unto the house of Saul thy father, to his brethren, and to his friends, and have not delivered thee into the hand of David—that thou chargest me to-day with a fault concerning this woman ? So do God to Abner, and more also, except, as the Lord hath sworn to David, so I do to him ; to translate the kingdom from Saul, and to set up the throne of David over Israel and over Judah, from Dan even to Beersheba.
+
 
+
First Responsory .
+
 
+
Lord, when Thy people, &c., {p.
+
 
+
269.) '''Second Lesson.'''
+
 
+
A ND Abner sent messengers to -^^ David on his behalf, saying : Whose is the land ? Saying also : Make thy league with me ; and my hand shall be with thee, to bring about all Israel unto thee. And he said : Well — I will make a league with thee ; but one thing I require of thee—that is, thou shalt not see my face except thou first bring Michal,i Saul's daughter. So shalt thou come and see me. And David sent messengers to Ish-bosheth, Saul's son, saying : Deliver to me my wife Michal, which I espoused to me for an hundred foreskins of the Philistines.
+
 
+
^ 1 Saul had given her to David for his first wife, and she had afterwards been taken from him by her family. "" i Kings (Sam.) xviii. 25-27.
+
 
+
VOL. III. K 2 286 THE PROPER OFFICE OF THE SEASON.
+
 
+
And Ish-bosheth sent and took her from her husband, even from Phaltiel, the son of Laish. And her husband went with her along, weeping behind her, to Bahurim ; then said Abner unto him : Go, return. And he returned.
+
 
+
'''Second Responsory.'''
+
 
+
And it came to pass, &c., {p. 270.) '''Third Lesson.'''
+
 
+
AND Abner had communication '^^ with the elders of Israel, saying : Ye sought for David not yesterday only to be King over you. Now, then, do it ; for the LORD hath spoken of David, saying : By the hand of My servant David I will save My people Israel out of the hand of the Philistines, and out of the hand of all their enemies. And Abner also spake in the ears of Benjamin. And he A\ent also to speak in the ears of David in Hebron all that seemed good to Israel, and that seemed good to the whole house of Benjamin. So Abner came to David to Hebron, and twenty men with him ; and David made Abner, and the men that were with him, a feast. And Abner said unto David : I will arise, and will gather all Israel unto my lord the Kinof.
+
 
+
'''Third Responsory.'''
+
 
+
Thus saith the LORD, &c., (^. 223.) Fourth Day.
+
 
+
====MATTINS.====
+
 
+
'''First Lesson.'''
+
 
+
The Lesson is taken from the Second Book of Kings (iv. 5.) A ND the sons of Rimmon the Berothite, Rechab and Baanah, went, and came about the heat of the day to the house of Ish-bosheth ; who lay on a bed at noon. And the maidservant, that kept the door, was there winnowing grain, but she was asleep.
+
 
+
And Rechab and Baanah his brother came into the house stealthily, as though they would have fetched ears of wheat, and they smote him in the groin, and escaped. For when they came into the house he lay asleep upon his bed in his bedchamber, and they smote him, and slew him, and took his head, and gat them away by the way of the desert all night. And they brought the head of Ish-bosheth unto David to Hebron, and said to the King : Behold the head of Ish-bosheth the son of Saul, thine enemy, which sought thy life.
+
 
+
'''First Responsory.'''
+
 
+
My sins are many, &c., (^. 224.) '''Second Lesson.'''
+
 
+
A ND David answered Rechab and ^^ Baanah his brother, the sons of Rimmon the Berothite, and said unto them : As the Lord liveth, Who hath redeemed my soul out of all adversity, when one told me, saying, Saul is dead, thinking to have brought good tidings, I took hold of him and slew him in Ziklag ; who thought that I would have given him a reward for his tidings. How much more now, when wicked men have slain an harmless person in his own house upon his bed, shall I not therefore require his blood of your hand, and take you away from the earth ? And David commanded his young men, and they slew them ; and cut off their hands and their feet and hanged them up over the pool in Hebron. But they took the head of Ish-bosheth, and buried it in the sepulchre of Abner in Hebron.
+
 
+
FIFTH WEEK AFTER PENTECOST. 287 '''Second Responsory.'''
+
 
+
O Lord, Thou hast hearkened, &c., (A 224.) '''Third Lesson.'''
+
 
+
T^HEN came all the tribes of Israel to David unto Hebron, saying ; Behold, we are thy bone and thy flesh.
+
 
+
Also in time past, when Saul was King over us, thou wast he that leddest out and broughtest in Israel ; and the LORD said to thee : Thou shalt feed My people Israel, and thou shalt be a Captain over Israel. So all the elders of Israel came to the King to Hebron, and King David made a league with them in Hebron before the Lord ; and they anointed David King over Israel. David was thirty years old when he began to reign, and he reigned forty years. In Hebron he reigned over Judah seven years and six months ; and in Jerusalem he reigned thirty and three years over all Israel and Judah. And the King and his men went to Jerusalem, unto the Jebusites, the inhabitants of the land ; which spake unto David, saying : Except thou take away the blind and the lame thou shalt not come in hither—thinking : David cannot come in hither. Nevertheless David took the stronghold of Zion — the same is the city of David.
+
 
+
'''Third Responsory.'''
+
 
+
Hearken, O Lord, &c., {p. 225.) A GAIN, David gathered together ^^^ all the chosen men of Israel, thirty thousand. And David arose, and went, with all the people that were with him of the men of Judah, to bring up the Ark of God, whereon is called the Name of the LORD of hosts. That sitteth between the Cherubim thereon. And they set the Ark of God upon a new cart, and brought it out of the house of Abinadab, that was in Gibeah. And Uzzah and Ahio, the sons of Abinadab, drove the new cart.
+
 
+
First Respo7isory.
+
 
+
Prepare your hearts, &c., (/. 221.) Second Lesso?i.
+
 
+
A ND they brought it out of the -^^ house of Abinadab, which was at Gibeah, accompanying the Ark of God, and Ahio went before the Ark.
+
 
+
And David and all the house of Israel played before the LORD on all manner of instruments made of cypress-wood, even on harps, and on psalteries, and on timbrels, and on cornets, and on cymbals. And when they came to Nachon's threshing-floor, Uzzah put forth his hand to the Ark of God, and took hold of it, for the oxen stumbled and shook it. And the anger of the LORD was kindled against Uzzah, and He smote him there for his presumption ; and there he died, by the Ark of God.
+
 
+
Fifth Day.
+
 
+
====MATTINS.====
+
 
+
'''First Lesson.'''
+
 
+
The Lesson is taken from the Second Book of Kings (vi. i .
+
 
+
) Seco7id Responsory.
+
 
+
God Which heareth all, &c., {p.
+
 
+
222.) '''Third Lesson.'''
+
 
+
A ND David was grieved because '^^^ the Lord had smitten Uzzah, and the name of the place is called 288 THE PROPER OFFICE OF THE SEASON.
+
 
+
" The Smiting of Uzzah '' to this day.
+
 
+
And David was afraid of the LORD that day, and said : How shall the Ark of the LORD come to me ? So David would not remove the Ark of the Lord unto him into the city of David ; but David carried it aside into the house of Obed-edom the Gittite. And the Ark of the Lord continued in the house of Obed-edom the Gittite three months. And the Lord blessed Obed-edom and all his household. And it was told King David, saying : The Lord hath blessed Obed-edom and all that pertaineth unto him, because of the Ark of God.
+
 
+
So David went, and brought up the Ark of God from the house of Obededom into the city of David, with gladness.
+
 
+
Third Respojisory.
+
 
+
The Lord That delivered me, &c., {p. 222.) Sixth Day.
+
 
+
====MATTINS.====
+
 
+
'''First Lesson.'''
+
 
+
The Lesson is taken from the Second Book of Kings (vii. 4.) AND, behold, the word of the Lord ^^ came unto Nathan, saying : Go, and tell My servant David : Thus saith the LORD : Shalt thou build Me an house for Me to dwell in ? whereas I have not dwelt in any house since the time that I brought up the children of Israel out of Egypt even to this day, but have walked in a tent and in a tabernacle.
+
 
+
First Respoiisory.
+
 
+
Saul hath slain, &c., {p. 223.) '''Second Lesson.'''
+
 
+
T N all the places wherein I have walked with all the children of Israel, spake I a word with any of the tribes of Israel, whom I commanded to feed My people Israel, saying : Why build ye not Me an house of cedar ? Now, therefore, so shalt thou say unto My servant David : Thus saith the LORD of hosts : I took thee from the sheep-cote, from following the sheep, to be ruler over My people, over Israel, and I was with thee whithersoever thou wentest, and have cut off all thine enemies out of thy sight, and have made thee a great name, like unto the name of the great men that are in the earth.
+
 
+
Moreover, I will appoint a place for My people Israel, and will plant them, that they may dwell in a place of their own, and move no more ; neither shall the children of wickedness afflict them any more, as beforetime, and as since the time that I commanded judges to be over My people Israel.
+
 
+
And I will cause thee to rest from all thine enemies. Also the LORD telleth thee, that He, the Lord, will make thee an house.
+
 
+
'''Second Responsory.'''
+
 
+
Ye mountains, &c., i^p. 223.) Third L^esson.
+
 
+
A ND when thy days be fulfilled and -^^ thou shalt sleep with thy fathers, I will set up thy seed after thee, which shall proceed out of thy bowels, and I will establish his kingdom. He shall build an house for My Name, and I will establish the throne of his kingdom for ever. I will be his Father, and he shall be My son. If he commit iniquity, I will chasten him with the rod of men, and with the stripes FIFTH WEEK AFTER PENTECOST. 289 of the children of men. But My mercy shall not depart away from him, as I took it from Saul, whom I put away from before Me. And thine house and thy kingdom shall be established for ever before thee, and thy throne shall be built in strength. According to all these words, and according to all this vision, so did Nathan speak unto David.
+
 
+
'''Third Responsory.'''
+
 
+
Thus saith the Lord, (/. 223.) The Sabbath.
+
 
+
====MATTINS.====
+
 
+
'''First Lesson.'''
+
 
+
The Lesson is taken from the Second Book of Kings (xi. i.) A ND it came to pass, at the turn '^^ of the year, at the time when kings go forth to battle, that David sent Joab, and his servants with him, and all Israel, and they wasted the children of Ammon, and besieged Rabbah. But David tarried still at Jerusalem. And it came to pass in an evening-tide, that David arose from off his bed, and walked upon the roof of the King's house. And from the roof he saw a woman washing herself, over against his house. And the woman was very beautiful to look upon. And David sent and inquired after the woman. And one said : Is not this Bathsheba, the daughter of Eliam, the wife of Uriah the Hittite ? And David sent messengers and took her.
+
 
+
'''First Responsory.'''
+
 
+
My sins are many, {j>. 224.) '''Second Lesson.'''
+
 
+
A ND she returned unto her house, having conceived seed. And she sent and told David, saying : I am with child. And David sent to Joab, saying : Send me Uriah the Hittite. And Joab sent Uriah to David. And Uriah came unto David.
+
 
+
And David demanded how Joab did, and how the people did, and how the war prospered. And David said to Uriah : Go down to thine house, and wash thy feet. And Uriah departed out of the King's house, and there followed him a mess of meat from the King. But Uriah slept at the door of the King's house, with all the servants of his lord, and went not down to his house. And when they had told David, saying : Uriah went not down to his house, David said unto Uriah : Camest thou not from thy journey ? why then didst thou not go down unto thine house ? And Uriah said unto David : The Ark of God, and Israel, and Judah abide in tents, and my lord Joab, and the servants of my lord are encamped in the open fields ; shall I then go into mine house, to eat and to drink, and to sleep with my wife ? As thou livest, and as thy soul liveth, I will not do this thing.
+
 
+
Second Respo7isory.
+
 
+
O Lord, Thou hast hearkened, &c., {p. 224.) '''Third Lesson.'''
+
 
+
AND David said to Uriah ; Tarry ^^ here to-day also, and to-morrow I will let thee depart. So Uriah abode in Jerusalem that day and the morrow, and David called him to eat and drink before him ; and he made him drunk. And at even he went out, and slept upon his bed with the servants of his lord ; but went not 290 THE PROPER OFFICE OF THE SEASON.
+
 
+
down to his house. And it came to pass, in the morning, that David wrote a letter to Joab, and sent it by the hand of Uriah ; and he wrote in the letter, saying : Set ye Uriah in the fore-front of the hottest battle, and retire ye from him, that he may be smitten and die. And it came to pass when Joab assaulted the city, that he assigned Uriah unto a place where he knew that valiant men were. And the men of the city went out and fought with Joab, and there fell some of the people, of the servants of David, and Uriah the Hittite died also.
+
 
+
Third Respo7isory.
+
 
+
Hearken, O Lord, &c., {p. 225.) ====VESPERS.====
+
 
+
A7itipho7i at the Song of the Blessed Virgin. ^ I beseech Thee, ^ O Lord, <io away the iniquity of Thy servant, for I have done very foolishly.
+
 
+
The Prayer is takenfrom the Lauds of the succeeding Sunday.
+
 
+
 
+
 
+
 
+
 
+
 
+
 
+
 
+
Sixtl) Suntiag after Pentecost.
+
 
+
The Sixth Lord\s Day after Pentecost.
+
 
+
====MATTINS.====
+
 
+
=====FIRST NOCTURN.=====
+
 
+
'''First Lesson.'''
+
 
+
The Lesson is taken from the Second Book of Kings (xii. i.) AND the Lord sent Nathan unto David. And he came unto him, and said unto him : There were two men in one city, the one rich, and the other poor. The rich man had exceeding many flocks and herds ; but the poor man had nothing save one little ewe -lamb, which he had bought and nourished up. And it grew up together with him, and with his children. It did eat of his own meat, and drank of his own cup, and lay in his bosom, and was unto him as a daughter. And there came a traveller unto the rich man ; and he spared to take of his own flock and of his own herd, to dress for the wayfaring man that was come unto him ; but took the poor man's lamb, and dressed it for the man that was come unto him.
+
 
+
'''First Responsory.'''
+
 
+
Prepare your hearts, &c., {p. 221.) '''Second Lesson.'''
+
 
+
A ND David's anger Avas greatly kindled against the man, and he said to Nathan : As the LORD liveth, the man that hath done this thing shall surely die. He shall restore the lamb four-fold, because he did this thing, and because he had no pity.
+
 
+
And Nathan said to David : Thou art the man—Thus saith the Lord God of Israel : I anointed thee king over Israel, and I delivered thee out of the hand of Saul, and I gave thee thy master's house, and thy master's wives into thy bosom, and gave thee the house of Israel and of Judah : and if that had been too little, I would moreover have given unto thee much greater things. Wherefore hast thou despised the commandment of the Lord, to "do evil in His sight ? Thou hast killed Uriah the Hittite with the sword, and hast taken his wife to be thy wife, and hast slain him with the sword of the children of Ammon.
+
 
+
1 I Par. (Chron.) xxi. 8.
+
 
+
SIXTH WEEK AFTER PENTECOST. 291 '''Second Responsory.'''
+
 
+
God Which heareth all, &c., {p.
+
 
+
222.) '''Third Lesson.'''
+
 
+
IV] OW, therefore—the sword shall never depart from thine house ; because thou hast despised Me, and hast taken the wife of Uriah the Hittite to be thy wife. Thus saith the Lord : Behold, I will raise up evil against thee out of thine house ; and I will take thy wives before thine eyes, and give them unto thy neighbour ; and he shall lie with thy wives in the sight of this sun. For thou didst it secretly ; but I will do this thing before all Israel, and before the sun. And David said unto Nathan : I have sinned against the LoRD.
+
 
+
And Nathan said unto David : The Lord also hath put away thy sin — thou shalt not die. Howbeit, because by this deed thou hast given great occasion to the enemies of the LORD to blaspheme, the child also that is born unto thee shall surely die. And Nathan departed unto his house. And the Lord struck the child that Uriah's wife bare unto David, and it was very sick. David therefore besought the Lord for the child ; and David fasted, and went in, and lay upon the earth. 1 '''Third Responsory.'''
+
 
+
The Lord That delivered me, &c., (yp. 222.) =====SECOND NOCTURN.=====
+
 
+
'''Fourth Lesson.'''
+
 
+
The fLesson is taken from the Book " On the Defence of David" written by St Ambrose, Bishop [of Milan.] (i. 2.) T N how many things doth each one of us transgress every hour ! And nevertheless not one of all us common men thinketh it well to confess his sin. Yet that strong and great King would not suffer the acknowledgment of his iniquity to remain, even for a moment, hidden in his own heart. With eager confession and bitter sorrow, he admitted that he had sinned against the Lord.
+
 
+
Which of you will easily find me now some honoured and wealthy person, who will not take it ill if I rebuke him for a fault whereof he is guilty ? But David, amid the splendours of a throne and' the certainty of Divine revelations, when he was rebuked by one of his subjects for his grievous transgression, was not roused to anger, but contrariwise, acknowledged his sin with groans and affliction.
+
 
+
'''Fourth Responsory.'''
+
 
+
Saul hath slain, &c., i^p. 223.) Fifth Lesso7i.
+
 
+
T^HE heart-felt sorrow of David moved the Lord to compassion, so that Nathan said : Because thou hast repented, the Lord also hath put away thy sin. The instant gift of pardon declareth the depth of the King's repentance, which was able to obtain the forgiveness of so grievous a transgression. Other men, when they be rebuked of Priests, do but aggravate the heinousness of their sins by the seeking to deny or to excuse them, and thereby make deeper their fall by means of that which should have helped them up. But the saints of the Lord who will to fight a good fight of godliness unto 8 '1 The child died. The next few verses in the Bible describe, very touchingly, the conduct of David on the occasion—and, afterwards, how Solomon was born of Bathsheba. David composed the Miserere during his repentance.
+
 
+
292 THE PROPER OFFICE OF THE SEASON.
+
 
+
the end and to finish their course by saving" their souls, howbeit, they may perchance have fallen like other men, have done so rather through man's weakness than through lust for iniquity, and rise more eager to go on than before. Shame goadeth them on to fly at higher things.
+
 
+
So that not only is their fall to be reckoned to have nowise hampered them, but rather to have quickened their speed.
+
 
+
Fifth Resp07iso7'y.
+
 
+
Ye mountains, &c., (/. 223.) '''Sixth Lesson.''' (Ch. iv.) T~^AVID sinned; and so oftentimes do other kings. David repented with groaning and tears ; and so do not oftentimes other kings. He admitted his guilt ; he implored forgiveness ; he cast himself down upon the ground, and there wept over his crime ; he fasted ; he prayed ; by publishing his sorrow he left an everlasting witness of his acknowledgment.
+
 
+
i What meaner men blush to do, the King was not ashamed to own. They who are answerable to law are bold to deny their crimes, and too haughty to ask pardon. Not so he, though he could be haled before no earthly judgment-seat. That he sinned was a matter flowing from his nature ; that he asked for pardon, his own repentance. To fall is common to all men, but his confession was his own. To transgress thus was nature ; to efface his guilt, greatness.
+
 
+
Sixth Responsory .
+
 
+
Thus saith the Lord, &c., i^p. 223.; Amnon go with us.
+
 
+
1 I.e., in the Psalm "Miserere." =====THIRD NOCTURN.=====
+
 
+
Seve7ith Responsory.
+
 
+
My sins are many, &c., (/. 224.) '''Eighth Responsory.'''
+
 
+
One seraph cried, &c., {^p. 218.) Second Day.
+
 
+
====MATTINS.====
+
 
+
'''First Lesson.'''
+
 
+
The Lesson is taken from the Second Book of Kings (xiii. 22.) AND Absalom spake unto his brother Amnon neither good nor bad ; for Absalom hated Amnon, because he had forced his sister Tamar. And it came to pass, after two full years, that Absalom had sheep-shearers in Baal-hazor, which is beside Ephraim ; and Absalom invited all the king's sons. And [Absalom] came to the King, and said : Behold, now, thy servant hath sheep-shearers ; let the King, I beseech thee, and his servants, go with thy servant. And the King said to Absalom : Nay, my son, let us not all go now, lest we be chargeable unto thee. And he pressed him ; howbeit, he would not go, but blessed him.
+
 
+
First Respojtsory.
+
 
+
Remember, O Lord, Thy covenant, &c., (A 268.) '''Second Lesson.'''
+
 
+
T^HEN said Absalom: If not, I pray thee, let my brother And the King' SIXTH WEEK AFTER PENTECOST. 293 said unto him : Why should he go with thee ? But Absalom pressed him, that he let Amnon and all the King's sons go with him. Now Absalom had made a feast like one of the King's feasts. And Absalom had commanded his servants, saying ; Mark ye now when Amnon's heart is merry with wine ; and when I say unto you, Smite him,—then kill him, fear not. For it is I that have commanded you. Be courageous, and be valiant. And the servants of Absalom did unto Amnon as Absalom had commanded. Then all the King's sons arose, and every man gat him up upon his mule, and fled.
+
 
+
'''Second Responsory.'''
+
 
+
O Lord, Thou hast hearkened, &c., (A 224.) '''Third Lesson.'''
+
 
+
A ND it came to pass, while they were in the way, that tidings came to David, saying : Absalom hath slain all the King's sons : and there is not one of them left. Then the King arose, and tare his garments, and lay on the earth ; and all his servants stood by with their clothes rent. And Jonadab, the son of Shimeah,! David's brother, answered and said : Let not my lord the King suppose that they have slain all the young men the King's sons ; for Amnon only is dead—for by the appointment of Absalom this hath been determined from the day that he forced his sister Tamar. Now therefore let not my lord the King take the thing to his heart, to think that all the King's sons are dead ; for Amnon only is dead. But Absalom fled.
+
 
+
Third Respo7isory.
+
 
+
Hearken, O Lord, &c., (/. 225.) 1 /.^., Shamma.
+
 
+
Third Day.
+
 
+
====MATTINS.====
+
 
+
'''First Lesson.'''
+
 
+
The Lesson is taken from the Second Book of Kings (xiv. 4.) AND when the woman of Tekoah ^ '^^ was come in unto the King's presence, she fell on her face to the ground, and did obeisance, and said : Help, O King ! And the King said unto her : What aileth thee ? And she said : Alas for me, I am a widow woman, for mine husband is dead.
+
 
+
And thine handmaid had two sons, and they two strove together in the field, and there was none to part them, but the one smote the other and slew him. And, behold, the whole family is risen against thine handmaid, and they said : Deliver him that smote his brother, that we may kill him, for the life of his brother, whom he slew, and we will destroy the heir also : and so they shall quench my coal which is left, and shall not leave to mine husband either name or remainder upon the earth.
+
 
+
First Respo7isoiy.
+
 
+
Lord, when Thy people, &c., {p.
+
 
+
269.) Second Lesso7i.
+
 
+
AND the King said : Whosoever ^^^- saith aught unto thee, bring him to me, and he shall not touch thee any more. Then said she : I pray thee, let the King remember the Lord thy God, that they of the kinship be not suffered to seek further for vengeance, and to destroy my 2 She was an agent of Joab.
+
 
+
294 THE PROPER OFFICE OF THE SEASON.
+
 
+
son. And he said : As the LORD Hveth, there shall not one hair of thy son fall to the earth. Then the woman said : Let thine handmaid speak one word unto my lord the King. And he said : Say on. And the woman said : Wherefore then hast thou thought such a thing against the people of God, and wherefore doth the King speak this thing as one which is faulty, in that the King doth not fetch home again his banished ? For we must needs all die, and are as water spilt on the ground, which cannot be gathered up again. Neither is it the will of God that a soul should perish, but He repenteth Him, lest He should utterly destroy the castaway.
+
 
+
'''Second Responsory.'''
+
 
+
And it came to pass, &c., {p. 270.) '''Third Lesson.''' (19.) A ND the King said : Is not the hand of Joab with thee in all this ? And the woman answered and said : As thy soul liveth, my Lord the King, none can turn to the right hand or to the left from aught that my lord the King hath spoken ; for thy servant Joab, he bade me, and he put all these words in the mouth of thine handmaid.
+
 
+
That I should fetch about this form of speech, thy servant Joab commanded it ; but thou art wise, O my lord the King, according to the wisdom of an Angel of God, to know all things that are in the earth. And the King said unto Joab : Behold, now, I am reconciled to do after thy word ; go therefore, and bring the young man Absalom again.
+
 
+
Third Respojisory.
+
 
+
Thus saith the Lord, &c., i^p. 223.) Fourth Day.
+
 
+
====MATTINS.====
+
 
+
'''First Lesson.'''
+
 
+
The Lesson is taken from the Second Book of Kings (xv. i.) A ND it came to pass after this that Absalom prepared him chariots and horse-men, and fifty men to run before him. And Absalom rose up early, and stood beside the entering-in of the gate ; and it was so that when any man that had a controversy came to the King for judgment, then Absalom called unto him, and said : Of what city art thou ? And he said : Thy servant is of one of the tribes of Israel. And Absalom said unto him : See, thy matters are good and right ; but there is no man deputed of the King to hear thee.
+
 
+
'''First Responsory.'''
+
 
+
My sins are many, &c., (/. 224.) '''Second Lesson.'''
+
 
+
A BSALOM said moreover : O that I were made judge in the land, that every man which hath any suit or cause might come unto me, and I would do him justice ! And it was so, that when any man came nigh to him to do him obeisance, he put forth his hand, and took him, and kissed him.
+
 
+
And on this manner did Absalom to all Israel that came to the King for judgment ; so Absalom stole the hearts of the men of Israel.
+
 
+
Seco7id Responsory.
+
 
+
O Lord, Thou hast hearkened, &c., (/. 224.) SIXTH WEEK AFTER PENTECOST. 295 '''Third Lesson.'''
+
 
+
A ND it came to pass after forty years that Absalom said unto King" David : I will go and pay my vow which I have vowed unto the Lord in Hebron. For thy servant vowed a vow while I abode in Geshur in Syria, saying : If the LORD shall bring me again indeed to Jerusalem, then I will offer a sacrifice unto the Lord. And King David said unto him : Go in peace. So he arose, and went to Hebron. But Absalom sent spies throughout all the tribes of Israel, saying : As soon as ye hear the sound of the trumpet, then ye shall say — Absalom reigneth in Hebron.
+
 
+
'''Third Responsory.'''
+
 
+
Hearken, O Lord, &c., (/. 225.) Fifth Day.
+
 
+
====MATTINS.====
+
 
+
'''First Lesson.'''
+
 
+
The Lesson is taken from the Second Book of Kings (xv. 13.) A ND there came a messenger to David, saying : The heart of all Israel is after Absalom. And David said unto his servants that were with him at Jerusalem : Arise, let us flee ; for we shall not else escape from Absalom. Make speed to depart, lest he overtake us suddenly, and bring evil upon us, and smite the city with the edge of the sword. And the King's servants said unto him : Thy servants are ready to do whatsoever our lord the King shall appoint.
+
 
+
'''First Responsory.'''
+
 
+
Prepare your hearts, &c., (/. 221.) '''Second Lesson.'''
+
 
+
AND the King went forth, and all his household after him on foot ; and the King left ten women, which were concubines, to keep the house.
+
 
+
And the King and all Israel went forth, on foot, and tarried in a place that was far off; and all his servants passed on beside him, and all the Cherethites, and all the Pelethites, and all the Gittites, valiant men of war, six hundred, which came after him from Gath, passed on before him.
+
 
+
'''Second Responsory.'''
+
 
+
God Which heareth all, &c., {p.
+
 
+
222.) '''Third Lesson.'''
+
 
+
n^HEN said the King to Ittai the Gittite : Wherefore goest thou also with us '^. Return to thy place, and abide with the King ; for thou art a stranger, and also an exile. Whereas thou camest but yesterday, should I this day make thee go out with us ? As for me, I go whither I go ; return thou, and take back with thee thy brethren ; and the Lord will deal with thee in mercy and in truth, because thou hast showed me kindness and faithfulness.
+
 
+
1 '''Third Responsory.'''
+
 
+
The Lord That delivered me, &c., {p. 222.) 1 Verse 21. And Ittai answered the King, and said : As the Lord liveth, and as my lord the King liveth, surely in what place my lord the King shall be, whether in death or life, even there also will thy servant be.
+
 
+
296 THE PROPER OFFICE OF THE SEASON.
+
 
+
Sixth Day.
+
 
+
====MATTINS.====
+
 
+
'''First Lesson.'''
+
 
+
The Lesson is taken from the Second Book of Kings (xvi. 5.) A ND when King David came to Bahurim, behold, thence came out a man of the family of the house of Saul, whose name was Shimei, the son of Gera. He came forth, and cursed still as he came ; and he cast stones at David, and at all the servants of King David. And all the people, and all the mighty men were on the King's right hand and his left. And thus said Shimei when he cursed the King : Come out, come out, thou bloody man, and thou man of Belial. The LORD hath returned upon thee all the blood of the house of Saul, in whose stead thou hast reigned. 1 '''First Responsory.'''
+
 
+
Saul hath slain, &c., {J). 223.) '''Second Lesson.''' ( 9 .
+
 
+
) ^HEN said Abishai the son of Zeruiah unto the King : Why should this dead dog curse my lord the King ? Let me go over, and take off his head. And the King said : What have I to do with you, ye sons of Zeruiah ? Let him curse ; because the LORD hath said unto him : Curse David—and who shall then dare to say : Wherefore hast thou done so ? '''Second Responsory.'''
+
 
+
Ye mountains of Gilboa, &c., (/.
+
 
+
223.) '''Third Lesson.'''
+
 
+
A ND the King said to Abishai, and to all his servants : Behold, my son, which came forth of my bowels, seeketh my life ; how much more now may this Benjamite do it ? Let him alone, and let him curse, for the LORD hath bidden him. It may be that the Lord will look on mine affliction, and that the LORD will requite me good for his cursing this day.
+
 
+
'''Third Responsory.'''
+
 
+
Thus saith the Lord, &c., {p. 223.) The Sabbath.
+
 
+
====MATTINS.====
+
 
+
'''First Lesson.'''
+
 
+
The Lesson is taken from the Second Book of Kings (xviii. 6.) C O the people went out into the field against Israel ; and the battle was in the wood of Ephraim. There the people of Israel were slain before the army of David : and there was there a great slaughter that day, of twenty thousand men. For the battle was there, scattered over the face of all the country, and the wood devoured more people that day than the sword devoured.
+
 
+
'''First Responsory.'''
+
 
+
My sins are many, &c., {p. 224.) '''Second Lesson.'''
+
 
+
A ND Absalom met the servants of '^^ David, and he rode upon a mule ; and the mule went under the thick 1 The text continues : " And the Lord hath delivered the kingdom into the hand of Absalom thy son. And, behold, thou art taken in thy mischief—because thou art a bloody man." SEVENTH WEEK AFTER PENTECOST. 297 boughs of a great oak, and his head caught hold of the oak, and he was taken up between the heaven and the earth, and the mule that was under him went away. And a certain man saw it, and told Joab, and said : I saw Absalom hanged in an oak. And Joab said unto the man that told him : If thou sawest him, why didst thou not smite him there to the ground? And I would have given thee ten shekels of silver, and a girdle. And the man said unto Joab : Though I should receive a thousand shekels of silver in mine hand, yet would I not put forth mine hand against the King's son ; for in our hearing the King charged thee, and Abishai, and Ittai, saying : Beware, and save for me my child Absalom.
+
 
+
'''Second Responsory.'''
+
 
+
O Lord, Thou hast hearkened, &c., (A 224.) '''Third Lesson.'''
+
 
+
T^HEN said Joab : Though thou will it not, yet will I go up against him before thy face. And he took three darts in his hand, and thrust them through the heart of Absalom ; and while he yet hung quivering with life in the oak, ten young men that bare Joab's armour, compassed about, and smote Absalom and slew him. And Joab blew the trumpet, and the people returned from pursuing after Israel, for Joab was fain to spare the multitude. And they took Absalom and cast him into a great pit in the wood, and laid a very great heap of stones upon him.
+
 
+
'''Third Responsory.'''
+
 
+
Hearken, O Lord, &c., (/, 225.) Nathan the Prophet anointed Solomon King in Gihon, and they went up with joy, and cried, saying : May the King live for ever ! Note. The above is the First Saturday eveiting Antiphon which ca7i be displaced by "Wisdom hath builded, &c." Prayerfrom the succeeding Lauds.
+
 
+
 
+
 
+
 
+
 
+
 
+
 
+
 
+
Se&entlj Suntiag after ^ente^ cost* The Seventh Lord'^s Day after Pentecost.
+
 
+
====MATTINS.====
+
 
+
=====FIRST NOCTURN.=====
+
 
+
'''First Lesson.'''
+
 
+
Here beginneth the Third Book of Kings (i. I.) IVI OW King David was old, and stricken in years : and they covered him with clothes, but he gat no heat. Wherefore his servants said unto him : Let there be sought for my lord the King a young virgin, and let her stand before the King, and let her cherish him, and let her lie in thy bosom, that my lord the King may get heat. So they sought for a fair damsel throughout all the coasts of Israel, and found Abishag, a Shunamite, and brought her to the King. And the damsel was very fair, and slept with the King, and ministered unto him ; but the King knew her not.
+
 
+
====VESPERS.====
+
 
+
''Antiphon at the Song of the Blessed Virgin.''  And Zadok the Priest * and '''First Responsory.'''
+
 
+
Prepare your hearts, &c., {^p. 221.) 298 THE PROPER OFFICE OF THE SEASON.
+
 
+
'''Second Lesson.''' '''Third Responsory.'''
+
 
+
nPHEN Adonijah, the son of Haggith,^ exalted himself, saying : I will be King. And he prepared him chariots, and horsemen, and fifty men to run before him. And his father had not chidden him at any time, saying : Why hast thou done so ? And he also was a very goodly man, and his mother bare him after Absalom.
+
 
+
And he conferred with Joab the son of Zeruiah, and with Abiathar the Priest, and they, following Adonijah, helped him. But Zadok the Priest, and Benaiah the son of Jehoiadah, and Nathan the Prophet, and Shimei, and Rei, and the mighty men which belonged to David, were not with Adonijah.
+
 
+
'''Second Responsory.'''
+
 
+
God Which heareth all, &c., (/.
+
 
+
222.) '''Third Lesson.''' ( 1 1 • ) ATyHEREFGRE Nathan spake unto Bathsheba the mother of Solomon, saying : Hast thou not heard that Adonijah, the son of Haggith, doth reign, and David our lord knoweth it not ? Now therefore come, let me, I pray thee, give thee counsel, that thou mayest save thine own life, and the life of thy son Solomon. Go, and get thee in unto King David, and say unto him : Didst not thou, O my lord King, swear unto thine handmaid, saying, Solomon thy son shall reign after me, and he shall sit upon my throne ? Why, then, doth Adonijah reign ? And while thou yet talkest there with the King, I also will come in after thee, and confirm thy words.
+
 
+
And Bathsheba went in unto the King, into the chamber.
+
 
+
The Lord That delivered me, &c., (^. 222.) =====SECOND NOCTURN.=====
+
 
+
'''Fourth Lesson.'''
+
 
+
The Lesson is taken from the Epistle written to Nepotian by St Jerome, Priest [at Bethlehem.] {Ep. ii.
+
 
+
torn. i.
+
 
+
) ATI /"HEN David, who had once been a man of war, was seventy years old, the chill of old age came upon him, and he could get no heat.
+
 
+
So they sought out for him throughout all the coasts of Israel Abishag the Shunamite, to sleep with the king and to warm his aged body. Who is this Shunamite, Avife and yet virgin, so hot, that she could heat the chilly, so holy, that her warmth provoked him not to lust ? Let Solomon the Wise explain his father's enjoyment, and the "Peaceful One"^ tell of the warrior's embraces.
+
 
+
" Get wisdom, get understanding ; forget it not, neither decline from the words of my mouth ; forsake her not, and she shall preserve thee ; love her, and she shall keep thee. Wisdom is the principal thing ; therefore get wisdom ; and with all thy getting, get understanding. Exalt her, and she shall promote thee. Honour her, and she shall embrace thee, and shall give to thine head an ornament of grace.
+
 
+
She shall compass thee like a crown of delights." (Prov. iv. 5-9.) '''Fourth Responsory.'''
+
 
+
Saul hath slain, &c., {^p. 223,) Fifth Lessofi.
+
 
+
T N old men almost all the powers of the body become weakened, and while wisdom only is increasing, all 1 And of David. - A pun on the name " Solomon," which signifies " Peaceful." SEVENTH WEEK AFTER PENTECOST. 299 things else beside wisdom fail. Then faileth strength for fasting, for watching, for " chameunije," (that is, sleeping on the floor,) for wandering hither and thither, for receiving strangers, for defending the poor, for instance and constancy in prayer, for visiting the sick, for that work with the hands whence alms are given. I need not treat of this with long talk, but, in short, when the body is broken down, all the works of the body wax enfeebled.
+
 
+
Fifth Respoiisory.
+
 
+
Ye mountains, &c., (/. 223.) '''Sixth Lesson.'''
+
 
+
1V[ EITHER do I say, on the other hand, that wisdom, which in many old men drivelleth into second childhood, is weak, or wanting in such of the young' and stout, as win knowledge by work and earnest study, by holiness of life and instancy of prayer to the Lord Jesus, but this I do say, that the more spiritual faculties have in youth many wrestlings with the body to go through, and that, what with violent provocations to vice, and what with the sensual ticklings of the flesh, they are apt to be smothered like fire among green wood, and not able to blaze forth in all their brightness. But when old age cometh upon them, who have spent their youth in acquiring sound knowledge, and have meditated in the law of the Lord day and night, it hath this effect on them, to make them more learned by their increased years, more experienced by constant use, more wise, through the advance of time—and, in short, doth offer them the rich harvest of their past diligence.
+
 
+
'''Sixth Responsory.'''
+
 
+
Thus saith the Lord, &c., (/. 223.) =====THIRD NOCTURN.=====
+
 
+
'''Seventh Responsory.'''
+
 
+
My sins, &c., (/. 224.) Eighth Respo7isojy.
+
 
+
One seraph cried, &c., {p. 218.) Seco7id Day.
+
 
+
====MATTINS.====
+
 
+
'''First Lesson.'''
+
 
+
The Lesson is taken from the Third Book of Kings (i. 28.) T^HEN King David answered, and said : Call me Bathsheba. And she came into the King's presence, and stood before the King. And the King sware, and said : As the LORD liveth, that hath redeemed my soul out of all distress, even as I sware unto thee by the LORD God of Israel, saying : Assuredly, Solomon thy son shall reign after me, and he shall sit upon my throne in my stead—even so will I certainly do this day. Then Bathsheba bowed with her face to the earth, and did reverence to the King, and said : Let my lord David live for ever.
+
 
+
'''First Responsory.'''
+
 
+
Remember, O Lord, Thy covenant, &c., {p. 268.) '''Second Lesson.'''
+
 
+
AND King David said : Call me -^^^ Zadok the Priest, and Nathan the Prophet, and Benaiah the son of Jehoiadah. And they came before the King, and he said unto them : Take with you the servants of your lord, and cause Solomon my son to ride upon mine own mule, and bring him 300 THE PROPER OFFICE OF THE SEASON.
+
 
+
down to Gihon, and let Zadok the Priest and Nathan the Prophet anoint him there King over Israel. And blow ye with the trumpet and say : God save King Solomon ? Then ye shall come up after him, that he may come, and sit upon my throne, for he shall be King in my stead.
+
 
+
O '''Second Responsory.'''
+
 
+
Lord, Thou hast hearkened, &c., {p. 224.) Third Lesso7i.
+
 
+
CO Zadok the Priest, and Nathan the Prophet, and Benaiah the son of Jehoiadah, and the Cherethites, and Pelethites,! went down, and caused Solomon to ride upon King David^s mule, and brought him to Gihon.
+
 
+
And Zadok the Priest took a horn of oil out of the tabernacle, and anointed Solomon ; and they blew the trumpet, and all the people said : God save King Solomon ! And all the people came up after him, and the people piped with pipes, and rejoiced with great joy, so that the earth rang with the sound of them.
+
 
+
Third Respo7isory.
+
 
+
Hearken, O Lord, &c., {p. 225.) Third Day.
+
 
+
====MATTINS.====
+
 
+
'''First Lesson.'''
+
 
+
The Lesson is taken from the Third Book of Kings (ii. i.) ^M" OW the days of David drew nigh, that he should die. And he charged Solomon his son, saying : I go the way of all the earth ; be thou strong, therefore, and show thyself a man. And keep the charge of the Lord thy God, to walk in His ways, to keep His statutes, and His commandments, and His judgments, and His testimonies, as it is written in the law of Moses, that thou mayest have understanding in whatsoever thou doest, and whithersoever thou turnest thyself; that the LORD may continue His word, which He spake concerning' me, saying : If thy children take heed to their way, to walk before Me in truth with all their heart, and with all their soul, there shall not fail thee a man on the throne of Israel.
+
 
+
'''First Responsory.'''
+
 
+
Lord, when Thy people, &c., {p. 269.) Seco7id Lesson.
+
 
+
IX/rOREOVER thou knowest also what Joab the son of Zeruiah did to me, 2 and what he did to the two captains of the hosts of Israel, unto Abner,^ the son of Ner, and unto Amasa* the son of J ether, whom he slew ; and shed the blood of war in peace, and put the blood of war upon his girdle that was about his loins, and in his shoes, that were on his feet. Do therefore according to thy wisdom, and let not his hoar head go down to the grave in peace.
+
 
+
Seco7id Respo7isory.
+
 
+
And it came to pass, &c., (/. 270.) 'I Cherethites and Pelethites =executioners and runners. (Gesenius.) 2 Perhaps referring to the death of Absalom.
+
 
+
3 He assassinated him from a motive of private revenge when he came to make his peace with David at Hebron. 2 Kings (Sam.) iii. 27.
+
 
+
^ He assassinated him, probably on suspicion of treachery. 2 Kings (Sam.) xx. 10.
+
 
+
SEVENTH WEEK AFTER PENTECOST. 301 '''Third Lesson.'''
+
 
+
"DUT show kindness unto the sons of Barzillai the Gileadite, and let them be of those that eat at thy table. For so they came to me, when I fled from before Absalom thy brother.
+
 
+
And, behold, thou hast with thee Shimei the son of Gera, a Benjamite of Bahurim, which cursed me with a grievous curse in the day when I went to "the Two-Camps ;"i but he came down to meet me when I passed over Jordan, and I sware to him by the Lord, saying : I will not put thee to death with the sword ;—now, therefore, hold him not guiltless.
+
 
+
^ '''Third Responsory.'''
+
 
+
Thus saith the Lord, &c., (/. 223.) Fourth Day.
+
 
+
====MATTINS.====
+
 
+
'''First Lesson.'''
+
 
+
The Lesson is taken from the Third Book of Kings (iii. 5.) 'T^HE Lord appeared to Solomon in a dream by night, and said : Ask what I shall give thee. And Solomon said : Thou hast showed unto Thy servant David my father great mercy, according as he walked before Thee in truth and in righteousness, and in uprightness of heart with Thee ; and Thou hast kept for him this great kindness, that Thou hast given him a son to sit upon his throne, as it is this day.
+
 
+
^ Probably the place where Jacob met the " hosts of God," and which he called Mahanaim, "Two-camps." 2 Solomon afterwards had him put to death. 3 (i) Kings ii. 46. This command is the last recorded words of David. Verse 10 says : " So David slept with his fathers, and was buried m the city of David." '''First Responsory.'''
+
 
+
My sins are many, &c., {p. 224.) '''Second Lesson.'''
+
 
+
AND now, O Lord my God, Thou '^^ hast made Thy servant King instead of David my father ; and I am but a little child ; I know not how to go out or come in. And Thy servant is in the midst of Thy people which Thou hast chosen, a great people, that cannot be numbered nor counted for multitude. Give therefore Thy servant an understanding heart, to judge Thy people, that I may discern between good and bad.
+
 
+
For who is able to judge this Thy so great a people ? '''Second Responsory.'''
+
 
+
O Lord, Thou hast hearkened, &c., (A 224.) Third Lesso7i.
+
 
+
A ND the speech pleased the Lord, '^^ that Solomon had asked this thing. And the Lord said unto Solomon : Because thou hast asked this thing, and hast not asked for thyself long life, neither riches, nor the life of thine enemies, but hast asked for thyself understanding to discern judgment ; behold, I have done according to thy words, and have given unto thee a wise and an understanding heart, so that there was none like thee before thee, neither after thee shall any arise like unto thee. And I have also given thee that which thou hast not asked, both riches and honour, so that there shall not be any among the kings like unto thee all thy days.
+
 
+
302 THE PROPER OFFICE OF THE SEASON.
+
 
+
'''Third Responsory.'''
+
 
+
Hearken, O Lord, unto the cry, (/. 225.) Fifth Day.
+
 
+
====MATTINS.====
+
 
+
'''First Lesson.'''
+
 
+
The Lesson is taken from the Third Book of Kings (iv. 21.) AND Solomon reigned over all kingdoms from the river of the land of the Philistines unto the border of Egypt ; they brought him presents and served him all the days of his life. And Solomon's provision for one day was thirty measures of fine flour, and three-score measures of meal ; ten fat oxen, and twenty oxen out of the pastures, and an hundred sheep ; beside harts, and roe-bucks, and fallowdeer, and fatted fowl. For he had dominion over all the region on this side the river, from Tiphsah even to Gaza, over all the kings on this side the river, and he had peace on all sides round about him.
+
 
+
First Resp07isory.
+
 
+
Prepare your hearts, &c., (/. 221.) Second Lessojt.
+
 
+
A ND Judah and Israel dwelt safely, every man under his vine and under his fig-tree, from Dan even to Beersheba, all the days of Solomon.
+
 
+
And Solomon had forty thousand stalls of horses for his chariots, and twelve thousand horsemen. And the ofiicers of the King that were heretofore named, they provided food for them : and for all that came unto King Solomon's table, they furnished all most carefully according to the season.
+
 
+
Barley also and straw for the horses and the beasts of burden, brought they unto the place where the King was, every man according to his charge. And God gave Solomon wisdom and understanding exceeding much, and largeness of heart, even as the sand that is on the sea shore.
+
 
+
Seco7id Responsory.
+
 
+
God, Which heareth all, &c., (/.
+
 
+
222.) '''Third Lesson.'''
+
 
+
A ND Solomon's wisdom excelled '^^ the wisdom of all the children of the east country, and all the wisdom of Egypt ; and he was wiser than all men ; than Ethan the Ezrahite, and Reman, and Chalcol, and Darda, the sons of Mahol ; and his fame was in all nations round about.
+
 
+
And he spake three thousand proverbs, and his songs were a thousand and five. And he spake of trees, from the cedar -tree that is in Lebanon, even unto the hyssop that springeth out of the wall ; he spake also of beasts, and of fowl, and of creepingthings, and of fishes. And there came of all people to hear the wisdom of Solomon, and from all kings of the earth, which had heard of all wisdom.
+
 
+
'''Third Responsory.'''
+
 
+
The Lord That delivered me, &c., {p. 222.) Sixth Day.
+
 
+
====MATTINS.====
+
 
+
First Lesso?i.
+
 
+
The Lesson is taken from the Third Book of Kings (v. i.) AND Hiram, King of Tyre, sent his servants unto Solomon ; for he had heard that they had anointed him SEVENTH WEEK AFTER PENTECOST. 303 king' in the room of his father ; for Hiram was ever a lover of David.
+
 
+
And Solomon sent to Hiram, saying : Thou knowest how that David my father would have built an house unto the name of the Lord his God, but could not do it, for the wars which were about him on every side, until the Lord put them under the soles of his feet. But now the Lord my God hath given me rest on every side, so that there is neither adversary, nor evil occurrent.
+
 
+
'''First Responsory.'''
+
 
+
Saul hath slain, &c., (/. 223.) '''Second Lesson.'''
+
 
+
VyHEREFORE, I purpose to build an house unto the name of the Lord my God, as the Lord spake unto David my father, saying : Thy son, whom I will set upon thy throne in thy room, he shall build an house unto My name. Now, therefore, command thou thy servants that they hew me cedar-trees out of Lebanon, and let my servants be with thy servants ; and unto thee will I give hire for thy servants, according to all that thou shalt appoint ; for thou knowest that there is not among my people any that can skill to hew timber like unto the Sidonians.
+
 
+
'''Second Responsory.'''
+
 
+
Ye mountains of Gilboa, &c., (^.
+
 
+
223.) '''Third Lesson.'''
+
 
+
A ND it came to pass, when Hiram heard the words of Solomon, that he rejoiced greatly, and said : Blessed be the LORD God this day, Which hath given unto David a wise son over this great people. And Hiram sent to Solomon, saying : I have considered the things which thou sentest to me for : I will do all thy desire concerning timber of cedar, and concerning timber of fir. My servants shall bring them down from Lebanon unto the sea, and I will convey them by sea in floats unto the place that thou shalt appoint me, and will cause them to be discharged there, and thou shalt receive them, and thou shalt accomplish my desire in giving food for my household.
+
 
+
'''Third Responsory.'''
+
 
+
Thus saith the LORD, &c., (/. 223.) The Sabbath.
+
 
+
====MATTINS.====
+
 
+
'''First Lesson.'''
+
 
+
The Lesson is taken from the Third Book of Kings (vii. 51.) 00 was ended all the work that King Solomon made for the house of the LORD, and he brought in the things which David his father had dedicated ; even the silver, and the gold, and the vessels, did he put among the treasures of the house of the Lord. (viii.) Then were assembled all the elders of Israel, and the heads of the tribes, and the chiefs of the families of the children of Israel, unto King Solomon in Jerusalem, that they might bring up the ark of the covenant of the LORD out of the city of David, which is Zion.^ And all the men of Israel assembled themselves unto King Solomon at the feast, in the month Ethanim,^ which is the seventh month.
+
 
+
'• That is, from one to the other of the two southernmost of the hills on which Jerusalem stands.
+
 
+
2 It falls about September, and is more commonly called Tizri.
+
 
+
304 THE PROPER OFFICE OF THE SEASON.
+
 
+
'''First Responsory.'''
+
 
+
My sins are many, &c., (/. 224.) '''Second Lesson.'''
+
 
+
AND all the elders of Israel came ; and the Priests took up the ark, and they brought up the ark of the Lord, and the tabernacle of the covenant, and all the vessels of the sanctuary that were in the tabernacle, even those did the Priests and the Levites bring up. And King Solomon, and all the congregation of Israel, that were assembled unto him, were with him before the ark, sacrificing sheep and oxen, that could not be told nor numbered for multitude.
+
 
+
And the Priests brought in the ark of the covenant of the LORD unto his place, into the oracle of the house, to the Most Holy Place, even under the wings of the Cherubim.^ For the Cherubim spread forth their two wings over the place of the ark, and covered the ark, and the staves thereof, above.
+
 
+
the glory of the Lord had filled the house of the Lord. Then spake Solomon : The Lord said that He would dwell in the cloud. ^ '''Third Responsory.'''
+
 
+
Hearken, O Lord, unto the cry, &c., {p. 225.) ====VESPERS.====
+
 
+
A7itiphoji at the Song of the Blessed Virgin. O Lord, Thou hast hearkened unto the prayer of Thy servant, ^ that I might build a temple unto Thy Name.
+
 
+
Prayerfrom Lauds of the succeeding Sunday.
+
 
+
 
+
 
+
 
+
 
+
 
+
 
+
 
+
 
+
®tg|}tl} Suntias after Pentecost.
+
 
+
 
+
The Eighth Lord^s Day after Pentecost.
+
 
+
====MATTINS.====
+
 
+
=====FIRST NOCTURN.=====
+
 
+
'''First Lesson.'''
+
 
+
The Lesson is taken from the Third Book of Kings (ix. i.) A ND it came to pass, when Solo- '^^ mon had finished the building of the house of the LORD, and the King's house, and all his desire which he was pleased to do, that the Lord appeared to him the second time, as He had appeared to him at Gibeon.
+
 
+
And the Lord said unto him : I have heard thy prayer, and thy supplication 1 Two colossal images of these creatures made of olive-wood plated with gold, which stood in the Holy of Holies, with their wings arranged so as to overshadow the ark of the covenant.
+
 
+
2 The reader will do well to read the rest of ch. viii., which contains Solomon's dedicatory prayer.
+
 
+
EIGHTH WEEK AFTER PENTECOST. 305 that thou hast made before Me : I have hallowed this house which thou hast built, to put My Name there for ever ; and Mine eyes and Mine heart shall be there perpetually. And if thou wilt walk before Me, as David thy father walked, in straightforwardness of heart and in uprightness, to do according to all that I have commanded thee, and wilt keep My statutes and My judgments, then I will establish the throne of thy kingdom upon Israel for ever, as I promised to David thy father, saying : There shall not fail thee a man upon the throne of Israel.
+
 
+
First Resp07isory .
+
 
+
Prepare your hearts, &c,, {p. 221.) '''Seventh Lesson.'''
+
 
+
TDUT if ye shall at all turn from following Me, ye or your children, and will not keep My commandments, and My statutes, which I have set before you, but go and serve other gods, and worship them, then will I cut off Israel out of the land which I have given them ; and this house, which I have hallowed for My Name, will I cast out of My sight ; and Israel shall be a proverb and a byword among all people. And this house shall be a warning, and every one that passeth by it shall be astonished, and shall hiss, and shall say : Why hath the Lord done thus unto this land, and to this house ? And they shall answer : Because they forsook the Lord their God, Who brought forth their fathers out of the land of Egypt, and have taken hold upon other gods, and have worshipped them, and served them : therefore hath the LORD brought upon them all this evil.
+
 
+
'''Second Responsory.'''
+
 
+
God, Which heareth all, &c., (/.
+
 
+
222.
+
 
+
) '''Third Lesson.'''
+
 
+
A ND it came to pass at the end of "^^ twenty years, when Solomon had built the two houses, the house of the Lord, and the King's house, (now Hiram, the King of Tyre, had furnished Solomon with cedar-trees, and fir-trees, and with gold, according to all his desire,) that then King Solomon gave Hiram twenty cities in the land of Galilee. And Hiram came out from Tyre to see the cities which Solomon had given him ; and they pleased him not ; and he said : What cities are these, which thou hast given me, my brother ? And he called them the land of " Cabul " ^ unto this day. And Hiram sent to King Solomon six-score talents of gold.
+
 
+
'''Third Responsory.'''
+
 
+
The Lord That delivered me, &c., {^p. 222.) =====SECOND NOCTURN.=====
+
 
+
'''Fourth Lesson.'''
+
 
+
The Lesson is taken from the Book upon "The City of God" written by St Austin, Bishop [of Hippo.] {Bk. xvii. ch. 8.) T^HINGS which were then still to come were in a certain manner imagined in Solomon, who built the temple, who had that peace which his name implieth (for the name Solomon signifieth " the Peaceful One ") and who, at the beginning of his reign, was marvellously praiseworthy. By these things he foreshadowed in his own person, though he set not forth ' I.e., unpleasant.
+
 
+
3o6 THE PROPER OFFICE OF THE SEASON.
+
 
+
with his mouth, our Lord Christ.
+
 
+
Thus are some things written of Solomon which are, as it were, things written concerning Christ, the Holy Scripture in this way, by giving the history of things past, prophesying all the while of things to come.
+
 
+
'''Fourth Responsory.'''
+
 
+
Saul hath slain, &c., {p. 223.) '''Fifth Lesson.'''
+
 
+
TIj^OR besides the books of the Divine history wherein his reign is recorded, the 71st Psalm is superscribed with his name. In this Psalm are many things which cannot suit him, but are most clearly applicable to the Lord Christ, thus showing that Solomon was, as it were, a shadowy figure cast before, of that which was afterwards revealed in very truth in the Person of Christ.
+
 
+
'''Fifth Responsory.'''
+
 
+
Ye mountains of Gilboa, &c., (/.
+
 
+
223.) '''Sixth Lesson.'''
+
 
+
VXTITHGUT going into the rest, I may say that it is known what were the limits of Solomon's dominions, and yet in that Psalm we read : "He shall have dominion also from sea to sea, and from the river unto the ends of the earth." This we see fulfilled in Christ. It was from the river, that is, from His Baptism by John in Jordan, that He began His assumption of dominion, for then it was when John bare testimony unto Him that His disciples began to acknowledge Him, calling Him, not Master only, but Lord.
+
 
+
'''Sixth Responsory.'''
+
 
+
Thus saith the Lord, &c., (/. 223.) =====THIRD NOCTURN.=====
+
 
+
Seventh Respo7isory.
+
 
+
My sins are many, &c., {p. 224.) '''Eighth Responsory.'''
+
 
+
One seraph cried, &c., {p. 218.) Second Day.
+
 
+
====MATTINS.====
+
 
+
'''First Lesson.'''
+
 
+
The Lesson is taken from the Third Book of Kings (x. i.) A ND when the Queen of Sheba^ ^^^ heard of the fame of Solomon concerning the name of the LORD, she came to prove him with hard questions. And she came to Jerusalem with a very great train and riches, with camels that bare spices, and very much gold, and precious stones. And when she was come to King Solomon, she communed with him of all that was in her heart.
+
 
+
And Solomon told her all her questions ; there was not anything hid from the King, which he told her not.
+
 
+
'''First Responsory.'''
+
 
+
Remember, O Lord, Thy covenant, &c., {p. 268.) '''Second Lesson.'''
+
 
+
AND when the Queen of Sheba had '^^ seen all Solomon's wisdom, and the house that he had built, and the 1 She seems to have been an Abyssinian, EIGHTH WEEK AFTER PENTECOST. 307 meat of his table, and the sitting of his servants, and the attendance of his ministers, and their apparel, and his cup-bearers, and the sacrifices which he offered in the house of the Lord, there was no more spirit in her. And she said to the King : It was a true report that I heard in mine own land, of thy discourse and of thy wisdom ; howbeit, I believed not the words, until I came, and mine eyes had seen it, and I perceived that the half was not told me ; thy wisdom and thy works exceed the fame which I heard.
+
 
+
Second Respo?tsory.
+
 
+
O Lord, Thou hast hearkened, &c., (/. 224.) '''Third Lesson.'''
+
 
+
TTAPPY are thy men, happy are these thy servants, which stand continually before thee, and that hear thy wisdom. Blessed be the Lord thy God, which delighted in thee, to set thee on the throne of Israel, because the Lord loveth Israel for ever, therefore made He thee king, to do judgment and justice. And she gave the King an hundred and twenty talents of gold, and of spices very great store, and precious stones ; there came no more such abundance of spices as these which the Queen of Sheba gave to King Solomon.
+
 
+
And the navy also of Hiram, that brought gold from Ophir, brought in from Ophir great plenty of sandalwood,^ and precious stones.
+
 
+
'''Third Responsory.'''
+
 
+
Hearken, O Lord, &c., {p. 225.) Third Day.
+
 
+
====MATTINS.====
+
 
+
'''First Lesson.'''
+
 
+
The Lesson is taken from the Third Book of Kings (xi. i.) T)UT King Solomon loved many strange women, together with the daughter of Pharaoh, 2 women of the Moabites, Ammonites, Edomites, Sidonians, and Hittites—of the nations concerning which the LORD said unto the children of Israel : Ye shall not go in to them, neither shall they come in unto you ; for surely they will turn away your hearts to follow after their gods.^ Solomon clave unto these in love. And he had seven hundred wives, as queens, and three hundred concubines ; and his wives turned away his heart. For it came to pass, when Solomon was old, that his wives turned away his heart, to follow after other gods ; and his heart was not perfect with the LORD his God, as was the heart of David his father.
+
 
+
'''First Responsory.'''
+
 
+
Lord, when Thy people, &c,, (/.
+
 
+
269.) '''Second Lesson.'''
+
 
+
"C^OR Solomon went after Ashtoreth, the goddess of the Sidonians, and after Moloch, the idol of the Ammonites. And Solomon did evil in the sight of the LORD, and went not fully after the LORD, as did David his father. Then did Solomon build an high place for Chemosh, the idol of Moab, in the hill that is before Jerusalem, and for Moloch, the idol of the children of Ammon. And likewise did he for all his strange wives, which 1 So Gesenius, but the meaning is very uncertain, and many Rabbis consider that coral is meant. LXX. ''dressed timber." 2 She was his first wife. 3 (i) Kings iii. i. ^ Ex. xxxiv. 16. Deut. vii. 3, 4.
+
 
+
3o8 THE PROPER OFFICE OF THE SEASON.
+
 
+
burnt incense, and sacrificed unto their gods.
+
 
+
'''Second Responsory.'''
+
 
+
And it came to pass, &c., {p. 270.) '''Third Lesson.'''
+
 
+
A ND the Lord was angry with '^^ Solomon, because his heart was turned from the LORD God of Israel, Which had appeared unto him twice, and had commanded him concerning this thing, that he should not go after other gods ; but he kept not that which the Lord commanded him. [Wherefore the Lord said] unto Solomon : Forasmuch as this is done of thee, and thou hast not kept My covenant and My statutes, which I have commanded thee, I will surely rend the kingdom from thee, and will give it to thy servant.
+
 
+
Notwithstanding, in thy days I will not do it, for David thy father's sake.
+
 
+
'''Third Responsory.'''
+
 
+
Thus saith the Lord, &c., (/. 223.) Fourth Day.
+
 
+
====MATTINS.====
+
 
+
'''First Lesson.'''
+
 
+
The Lesson is taken from the Third Book of Kings (xi. 26.) A ND Jeroboam the son of Nebat, '^^ an Ephrathite of Zereda, Solomon's servant, whose mother's name was Zeruah, a widow woman, even he lifted up his hand against the King.
+
 
+
And this is the cause that he rebelled against him. Solomon built Millo, and repaired the breaches of the city of David his father. And Jeroboam was a mighty man and powerful. And Solomon, seeing the young man, that he was of a good disposition and industrious, he set him over the tribute of all the house of Joseph.
+
 
+
First Respo?isory.
+
 
+
My sins are many, &c., {p. 224.) '''Second Lesson.'''
+
 
+
A ND it came to pass at that time, '^^ when Jeroboam went out of Jerusalem, that the Prophet Ahijah the Shilonite found him in the way ; and he had clad himself in a new garment ; and they two were alone in the field.
+
 
+
And Ahijah caught the new garment that was on him, and rent it in twelve pieces, and said unto Jeroboam : Take thee ten pieces. For thus saith the Lord, the God of Israel—Behold, I will rend the kingdom out of the hand of Solomon, and will give ten tribes to thee.
+
 
+
'''Second Responsory.'''
+
 
+
O Lord, Thou hast hearkened, &c., (/. 224.) '''Third Lesson.''' (40.) C OLOMON sought therefore to kill Jeroboam ; but he arose and fled into Egypt, unto Shishak, King of Egypt ; and was in Egypt until the death of Solomon. And the rest of the words of Solomon, and all that he did, and his wisdom, behold, they are all of them written in the Book of the Acts of Solomon. And the time that Solomon reigned in Jerusalem over all Israel was forty years. And Solomon slept with his fathers, and was buried in the city of David his father. And Rehoboam his son reigned in his stead.
+
 
+
'''Third Responsory.'''
+
 
+
Hearken, O LORD, unto the cry, &c., {p. 225.) EIGHTH WEEK AFTER PENTECOST. 309 Fifth Day.
+
 
+
====MATTINS.====
+
 
+
'''First Lesson.'''
+
 
+
The Lesson is taken from the Third Book of Kings (xii. i.) A ND Rehoboam went to Shechem.
+
 
+
'^^ For all Israel were come to Shechem, to make him king. And it came to pass, when Jeroboam the son of Nebat, who was yet in Egypt, where he was fled from the presence of King- Solomon, had heard of his death, that he came back again out of Egypt ; for they had sent and told him. And Jeroboam and all the congregation of Israel came, and spake unto Rehoboam, saying : Thy father made our yoke grievous ; now therefore make thou the grievous service of thy father, and his heavy yoke which he put upon us, lighter, and we will serve thee. And he said unto them : Depart yet for three days, and then come again to me.
+
 
+
'''First Responsory.'''
+
 
+
Prepare your hearts, &c., {J>. 221.) '''Second Lesson.'''
+
 
+
AND the people departed ; and King '^^ Rehoboam consulted with the old men that stood before Solomon his father, while he yet lived ; and said : How do ye advise that I may answer this people ? And they spake unto him, saying : If thou wilt be a servant unto this people this day, and wilt serve them, and wilt yield to their petition, and wilt speak good words to them, then they will be thy servants for ever. But he forsook the counsel of the old men, which they had given him, and consulted with the young men that were grown up with him, and stood before him.
+
 
+
'''Second Responsory.'''
+
 
+
God Which heareth all, &c., {^p.
+
 
+
222.) '''Third Lesson.''' (13.) A ND the King answered the people roughly, and forsook the old men's counsel that they gave him, and spake to them after the counsel of the young men, saying : My father made your yoke heavy, and I will add to your yoke ; my father also chastised you with whips, but I will chastise you with scorpions. Wherefore the King hearkened not unto the people ; for the Lord had turned him aside, that He might perform His saying, which the Lord spake by Ahijah the Shilonite unto Jeroboam the son of Nebat.
+
 
+
So when the people saw that the King hearkened not unto them, they answered him, saying : What portion have we in David ? or what inheritance in the son of Jesse ? 1 '''Third Responsory.'''
+
 
+
The Lord That delivered me, &c., (^p. 222.) Sixth Day.
+
 
+
====MATTINS.====
+
 
+
'''First Lesson.'''
+
 
+
The Lesson is taken from the Third Book of Kings (xiv. 5.) A ND the Lord said unto Ahijah : '^^ Behold, the wife of Jeroboam Cometh to ask a thing of thee for her 1 After this all the tribes except Judah and Benjamin revolted, forming a new state called " Israel," as opposed to Judah ; and taking for their king Jeroboam the son of Nebat, who made them to sin by setting up schismatical places of worship at Dan and Bethel, in opposition to the Temple at Jerusalem.
+
 
+
VOL. III. L 3IO THE PROPER OFFICE OF THE SEASON.
+
 
+
son, for he is sick ; thus and thus shalt thou say unto her. When therefore she came in, she feigned herself to be another woman, but Ahijah heard the sound of her feet, as she came in at the door, and said : Come in, thou wife of Jeroboam—why feignest thou thyself to be another ? For I am sent to thee with heavy tidings.
+
 
+
'''First Responsory.'''
+
 
+
Saul hath slain, &c., (/. 223.) Second Lesso7i.
+
 
+
r^ O, tell Jeroboam : Thus saith the ^-^ Lord God of Israel : Forasmuch as I exalted thee from among the people, and made thee Prince over My people Israel, and rent the kingdom away from the house of David, and gave it to thee ; and yet thou hast not been as My servant David, who kept My commandments, and who followed Me with all his heart, to do that only which was right in Mine eyes—but hast done evil above all that were before thee,—for thou hast gone and made thee other gods, and molten images, 1 to provoke Me to anger, and hast cast Me behind thy back — '''Second Responsory.'''
+
 
+
Ye mountains of Gilboa, 223.) &c., {p.
+
  
 
'''Third Lesson.'''
 
'''Third Lesson.'''
  
"T^HEREFORE, behold, I will bring evil upon the house of Jeroboam, and will cut off from Jeroboam him that pisseth against the wall, and him that is shut up, and left, in Israel—and will take away the remnant of the house of Jeroboam, as a man wipeth away dung till it be all gone.^ Him that dieth of Jeroboam in the city shall the dogs eat ; and him that dieth in the field shall the fowls of the air eat ; for the Lord hath spoken it. Arise thou, therefore, get thee to thine own house, and when thy feet enter into the city, the child shall die.
+
<span class="dropcap">A</span>ND Shaphan read it before the King. And when the King had heard the words of the book of the Law of the Lord, he rent his clothes.
  
'''Third Responsory.'''
+
And the King commanded Hilkiah the Priest, and Ahikam, the son of Micha, and Shaphan the Scribe, and Asahiah, a servant of the King's, saying : Go ye, enquire of the LORD for me, and for the people, and for all Judah, concerning the words of this book that is found : for great is the wrath of the LORD, that is kindled against us, because our fathers have not hearkened unto the words of this book, to do according to all that which is written concerning" us.
 
+
Thus saith the Lord, &c., {p. 223.) The Sabbath.
+
 
+
====MATTINS.====
+
 
+
'''First Lesson.'''
+
 
+
The Lesson is taken from the Third Book of Kings (xviii. 21.^) AND Elijah came unto all the people, and said : How long halt ye between two opinions ? If the Lord be God, follow Him—but if Baal, then follow him. And the 1 These were the figures of calves which Jeroboam had set up in his two sanctuaries, and before which himself, and other persons devoid of real Priest's orders, took upon themselves to officiate. The calves may, like the well-known idol at Horeb, have been meant to represent the Supreme Being, but were absolutely in defiance of His law (Deut. iv. 15-18.) The horror of Jeroboam's offence, even as compared to Solomon's, perhaps was that Solomon had set up his idol temples for his wives, but Jeroboam had deliberately substituted, for his own use, and that of his subjects, another form of worship for that which God had commanded.
+
 
+
^ Sicut mundari solet fimus usque ad purum. " Mingens ad parietem " intelligendus est, .secundum Gesenii sententiam, " puer masculus contemptibilis," secundum alios, "canis." 3 If the reader now desires to follow the Church Lessons intelligently he must read the history as given in the Bible for himself. To give sense, however, to the Lessons of this Saturday, it is enough to remember that Ahab, King of Israel, "did evil in the sight of the Lord above all that were before him." "As if it had been a light thing for him to walk in the sins of Jeroboam the son of Nebat, he took to wife Jezebel the daughter of Ethbaal, King of the Sidonians, and went and served Baal, and worshipped him." (See Note, p. 252.) "And he reared up an Altar for Baal in the house of Baal which he had built in Samaria. And Ahiab made a grove" (this probably means an image of Ashtoreth), "and Ahab did more to provoke NINTH* WEEK AFTER PENTECOST. 311 people answered him not a word.
+
 
+
Then said Elijah unto the people : I, even I only, remain a Prophet of the Lord—but Baal's Prophets are four hundred and fifty men.
+
 
+
'''First Responsory.'''
+
 
+
My sins are many, &c., {p. 224.) '''Second Lesson.'''
+
 
+
T ET them therefore give us two bullocks, and let them choose one bullock for themselves, and cut it in pieces, and lay it on wood, and put no fire under : and I will dress the other bullock, and lay it on wood, and put no fire under. Call ye on the name of your gods, and I will call on the name of the Lord. And the God that answereth by fire, let him be God.
+
 
+
And all the people answered and said : It is well spoken.
+
 
+
Second Responsory, O Lord, Thou hast hearkened, &c., {p. 224.) '''Third Lesson.'''
+
 
+
A ND Elijah said unto the prophets '^^ of Baal : Choose you one bullock for yourselves, and dress it first, for ye are many ; and call on the name of your gods —but put no fire under.
+
 
+
And they took the bullock which was given them, and they dressed it ; and called on the name of Baal from morning even until noon, saying : O Baal, hear us ! But there was no voice nor any that answered ; and they leapt about the altar which they had made.
+
 
+
And it came to pass at noon that Elijah mocked them, and said : Cry aloud. 1 Third Responsory, Hearken, O Lord, &c., {p. 225.) ====VESPERS.====
+
 
+
Virgi7i A7itipho7i at the So?ig of the Blessed When the LORD took up Elijah * by a whirlwind into heaven, Elisha cried : My father ! the chariot of Israel and the horsemen thereof! Prayerfrom the succeeding Lauds.
+
 
+
 
+
 
+
 
+
 
+
 
+
 
+
 
+
i&tntlj Suntiag after Pentecost.
+
 
+
The Ninth Lord^s Day after Pe?itecost.
+
 
+
====MATTINS.====
+
 
+
=====FIRST NOCTURN.=====
+
 
+
First Lesso7i.
+
 
+
Here beginneth the Fourth Book of Kings (i. I.) '"PHEN Moab rebelled against Israel after the death of Ahab. And Ahaziah ^ fell down through a lattice in his upper chamber that he had in the Lord God of Israel to anger than all the kings of Israel that were before him." The Divine anger at these idolatries, and an accompanying brutal persecution of the Monotheists, manifested itself in a drought for three years, at the end of which the Prophet Elijah brought about a great national gathering of the Israelites on Mount Carmel, at which were present himself, Ahab, and the idolatrous priests, 450 of Baal's, and 400 of "the grove's." At this point the narrative proceeds as in the text.
+
 
+
1 This sort of thing went on "until the time of the offering of the evening sacrifice." Elijah then prepared his bullock, and called on the name of the Eternal. "Then the fire of the Lord fell, and consumed the burnt sacrifice, . . . and when all the people saw it, they fell on their faces, and they said : The Lord He is God ! The Lord He is God ! And Elijah said unto them : Take the prophets of Baal ; let not one of them escape. And they took them ; and Elijah brought them down to the brook Kishon, and slew them there." 2 Ahab's son and successor.
+
 
+
312 THE PROPER OFFICE OF THE SEASON.
+
 
+
Samaria, and Avas sick. And he sent messengers and said unto them : Go, inquire of Baal-zebub,i the god of Ekron, whether I shall recover of this disease. But the Angel of the LORD said to Elijah the Tishbite : ^ Arise, go up to meet the messengers of the King of Samaria, and say unto them : Is it not because there is not a God in Israel that ye go to inquire of Baalzebub, the god of Ekron ? Now, therefore, thus saith the Lord : Thou shalt not come down from that bed on which thou art gone up, but shalt surely die.
+
 
+
First Respoiisory.
+
 
+
Prepare your hearts, &c., {p. 221.) '''Second Lesson.'''
+
 
+
AND Elijah departed. And the messengers turned back unto Ahaziah. And he said unto them : Why are ye now turned back ? And they said unto him : There came a man up to meet us, and said unto us : Go, turn again unto the King that sent you : and say unto him : Thus saith the LORD—Is it not because there is not a God in Israel, that thou sendest to inquire of Baal-zebub, the god of Ekron ? Therefore thou shalt not come down from that bed on which thou art gone up, but shalt surely die.
+
 
+
'''Second Responsory.'''
+
 
+
God, Which heareth all, &c.
+
 
+
222.) '''Third Lesson.'''
+
 
+
(/• A N.D he said unto them : What ap- '^^ pearance and raiment had the man which came up to meet you, and told you these words ? And they answered him : He was an hairy man, and girt with a girdle of leather about his loins. And he said : It is Elijah the Tishbite. Then he sent unto him a captain of fifty with his fifty. And he went up to him, where he sat on the top of an hill. And he said unto him : Thou man of God, the king hath said—Come down. And Elijah answered, and said to the captain of fifty : If I be a man of God, then let fire come down from heaven, and consume thee and thy fifty. And there came down fire from heaven, and consumed him and the fifty that were with him.^ Third Respoitsory.
+
 
+
The Lord That delivered me, &c., (/. 222.) =====SECOND NOCTURN.=====
+
 
+
'''Fourth Lesson.'''
+
 
+
The Lesson is taken from the sermons of St Austin, Bishop [of Hippo].
+
 
+
( 2 o I J"/ for the Seaso?i. ) T^ EARLY beloved brethren, in the Lessons which are now being read to us day by day, I have often warned you that we must not follow the deathful letter, to the abandonment of the quickening spirit. For it is thus that the Apostle saith:—"The letter killeth, but the spirit giveth life." (2 Cor. iii. 6.) If we will understand only the plain meaning of the letter, we shall get little or no edification from our readings in the Divine Scriptures.
+
 
+
All those things whereof we hear were types and images of things 1 That is "the Lord of flies" or "Baal of the flies." In Matth. xii. 24 he is called "the Prince of the devils." 2 That is, of Tishbah, a town of Priests in the tribe of Gad.
+
 
+
3 This happened once again, but God allowed Elijah to go with a third company to Ahaziah to whom he repeated his message. "So he died, according to the word of the LoRD," and was succeeded by his brother Jehoram.
+
 
+
NINTH WEEK AFTER PENTECOST. 313 to come ; and those things which were foreshadowed in the history of the Jews are, by the gift of God, fulfilled in us.
+
 
+
grace ? [Because she can go on, and say :—] " Sprinkle me with hyssop, and I shall be clean ; wash me, and I shall be whiter than snow," (v. 9.) Fourth Respo7isory.
+
 
+
Saul hath slain, &c., (/. 223.) '''Sixth Responsory.'''
+
 
+
Thus saith the Lord, &c., {p. 223.) '''Fifth Lesson.'''
+
 
+
'T^HE Blessed Elias was a type of the Lord our Saviour. Just as Elias was rejected by the Jews, so was the true Elias, even our Lord, rejected and despised by the same Jews. Elias went away out of his own country, and Christ hath left the synagogue—Elias went into the desert, and Christ hath come into the world.
+
 
+
Elias, when he was in the desert, was fed by ravens, 1 and Christ in the desert of this world is comforted by the faith of the Gentiles.
+
 
+
'''Fifth Responsory.'''
+
 
+
Ye mountains of Gilboa, &c., (A 223.) Sixth Less071.
+
 
+
T7OR the ravens which, at the command of the Lord, ministered unto Elias, were a type of the flock of Gentiles. Wherefore also it is said for the Gentile Church :—" I am black, but comely—O daughters of Jerusalem ! " (Cant. i. 4.) Why is the Church black but comely ? She is black by nature, but comely by grace.
+
 
+
Why is she black by nature ? [Because she must needs own :—] " Behold, I was shapen in iniquity, and in sin did my mother conceive me." (Ps. 1. 7.) Why is she comely by =====THIRD NOCTURN.=====
+
 
+
'''Seventh Responsory.'''
+
 
+
My sins are many, &c., i^p. 224.) Eighth Responsory .
+
 
+
One seraph cried, &c., {p. 218.) Second Day.
+
 
+
====MATTINS.====
+
 
+
'''First Lesson.'''
+
 
+
The Lesson is taken from the Fourth Book of Kings (ii. 5.) A ND the sons of the Prophets that ^^ were at Jericho came to Elisha,^ and said unto him : Knowest thou that the Lord will take away thy master from thee to-day ? And he answered : Yea, I know it—hold ye your peace. And Elijah said unto him : Tarry here ; for the Lord hath sent me to Jordan, And he said : As the Lord liveth, and as thy soul liveth, I will not leave thee. And they two went on ; and fifty men of the sons of the Prophets went, and stood to view afar off; and they two stood by Jordan.
+
 
+
1 At the beginning of the drought " the word of the Lord came unto him, (Elijah) saymg : Get thee hence, and turn thee eastward, and hide thyself by the brook Cherith I have commanded the ravens to feed thee there. So he went and the ravens brought him bread and flesh in the morning, and bread and flesh in the evening." (3 Kings xvii. 2-6.) - Elijah's servant and disciple.
+
 
+
314 THE PROPER OFFICE OF TPIE SEASON.
+
 
+
'''First Responsory.'''
+
 
+
Remember, O Lord, Thy covenant, &c., {p. 268.) Second Lessoit.
+
 
+
AND Elijah took his mantle, and '^^ wrapped it together, and smote the waters, and they were divided hither and thither, so that they two went over on dry ground. And when they were gone over, Elijah said unto Elisha : Ask what I shall do for thee, before I be taken away from thee.
+
 
+
And Elisha said : I pray that a double portion of thy spirit be upon me.
+
 
+
And he said : Thou hast asked an hard thing ; nevertheless, if thou see me when I am taken from thee, it shall be so unto thee, as thou hast asked—but if thou see not, it shall not be so.
+
 
+
'''Second Responsory.'''
+
 
+
O Lord, Thou hast hearkened, &c., {p. 224.) '''Third Lesson.'''
+
 
+
A ND as they still went on and '^^ talked, behold, a chariot of fire, and horses of fire, parted them twain asunder, and Elijah went up by a whirlwind into heaven. And Elisha saw it ; and he cried : My father I the chariot of Israel and the horses thereof! And he saw him no more.
+
 
+
And he took hold of his own clothes, and rent them in two pieces. And he took up the mantle of Elijah, that fell from him ; and went back, and stood by the bank of Jordan.
+
 
+
Third Responsory .
+
 
+
Hearken, O Lord, &c., (/. 225.) Third Day.
+
 
+
====MATTINS.====
+
 
+
'''First Lesson.'''
+
 
+
The Lesson is taken from the Fourth Book of Kings (iii. 6.) A ND King Jehoram 1 went out of '^^ Samaria at that time, and numbered all Israel. And he sent to Jehoshaphat the King of Judah, saying : The King of Moab hath rebelled against me ; come thou with me against him to battle. And he said : I will go up ; he that is mine is thine —my people are thy people, and my horses thy horses. And he said : Which way shall we go up ? And he answered : The way through the wilderness of Edom. So the King of Israel went, and the King of Judah, and the King of Edom ; and they fetched a compass of seven days^ journey. And there was no water for the host, and for the cattle that followed them.
+
 
+
'''First Responsory.'''
+
 
+
Lord, when Thy people, &c., {j).
+
 
+
269.) '''Second Lesson.'''
+
 
+
A ND the King of Israel said : Alas ! '^^ that the Lord hath called us three kings together, to deliver us into the hand of Moab ! But Jehoshaphat said : Is there not here a Prophet of the Lord, that we may betake us unto the LORD by him ? And one of the King of Israel's servants answered and said : Here is Elisha, the son of Shaphat ; which poured water on the hands of Elijah. And Jehoshaphat said : The Word of the Lord is with him. So the King of Israel, and Jehoshaphat King of Judah, and the I Ahab's son, and Ahaziah's brother and successor.
+
 
+
NINTH WEEK AFTER PENTECOST. 315 King of Edom, went down to him.
+
 
+
And Elisha said unto the King of Israel : What have I to do with thee ? Get thee to the prophets of thy father and to the prophets of thy mother.
+
 
+
'''Second Responsory.'''
+
 
+
And it came to pass, &c., {p, 270.) '''Third Lesson.'''
+
 
+
A ND the King of Israel said unto "^^ him : [Nay ; but] wherefore hath the Lord called these three kings together, to deliver them into the hand of Moab ? And Elisha said unto him : As the Lord of hosts liveth, before Whom I stand, surely were it not that I regard the presence of Jehoshaphat, the King of Judah, I would not look toward thee, nor see thee. But now bring me a minstrel. And it came to pass, when the minstrel played, that the hand of the Lord came upon him, and he said : Thus saith the LORD — Make this valley full of ditches. For thus saith the Lord —Ye shall not see wind, neither shall ye see rain ; yet that valley shall be filled with water ; and ye shall drink, both ye, and your people, and your cattle.
+
 
+
And this is but a light thing in the sight of the Lord ; moreover, He will deliver Moab also into your hand.
+
  
 
'''Third Responsory.'''
 
'''Third Responsory.'''
  
Thus saith the Lord, &c., (/. 223.) Fourth Day.
+
Hearken, O Lord, &c., ''(p. 225.)''
  
====MATTINS.====
+
== Tuesday. ==
  
'''First Lesson.'''
+
=== Third Day. ===
 
+
The Lesson is taken from the Fourth Book of Kings (iv. i.) IVr OW there cried a certain woman of the wives of the Prophets unto Elisha, saying : Thy servant my husband is dead ; and thou knowest that thy servant did fear the LORD— - and, behold, the creditor is come to take unto him my two sons to be bondmen. And Elisha said unto her : What shall I do for thee ? Tell me ; what hast thou in thine house ? And she said : Thine handmaid hath not anything in the house, save a little oil, to anoint withal. And he said : Go ; borrow thee vessels abroad of all thy neighbours, even empty vessels, and that not a few. And when thou art come in thou shalt shut the door upon thee and upon thy sons, and shalt pour out into all those vessels ; and thou shalt set aside that which is full.
+
 
+
First Resp07isory.
+
 
+
My sins are many, &c., {p, 224.) '''Second Lesson.'''
+
 
+
CO the woman went, and shut the door upon her and upon her sons ; who brought the vessels to her, and she poured out. And it came to pass, when the vessels were full, that she said unto her son : Bring me yet a vessel. And he said unto her : I have no more. And the oil stayed.
+
 
+
Then she came and told the man of God. And he said : Go, sell the oil, and pay thy creditor ; and live thou and thy children of the rest.
+
 
+
And it fell on a day, that Elisha passed by Shunem. And there was a great woman there ; and she constrained him to eat bread. And, as he oftentimes passed by there, he turned in thither to eat bread. And she said unto her husband ; [Behold now,] I perceive that this is an holy man of God, which passeth by us continually. Let us make for him a 3i6 THE PROPER OFFICE OF THE SEASON.
+
 
+
little chamber, and let us set for him there a bed, and a table, and a stool, and a candlestick ; and when he cometh to us, he shall turn in thither.
+
 
+
'''Second Responsory.'''
+
 
+
O Lord, Thou hast hearkened, &c., (A 224.) '''Third Lesson.'''
+
 
+
A ND it fell on a day that he came thither, and he turned into the chamber, and lay there. And he said to Gehazi his servant : Call this Shunammite.
+
 
+
And when he had called her, she stood before him. And he said unto his servant : Say unto her — Behold, thou hast been careful for us with all this care ; what wouldest thou that I should do for thee ? Hast thou any matter, wherein thou wouldest that I should speak for thee to the king, or to the captain of the host ? And she answered : I dwell among mine own people. And he said : What will she, then, that I should do for her ? And Gehazi said : Ask her not ; verily, she hath no child, and her husband is old. And he commanded to call her. And when he had called her, she stood in the door ; and he said unto her : At this time, and in this same hour, thou shalt embrace a son if thou be alive. And she said : Nay, my lord, I pray thee—nay, thou man of God ! do not lie unto thine handmaid.
+
 
+
And the woman conceived, and bare a son at that season that Elisha had said unto her, and in that same hour.
+
 
+
'''Third Responsory.'''
+
 
+
Hearken, O Lord, &c., {p. 225.) 1 A measure of about two pints. It is not quite certain that a sort of vegetable pottage is not meant by the name in the text.
+
 
+
Fifth Day.
+
  
 
====MATTINS.====
 
====MATTINS.====
Line 3,627: Line 117:
 
'''First Lesson.'''
 
'''First Lesson.'''
  
The Lesson is taken from the Fourth Book of Kings (vi. 24.) T)EN-HADAD, King of Syria, gathered all his host, and went up and besieged Samaria. And there was a great famine in Samaria ; and it was besieged until an ass's head was sold for fourscore pieces of silver, and the fourth part of a kab ^ of dove's dung for five pieces of silver. And as the King of Israel was passing by upon the wall, there cried a woman unto him, saying : Help 1 my lord — O King ! And he said : The Lord helpeth thee not—whence can I help thee ? out of the barn-floor ? or out of the wine-press ? '''First Responsory.'''
+
The Lesson is taken from the Fourth Book of Kings (xxiii. 2.)  
  
Prepare your hearts, &c., [p. 221.) '''Second Lesson.'''
+
<span class="dropcap">A</span>ND the King went up into the house of the Lord, and all the men of Judah, and all the inhabitants of Jerusalem with him, and the Priests and the Prophets, and all the people, both small and great ; and he read in their ears all the words of the book of the covenant, which was found in the house of the Lord. And the King stood on the platform, <ref>Apparently the structure for the King's use mentioned in 2 Par. (Chron.) vi. 13.</ref> and made a covenant before the Lord, to walk after the Lord, and to keep His commandments, and His testimonies, and His statutes, with all their heart, and with all their soul, to perform the words of this covenant, that were written in this book. And all the people stood to the covenant.
 
+
AND the King said unto her : What aileth thee ? And she answered : This woman said unto me, Give thy son, that we may eat him to-day, and we will eat my son to-morrow. So we boiled my son, and did eat him. And I said unto her on the next day. Give thy son, that we may eat him—and she hath hid her son. And when the King heard it, he rent his clothes, and passed by upon the wall. And all the people saw that he was clad with sackcloth within upon his flesh. Then the King said : God do so, and more also, to me, if the head of Elisha the son of Shaphat shall stand on him NINTH WEEK AFTER PENTECOST. 317 this day. But Elisha sat in his house ; and the elders sat with him.
+
 
+
'''Second Responsory.'''
+
 
+
God, Which heareth, &c., {p, 222.) '''Third Lesson.'''
+
 
+
lyj OW [the King] sent a man before him, but ere the messenger came to him, [Elisha] said to the elders : Know ye how that this son of a murderer hath sent to take away mine head ? Look, therefore, when the messenger cometh ; shut the door, and prevent him from entering ; for, behold, the sound of his master's feet is behind him. And while he yet talked with them, behold, the messenger appeared that came down unto him ; and he said : Behold, this great evil is of the Lord—why should I wait on the LORD any longer ? (vii.
+
 
+
) Then Elisha said : Hear ye the word of the Lord ; Thus saith the Lord— To-morrow, about this time, shall a measure of fine flour be sold for a shekel, and two measures of barley for a shekel, in the gate of Samaria.
+
 
+
'''Third Responsory.'''
+
 
+
The Lord That delivered me, &c., {p. 222.) Sixth Day.
+
 
+
====MATTINS.====
+
 
+
'''First Lesson.'''
+
 
+
The Lesson is taken from the Fourth Book of Kings (viii. i.) 'T^HEN spake Elisha unto the woman whose son he had restored to life,i saying : Arise, and go, thou and Syria, was sick ; and they told him, 1 The same as mentioned in the Second and Third Lessons on Wednesday. The whole history is in ch. iv. 17-37.
+
 
+
VOL. in. L 2 thine household, and sojourn wheresoever thou canst sojourn ; for the LORD hath called for a famine, and it shall come upon the land seven years. And the woman arose, and did after the saying of the man of God. And she went, with her household, and sojourned in the land of the Philistines seven years. And at the seven years' end, the woman returned out of the land of the Philistines ; and she went forth to cry unto the King for her house, and for her land.
+
  
 
'''First Responsory.'''
 
'''First Responsory.'''
  
Saul hath slain, &c., {p. 223.) '''Second Lesson.'''
+
Lord, when Thy people, &c., ''(p. 269.)''
 
+
   
AND the King talked with Gehazi, '*" the servant of the man of God, saying : Tell me all the great things that Elisha hath done. And as he was telling the King how he had restored a dead body to life, behold the woman, whose son he had restored to life, cried to the King for her house and for her land. And Gehazi said : My lord, O King ! this is the woman, and this is her son, whom Elisha restored to life. And when the King asked the woman, she told him. So the King appointed unto her an officer, saying : Restore all that was hers, and all the fruits of the field, since the day that she left the land, even until now.
+
 
+
'''Second Responsory.'''
+
 
+
Ye mountains of Gilboa, &c., {p.
+
 
+
223.) '''Third Lesson.'''
+
 
+
AND Elisha came to Damascus ; '^^ and Ben - hadad, the King of 318 THE PROPER OFFICE OF THE SEASON.
+
 
+
saying : The man of God is come hither. And the King said unto Hazael : Take a present in thine hand, and go, meet the man of God, and inquire of the LORD by him, saying— Shall I recover of this disease ? So Hazael went to meet him, and stood before him, and said : Thy son Ben-hadad, King of Syria, hath sent me to thee, saying : Shall I recover of this disease ? And Elisha said unto him : Go, say unto him : Thou shalt recover. Howbeit, the Lord hath showed me that he shall surely die,^ '''Third Responsory.'''
+
 
+
Thus saith the Lord, &c., (/. 223.) The Sabbath.
+
 
+
====MATTINS.====
+
 
+
First Lesso7t.
+
 
+
The Lesson is taken from the Fourth Book of Kings (ix, i.) AND Elisha the Prophet called one '^^ of the sons of the Prophets, and said unto him : Gird up thy loins, and take this vessel of oil in thine hand, and go to Ramoth-Gilead. And when thou comest thither, look out there Jehu, the son of Jehoshaphat, the son of Nimshi, and go in, and make him arise up from among his brethren, and carry him to an inner chamber. Then take the vessel of oil, and pour it on his head, and say : Thus saith the Lord— I have anointed thee king over Israel ! Then open the door, and flee, and tarry not. So the youngman, the servant of the Prophet, went to Ramoth-Gilead, and came thither.
+
 
+
And, behold, the captains of the host were sitting. And he said : I have an errand to thee, O captain ! And Jehu said : Unto which of all us ? And he said : To thee, O captain ! '''First Responsory.'''
+
 
+
My sins are many, &c., (/. 224.) '''Second Lesson.'''
+
 
+
A ND he arose, and went into the inner chamber : and he poured the oil on his head, and said unto him : Thus saith the Lord God of Israel— I have anointed thee king over the people of the Lord, even over Israel ; and thou shalt smite the house of Ahab thy master, that I may avenge the blood of My servants the Prophets, and the blood of all the servants of the Lord, at the hand of Jezebel.
+
 
+
And the whole house of Ahab will I destroy. And I will cut off from Ahab every man child, and him that is shut up, and him that is left at large, in Israel. And I will make the house of Ahab like the house of Jeroboam the son of Nebat, and like the house of Baasha the son of Ahijah.^ And the dogs shall eat Jezebel in the field of Jezreel, and there shall be none to bury her. And he opened the door, and fled.
+
 
+
Seco7id Respo7iso7y.
+
 
+
O Lord, Thou hast hearkened, &c., (A 224.) '''Third Lesson.'''
+
 
+
'T^HEN Jehu came forth to the servants of his lord, and they said unto him : Is all well ? wherefore came 1 That is, of something else—and, in fact, he did recover, but Hazael murdered him the next day.
+
 
+
2 This Baasha had conspired against Nadab the son of Jeroboam, and killed him, and exterminated the family of Jeroboam. But the like was done to his own son and successor, and to his whole family, by his own officer Zimri. See 3 (i) Kings xv. 25-30.
+
 
+
TENTH WEEK AFTER PENTECOST. 319 this mad fellow to thee ? And he said unto them : Ye know the man, and his communication.1 And they said : It is false ; tell us now. And he said : Thus and thus spake he to me, saying,— Thus saith the Lord : I have anointed thee king over Israel. Then they hasted, and took every man his garment, and put them under his feet, after the manner of a king's seat, and blew with trumpets, saying : Jehu is King Third Respoiisory.
+
 
+
Hearken, O Lord, &c., (/. 225.) ====VESPERS.====
+
 
+
Aiitiphon at the Soitg of the Blessed Virgm. Jehoash did that which was right in the sight of the Lord * all his days wherein Jehoiada the Priest instructed him.
+
 
+
Prayerfrom the succeeding Lauds.
+
 
+
 
+
 
+
 
+
 
+
Centf) Suntiag after Pentecost.
+
 
+
The Te?tth Lord^s Day after Pentecost.
+
 
+
====MATTINS.====
+
 
+
=====FIRST NOCTURN.=====
+
 
+
First Lesson, The Lesson is taken from the Fourth Book of Kings (ix. 29.) T N the eleventh year of Jehoram the son of Ahab began Ahaziah to reign over Judah, and Jehu came to Jezreel. And when Jezebel heard of his coming, she painted her eyes with antimony,^ and tired her head, and looked out at a window, as Jehu entered in at the gate, and said : Had Zimri peace, who slew his master ? ^ And Jehu lifted up his face to the window, and said : Who is this woman ? And two or three eunuchs made obeisance unto him. And he said unto them : Throw her down ! So they threw her down. And some of her blood was sprinkled on the wall, and the horses trampled her. And when he was come in to eat and drink, he said : Go, see now this cursed woman, and bury her, for she is a king's daughter.
+
 
+
'''First Responsory.'''
+
 
+
Prepare your hearts, &c., {p. 221.) '''Second Lesson.'''
+
 
+
A ND when they went to bury her, they found no more of her than the skull, and the feet, and the palms of her hands. And they came again, and told him. And Jehu said : This is the word of the Lord, which He spake by His servant Elijah the Tishbite, saying—In the field of Jezreel shall dogs eat the flesh of Jezebel ; and the carcase of Jezebel shall be as dung upon the face of the ground in the field of Jezreel, so that they that pass by shall say : Yea, and is this indeed that Jezebel ? * (x.) And Ahab had seventy sons in Samaria. And 1 He seems to have thought it was a practical joke planned by his comrades.
+
 
+
2 Lit. sea-weed.
+
 
+
3 Jehu had just met Jehoram outside the town and shot him in his chariot. The historical allusion is to the history of Zimri, an officer in the service of Elah, King of Israel, whom he murdered, and reigned instead of, for a week, at the end of which the city was taken by Omri, a candidate set up by the army. " And when Zimri saw that the city was taken, he went into the palace of the King's house, and burnt the King's Ijouse over him with fire, and died." See 3 Kings xvi. 8-20.
+
 
+
4 Ahab and Jezebel had procured by false witness the judicial murder of one Naboth, that they might confiscate his land, and make a garden of his vineyard. When they went down to see their new property, Elijah met them there, and denounced upon them the Divine anger, uttering the prophecy quoted in the text. See 3 (i) Kings xxi.
+
 
+
320 THE PROPER OFFICE OF THE SEASON.
+
 
+
=====SECOND NOCTURN.=====
+
 
+
'''Fourth Lesson.'''
+
 
+
Jehu wrote a letter, and sent it to Samaria, unto the rulers of the city, to the elders, and to them that brought up Ahab's children, saying : Now, as soon as this letter cometh to you, seeing your master's sons are with you, and there are with you chariots, and horses, and fenced cities, and arms, look even out the best of your master's sons, even him that best pleaseth you, and set him on his father's throne ; and fight for your master's house.
+
 
+
'''Second Responsory.'''
+
 
+
God, Which heareth, &c., {p. 222.) '''Third Lesson.'''
+
 
+
n^HEY were exceedingly afraid, and said : Behold, two kings ^ stood not before him ; how then shall we stand ? And they that were over the house, and they that were over the city, the elders also, and the bringersup of the children, sent to Jehu, saying : We are thy servants, and will do all that thou shalt bid us ; we will not make us any king ; do thou that which is good in thine eyes. Then he wrote a letter the second time to them, saying : If ye be mine, and will to obey me, take ye the heads of the men your master's sons, and come to me to Jezreel by to-morrow this time. Now, the King's sons, being seventy persons, were with the great men of the city, which brought them up. And when the letter came to them, they took the King's sons, and slew the seventy men, and put their heads in baskets, and sent him them to Jezreel.
+
 
+
'''Third Responsory.'''
+
 
+
The Lord That delivered me, &c., (^p. 222.) 1 Viz., Jehoram, King of Israel, and Ahaziah, King of Judah, who was with Jehoram when he was killed, and was himself mortally wounded.
+
 
+
The Lesson is taken from the Sermons of St John Chrysostom, Patriarch [of Constantinople.] {Horn. 25 o?t the Epistle to the Romans.) T ET us not dream that we are ourselves to be held less guilty, when we find that we have not been alone in sin. On the contrary, such fellowship addeth to our punishment.
+
 
+
The serpent was more heavily punished than Eve, and Eve than Adam, and Jezebel suffered more than Ahab, who took the vineyard of Naboth.
+
 
+
She it had been that planned the whole matter, and opened the way for her husband's crime. Even so thou also, who shalt have caused another's perdition, shalt suffer more grievously than shall they, whom thou hast ruined. Since, for a man to commit sin himself is less wicked than to lead others into sin.
+
 
+
'''Fourth Responsory.'''
+
 
+
Saul hath slain, &c., {p. 223.) '''Fifth Lesson.'''
+
 
+
T F, therefore, we should see others sinning, let us not only not help them, but let us do what in us lieth to draw them out of the bottomless pit of destruction, lest we should suffer as accomplices in their trespass.
+
 
+
Let our memory never forget that right awful judgment -seat, the river of fire, the chains that can never be unlocked, the darkness that cannot be pierced, the sound of teeth gnashing, the deadly worm. But thou sayest : God is good. Are then all these things but idle words ? Is there TENTH WEEK AFTER PENTECOST. 321 no punishment for the rich man which giveth no heed to Lazarus ? (Luke xvi. 20-26.) Doth the bridegroom open to the foolish virgins the door of the marriage - chamber ? (Matth.
+
 
+
XXV. 1-12.) They that have denied to Christ the necessaries of life, are they not to depart from Him into everlasting fire, prepared for the devil and his angels ? (Matth. xxv. 41-46.) The man that cometh in to the marriage -supper, not having a wedding garment, shall he, or shall he not, be bound hand and foot, and taken away, and cast into outer darkness ? (Matth. xxii. 11 -13.) The servant that hath no compassion on his fellow- servant, which oweth him an hundred pence, shall he, or shall he not, be delivered to the tormentors ? (Matth. xviii, 23-35.) It is said, concerning such as commit adultery, that their worm dieth not and their fire is not quenched? (Mark ix. 44.) Is that not true ? '''Fifth Responsory.'''
+
 
+
Ye mountains of Gilboa, &c., {p. 223.) '''Sixth Lesson.'''
+
 
+
TDUT these are perhaps only threats on God's part ? No doubt, quoth thou. I ask thee : How darest thou say such a thing out loud, and deliver this judgment from thine own imagining ? For sooth, I can prove to thee, from the things which God hath done, that thou art wrong. If thou wilt not believe for things to come, at least believe for things past.
+
 
+
Of them at least it cannot be said that they are nought but threats and mere words, for they have happened, and actually been realised in fact. Who was He which brought in a great flood, until the whole land was standing water, and our whole race perished, save eight persons ? Who was He which rained upon Sodom brimstone and fire out of heaven ? (Gen.
+
 
+
xix. 24.) Who was He which overthrew all the host of Egypt in the Red Sea? (Ex. xiv. 27.) Who was He which sent out a fire and consumed them that were of the faction of Abiram ? (Num. xvi. 35.) Who was He which sent a pestilence upon Israel, because David had sinned, and, from the morning even to the time appointed, there died of the people seventy thousand men ? (2 Kings xxiv.) Was it not God, and none other, Which brought upon them all these things, and more also.
+
 
+
'''Sixth Responsory.'''
+
 
+
Thus saith the Lord, &c. {p. 223.) =====THIRD NOCTURN.=====
+
 
+
'''Seventh Responsory.'''
+
 
+
My sins are many, &c., (/. 224.) '''Eighth Responsory.'''
+
 
+
One seraph cried, &c., {p. 218.) Seco7id Day.
+
 
+
====MATTINS.====
+
 
+
'''First Lesson.'''
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The Lesson is taken from the Fourth Book of Kings (xi. i.) A ND when Athaliah,i the mother of Ahaziah, saw that her son was dead, she arose, and destroyed all 1 Daughter of Ahab and Jezebel, wife of Jehoram, King of Judah, sister of the King of Israel of the same name, and mother of Ahaziah, King of Judah, who was killed by Jehu at Jezreel, along with his uncle Jehoram.
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322 THE PROPER OFFICE OF THE SEASON.
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the seed royal. But Jehosheba, the daughter of King Jehoram, sister of Ahaziah, took Joash, the son of Ahaziah, and stole him out of the chamber from among the King's sons which were slain, and his nurse with him, and hid him from Athaliah, so that he was not slain. And he was with her, hid, in the house of the Lord, six years. And Athaliah did reign over the land.
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'''First Responsory.'''
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Remember, O Lord, Thy covenant, &c., {J). 268.) '''Second Lesson.'''
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A ND in the seventh year Jehoiada "^^ sent,^ and fetched the rulers over hundreds, and the men of war, and brought them to him into the house of the Lord, and made a covenant with them, and took an oath of them in the house of the Lord, and showed them the King's son, and commanded them, saying : This is the thing that ye shall do ; a third part of you shall enter in on the Sabbath, and shall even be keepers of the watch of the King's house ; and a third part shall be at the gate of Sur ; and a third 2 part at the gate behind the dwelling of the keepers of the shields ; ^ so shall ye keep the watch of the house of Massakh.^ And the two parts of you that go forth on the Sabbath, they shall keep the watch of the house of the LORD round about the King.^ Secotid Responsory.
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O Lord, Thou hast hearkened, &c., {p. 224.) Third Lesso7i. (9.) A ND they took every man his men, that were to come in on the Sabbath, and came to Jehoiada the Priest. And he gave unto them King David's spears and shields, that were in the house of the Lord. And they stood, every man with his weapons in his hand, from the right side of the Temple to the left side of the altar and the Holy House, round about the King. And he brought forth the King's son, and put upon him the crown and the testimony ; and they made him king, and anointed him ; and they clapped their hands and said : God save the King I Third Respoitsory.
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Hearken, O Lord, &c., {p. 225.) Third Day.
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====MATTINS.====
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'''First Lesson.'''
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The Lesson is taken from the Fourth Book of Kings (xii. i.) T N the seventh year of Jehu, Joash began to reign ; and forty years reigned he in Jerusalem. And his 1 The High Priest.
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2 Supposed by some ancient commentators to be the eastern gate, but Jonathan ben Uzziel calls it " the gate of the heroes." "^ These were three hundred brazen shields made by Jehoram, in place of as many of gold presented by Solomon to the Temple, and which were carried by their keepers before the sovereign when he attended public worship in state. 3 Kings xiv. 26-28. The Royal entrance, where they were kept, was on the western side of the Temple.
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4 Perhaps a proper name. Jonathan ben Uzziel, however, "from being in any way neglected." 5 Viz., at the gates of the Temple, as opposed to those within, close about the King's lodging.
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TENTH WEEK AFTER PENTECOST. 323 mother's name was Zibiah, of Beersheba.
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And Joash did that which was right in the sight of the LORD, all his days wherein Jehoiada the Priest instructed him. Nevertheless, he took not away the high places ; for the people still sacrificed and burnt incense on the high places.
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First Respo7isory.
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Lord, when Thy people, &c., (/.
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269.) '''Second Lesson.'''
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A ND Joash said to the Priests : All the [redemption]-money of the dedicated things that is brought into the house of the Lord by every one that passeth, the money that one offereth for the redemption of his own soul,^ and the money that any man out of his own heart and free-will bringeth into the temple of the Lord, let the Priests collect in the order of their course, and let them repair the breaches of the house, whereinsoever anything be found that hath need to be repaired.
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'''Second Responsory.'''
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And it came to pass, &c., (/. 270.) '''Third Lesson.'''
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"DUT it was so that unto the threeand- twentieth year of King Joash the Priests had not repaired the breaches of the Temple. Then King Joash called for Jehoiada the High Priest, and for the Priests, and said unto them : Why repair ye not the breaches of the Temple ? Now, therefore, receive no more money in the order of your courses, but deliver it for the repairing of the Temple. So the Priests were forbidden to receive any more money of the people, or to repair the Temple.''^ Third Responsory .
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Thus saith the Lord, &c., (/. 223.) Fourth Day.
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====MATTINS.====
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'''First Lesson.'''
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The Lesson is taken from the Fourth Book of Kings (xiii. 14.) IVr OW Elisha was fallen sick of his sickness whereof he died. And Joash,^ the King of Israel, came down unto him, and wept over his face, and said : O my father ! my father ! the chariot of Israel and the horsemen thereof! And Elisha said unto him : Take bow and arrows. And he took unto him bow and arrows. And he said to the King of Israel : Put thine hand upon the bow. And he put his hand upon it ; and Elisha put his hands upon the King's hands, and said : Open the window eastward.
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And he opened it ; and Elisha said : Shoot. And he shot. And Elisha said : The arrow of the Lord's deliverance, and the arrow of deliverance from Syria, for thou shalt smite Syria in Aphek, till thou have consumed it.
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1 In Lev. xxvii. there are regulations for assessing the value of different things, from men downward, which have been vowed and are to be redeemed.
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. 2 A collecting box, with a hole in the lid, was put near the altar, and the money put there ; and finally the restorations were effected.
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3 To be carefully distinguished from the contemporary King of Judah of the same name.
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324 THE PROPER OFFICE OF THE SEASON.
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'''First Responsory.'''
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My sins are many, &c., (/. 224.) '''Second Lesson.'''
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A ND he said : Take the arrows.
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And he took them ; and he said unto him again : Smite the weapons upon the ground. And he smote thrice and stayed ; and the man of God was wroth with him, and said : If thou hadst smitten five times, or six times, or seven times, then hadst thou smitten Syria till thou hadst consumed it — whereas, now, thou shalt smite Syria but thrice. And Elisha died, and they buried him. And the bands of robbers from Moab invaded the land the same year.
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'''Second Responsory.'''
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